This course is designed to provide a firm foundation in the concepts in water resources engineering and to prepare interested students for future careers in water supply, hydropower, and river engineering management. Catalogue Description




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НазваниеThis course is designed to provide a firm foundation in the concepts in water resources engineering and to prepare interested students for future careers in water supply, hydropower, and river engineering management. Catalogue Description
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U
ANNEX-2
G25.19 WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING
3(3-0) Elective


Rationale: This course is designed to provide a firm foundation in the concepts in water resources engineering and to prepare interested students for future careers in water supply, hydropower, and river engineering management.


Catalogue Description: Water Withdrawals and Uses; Water distribution; Hydropower engineering; Reservoir design and optimization; River engineering and sedimentation


Pre-Requisites: Fluid Mechanics, Hydrology


Course outline:


  1. Water Withdrawals and Uses

  1. Water use classification

  2. Water for energy

  3. Water for agriculture

  4. Water supply/withdrawals




  1. Water Distribution

  1. Water distribution systems

  2. Pipe flow equation

  3. System components

  4. Hydraulics of simple networks

  5. Pump systems analysis

  6. Network simulation

  7. Hydraulic transients




  1. Hydropower Engineering

  1. Principles of hydropower engineering

  2. Hydropower water conveyance system

  3. Determining energy potential




  1. Reservoir Design and Optimization

  1. Surface-water reservoir systems

  2. Mass curve analysis

  3. Sequent peak analysis

  4. Reservoir operation rules

  5. Reservoir simulation




  1. River Engineering and Sedimentation

  1. Sediment sources and sediment characteristics

  2. Bed forms and flow resistance

  3. Sediment transport

  4. Bed load formulas

  5. Suspended load formulas

  6. Total load

  7. Watershed sediment yield

  8. Reservoir sedimentation

  9. River training and riverbank protection works

  10. Sediment control devices


Textbook & Materials:


Linseley R.K., Franzini J.B., Freygerg D.L., and Tchobanoglous G. (1992):

Water-Resources Engineering, McGraw Hill Book Co.

Mays L. W. (2005):

Water Resources Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


Grading: Assignments (20%) Midsem Exam (30%) Final Exam (50%)

Instructor: Dr. Mukand S. Babel


UG25.20 WATER SUPPLY AND WASTEWATER ENGINEERING 3(3-0) Elective


Rationale: To introduce students to the principles of public health engineering, water and wastewater treatment, water supply systems, wastewater disposal systems, stormwater systems, biosolids treatment and management, and water quality and contamination indicators.


Catalogue Description: Water/Wastewater Sources, Quantity and Quality; Water Supply/Distribution Systems; Wastewater/Sewage Collection and Disposal Systems; Wastewater Treatment; Wastewater Treatment Plant Characteristics; Natural Wastewater Treatment Systems; Groundwater and Surface Water Treatment for Potable Water Supply


Pre-Requisites: None


Course Outline:

  1. Water/Wastewater Sources, Quantity and Quality

  1. Sources of water supply and wastewater

  2. Water demand for various purposes

  3. Population forecasting by various methods

  4. Estimation of wastewater flows and variation in wastewater flows

  5. Estimation of storm water quantity

  6. Water/wastewater quality parameters and quality standard for various water uses

  7. Water/wastewater treatment




  1. Water Supply/Distribution Systems

  1. Selection of source of water supply

  2. Pressure and gravity distribution systems

  3. Design of water distribution systems




  1. Wastewater/Sewage Collection and Disposal Systems

  1. Wastewater collection

  2. Design of sewerage systems

  3. Design of low cost sanitation

  4. Discharge of sewage in streams/lakes

  5. Wastewater recycling and reuse




  1. Wastewater Treatment

  1. Wastewater characteristics

  2. Physical methods of wastewater treatment

  3. Chemical methods of wastewater treatment

  4. Biological methods of wastewater treatment

  5. Sludge treatment




  1. Wastewater Treatment Plant Characteristics

  1. Sequencing of unit operations and processes

  2. Plant layout

  3. Hydraulic considerations




  1. Natural Wastewater Treatment Systems

  1. Ponds and lagoons

  2. Wetlands and root-zone systems




  1. Groundwater and Surface Water Treatment for Potable Water Supply

  1. Water characteristics

  2. Plant layout and sequencing of unit operations and processes

  3. Hydraulic considerations


Textbook & Materials:


McGhee T. J. (1991):

Water Supply and Sewerage, McGraw-Hill.

