Medical Technologist /Medical Laboratory Scientist




НазваниеMedical Technologist /Medical Laboratory Scientist
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PART II. MLT PROGRAM

MLT Pre-Clinical CLS Course Descriptions

The pre-clinical technical course sequence includes on-campus courses in clinical specialties and a clinical problems course. Final student evaluation for each course is based on the demonstrated level each student’s demonstrated preparation for hospital clinical practicum training

CLS 110, (4 CH) Clinical Hematology prepares students with general medical laboratory vocabulary, knowledge and skills in safety, blood sample collection, use of the clinical microscope and photometer, and ability to manually perform tests done in the complete blood count and coagulation profile. Knowledge and skills learned in this course are utilized in subsequent CLS courses

CLS 200, (4 CH) Clinical Biochemistry prepares students with general medical laboratory vocabulary, knowledge, and skills needed for performance of routine testing of blood serum or plasma and other body fluids in the clinical chemistry section of a hospital laboratory. Emphasis is on the methods of testing blood and other body fluids, including routine urinalysis. It includes the physiologic connections between blood chemistry test results and disorders they can detect.

CLS 210, (4 CH) Clinical Immunology is designed to prepare students to perform grouping, safety, and compatibility testing on blood samples prior to transfusion testing, to process and store donor blood and test materials, and to perform serological or immunologic testing.

CLS 220, (4 CH) Clinical Microbiology. Students may take this course without previously completing BSC 250, general microbiology. If possible, however, students should plan to take BSC 250 before entering this course. Students learn to prepare sterile materials, to grow bacteria in pure culture, to identify their genus and species, and to test organisms for susceptibility to antibiotic drugs

CLS 255, (3 CH) Clinical Laboratory Problems, is designed to integrate laboratory knowledge gained in CLS and related courses with respect to patient care and current professional medical laboratory practice. Certain skills are practiced for proficiency prior to entry to clinical practicum. During this course, students are introduced to the hospital setting, rotations are assigned, and the plan for individual clinical experiences is determined. Note: If a student should successfully complete CLS 255 but not enter clinical practicum the same calendar year, that student will be required to register for 1 credit hour of independent study (CLS 285-287) during the term immediately before entry to clinical practicum.

MLT Clinical Practicum Course Sequence

MLT Clinical Practicum, is a 15-week sequence of hospital based experiences in the clinical laboratory areas studied in the preclinical program. Students must be determined eligible before entry, and must provide documentary evidence of health insurance coverage (minimum $1 million per occurrence and $1 million per year), and documentation of hepatitis B immunization, recent tuberculosis test, and written statement regarding personal health from a qualified health professional. Some clinical affiliates require additional documentation pertaining to drug screens and background checks. Students are given an opportunity to apply skills and knowledge learned on campus to actual testing situations in a patient care setting under the instruction and supervision of clinical faculty.

Students are selected for available clinical practicum rotations by the CLS faculty; rotation slots are available in Summer and Fall semesters. Tentative assignments are usually made early in the Spring semester prior to summer rotations. Student preferences and academic achievement will be considered in rotation placement decisions, however, overall student GPA is the prevalent decision making factor. Students are given rotation preference and ranking forms early in the CLS 255 course in the Spring semester prior to clinical rotations. Once placements are determined by the CLS program director, students have an opportunity to trade rotation assignments within two weeks of the original assignment. All changes in rotation assignments must be mutually agreed upon by all students involved and submitted in writing to the CLS program director. The CLS program director reserves the right to make final rotation placement decisions. Depending on their rotation schedule, students register for the following sequence for either summer session or for the fall term:

CLS 270, Practicum in Clinical Hematology (3 CH).

CLS 271, Practicum in Clinical Biochemistry (3 CH).

CLS 272, Practicum in Blood Banking (Immunohematology) (3 CH).

CLS 273, Practicum in Clinical Microbiology (3 CH).

Hospital practicum hours are normally 7:00 to 3:30 Monday through Friday during the rotation period, except for specifically designated holidays. Work hours may vary by departmental rotation. Costs of uniforms, transportation, and housing are borne by the student.

Orientation to Clinical Sites: Orientation to clinical sites is arranged by the MLT clinical coordinator, clinical site, and student prior to beginning rotations. Online testing and other procedures may be required by some clinical sites prior to students starting rotation.

