Medical Technologist /Medical Laboratory Scientist




НазваниеMedical Technologist /Medical Laboratory Scientist
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PART V. LABORATORY POLICIES AND SAFETY RULES

Each Laboratory Period:

Clean bench tops with 10% bleach solution after laboratory.

Everything has a place. Return each item to its place at the end of each laboratory period.

Microscopes are to be covered with plastic and replaced in their assigned cabinets.

You are expected to buy and use your own rolls of paper toweling at your work area as well as a laboratory coat to be worn during all laboratory sessions.

Universal precautions are to be followed regarding blood borne pathogens. That is, all human body fluids and their simulations are to be treated as if they contain a highly infectious agent. Universal precautions require that protective barriers be employed appropriately for the kinds of hazards associated with handling body fluid specimens. These include use of latex gloves, face shields, eye protection, and gowns.

Microorganisms used in the clinical microbiology course are potentially deadly pathogens and should be handled as little as necessary and only using proper, aseptic technique. Use the biological safety cabinet for inoculation of sputum specimens.

We share duties. You may be required to assist in laboratory cleanup, care, quality control, and maintenance on a rotating basis. Volunteers are welcome.

Waste Management

Discard waste paper, put reagents in their boxes and return them to their proper storage place; put sera or cells in refrigerator if they are to be reused.

Biohazard medical waste includes material that has been contaminated with human body fluids and has a reasonable possibility of transmitting infectious disease to someone who might pick through the trash. Waste sharp objects or glass must be placed into a safe, labeled container. Do not put ordinary trash into the biohazard waste container. We pay for disposal of each ounce of medical waste.

Reduce, reuse, recycle when appropriate. Copy paper and aluminum recycling containers are available in the lab or on this corridor.


Security

Your personal materials, as well as laboratory educational equipment and reagents would take a long time and considerable expense to replace. Be careful that doors are locked and that portable equipment is out of sight upon leaving the laboratory. Ask any CLS instructor to let you in when you need to get into the locked laboratory.

Safety Procedures

Learn the locations and types of fire extinguishers in the laboratory. Learn how to use them and on what kinds of fires each type may be used. Be familiar with the fire alert system, the fire escape plan, and how to report a fire. When fire alarms sound, evacuate the building immediately.

Learn the location of all circuit breakers and master switches in the laboratory and Learn the procedure to follow if someone should be electrocuted. Learn the location and proper use of fire blankets, eyewash station, and shower.

Clothing should not be too tight to inhibit movement or so floppy that it could become entangled in equipment or catch on furniture. Long hair should be secured away from the face, and beards should be neatly trimmed. Long hair can become contaminated with chemicals and biological fluids and may also contaminate work areas, reagents, and specimens, and may be a fire hazard.

Develop the habit of keeping your hands away from the mouth, nose, and eyes to prevent self-inoculation with infectious agents. Develop the habit of frequently washing the hands, particularly between patient contacts. Always wash hands before leaving the laboratory area. Never eat, chew, smoke, or drink in the laboratory. Do not store food or beverages in laboratory refrigerators used for specimen or reagent storage.

Pens and pencils used when wearing protective gloves should be cleaned with bleach and left in the laboratory.

Specimen Handling

Prevent aerosols and the possible spread of infectious reagents by 1) never opening the lids of centrifuges until the centrifuge has come to a complete stop and 2) only opening specimen tubes using safety devices or by gently twisting the stoppers and lifting them out.

Always use protective gloves to handle body fluid specimens: they may carry the risk of hepatitis or other infection.

Protective Clothing

Disposable lab gowns are to be worn whenever you handle specimens or reagents. Remove your lab coat or change to a different lab coat when going to non-laboratory areas. When in the laboratory work area, keep the lab coat buttoned. Use safety glasses and face shields as directed. Wear protective gloves whenever working with reagents or samples.

Only closed-toe, nonskid-sole shoes should be warn in order to prevent possible injuries from falls, objects accidentally dropped, or broken glassware

Use safety glasses and face shields when manipulating potentially hazardous material.

Laboratory Accidents, First Aid

Learn what to do if someone passes out or has an injury or common first aid emergency. Always make a written record after any lab-related injury, particularly needle sticks of any kind. Forms for these reports are available from the instructor. Both student and instructor should complete such forms and submit copies to the CLS Department chairperson.

If an accident or other health emergency occurs in the student laboratory, be sure first aid assistance is provided, and immediately notify campus ambulance Service, campus extension 4357 (HELP).