Morgan P. (1990):

Rural Water Supplies and Sanitation, MACMILLAN EDUCATION LTD.

Qasim S. R., Motley E. M., and Zhu G. (2000):

Water Works Engineering – Planning, Design and Operation, Prentice-Hall PTR, Upper Saddle River.


Grading: Assignments (30%) Midsem Exam (30%) Final Exam (40%)


Instructor: Dr. Sangam Shrestha

UG25.21 FUNDAMENTALS OF COASTAL ENGINEERING 3(3-0) Elective


Rationale: Coastal engineering has become increasingly important with more and more people living or working at or near the world's coasts. Problems associated with coastal development will require the expertise and innovation of coastal engineers. This course provides basic knowledge of coastal engineering, which is concerned with the study of waves and currents and their effect on coastal structures.


Catalog Description: Linear Wave Theory; Wave Transformation; Long Period Sea Waves; Wave Forces on Structures


Pre-Requisites: None


Course outline:


  1. Introduction

  1. Historical background of coastal engineering

  2. Subjects to be treated in coastal engineering

  3. Wave characteristics




  1. Linear Wave Theory

  1. Basic equations of water waves

  2. Small amplitude wave theory and standing waves

  3. Irregular waves

  4. Wave spectrum




  1. Wave Transformation

  1. Transformation of waves in shallow water

  2. Bottom friction

  3. Breaking wave

  4. Wave setdown and setup

  5. Wave runup, overtopping and transmission on beach and structures




  1. Long Period Sea Waves

  1. Tide

  2. Storm surge

  3. Tsunamis

  4. Oscillations in bays and harbors




  1. Wave Forces on Structures

  1. Stability of rubble mound structure

  2. Wave pressure on vertical structures

  3. Wave forces on pile structures


Textbook & Materials:


Sorensen R. M. (2005):

Basic Coastal Engineering, 3rd edition, Springer.


Grading: Assignments (10%) Midsem Exam (40%) Final Exam (50%)


Instructor: Dr. Sutat Weesakul


UG25.22 GROUNDWATER ENGINEERING 3(3-0) Elective


Rationale: In the modern world of expanding populations, climate change, renewable energy, and sustainability, groundwater is an ever more important resource and offers promising career opportunities. This course provides an understanding of groundwater occurrence, groundwater flow and contaminant transport mechanisms through saturated and unsaturated zones, modeling of groundwater flow and contaminant transport and groundwater resources evaluation and management issues.


Catalogue Description: Groundwater Hydrology; Contaminant Hydrology; Coupled Flow and Transport; Well Hydraulics; Groundwater Evaluation and Management


Pre-Requisites: None


Course Outline:


  1. Introduction

  1. Groundwater in the hydrologic cycle

  2. Aquifers and their basic properties

  3. Recharge areas, discharge areas, and groundwater divides

  4. Groundwater budget




  1. Groundwater Hydrology

  1. Darcy’s Law and hydraulic potential

  2. Basic continuity equation

  3. Streamlines and flow nets

  4. Confined and unconfined flows

  5. Initial and boundary conditions

  6. Groundwater-surface water interactions

  7. Groundwater flow modeling




  1. Contaminant Hydrology

  1. Geochemistry and groundwater pollution

  2. Contaminant transport mechanisms and equations

  3. Effects of concentration gradients (Fick’s Law)

  4. Modeling of contaminant transport

  5. Geochemical tracers, stable isotopes




  1. Coupled Flow and Transport

  1. Density driven flow, freshwater/saltwater interaction

  2. Heat transport and groundwater flow

  3. Unsaturated zone hydrology

  4. Flow equations (retention curves and Richard’s equation)

  5. Infiltration and evapotranspiration

  6. Mathematical models




  1. Well Hydraulics

  1. Well construction, hydraulics and testing

  2. Pumping tests and slug tests

  3. Thiem and Thies equations

  4. Partially penetrating wells

  5. Multiple well systems

  6. Capture zone analysis




  1. Groundwater Evaluation and Management

  1. Exploration of aquifers

  2. Groundwater development and consequences

  3. Groundwater management issues


Textbook & Materials:


Schwartz F.W. & Zhang H. (2003):

Fundamentals of Ground Water, Wiley.

Kashef A.I. (1986):

Groundwater Engineering, McGraw Hill, New York.


Grading: Assignments (30%) Midsem Exam (30%) Final Exam (40%)


Instructor: Dr. Sangam Shrestha

UG25.23 WATER RESOURCES PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT 3(3-0) Elective


Rationale: This course provides a firm foundation in water excess management concepts, storm water control, economics in water resources, linear programming for water resources, integrated water resources management and planning.


Catalogue Description: Flood Control; Stormwater Control; Drought Management; Water Quality; Engineering Economy in Water Resources; Linear Programming Application in Water Resources; Integrated Water Resource Management; Water Resources Planning


Pre-Requisites: Hydrology, Engineering Economics


Course outline:


  1. Flood Control

  1. Introduction to floods

  2. Floodplain management

  3. Flood control alternatives

  4. Flood damage and net benefit estimation




  1. Stormwater Control

  1. Stormwater management

  2. Storm systems

  3. Stormwater drainage channels

  4. Storm water detention




  1. Drought Management

  1. Drought management options

  2. Drought severity

  3. Economic aspects of water shortage




  1. Water Quality

  1. Water pollution

  2. Basic parameters of water

  3. Inorganic and organic chemicals

  4. Water quality management




  1. Engineering Economy in Water Resources

  1. Benefit-cost analysis

  2. Evaluation of alternatives

  3. Price elasticity of water demand

  4. Demand models




  1. Linear Programming Applications in Water Resources

  1. Introduction to linear programming

  2. Linear programming model

  3. Assumptions of linear programming

  4. Simplex method for linear programming




  1. Water Resources Planning

  1. Levels of planning

  2. Phases and objectives

  3. Data requirements

  4. Project formulation and evaluation

  5. Environmental considerations

  6. Systems analysis

  7. Multi-purpose projects




  1. Integrated Water Resource Management

  1. What is IWRM?

  2. IWRM principles

  3. Concept of integration

  4. Socio-economic and environmental consideration

  5. Institutional arrangement

  6. Management instruments

  7. Participatory approach and decentralization




  1. Case Studies


Textbook & Materials:


Linseley, R.K., Franzini, J.B., Freygerg, D.L., and Tchobanoglous G. (1992):

Water-Resources Engineering, McGraw Hill Book Co.

Mays, L. W. (2005):

Water Resources Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


References:


Hillier F. S. and Lieberman G. J. (2001):

Introduction to Operation Research, McGraw Hill Book Co.

Cech T. V. (2009):

Principles of Water Resources: History, Development, Management, and Policy,

3rd edition, John Wiley and Sons Inc.

Stephenson D. (2003):

Water Resources Management, Swets and Zeitlinger B.V. Lisse, The Netherlands.

Chandrakumar G. and Mukundan N. (2006):

Water Resources Management: Thrust and Challenges, Sarup and Sons.


Grading: Assignments (20%) Midsem Exam (30%) Final Exam (50%)

Instructor: Dr. Mukand S. Babel

UG25.24 IRRIGATION ENGINEERING 3(2-1) Elective


Rationale: This course provides students with fundamental knowledge of irrigation and drainage engineering. It covers the topics of basic soil-plant-water relationships, planning and design of irrigation and drainage systems, irrigation and drainage structures, flow measurements and pump selection and operation.


