Инструкция по выполнению работы На выполнение экзаменационной работы по русскому языку даётся 3 часа (180 минут). Работа состоит из 3 частей.




НазваниеИнструкция по выполнению работы На выполнение экзаменационной работы по русскому языку даётся 3 часа (180 минут). Работа состоит из 3 частей.
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Раздел 1. Аудирование

Во время выполнения теста по аудированию перед каждым заданием дана пауза с тем, чтобы вы смогли просмотреть вопросы к заданию, а также паузы после первичного и повторного предъявления аудиотекста для внесения ответов. По окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы в бланк ответов.

B1 Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1 – 6 и утверждениями, данными в списке A – G. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное

соответствующей буквой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

A. I eat little and rather irregularly.

B. I am trying to get used to everyday healthy activities.

C. I feel unable to stop myself from eating.

D. I am afraid of having the same health problems as my relatives do.

E. I am willing to return to a healthy lifestyle despite being tired.

F. I am sure that I exercise enough while carrying out my everyday duties.

G. I feel now like starting a healthy life again.

Говорящий 1 2 3 4 5 6

Утверждение

Вы услышите разговор друзей. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А1 – А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

A1 Mike’s administrative work was very well paid.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A2 Mary did not do well at University because she had to earn her living.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A3 Mary was younger than the other students at her university.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A4 Mary thinks that regular classes are rather time-consuming.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A5 Mary thinks that she can’t study better than when she was younger.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A6 Distance learning seems to be very convenient for Mary.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A7 Mike does not feel disappointed about going to University.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Вы услышите рассказ студента. В заданиях А8 – А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

A8 The narrator was brought up mainly in

1) Denmark.

2) England.

3) the USA.

A9 The narrator is not happy about Danish grocery stores because

1) the quality of the products is very poor.

2) they are too small.

3) the selection of foods is very poor.

A10 The narrator criticizes

1) the lifestyle in Denmark.

2) Danish supermarkets.

3) the Danish diet.

A11 The prices in Danish stores are quite high because

1) the level of service is very high.

2) everything is imported from abroad.

3) no foods are artificial.

A12 According to the unwritten rules of Danish supermarket culture

1) you pack all the food you buy on your own, without any help.

2) shop assistants are always ready to pack your food for you.

3) there are clerks whose duty is to help you with your bagging.

A13 When the narrator says, “I do miss American convenience” it means that

1) he wants ready-made dinners to be delivered to his place.

2) he wants to rent a flat near a big supermarket.

3) he doesn’t like to spend much time cooking his meals.

A14 Having lived in Denmark for a few years as a student, the narrator

1) feels nostalgic about the USA.

2) believes it to be a good place for him.

3) pities Danish people.

По окончании выполнения заданий В1 и А1 – А14 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В1, А1 – А14 располагаются в разных частях бланка. В1 расположено в нижней части бланка.

При переносе ответов в задании В1 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.


Раздел 2. Чтение


B2 Установите соответствие между заголовками A – Н и текстами 1 – 7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.


A. First computers E. Professional sport

B. Risky sport F. Shopping from home

C. Shopping in comfort G. New users

D. Difficult task H. Digging for the past


1. A group of university students from Brazil have been given the job of

discovering and locating all the waterfalls in their country. It is not easy

because very often the maps are not detailed. The students have to remain in

water for long periods of time. Every day they cover a distance of 35 to 40

kilometers through the jungle, each carrying 40 kilos of equipment.

2. For many years now, mail-order shopping has served the needs of a certain

kind of customers. Everything they order from a catalogue is delivered to their

door. Now, though, e-mail shopping on the Internet has opened up even more

opportunities for this kind of shopping.

3. Another generation of computer fans has arrived. They are neither spotty

schoolchildren nor intellectual professors, but pensioners who are learning

computing with much enthusiasm. It is particularly interesting for people

suffering from arthritis as computers offer a way of writing nice clear letters.

Now pensioners have discovered the Internet and at the moment they make up

the fastest growing membership.

4. Shopping centres are full of all kinds of stores. They are like small, self-

contained towns where you can find everything you want. In a large centre,

shoppers can find everything they need without having to go anywhere else.