The MLT Clinical Practicum Handbook includes specific details about the clinical practicum rotations. A copy of the most recent edition of this publication is made available to students prior to beginning their clinical rotation sequence. Copies of the most recent practicum handbooks are also made available to each clinical affiliate prior to clinical rotation sequences.

Hospital affiliates of the MLT program:

Hospital affiliates of the MLT program:

The number of student rotation slots at each affiliated clinical site varies each year, based on the needs of individual hospitals. The affiliates are:

 St. Mary’s Medical Center (Huntington, WV)

Thomas Memorial Hospital (S. Charleston, WV)

Charleston Area Medical Center (Charleston, WV)

Holzer Medical Center (Gallipolis, OH)

Cabell Huntington Hospital (Huntington, WV)

Pleasant Valley Hospital (Point Pleasant, WV)

Huntington VA Medical Center (Huntington, WV)

Kings Daughters Medical Center (Ashland, KY)

 



PART III. Bachelor of Science Degree in Medical Technology

General Academic Requirements

Students should plan to be degree eligible upon completion of clinical practicum. The policies stated in the student’s catalog of record must be followed. The CLS Department Chairperson must approve any course substitutions in writing.

The Marshall Plan requirements (see the MU catalog) apply to the MT bachelor's degree program. These include international studies (6 CH), multicultural studies (3 CH), an intensive writing (WAC) requirement (3- CH), computer literacy as defined by the department, and a departmental capstone component.

Computer literacy and capstone components of the Marshall Plan are included in CLS courses. CLS Department intensive writing courses are CLS 310 (3 credit hours) and CLS 468 (2 credit hours). The CLS Department capstone course is CLS 468.

 

Employment and Personal Commitments vs. Study

The CLS Department will make reasonable accommodation for employment or other obligations outside of school when such accommodations are fair to all students and faculty and do not interfere with academic performance. Many MT students have worked at least part time in a medical laboratory as paid medical laboratory technicians or phlebotomists, while others have worked in local businesses.

Paid duties should not conflict with student status. Work hours must be exclusive of educational hours whenever a student works in the same laboratory where they have clinical practicum rotations.

MT Program Course Descriptions

The courses at the MT level include CLS 310 (Clinical Immunology and Molecular Diagnostics) CLS 410 (Advanced Hematology and Blood Bank), CLS 421 (Advanced Chemistry and Microbiology), CLS 460 (Laboratory Management and Education), CLS 464 (Laboratory Instrumentation), CLS 466 (Diagnostic Physiology), CLS 468, (Clinical Laboratory Research/Senior Capstone), and CLS 499 (Readings in Laboratory Medicine). The student must meet prerequisites for these courses, including successful completion of a NAACLS accredited MLT program.

CLS 310, (3 CH) Clinical Immunology and Molecular Diagnostics. This course requires that the student have basic, practical knowledge of the human immune system. It involves discussion of the of immunoglobulin development, cell-cell interactions in the immune response, and the role of cytokines as they apply to diagnosis and treatment of disease. Transplantation immunology, immune disease processes, flow cytometry, DNA analysis, and DNA probe technology are examined. This is a writing intensive (WAC-approved) course.

CLS 410, (4 CH), Advanced Clinical Hematology and Blood Banking requires that a student has completed a MLT program, including CLS 110 and CLS 210, or equivalent, as well as CLS 310 (Clinical Immunology and Molecular Diagnostics). This course instructs the students in advanced theory and practice of analyzing the formed elements and the clotting mechanism of human blood. Other body fluid analysis will be discussed. This course will also instruct students in advanced red cell antigen biochemistry, organization of each system and resolution of serological problems that occur in patient’s samples. Appropriate component therapy and storage biochemistry will also be discussed. It is split into two 8-week components.

CLS 421, (4 CH), Advanced Clinical Biochemistry and Microbiology. requires that a student has completed a MLT program, including CLS 110 and CLS 220, or equivalent, as well as CLS 310 (Clinical Immunology and Molecular Diagnostics). It is split into two 8-week components. Part of the course is a survey of current knowledge and techniques used in the laboratory identification and treatment of microbial infections. The other part is a survey of current knowledge and techniques involving chemical analysis of blood body fluids.

CLS 460, (3 CH) Clinical Laboratory Management and Education, requires that a student has successfully completed a MLT program, including clinical practicum, as well as ECN 200 (survey of economics). The course prepares the student for supervisory and leadership roles in a hospital laboratory. Students learn to prepare budgets, delegate duties, make effective supervisory decisions, comply with professional standards and regulations, to evaluate performance in the clinical laboratory, and conduct educational programs in the clinical laboratory setting.