Please use the following steps following exposure to blood and body fluids and needle sticks:

 1.         Wash needle sticks and cuts with soap and water

 2.         Flush splashes to the nose, mouth, or skin with water

 3.         Irrigate eyes with clean water, saline, or sterile irrigates

 4.          Immediately notify faculty member or preceptor of exposure

 5.         Seek medical attention within two hours

 6.        Follow CDC Guidelines for Blood borne infectious diseases: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/bbppg.html

Handling, Hazards, and Proper Disposal of Chemicals

Learn the hazards associated with each chemical you use. Store chemical reagents properly and learn the procedure for cleaning up after accidental spills of chemicals or biological fluids, and at the end of each laboratory period. Use care when transferring chemicals between containers; add strong acid to water slowly. Learn and follow the procedure for proper disposal of infectious and biologic specimens, needles, and broken glassware. Read all labels and instructions carefully.

Student Lab Stations

This laboratory is for use of CLS faculty and students admitted to the CLS programs. The lab. should be locked when not in use. Guests are permitted only with the permission of a CLS department instructor. Each student is assigned to one station and is responsible for the equipment at that station. One small drawer at each station is for personal effects, and the other two are for materials unique to specific laboratory courses. Microscopes and other equipment are to be kept in working order and stored properly when not in use. Books not used in lab. should be placed along the wall, not on bench tops. Each student is responsible for the cleanliness and good order of his or her own bench area (including instruments on bench tops) and drawer space.

Equipment

Students should not operate new or unfamiliar equipment until having received instructions and authorization. This includes audio-visual and computer equipment. If an item of equipment does not function properly, return it in its proper place, but leave a note with the laboratory instructor identifying the instrument, its location, and its problem. Borrowing of equipment from other stations must be approved by the instructor. Borrowed equipment is to be returned to its proper place at the end of the laboratory period in which it was borrowed. Storage and preparation rooms are not for student use.

General:

The CLS Department Faculty care about students and want all of us to be safe, happy, and healthy. We’re proud of our lab and want to keep it looking great and operational. We expect your help.

Job Placement

Students prepare a cover letter and resume and practice interview skills during the course CLS 255 and are given tips on seeking laboratory positions after graduation.

Students and graduates are urged to use the MU placement services office to locate potential employers and to develop a self-presentation packet.

The Clinical Laboratory Sciences Department does not guarantee employment of graduates, and graduate is generally on his or her own for locating employment. Laboratory managers inform department faculty of job openings, so graduates seeking employment should check periodically with the CLS Department.

Professional Organizations

CLS students have, at various times, formed a student society at MU, but there is currently no active CLS student organization. Students are encouraged to form such an organization and to become student members of the WV Chapter of the American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science and to attend annual meetings. CLS and CLT Students are expected to compete in interscholastic competitions at state meetings whenever possible.

Professional Scholarships and Financial Aid

The staff of Student Financial Assistance at Marshall University assists students in furthering their education through the use of scholarships, grants, low interest loans, and employment. The Student Financial Assistance staff, 122 Old Main, administers all forms of financial assistance, including scholarships.

The Mary W. George Medical Technology Scholarship is awarded to a senior MT student on the basis of professional dedication, academic achievement, and financial need and is worth approximately $500. Senior MT students may apply for this scholarship in the fall semester. Information is available at the CLS Department office.

Additional scholarships are also available to both MLT and MT students through national professional organizations, including the American Society of Clinical Pathologists and the American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science. Additional information is available in the CLS Department. Marshall students have won such scholarships in past years.

PART VI: Bulletin Boards

Bulletin boards in the student laboratory and CLS area should have general information of interest to CLS students. Be sure to check them periodically for available scholarships, certification exam application dates, and professional publications.

 


Marshall University Clinical Laboratory Sciences Student Handbook

Statements of Understanding

I have access to a copy of the Medical Laboratory Technician & Medical Technologist current Student Guide in the CLS Dept and on the CLS Department web page.

Any questions I asked regarding the contents of the Student Guide were answered to my satisfaction.

I have read the description of the work in this career field

I have read the physical and the mental requirements of this field and believe I can meet them.

I have read and understand the goals and objectives of the CLS programs.

I know my academic advisor and understand my responsibilities in the process of mandatory advisement.

I understand the academic requirements for progression in my CLS program.

I understand the procedure used for assigning clinical practicum rotations, including alternate status.

I have reviewed the clinical training sites and rotation periods.

I understand that there are academic requirements, health tests, medical insurance, and immunization requirements for entry to clinical practicum.

Any questions I asked regarding the contents of the student guide were answered to my satisfaction.

 Printed name_________________________________________________________________________

Date_____________________________

Signature










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