They can leave their cars in the shopping centre car park and buy everything in

a covered complex, protected from the heat, cold or rain.

5. Not many people know that, back in the fifties, computers were very big, and

also very slow. They took up complete floors of a building, and were less

powerful, and much slower than any of today’s compact portable computers. At

first, the data they had to process and record was fed in on punched-out paper;

later magnetic tape was used, but both systems were completely inconvenient.

6. Potholing is a dull name for a most interesting and adventurous sport. Deep

underground, on the tracks of primitive men and strange animals who have

adapted to life without light, finding unusual landscapes and underground lakes,

the potholer lives an exciting adventure. You mustn’t forget, though, that it can

be quite dangerous. Without the proper equipment you can fall, get injured or

lost.

7. Substantial remains of an octagonal Roman bath house, probably reused as a

Christian baptistry, have been uncovered during a student training excavation

near Faversham in Kent. The central cold plunge pool was five metres across,

and stood within a structure which also had underfloor heating and hot pools,

probably originally under a domed roof.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

B3 Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1 – 6 частями предложений,

обозначенными буквами A – G. Одна из частей в списке А – G – лишняя.

Занесите букву, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в

таблицу.

Before the Hubble Space Telescope was launched, scientists thought they

knew the universe. They were wrong.

The Hubble Space Telescope has changed many scientists’ view of the

universe. The telescope is named after American astronomer Edwin Hubble,

1 _______________________.

He established that many galaxies exist and developed the first system for their

classifications.

In many ways, Hubble is like any other telescope. It simply gathers light.

It is roughly the size of a large school bus. What makes Hubble special is not

what it is, 2 _______________________.

Hubble was launched in 1990 from the “Discovery” space shuttle and it is

about 350 miles above our planet, 3 _______________________.

It is far from the glare of city lights, it doesn’t have to look through the air,

4 _______________________.

And what a view it is! Hubble is so powerful it could spot a fly on the moon.

Yet in an average orbit, it uses the same amount of energy as 28 100-watt

light bulbs. Hubble pictures require no film. The telescope takes digital images

5 _______________________.

Hubble has snapped photos of storms on Saturn and exploding stars. Hubble

doesn’t just focus on our solar system. It also peers into our galaxy and beyond.

Many Hubble photos show the stars that make up the Milky Way galaxy. A

galaxy is a city of stars.

Hubble cannot take pictures of the sun or other very bright objects,

because doing so could “fry” the telescope’s instruments, but it can detect

infrared and ultra violet light 6 _______________________.

Some of the sights of our solar system that Hubble has glimpsed may even

change the number of planets in it.

A. which is above Earth’s atmosphere.

B. which are transmitted to scientists on Earth.

C. which is invisible to the human eye.

D. who calculated the speed at which galaxies move.

E. so it has a clear view of space.

F. because many stars are in clouds of gas.

G. but where it is.


1 2 3 4 5 6


Прочитайте рассказ и выполните задания А15 – А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.

Sometimes my father scares me. He can tackle something he knows

nothing about, and nine times out of ten, it will come out all right. It’s pure

luck, of course, but try convincing him. “Frame of Mind,” he says. “Just

believe you can do a thing, and you’ll do it.” “Anything?” I asked. “Some day

your luck will run out. Then see what good your Frame of Mind will do,” I

said.

Believe me, I am not just being a smart alec. It so happens that I have

actually tried Frame of Mind myself. The first time was the year I went all out

to pass the civics final. I had to go all out, on account of I had not cracked a

book all year. I really crammed, and all the time I was cramming I was

concentrating on Frame of Mind. Just believe you can do a thing – sure. I made

the lowest score in the history of Franklin High. “Thirty-three percent,” I said,

showing my father the report card. “There’s your Frame of Mind for you.” He

put it on the table without looking at it. “You have to reach a certain age and

understanding,” he explained. “That’s the key to Frame of Mind.” “Yeah?

What does a guy do in the meantime?” “Maybe you should study. Some kids

learn a lot that way.”

