This Russian-English vocabulary was developed for beginning students of the Russian language, as well as for those of Russian background whose command of the




НазваниеThis Russian-English vocabulary was developed for beginning students of the Russian language, as well as for those of Russian background whose command of the
страница1/7
Дата24.02.2013
Размер0.84 Mb.
ТипДокументы
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7




RUSSIAN VOCABULARY


B.T. Chumakov


Joanne Chumakov




INTRODUCTION


This Russian-English vocabulary was developed for beginning students of the Russian language, as well as for those of Russian background whose command of the language is lacking. It is not to be construed as a dictionary, but rather as a glossary of common words. It is classified by very broad categories, within which are arranged relevant sub-categories. Each word is listed in the first column in Russian cyrillic, in the second column in English transliteration with attention to pronunciation and accentuation, and in the third column the English equivalent is given.


Our thanks go to Michael Chumakov for originally formatting the vocabulary for online use, and for his invaluable assistance and suggestions in its preparation. Errors and omissions are of course the responsibility of the compilers, and will be revised and edited by periodic updating.


B.T. Chumakov

Joanne Chumakov





TABLE OF CONTENTS


1. RUSSIA p. 1-4 4. ETIQUETTE p. 16-17


  1. Russia 1. Etiquette

  2. Geography 2. Basic Greetings

  3. History 3. Arrival/Introduction

  4. Traditions and Folklore 4. Polite Expressions

  5. Traditional Habitat 5. Thanks/Apologies

  6. Traditional Foods/Dishes 6. Departure


2. NATURE p. 4-9 5. EATING/DRINKING p. 17-21


  1. Orientation 1. Eating

  2. Sky 2. Mealtimes

  3. Land 3. Foods/Dishes

  4. Water 4. Fruits

  5. Natural Disasters 5. Vegetables

  6. Climate/Weather 6. Drinks

  7. Seasons 7. Taste

  8. Plants 8. Cooking

  9. Flowers 9. Utensils

  10. Animals 10. Smoking

  11. Birds

  12. Insects 6. CLOTHING p. 21-23

  13. Fish

1. Clothing

3. MAN p. 9-16 2. Clothes

3. Footwear

  1. Man 4. Accessories

  2. Human Body 5. Materials

  3. Life Cycle 6. Colors

  4. Daily Cycle

  5. Personal Hygiene 7. SHOPPING p. 23-24

  6. Health

  7. Doctor 1. Shops

  8. Emotions 2. Shopping

  9. Evaluation/Attitudes 3. Prices/Money

  10. Perception/Thought

  11. Skills

  12. Character/Personality

  13. Family

  14. Names/Pronouns

8. HOUSING p. 24-28 11. CULTURE p. 37-41


  1. Houses 1. Culture

  2. Living in a House 2. Religion

3. Rooms 3. Art

4. Room Fittings 4. Music

  1. Furniture 5. Film/Drama

  2. Room Accessories 6. Literature

  3. Heating/Cooling 7. Science

  4. Cleaning 8. Books

  5. Washing 9. Press

  6. Tools/Materials 10. Television/Radio

  7. Repairs


9. PLACES/TRAVEL p. 28-32 12. EDUCATION p. 41-43



  1. The World 1. Education

  2. Continents/Countries/People 2. Schools

  3. Country/Town 3. Teacher/Pupil

  4. Roads/Streets 4. Years of Study

  5. Means of Transport 5. School Subjects

  6. Public transport 6. Class Work

  7. Travel/Accommodation 7. Study/Learning

  8. Luggage 8. Tests

  9. Sightseeing



10. SOCIETY p. 32-37 13. COMMUNICATION p. 43-46


  1. Society 1. Language