CLS 464, (3 CH) Laboratory Instrumentation, requires that a student has successfully completed a MLT program as well as two semesters of physics. Students learn to identify technical malfunctions in laboratory instruments and to make effective purchase decisions about instrument maintenance and. Students also learn to effectively utilize microcomputers as tools for word processing, data information analysis, and data entry and retrieval. This course includes laboratory work on digital electronics circuits, laboratory instrument troubleshooting & repair, and computer projects.

CLS 466, (3 CH)  Diagnostic Physiology, requires that the student has successfully completed a MLT program. This advanced course assumes a comprehensive knowledge of medical laboratory testing, which is applied to case studies of diseases in complex diagnostic situations. Students learn to use critical thinking with regard to laboratory test data to assist physicians in confirming and ruling out alternative diagnoses and in detecting pathologic alterations. This is an on-campus course.

CLS 468 (2 CH), Clinical Laboratory Research, requires that the student has completed a MLT program and is actively involved in a hospital laboratory setting in which to conduct research; this is the senior capstone course. The student identifies a research project of use to the hospital laboratory, prepares a written research proposal, gains approval of all authorities involved, completes the project, and prepares both written and oral presentation of results within one semester. Students meet periodically with their faculty research advisor and correspond via email on a consistent basis through the project The written report must be prepared in a professional manner that would be suitable for publication in a state or regional laboratory journal. Oral reports will be presented to an audience of laboratory professionals.


CLS 499 (2 CH), Readings in Laboratory Medicine. Students and faculty present and critique articles from recent clinical laboratory-related publications.

CLS 472 and CLS 473 (6 CH), Senior Clinical Practicum. Medical Technology clinical practicum, involves the senior MT student in a series of projects and situations which prepare the student to perform technically in all areas of the clinical laboratory and to have additional attitudes, knowledge, and skills needed for technical supervision of a laboratory section.

MT hospital clinical practicum

Students are selected for available MT clinical practicum rotations at the discretion of the CLS faculty. Student preferences and academic achievement will be considered in making student placements and should be submitted in writing to the MT program director prior to clinical rotations.

Advanced Placement: Students with more than a year of clinical laboratory experience may request shortened clinical rotations or credit by examination for senior CLS courses, including practicum. The CLS faculty reviews such requests on an individual basis.

Should it happen that there are insufficient clinical rotation sites for all qualified students, available rotations will be assigned on the basis of overall grade point average.

Hospital affiliates for the MT clinical practicum

Hospital affiliates for the MT clinical practicum include:

St. Mary’s Medical Center (Huntington, WV)

Cabell Huntington Hospital (Huntington, WV)

Charleston Area Medical Center (Charleston, WV)

Huntington VA Medical Center (Huntington, WV)

The WV State Public Health Laboratory, South Charleston, WV is an enrichment site included for advanced workshops.

MT Students may be required to complete MT level tasks at multiple clinical sites. Research projects may extend to more than one site.




Part IV. Graduation and Certification, MLT and MT

Applying for Graduation

Students enrolled in the final courses of their curriculum and who anticipate successful completion of either MT or MLT sequence, related general studies, and Marshall Plan requirements (for bachelor’s degree candidates), apply for graduation during the semester in which those requirements will be completed. Students usually apply for graduation while in their clinical rotations. Students pay the $50 graduation fee at the Office of the Bursar, and then complete the application for graduation at the College of Health Professions Office of Student Services located on the 2nd floor of Prichard Hall.

Applying For Professional Certification Examinations

Information regarding professional certification and licensure requirements is available from the CLS Dept. office and on the World Wide Web.

·         Successful completion of the CLS programs prepares students for non-governmental professional certification. The student submits an application to the professional certification agency. The two major national certification agencies are the ASCP Board of Registry and, the National Credentialing Agency merged in 2009, forming one certifying body through ASCP. Students may apply for MLT and MT certification examination online through ASCP’s website. Once the student has applied for examination, a notification is sent to the program director for verification of completion of programs.

   

Examination fees are listed on the certifying agency web site and in their current application packet. Current fees are MLT examination $100, MT examination $125. The graduate is responsible for submitting a complete transcript to the agency upon completion of the program.




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