That was my first experience with Frame of Mind. My latest one was for

a promotion at the Austin Clothing Store. Jim Watson had a slightly better

sales record and was more knowledgeable and skillful. Me, I had Frame of

Mind. Jim Watson got the job. Did this convince my father? It did not. To

convince him, something had to happen. To him, I mean. Something did

happen, too, at the Austin Clothing Store. My father works there, too. What

happened was that Mr Austin paid good money for a clever Easter window

display. It’s all set up and we’re about to draw the curtain when we discover

the display lights won’t work. I can see Mr Austin growing pale. He is thinking

of the customers that could go right by his store in the time it will take him to

get hold of an electrician.

This is when my father comes on the scene. “Is something the matter?”

he says. “Oh, hello, Louis,” Mr Austin says. He calls my father “Louis.” Me,

Joe Conklin – one of his best salesmen – he hardly knows. My father, a stock

clerk, he calls “Louis.” Life isn’t always fair. “These darned lights won’t

work.” “H’mm, I see,” my father says. “Maybe I can be of service.” From

inside his pocket comes a screwdriver. Mr Austin looks at him. “Can you help

us, Louis?” “No, he cannot,” I volunteer. “You think he’s Thomas Edison?” I

don’t intend to say that. It just slips out. “Young man, I was addressing your

father,” Mr Austin says, giving me a cold hard look. My father touches

something with his screwdriver and the display lights go on.

What happened next was that the big safe in Mr Austin’s office got

jammed shut with all our paychecks in it. From nowhere comes my father. “Is

something the matter?” he says. “The safe, Louis,” Mr Austin is saying. “It

won’t open, I was going to send for you.” “H’mm, I see,” my father says. “Can

you help us, Louis?” Mr Austin inquires. I start to say he cannot, but I stop

myself. If my father wants to be a clown, that’s his business. “What is the

combination of this safe?” my father says. Mr Austin whispers the combination

in my father’s ear. Armed with the combination, he starts twirling the knob. I

can’t believe it: grown men and women standing hypnotized, expecting that

safe door to open. And while they stand there, the safe door opens.

“Go ahead, say it was luck, my opening the safe today,” my father says.

“OK,” I reply. Then I tell him what I saw in the faces of those people in Mr

Austin’s office: confidence and trust and respect. “The key to Frame of Mind is

you have to use it to give support to those who need it when there’s no one else

to save the situation. Otherwise it will not work.”

A15 The narrator thought that his father

1) believed that he was the luckiest man in the world.

2) was a knowledgeable and highly qualified man.

3) succeeded in almost everything he did.

4) didn’t mind being called a lucky man.

A16 In paragraph 2 “I had to go all out” means that the narrator had to

1) take the civics examination one more time.

2) take the civics examination in a different school.

3) try as hard as he could to prepare for the exam.

4) find somebody to help him pass the exam.

A17 They didn't promote the narrator because he had

1) proved less successful than Jim.

2) sold few records.

3) no Frame of Mind.

4) not reached the promotion age.

A18 Mr Austin was in despair because

1) the curtain wouldn’t draw open.

2) he couldn’t find an electrician.

3) the display had cost him a lot of money.

4) he was likely to lose some customers.

A19 When Mr Austin called the narrator’s father “Louis” the young man felt

1) proud of his Dad.

2) hopeful of his Dad.

3) jealous of his Dad.

4) sorry for his Dad.


A20 The narrator was sure that

1) his Dad would open the safe.

2) his Dad knew nothing about safes.

3) Mr. Austin wanted to make fun of his Dad.

4) Mr. Austin had sent for his Dad to open the safe.

A21 According to Louis’ words, Frame of Mind worked if one was

1) an expert in many fields.

2) ready to help other people.

3) a lucky person.

4) respectful and trustful.

По окончании выполнения заданий В2, В3 и А15 – А21 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В2, В3, А15 – А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика


Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами B4 – B10, так чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы B4 – B10.


A Smart Boy

Mr. Jones and Mr. Brown worked in the same office. One

B4 day Mr. Jones said, __________________ pleasantly to Mr. SMILE

Brown: “We are going to have a small party next Monday

evening. Will you and your wife come?”