  2. Social Problems/Social change 2. Grammar/Script

  3. Politics 3. Speaking/Listening

  4. Government 4. Response Words

  5. Law 5. Reading/Writing

  6. Police/Social Order 6. Stationery

  7. Economy 7. Mail

  8. Work 8. Telephone

  9. Industry

  10. Agriculture 14. SOCIALIZING/RECREATION

  11. Business p. 46-49

  12. Banks 1. Socializing

  13. Trade/Commerce 2. Recreation

  14. International Relations 3. Hobbies

4. Camping/Fishing/Hunting

  1. Sport

  2. Kinds of Sport

15. RELATIONS p. 49-52 19. CONNECTIVES p. 60-61



  1. Being 1. Connectives

  2. Relations

  3. Comparison

  4. Importance/Power

  5. Taking/Giving

  6. Reason

  7. Complication

  8. Attractiveness

  9. Certainty


16. SPACE p. 52-54


  1. Movement

  2. Arrangement

  3. Location

  4. Direction


17. TIME p. 54-58


  1. Time

  2. Beginning/End

  3. Frequency

  4. Speed

  5. Time Indicators

  6. Year

  7. Month

  8. Months of the Year

  9. Week

  10. Days

  11. Days of the Month

  12. Days of the Week

  13. Time of Day

  14. Hours


18. QUANTITY p. 58-60


  1. Size and Number

  2. Measurement

  3. Weights

  4. How Much?

  5. Small Amount

  6. Medium Amount

  7. Large Amount

VOCABULARY


1. RUSSIA


1.1 Russia


Россия Rosséeia Russia

русский народ róoskee naróhd Russian people

русский róoskee Russian

русский язык róoskee iazýk Russian language

русский флаг róoskee fláhg Russian flag

двуглавый орёл dvoogláhvy oriól double-headed eagle

российский rosséeskee pertaining to Russia


1.2 Geography


Российская Федерфция Rosséeskaia Fyedyeráhtseeia Russian Federation

Европейская Россия Yevropéiskaia Rosséeia European Russia

Азиатская Россия Ahzeeátskaia Rosséeia Asian Russia

Сибирь Seebéer' Siberia

Москва Moskvá Moscow

Санкт Петербург Sáhnkt Pyetyerbóorg St. Petersburg

Новгород Nóvgorod Novgorod

Ярославль IarosláhvlYaroslavl’

Кострома Kostromá Kostroma

Юбилейная Iubeeléinaia Yubilaynaya

Новосибирск Novoseebéersk Novosibirsk

Иркутск Eerkóotsk Irkutsk

Владивосток Vlahdeevostók Vladivostok

Северно-ледовитый океан Syévyerno-ledovéety okian Arctic Ocean

Охотское море Okhótskoye mórye Sea of Okhotsk

Японское море Iapónskoye mórye Sea of Japan

Каспийское море Kahspéeskoye mórye Caspian Sea

Чёрное море Chiórnoye mórye Black Sea

Балтийское море Baltéeskoye mórye Baltic Sea

Волга Vólga Volga River

Дон Dóhn Don River

Нева Nyevá Neva River

Обь Ób' Ob River

Иртыш Eertýsh Irtysh River

Енисей Yeneeséi Yenisey River

Лена Lyéna Lena River

Амур Amóor Amur River

Байкал Baikál Lake Baikal

Уральские горы Oorál'skeeye góry Ural Mountains

Кавказские горы Kavkázkeeye góry Caucusus Mountains

Алтайские горы Altáiskeeye góry Altay Mountains

Камчатка Kamchátka Kamchatka (Peninsula)

Кола Kóla Kola (Peninsula)

Таймыр Taimýr Taymyr (Peninsula)

Крым Krým Crimea (Peninsula)

Сахалин Sakhaléen Sakhalin Island

Новая Земля Nóvaya Zyemliá Novaya Zemlya


1.3 History


Российская Империя Rosséeskaia Eempyéreeia Russian Empire

царь tsár' Tsar

цесаревич tsesaryéveech Crown Prince

царица tsaréetsa Tsarina

великий князь vyeléekee kniáz' Grand Duke

великая княгина vyeléekaia kniagéenia Grand Duchess

великая княжна vyeléekaia kniazhná Grand Duchess (unmarried)

князь kniáz' Prince

княгина kniagéenia Princess

княжна kniazhná Princess (unmarried)

