Lakireddy bali reddy college of engineering (autonomous), mylavaram 521230




НазваниеLakireddy bali reddy college of engineering (autonomous), mylavaram 521230
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Introduction to software engineering : The evolving role of Software, software, changing nature of software, legacy software, software myths

Software process: layered technology, process frame work, CMMI, process patterns, assessment, personal and team process models, process technology, product and process


UNIT - II


Process models: Prescriptive models, water fall model, incremental, evolutionary and specialized process models, unified process

Software engineering practice: communication practices, planning practices, modeling practices, construction practice and deployment.


UNIT - III


Requirements Engineering : A bridge to design and construction, RE tasks, initiating the RE process, Eliciting Requirements, developing use cases, building the analysis models, negotiating and validating requirements.

Building the analysis model: requirements analysis, analysis modeling approaches, data modeling concepts, OOA, scenario based modeling, flow rated modeling, class based modeling, creating a behavior model


UNIT - IV


Design Engineering: Design within the context of software engineering, design process and software quality, design concepts, design model, pattern based software design

Creating an architectural design: software architecture, data design, architectural styles and patterns, architectural design


UNIT - V


Testing Strategies: A strategic to software testing, strategic issues, test strategies for conventional software, object oriented software, validation testing, system testing, the art of debugging

Testing tactics : software testing fundamentals, white box testing: basis path testing, control structure testing. Black box testing, OO testing methods


TEXT BOOK


Roger S.Pressman, Software engineering- A practitioner’s Approach, McGraw-Hill International Edition, 6th edition, 2005.


REFERENCES


1. Ian Sommerville, Software engineering, Pearson education, 8th edition, 2008.

2. Ali Behforooz and Frederick J Hudson, “Software Engineering Fundamentals”, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1996.

3. Stephan Schach, Software Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill, 2007

4. Pfleeger and Lawrence Software Engineering: Theory and Practice, Pearson education, second edition, 2001.


T168 DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS AND AUTOMATION

Lecture : 4 Periods/week Internal Marks : 25

Tutorial : 1 External Marks : 75

Credits : 3 External Examination : 3 Hrs

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OBJECTIVES


The objective of Distribution Automation Function is to enhance the reliability of power system service, power quality, and power system efficiency by automating the following three processes of distribution operation control: data preparation in near-real-time; optimal decision-making; and the control of distribution operations in coordination with transmission and generation systems operations


UNIT - I


Distribution Automation and the utility system

Introduction to Distribution Automation (DA), control system interfaces, control and data requirements, centralized (Vs) decentralized control, DA System (DAS), DA Hardware, DAS software. DA capabilities, Automation system computer facilities, management processes, Information management, system reliability management, system efficiency management, voltage management, Load management.


UNIT - II


Communication Systems for DA

DA communication requirements, Communication reliability, Cost effectiveness, Data rate Requirements, Two way capability, Ability to communicate during outages and faults, Ease of operation and maintenance, Conforming to the architecture of data flow

Distribution line carrier (Power line carrier), Ripple control, Zero crossing technique, telephone, cable TV, Radio, AM broadcast, FM SCA, VHF Radio, UHF Radio, Microwave satellite. fiber optics, Hybrid Communication systems, Communication systems used in field tests.


UNIT - III


Technical Aspects

DA benefit categories, Capital deferred savings, Operation and Maintenance savings, Interruption related savings, Customer related savings, Operational savings, Improved operation, Function benefits, Potential benefits for functions, function shared benefits, Guidelines for formulation of estimating equations

Parameters required, economic impact areas, Resources for determining benefits impact on distribution system, integration of benefits into economic evaluation.


UNIT - IV


Economic Evaluation Methods

Development and evaluation of alternate plans, Select study area, Select study period, Project load growth, Develop Alternatives, Calculate operating and maintenance costs, Evaluate alternatives.


UNIT - V


Economic comparisons

Economic comparison of alternate plans, Classification of expenses and capital expenditures, Comparison of revenue requirements of alternative plans, Book Life and Continuing plant analysis, Year by year revenue requirement analysis, short term analysis, end of study adjustment, Break even analysis, Sensitivity analysis computational aids.


TEXT BOOK


“Control and Automation of Electric Power Distribution Systems”, James Northcote-Green and Robert Wilson, Taylor and Francis.


REFERENCES


1. IEEE Tutorial Course “Distribution Automation”.

2. IEEE Working Group on “Distribution Automation”.

3. “Over view of Advanced Distribution Automation”, by EPRI IntelliGrid. (Available at http://www.intelligrid.info).


T102ADVANCED CONTROL SYSTEMS

Lecture : 4 Periods/week Internal Marks : 25

Tutorial : 1 External Marks : 75

Credits : 3 External Examination : 3 Hrs

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


OBJECTIVE


This subject deals with the state space,describing function, phase plane and stability analysis including controllability and observability. It also deals with modal control and optimal control systems


UNIT - I


DESCRIBING FUNCTION ANALYSIS

Introduction to Non Linear Systems , behavior of nonlinear systems, properties of Nonlinear Systems, Types of Nonlinearities – Saturation – Dead Zone – Hysteresis-Relay-Backlash etc, Introduction to Linearization of nonlinear systems, Describing function (DF)– Derivation of general DF, DF for different nonlinearities -saturation, Dead-Zone-Dead-Zone and Saturation, Hysteresis-Backlash ,Stability analysis of Non – Linear systems through describing functions


UNIT - II


PHASE PLANE ANALYSIS


Introduction to phase plane analysis, singular points , and their classification, limit cycle and behavior of limit cycle. Analytical method ,Isocline method, and delta method for constructing Trajectories, phase plane analysis of nonlinear control systems.