“That’s very kind of you. We are free that evening, I think.

B5 But I __________________ my wife and ask her”. CALL


B6 Mr. Brown __________________ into the other room and GO

telephoned.


B7 He __________________ very much by his telephone SURPRISE

conversation.


When he came back Mr. Jones asked him,

B8 “__________________ (you) to your wife already?” SPEAK


B9 “No, she __________________ there when I phoned. My NOT BE

small son answered the phone. I asked him, “Is your mother

there?” And he said, “She is somewhere outside”.


B10 “Why is she outside?” I asked. “She __________________ LOOK

for me”, he answered.


Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В11 – В16, так чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11 – В16.

UK: Conservation and Environment

Going for a walk is the most popular leisure activity in

Britain. Despite its high population density and widespread

B11 __________________, the UK has many unspoilt rural and URBAN

coastal areas.


Twelve National Parks are freely accessible to the public and

B12 were created to conserve the __________________ beauty, NATURE

wildlife and cultural heritage they contain.


Most of the land in National Parks is privately owned, but

administered by an independent National Park Authority

which works to balance the expectations of

B13 __________________ with the need to conserve these open VISIT

spaces for future generations.


The UK also works to improve the global environment and

B14 has taken global warming __________________ ever since SERIOUS

scientists discovered the hole in the ozone layer.


In 1997, the UK subscribed to the Kyoto Protocol binding

developed countries to reduce emissions of the six main

greenhouse gases. The Protocol declares environmental

B15 __________________. PROTECT


B16 Nowadays British __________________ are taking part in SCIENCE

one of the largest international projects that is undertaken to

protect endangered species.

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22 – А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям A22 – A28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Tracy


Tracy was as excited as a child about her first trip abroad. Early in the

morning, she stopped at a A22 ______ agency and reserved a suite on the

Signal Deck of the Queen Elizabeth II. The next three days she spent buying

clothes and luggage.

On the morning of the sailing, Tracy hired a limousine to drive her to the pier.

When she A23 ______ at Pier 90, where the Queen Elizabeth II was docked, it

was crowded with photographers and television reporters, and for a moment

Tracy was panic stricken. Then she realized they were interviewing the two

men posturing at the foot of the gangplank. The members of the crew were

helping the passengers with their luggage. On deck, a steward looked at

Tracy’s ticket and A24 ______ her to her stateroom. It was a lovely suite with

a private terrace. It had been ridiculously expensive but Tracy A25 ______ it

was worth it.

She unpacked and then wandered along the corridor. In almost every cabin

there were farewell parties going on, with laughter and champagne and

conversation. She felt a sudden ache of loneliness. There was no one to see her

A26 ______, no one for her to care about, and no one who cared about her. She

was sailing into a completely unknown future.

Suddenly she felt the huge ship shudder as the tugs started to pull it out of the

harbor, and she stood A27 ______ the passengers on the boat deck, watching

the Statue of Liberty slide out of A28 ______, and then she went exploring.

A22 1) journey 2) trip 3) travel 4) tourist

A23 1) achieved 2) arrived 3) entered 4) reached

A24 1) set 2) came 3) headed 4) directed

A25 1) determined 2) resolved 3) decided 4) assured

A26 1) in 2) off 3) of 4) after

A27 1) among 2) along 3) between 4) besides

A28 1) glance 2) stare 3) sight 4) look


По окончании выполнения заданий В4 – В16, А22 – А28 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В4 – В16, А22 – А28

располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В4 – В16 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответов на задания С1, С2 используйте Бланк ответов № 2. При выполнении заданий С1 и С2 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в Бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом.

При заполнении Бланка ответов № 2 вы указываете сначала номер задания С1, С2, а потом пишете свой ответ. Если одной стороны Бланка недостаточно, вы можете использовать другую сторону Бланка.

C1 You have 20 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Tom who

writes:


… In Great Britain most young people want to become

independent from their parents as soon as possible. Could

you tell me what you and your friends think about not relying

on your parents? Are you ready to leave your family

immediately after you finish school? Is it easy to rent a house

or an apartment for students in Russia?