граф gráhf Count

графиня grahféenia Countess

Крещение Руси Kryeshchyéneeye Roosée Christening of Russia

Татарское иго Tatárskoye éego Tatar Yoke

Куликовская битва Kooleekóvskaia béetva Battle of Kulikov Field

Смутное время smóotnoye vryémia Time of Troubles

Окно в Европу Oknó v Yevrópoo Window to Europe

Отечественная война (1812) Otyéchestvyennaia voiná Patriotic War

Крымская война (1854) Krýmskaia voiná Crimean War

Освобождение крестьян Osvobozhdyéneeye kryest'ián Emancipation of the Serfs

(1861)

Первая мировая война Pyérvaia meerováia voiná First World War

революция ryevoliútseeia revolution

гражданская война grazhdánskaia voiná Civil War

Белая армия Byélaia ármeeia White Army

Красная армия Krásnaia ármeeia Red Army

Большевики Bol'sheveekée Bolsheviks

Советская власть Sovyétskaia vlást' Soviet regime

Советский Союз Sovyétskee Soiúz Soviet Union

Красный терор Krásny terór Red Terror

гулаг goolág concentration camp

Вторая мировая война Vtoráia meerováia voiná Second World War

Холодная война Kholódnaia voiná Cold War

Гластность Gláhsnost' Glasnost

Перестройка Pyeryestróika Perestroika

падение советской власти padyéneeye sovyétskoi vlástee fall of communist regime


1.4 Traditions and Folklore


маслиница máhsleeneetsa Mardi Gras

ярмярка iármarka (trade) fair

день матери dyén' máhtyeree Mother's Day

Рождественская Ёлка rozhdyéstvenskaia Iólka children's Christmas celebration

колядование koliadováneeye carolling

колядки koliádkee Christmas carols

частушки chastóoshkee ditties; jingles

былины byléeny epic tales

басни báhsnee fables

балалайка bahlaláika balalaika

колотушки kolotóoshkee wooden rattles

гармошка garmóshka accordion, harmonica

гусли góoslee Russian stringed instrument

шарманка sharmáhnka barrel organ

хоровод khorovód round dance with singing

присядка preesiádka male squat dance movement

матрёшка matrióshka female doll dance

боярский танец boiárskee tányets boyar dance

сарафан sarafáhn peasant woman's dress

боярский костюм boiárskee kostiúm nobility costume

кокошник kokóshneek woman's headdress

косоворотка kosovorótka man's embroidered blouse

шаровары sharováhry men's loose pants

кушак kooshák sash

папаха papákha Cossack fur hat


    1. Traditional Habitat


хутор khóotor farm

хата kháta peasant hut

изба eezbá log cabin

завалинка zaváleenka earth mound around a

hut used for sitting

красный угол krásny óogol icon corner in a house

икона eekóna icon

русская печь róoskaia pyéch' Russian stove with

alcove for sleeping

домовой domovói house spirit

усадьба oosád'ba country estate

дворец dvoryéts palace


1.6 Traditional Foods/Dishes


закуски zahkóoskee hor d'oeuvres; appetizers

пельмени pyel'méni meat dumplings

борщ bórshch borsch

щи shchée cabbage soup

голубцы goloobtsý stuffed cabbage

уха ookhá fish soup

селёдка syelyódka herring

(баклажанная) икра (baklazhánaia) eekrá vegetable caviar

холодец kholodyéts aspic (of meat or fish)

котлеты kotlyéty cutlet; hamburger

пирог peeróg pie

пирожки peerozhkí small pie, patty

блины bleený pancakes

вареники varyéneekee cheese/fruit dumplings

кисель keesyél' fruit dessert

квас kváhs kvass (fermented drink)

каша káhsha porridge; kasha

кулич kulich Easter bread/cake

пасха páhskha sweet cheese mold

огурчики ohgúrcheekee pickles (cucumbers)

грибочки greebóchkee pickled mushrooms

винигрет veeneegryét Russian salad

чёрная икра chiórnaia eekrá caviar

красная икра kráhsnaia eekrá roe

сёмга siómga smolked salmon; lox


2. NATURE


    1. Orientation



природа preeródah nature

направление napravlyéneeye direction восток vostók east север syévyer north запад záhpad west юг iúg south