UNIT - III


STABILITY ANALYSIS

Introduction ,Stability in the sense of Lyapunov, Lyapunov’s stability and Lyapunov’s instability theorems ,Stability Analysis of the Linear Continuous time invariant systems by Lyapunov second method ,Generation of Lyapunov functions using– Krasovskii method, variable gradient method


UNITIV


Introduction to Adaptive Control System

Definition of adaptive control system, functions of adaptive control, gain scheduling, model reference, series and parallel schemes and their industrial applications.

UNITV

Introduction to Sliding mode Control

Introduction, concept of variable structure control (VSC), ideal sliding motion and chattering, switching function, reachability condition, properties of sliding motion

Text Book

  1. Modern Control System Theory by M. Gopal – New Age International – 1984



Reference books


  1. Modern Control Engineering, Ogata.K, Prentice Hall of India, 5th Edition

  2. Karl J. Astrom, B. Wittenmark, .Adaptive Control., 2nd Edition, Pearson

Education Asia, First Indian Reprint, 2001

  1. Christopher Edwards, Sarah K. Spurgeon, .Sliding Mode control: Theory and

Application., 1998.


T155DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

Lecture : 4 Periods/week Internal Marks : 25

Tutorial : 1 External Marks : 75

Credits : 3 External Examination : 3 Hrs

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UNIT - I


Introduction: An overview of database management system, database system Vs file system, Database system concepts and architecture, data models schema and instances, data independence and data base language and interfaces, Data definitions language, DML, Overall Database Structure.

Data modeling using the Entity Relationship Model: ER model concepts, notation for ER diagram, mapping constraints, keys, Concepts of Super Key, candidate key, primary key, Generalization, aggregation, reduction of an ER diagrams to tables, extended ER model, relationships of higher degree.


UNIT - II


Relational data Model and Language: Relational data model concepts, integrity constraints: entity integrity, referential integrity, Keys constraints, Domain constraints, relational algebra.

Introduction to SQL: Characteristics of SQL, Advantage of SQL. SQL data types and literals. Types of SQL commands. SQL operators and their procedure. Tables, views and indexes. Queries and sub queries. Aggregate functions. Insert, update and delete operations. Joins, Unions, Intersection, Minus, Cursors in SQL.


UNIT - III


Normalization: Functional dependencies, normal forms, first, second, third normal forms, BCNF, inclusion dependences, loss less join decompositions, normalization using FD, MVD, and JDs, alternative approaches to database design.


UNIT - IV


Transaction Processing Concepts: Transaction system, Testing of serializability, Serializability of schedules, conflict & view serializable schedule, recoverability, Recovery from transaction failures, log based recovery, checkpoints, deadlock handling.


UNIT - V


Concurrency Control Techniques: Concurrency control, locking Techniques for concurrency control, Time stamping protocols for concurrency control, validation based protocol, multiple granularity, Multi version schemes, Recovery with concurrent transaction.


TEXT BOOK


Korth, Silbertz, Sudarshan, “Database Concepts”, McGraw Hill


REFERENCES


1. Elmasri, Navathe, “Fundamentals Of Database Systems”, Addision Wesley

2. Raghu Ramakrishnan, “Database Management System”, McGraw Hill

3. Maheshwari Jain, “DBMS: Complete Practical Approach”, Firewall Media, New Delhi.

4. Date C J, “An Introduction To Database System”, Addision Wesley

T128BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION

Lecture : 4 Periods/week Internal Marks : 25

Tutorial : 1 External Marks : 75

Credits : 3 External Examination : 3 Hrs

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OBJECTIVES


To study different types of electrodes used in bio-potential recording.
• To understand the characteristics of bio-amplifiers and different types of recorders.
• To understand how to measure various biochemical and nonelectrical parameters of
human system.

• To study the instrumentation concerned with measuring the blood flow volume, velocity and
number of particles in the blood.


UNIT - I


Components of medical instrumentation system, Bio signals, Static & Dynamic Characteristics ,Bio amplifier, Problems with components of Medical system, Cell structure, Nernest equation, Action & Resting potentials.


UNIT - II


Bio-potential electrodes ,Bio chemical electrodes, Internal Electrodes, External electrodes.


UNIT - III


ECG –Heart cardiac cycle, Electrical & Mechanical activities of heart, Cardiovascular system, ECG Recorder, Enthoven triangle (12-Lead configuration) , Blood Pressure measurement, Blood flow measurement, Electrodes for ECG.


UNIT - IV


Pacemaker, Defibrillators , Short wave Diathermy ,Hemo-Dialysis ,EEG-Anatomy ,Recorders Electrodes for EEG ,Electrode-Placement, MG-Introduction ,Recorder ,Electrodes for EMG.


UNIT - V


Respiration, Spirometry ,Pnuemotachograph ,Ventilators.


TEXT BOOK


Bio medical instrumentation & measurements – 2nd edition by leslie chromwell, fred j. Weibell, erich a. Pfeiffer – phi publisher


REFERENCES


1. Bio medical instrumentation—Armugam.

2. Medical instrumentation application & design – 3rd edition by

jhon g.webster, editor jhon wiley.




B.TECH (ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING), A.Y.2010-2011 Page


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