As for the latest news, I have just returned from a trip to

Scotland…


Write a letter to Tom.

In your letter

− answer his questions

− ask 3 questions about his trip to Scotland


Write 100 – 140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

C2 You have 40 minutes to do this task.


Comment on the following statement.


Our grandparents say their way of life was much more secure. However, young

people have many more life opportunities nowadays.


What is your opinion? Which way of life do you find more satisfying?


Write 200 – 250 words.


Use the following plan:

- make an introduction (state the problem)

- express your personal opinion and give reasons for it

- give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don’t

agree with it

- draw a conclusion


Приложение 1

Тексты для аудирования

Вы сейчас будете выполнять тест по аудированию. Во время его выполнения перед каждым заданием дана пауза с тем, чтобы вы смогли просмотреть вопросы к заданию, а также паузы после первичного и

повторного предъявления аудиотекста для внесения ответов. По окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои ответы в бланк ответов.

Задание В1

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего 1 – 6 и утверждениями, данными в списке A – G. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное

соответствующей буквой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.

Now we are ready to start.

Speaker 1

Right now I’m trying to find a way to regain a healthy lifestyle despite being

busy. I’ve completely lost the athleticism that was a large part of my identity

and I can't stand it any more. Now I’m trying to regain general fitness. So I’ve

been biking to work (about 20 minutes) for two months now, trying to get more

veggies and whole grain in my life, drinking lots of water, and I’m hoping to

start walking more although right now I have to work a lot and usually feel too

exhausted after work to do anything else.

Speaker 2

My name is Katie, I’m 25 years old, and I started making a conscious effort to

develop healthy habits about a year ago. The first thing I did was give up

smoking. My goals are mainly to exercise regularly, drink enough water, and

eat fruits and veggies daily. I do keep track of what I eat with journaling

although I’m not a calorie counter, and I don’t own scales or restrict myself in

any way. I just want to be stronger and feel better through trying to meet those

goals every day. Now I feel I can do it.

Speaker 3

A year or so ago, I was in pretty good shape and paying a lot of attention to my

health. I slipped back into inactivity and unhealthy eating for various reasons. I

miss what I had, but I’ve had a hard time finding the motivation to return to my

usual healthy lifestyle. Spring is just arriving – sunny sky, warmer weather,

longer days, green leaves peeking up from last season’s dead grass. The

improvement in the weather is lifting my spirits, so I've decided to take

advantage of the extra energy and design for myself a spring fitness challenge.

Speaker 4

I have just realised that at least six days out of seven, I do the amount of

exercise that is recommended for those whose goal is a healthy lifestyle, just by

walking during my daily routine. About three times a week, I do more,

sometimes considerably more. Despite that, I often do myself down by telling

people I don’t exercise at all. I think some part of my brain still believes that

because I’m doing it as part of my routine rather than going to any special

effort, it can’t be taken into account.

Speaker 5

Hi! I’m Alex. I’ve had terribly unhealthy eating habits for the last few years. I

never took much time to eat and ended up eating very few meals. I’m trying to

develop healthier eating habits, and I wonder what would constitute a balanced

meal. For breakfast I eat a bowl of cereal and yogurt. Then grab five pieces of

fruit I divide between lunch and dinner. It’s more than I usually eat, but I know

there’s still a lot of room for improvement. At the same time I’m worried about

going overboard, which can happen very easily for me.

Speaker 6

I am 27 years old, and I come from a family of rather overweight people. I’ve

been working to live a more healthy and fit lifestyle since last December. Over

the past three years, I’ve watched older relatives dealing with serious health

problems, and it’s been a wake up call for me to start taking care of myself

while I’m young and my state of health hasn’t become worse. I’d like to start a

family in the next couple of years, and it would be great to be able to keep up

with my children as the years go by.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your

answers.

Задания А1 – А7

Вы услышите разговор друзей. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А1 – А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не

сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20

секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.

Mike: I’m 39 now and I resumed my studies when my son started Grade One.

Now I’m very happy that I made up my mind to do this. I'll be graduating in

April and hopefully start teaching high school English in September.