Catalogue Description: Soil-Plant-Water Relationships; Irrigation Planning and Development; Design of Irrigation Systems; Design of Drainage Systems; Irrigation and Drainage Structures; Flow Measurements; Selection and Operation of Pumps


Pre-Requisites: None


Course Outline:


  1. Soil-Plant-Water Relationships

  1. Soil properties

  2. Evapotranspiration

  3. Soil water balance

  4. Crop water requirements




  1. Irrigation Planning and Development

  1. Feasibility studies

  2. Land resource assessment

  3. Irrigation potential (water sources)

  4. Project appraisal and implementation




  1. Design of Irrigation Systems

  1. Types of farm irrigation systems

  2. Irrigation methods

  3. Surface irrigation (furrow, flooding)

  4. Overhead irrigation (sprinkler)

  5. Sub-surface irrigation (drip)




  1. Design of Drainage Systems

  1. Agricultural drainage

  2. Main drainage systems

  3. Design of open channels

  4. Design of pipe drains




  1. Irrigation and Drainage Structures

  1. Dam (reservoir)

  2. Canal network (main, secondary, tertiary)

  3. Canal structures (falls, check dams, regulators, intake/offtake, etc.)

  4. Cross drainage structures (culverts, siphons, super passages, inlets/outlets, drop structures, etc.)

  5. Canal outlets (pipe, weirs, CHO, etc.)




  1. Flow Measurements

  1. Flow measuring devices

  2. Flow measurement in open channels (current meters, weirs, flumes, orifices)

  3. Flow measurement in pipelines (flow meters, pitot tubes, etc)




  1. Selection and Operation of Pumps

  1. Types of irrigation pumps

  2. Rating curves for pumps

  3. Pump selection

  4. Pump power requirement

  5. Pump operation and maintenance


Laboratory Session:


  1. Determination of soil bulk density and particle size distribution

  2. Soil moisture measurement techniques

  3. Hydraulic conductivity tests

  4. Design and evaluation of sprinkler irrigation system

  5. Design and evaluation of trickle irrigation system

  6. Design and evaluation of surface/subsurface drainage systems


Textbook & Materials:


Asawa G. L. (1992):

Irrigation Engineering. Wiley Eastern Limited, New Delhi.

Ritzema H. P. (Editor-in-Chief) (1994):

Drainage Principles and Applications, ILRI publication 16, International Institute for Land Reclamation and Improvement, Wageningen, The Netherlands.


References:


Ali I. (1993):

Irrigation and Hydraulic Structures: Theory, Design, and Practice. IEER, NED University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan.

Bos M. (1989):

Discharge Measurement Structures, ILRI Publication 20, The Netherlands.

Cuenca R. H. (1989):

Irrigation System Design: An Engineering Approach, Prentice Hall, NJ.

International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) (1998):

Planning the Management, Operation and Maintenance of Irrigation and Drainage Systems. World Bank Technical Paper No. 389. World Bank, Washington D.C.

James L. (1988):

Principles of Farm Irrigation System Design, John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Jensen M. E. (1983):

Design and Operation of Farm Irrigation Systems, Monograph No. 3, ASAE.

Kay M. (1986):

Surface Irrigation Systems and Practice. Cranfield Press, UK

Murty V. V. N. (1998):

Land and Water Management Engineering, 2nd Ed. Kalyani Publishers, India

Novak P., Moffat A. I. B., Nalluri C., and Narayanan R. (1990):

Hydraulic Structures. Unwin Hyman, London.

Rydzewski J. R. (1987):

Irrigation Development Planning: An Introduction for Engineers, John Wiley and Sons, London.


Grading: Laboratory and assignments (30%) Midsem Exam (30%) Final Exam (40%)


Instructor: Dr. R.S. Clemente

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