2.2 Sky


небо nyébo sky горизонт goreezóhnt horizon

воздух vósdookh air

облако óblako cloud

туча tóocha storm cloud

солнце sólntse sun

солнце светит sólntse svyéteet (the sun) shines upon

луна looná moon

звезда zvyezdá star

радуга ráhdooga rainbow

Большая Медведица Bol'sháia Myedvyédeetsa Big Dipper

Млечный Путь Mlyéchny Póot' Milky Way


2.3 Land


земля zyemliá earth

ресок pyesók sand

камень kámyen' stone

пустыня poostýnia desert

гора gorá mountain

остров óstrov island

лес lyés forest

хиойный лес khvóiny lyés coniferous forest

тундра tóondra tundra


2.4 Water


вода vodá water

река ryeká river

пруд próod pond

озеро ózyero lake

море mórye sea

берег byéryeg shore, seashore

пляж pliázh beach

волна volná wave

течь tyéch to flow

океан okián ocean

водопад vodopáhd waterfall

водохранилище vodokhranéeleeshchye reservoir



2.5 Natural Disasters


землетрясение zyemlyetriasyéneeye earthquake

пожар pozhár fire

огонь ogón' a fire

гореть goryét' to be burning, on fire

случаться sloochát'sia to happen

наводнение nahvodnyéniye flood

ураган ooragáhn hurricane

причина preechéena cause


2.6 Climate/Weather


климае kléemat climate

погода pogóda weather

облачный óblachny/tóochny cloudy

разъясниться rahziasnéet'sia to clear up

дождь dózhd' rain

снег snyég snow

промокать promokát' to get wet

ветер vyétyer wind

дуть dóot' to blow

буря bóoria storm

гром gróm thunder

молния mólnia lightning

тёплый tyóply warm

горячий goriáchee hot

знойный znóiny sultry

прохладный prokhláhdny cool

холодный kholódny cold

влажный vláhzhny humid

душный dóoshny stuffy

сырой syrói damp


2.7 Seasons


время года vryémia góda season

весна vyesná spring

лето lyéto summer

осень osyén' autumn

зима zeemá winter



2.8 Plants


растение rastyéneeye plant

ботанический сад botanéecheskee sáhd botanical garden

дерево dyéryevo tree

ветка vyétka branch

веточка vyétochka twig

лист léest leaf

корень kóryen' root

ель yél' pine tree

ёлка iólka spruce tree

клён klión maple tree

берёза byerióza birch tree

дуб dóob oak tree

ива éeva willow tree

черешня chyeryéshnia cherry (tree)

слива sléeva plum (tree)

яблоня iáblonia apple (tree)

персик pyérseek peach (tree)

груша gróosha pear (tree)