Mary: What had you been doing before you went to university

Mike: I had been doing administrative work for 13 years, straight out of high

school. I had got very tired and fed up with the low pay and the monotonous

nature of the work. So I started university.

Mary: That’s a right decision, indeed. As for me, I went to university at more

or less the normal age. I was actually 21 at the time. But I did so miserably that

the university suggested that I not return. Since then I’ve been basically

wasting my time.

Mike: And what are your plans?

Mary: You see, one day I was fiddling around on the web and found some

information about distance learning. It’s fabulous if you can’t take the time out

to go to people-ridden classes, because you can work it around your own

schedule.

Mike: Yes, I think the fact that you can do the work in your own space and

your own time is really helping.

Mary: Of course, I will have deadlines to meet, but they’re not the same as the

in-class sort. Handing things in doesn’t depend on anyone else’s office hours or

class times, which is really handy. I will only have to contact my tutors when I

want to or need to, or when I’m required to do an oral quiz or exam.

Mike: I think it’s a very good idea. Going to university was the best thing I

have ever done. I found it was more fun than I expected, and the benefits

outweighed the disadvantages. I learned so much about myself, and I'm very

proud of my accomplishments!

Mary: And I expect my ability to study to be much better than it used to be

and things come much more easily. While I still see doing some of the work as

a chore, at least this time around I'm actually enjoying it.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you’ll hear the text again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your

answers.

Задания А8 – А14

Вы услышите рассказ студента. В заданиях А8 – А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.

I’ve lived in Denmark now for nearly four years, and I’ve changed a lot within

this time. I’ve become more fashionable, more cosmopolitan-minded, more

…Danish – if I’m allowed to say that.

But one thing hasn’t changed about me. And that is my inability to cooperate

with or understand Danish supermarket culture. As someone who was raised

predominantly in the United States, I’ve always been used to grocery stores with

a selection of food choices so huge that it’s almost perverted. That and a high

level of service. In an American grocery store, one can find a kind of product

with a thousand different brandings and types. For example, let’s take the flakes

varieties: whole grain frosted flakes, or fat-free frosted flakes. Do I want my

cream cheese with low, medium, or full fat? Seedless watermelons or

watermelons with seeds? That being said, when I walk into a Danish grocery

store I want to burst into tears because I’m so bored with the selection. The

variety of cereals consists of Cherrios, Honey-nut Cherrios, and Wheaties.

Coco-puffs if I’m lucky. There’re few fruits and vegetables, most rotten. I’m

telling you, everything is so boring and plain and demanding of hard kitchen

labour that you just wish some American food companies could establish

factories here and import some ready made dinners.

I know I should be ashamed of saying this, but I do miss American convenience.

In Denmark, making a homemade meal requires at least 30 dollars spent at the

grocery store and 2 hours in the kitchen. For instance, at my local grocery store,

nothing is allowed to be under 4 dollars. That’s right, it’s called organic and

healthy food, free of anything synthetic or “fast”-related. But I do miss synthetic

food.

Oh yes, the whole Danish, “do-it-yourself” attitude prevails! Expect to stress

while bagging all of your food, as no one will do it for you.

The only way to really understand what I mean is to imagine that if you’ve

come from America and you’re used to certain things with service and product

selection and then you move here – it truly is different in Denmark. And I’ve

lived elsewhere in Europe (Iceland, England, Spain) and I still find the grocery

stores much better and with more selection in those countries.

However, how could anyone take me serious when I say, “I miss synthetic

food”? That is purely attempting to be sarcastic, and I see that it is wrong and

disgusting that American food is pumped up with so much crap. I really

appreciate that in Denmark the food is free of everything artificial and it shows

on Danes – most of them look healthy and fit here. But once in a while I miss

the vastness of an American grocery store!

I want to add that I am Danish, was born in Denmark, lived here for 5 years as a

child and then moved to America where I lived most of my life. I moved back

here a few years ago and I love the country. I speak Danish. I’m not an

immigrant in Denmark who is unsatisfied with the way of life here and who

should move back to the States. I’m a student and of course it takes 2 hours to

make a meal on my own.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)

This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your answers.

This is the end of the Listening test.


Приложение 2

Ответы


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