2.9 Flowers


цветок tsvyetók flower

роза róza rose

гвоздика gvozdéeka carnation

мак máhk poppy

сирень seeryén' lilac

василёк vaseeliók cornflower

ландыш láhndysh lily of the valley

фиалка feeálka violet

маргаритка margaréetka daisy

лилия léeleeia lily


2.10 Animals


животное zhivótnoye animal

зверь zvyér' beast

дикий déekee wild

зоологический сад zologéecheskee sáhd zoo

шкура shkóora hide

кожа kózha leather, skin

собака sobáka dog

кот kóht cat

корова koróva cow

бык býk bull

лошадь lóshad' horse

свинья sveeniá pig

крыса krýsa rat

мышь mýsh' mouse

курица kóoreetsa hen; chicken

петух pyetóokh cock

индюк eendióok turkey

слон slón elephant

медведь myedvyéd' bear

обезьяна obyeziána monkey

заяц záhiats rabbit

кролик króleek hare

червяк chyerviák worm

лев lyév lion

тигр téegr tiger

бобр bóbr beaver

енот yenóht raccoon

дикобраз deekobráhz porcupine

олень olyén' deer

ласка láhska weasel

козёл koziól goat

осёл osiól donkey

волк vólk wolf

лисица leeséetsa fox

белка byélka squirrel

змея zmeiá snake


2.11 Birds


птица ptéetsa bird

лететь lyetyét' to fly

малиновка maléenovka robin

ворона voróna crow

голубь góloob' dove

сова sová owl

соловей solovéi nightingale

дятел diátel woodpecker

попугай popoogái parrot

чайка cháika seagull

утка óotka duck

гусь góos' goose

лебедь lyébed' swan

журавль zhoorávl' crane

орёл oriól eagle

ястреб iástreb hawk


2.12 Insects


насекомое nahsyekómoye insect

муха móokha fly

комар komár mosquito

укус ookóos sting

улажить oozháleet' to sting

овод óvod horsefly

пчела pchyelá bee

оса osá wasp

бабочка báhbochka butterfly

букашка bookáshka bug

Божья коровка Bózh'ia koróvka ladybug

светлячок svyetliachók firefly

стракоза stryekozá dragon fly

сверчок svyerchók cricket

муровей moorovéi ant

мотылёк motyliók moth

жук zhóok beetle

гусеница góosyeneetsa caterpillar


2.13 Fish


рыба rýba fish

кит kéet whale

акула akóola shark

дельфин dyel'féen dolphin

тюлень tiulyén' seal

щука shchóoka pike

сом sóhm catfish

лосось lohsóhs salmon

  1   2   3   4   5   6   7

Похожие:

This Russian-English vocabulary was developed for beginning students of the Russian language, as well as for those of Russian background whose command of the iconEnglish-Russian Vocabulary

This Russian-English vocabulary was developed for beginning students of the Russian language, as well as for those of Russian background whose command of the iconTranslation from Russian to English Language
Внуков В. В., Милютина Н. П., Ананян А. А., Гринберг Я. З., Данилов М. О., Овсянников М. В., Панченко Л. Ф
This Russian-English vocabulary was developed for beginning students of the Russian language, as well as for those of Russian background whose command of the iconArctic Network for the Support of the Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Arctic (ansipra) Сеть Арктических Организаций в Поддержку Коренных Народов Российского Севера
Мир коренных народов” (Indigenous Peoples’ World), the official periodical of raipon (Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of...
This Russian-English vocabulary was developed for beginning students of the Russian language, as well as for those of Russian background whose command of the iconArctic Network for the Support of the Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Arctic (ansipra) Сеть Арктических Организаций в Поддержку Коренных Народов Российского Севера
Мир коренных народов” (Indigenous Peoples’ World), the official periodical of raipon (Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of...
This Russian-English vocabulary was developed for beginning students of the Russian language, as well as for those of Russian background whose command of the iconArctic Network for the Support of the Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Arctic (ansipra) Сеть Арктических Организаций в Поддержку Коренных Народов Российского Севера
Мир коренных народов” (Indigenous Peoples’ World), the official periodical of raipon (Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of...
This Russian-English vocabulary was developed for beginning students of the Russian language, as well as for those of Russian background whose command of the iconI. Bilingualism and Language Shift in the Russian Federation

This Russian-English vocabulary was developed for beginning students of the Russian language, as well as for those of Russian background whose command of the iconEnglish-Russian Dictionary of Computing for Everyone

This Russian-English vocabulary was developed for beginning students of the Russian language, as well as for those of Russian background whose command of the iconEnglish-Russian Dictionary of Environmental Terms

This Russian-English vocabulary was developed for beginning students of the Russian language, as well as for those of Russian background whose command of the iconPolitics, life, etc in English, Russian, Ukrainian, etc

This Russian-English vocabulary was developed for beginning students of the Russian language, as well as for those of Russian background whose command of the iconТаврический национальный университет
В. І. Вернадського, 4, Сімферополь, Крим, Україна, 95007; Crimean Society of Russian Culture, Crimean Center Research of Humanities,...
Разместите кнопку на своём сайте:
Библиотека


База данных защищена авторским правом ©lib.znate.ru 2014
обратиться к администрации
Библиотека
Главная страница