The University emblem symbolizes various systems of medicine and Para Medical systems. It also depicts the global character of preventive, Promotive and curative medicine. The motto “health for all” Reflects all the objectives of this medical university




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PART I.


1. Research fundamentals


Research in Physiotherapy

Theory in Physiotherapy research

Research ethics


2. Research design


Research problems, questions and hypotheses

Research paradigms

Design overview

Research validity

Selection and assignment of subjects


3. Experimental designs


Group designs

Single system design


4. Non experimental design


Overview of non experimental research

Qualitative research

Epidemiology

Outcome research

Survey research


Part II Measurement and Analysis


1. Measurement


Measurement theory

Methodological research

Measurement tools for Physiotherapy research


2. Data Analysis


Statistical reasoning

Statistical analysis of differences: The basics

Statistical analysis of differences: Advanced and special techniques

Statistical analysis of relationship: The basics

Statistical analysis of relationship: Advanced and special techniques


Part III Locating and Evaluating the Literature


Part IV Implementing Research


1. Implementing the projects

2. Publishing and presenting research


Recommended Books

1. Rehabilitation Research: Principles and Applications by Elizabeth Domholdt (Elsevier Science Health Science Div, 2004)

Module II Biomechanics and Pathomechanics

Part I Foundational concepts in Bio and Pathomechanics

Unit:

1. Basic concepts in biomechanics

2. Biomechanics of tissues and structures of the musculoskeletal system

  • Bone

  • Articular cartilage

  • Tendons and ligaments

  • Peripheral nerves

  • Skeletal muscle

3. Functional adaptation of bone under pathological conditions

4. Mechanics of joint and muscle action

5. Body balance and equilibrium

Part II Biomechanics and Pathomechanics of joints

Unit:

1. Upper extremity

2. Lower extremity

3. Vertebral column

4. Thorax and chest wall

5. Temporal mandible joint

 

Part III Biomechanics of integrated function

Unit:

1. Gait

2. Posture

3. Arm as a whole  

Recommended books

1. Basic biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system by Margareta Nordin and Victor

H. Frankle, 2nd edition ( Lea and Febiger)

2. Kinesiology of the Human Body: Under Normal and pathological condition by

Arthur Steindler, 5th edition (Charles C Thomas, 1977)

3. Joint Structure & Function :A comprehensive analysis by Cynthia C Norkin,

Pamela K Levangie (Jaypee Brothers, 2006)

4. Brunnstrom’s Clinical Kinesiology by Laura K. Smith & Don Lehmkuh, 5th edition

(F A Davis, 1996)

5. The Physiology of the Joints by Kapandji & Matthew J Kendel (Churchill

Livingstone, 2008)

6. Clinical Biomechanics of the Spine by Augustus A White & Manohar M Panjabi, 2nd

Edition (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1990)

7. Kinesiology :The mechanics and Pathomechanics of Human Movement by Carol

Oatis (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008)

8. Kinesiology: Application to pathological motion by Soderberg, 2nd Edition (Wiliams

& Wilkins, 1997)

Module III Ergonomics

Unit

1. History of ergonomics

2. Worker care spectrum

3. Functional assessment

4. Weighted capabilities

5. Participation level

6. Postural examination

7. Job analysis

8. Work hardening programme

9. Exit assessment

10. Pre-employment screening

  • Job analysis

  • Job task analysis

  • Job site analysis

11. Work capacity analysis

12. Role of Physiotherapy in industrial set up

13. Workers functional capacity assessment

14. Industrial therapy

15. Educational programme for prevention of injury

16. Adult education

17. Injury prevention and ergonomics

Recommended books

  1. Industrial Therapy by Glenda L. Key, 1st Edition (Mosby)  

Module IV Nutrition and Exercise physiology

Part I Basic Exercise Physiology

Unit

1. Introduction to exercise physiology

2. Nutrition and Performance

3. Energy transfer

4. Measurement of human energy expenditure

5. Systems of energy delivery and utilization

  • Pulmonary system

  • Cardiovascular system

  • Musculoskeletal

  • Nervous System

  • Endocrine system

Part II Applied Exercise Physiology

Unit

1. Aerobic power training

2. Anaerobic power training

3. Special aids in performance and conditioning

4. Exercise at different altitudes

5. Exercise at various climatic conditions

6. Sport diving

7. Obesity and weight control

8. Exercise and aging

9. Clinical exercise physiology

Recommended Books

1. Exercise Physiology by Mc Ardle, Katch & Katch (Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2000)

2. Exercise Physiology: Exercise, Performance, and Clinical Applications by Robert

A. Roberts and Scott O Roberts William C Brown, 1997)

3. Clinical Exercise Testing and Prescription Theory and Applications by Scott O.

Roberts, Peter Hanson (C RC Press, 1997)

PAPER II

PHYSIOTHERAPEUTICS


This paper consists of 4 Modules:

  • Manual therapy

  • Exercise therapy

  • Electrotherapy

  • Electrophysiology

Module I Manual Therapy

Part I Foundational concepts in Manual therapy

Unit

1. History of manual therapy

2. Biomechanical principles in manual therapy

  • Concave-Convex rule

  • Close pack and Loose pack Positions

  • Resting positions

  • Joint status

  • Barrier concepts

  • Fryette's Laws

  • Articular neurology

4. Pain

Part II Joints Mobilization Techniques

(Terminology, Principles, Indications, Contra-indications, Assessment and method of application of the following techniques)

Unit

1. Kalten born

2. Maitland

3. Mulligan

4. McKenzie

5. Cyriax

6. Butler neural mobilization

Part III Soft Tissue Techniques and Recent Advances in Manual Therapy

(Terminology, Principles, Indications, Contra indications, Assessment and method of

Application of the following techniques)

Unit

1. Myofascial release techniques

2. Muscle energy techniques

3. Trigger point release

4. High velocity thrust techniques

5. Positional release techniques

6. Lymphatic manipulations

Recommended Books

1. Grieve's modern manual therapy: The vertebral column By Jeffrey Boyling

and Grad Dip Man Ther (Churchill Livingston)

2. Concern manual therapy books  

Module II Exercise Therapy

Part I Foundational Concepts

Unit

1. Application of Disablement and Enablement models in therapeutic exercise

2. Principles of self management and exercise instruction

3. Prevention, health and wellness

Part II Applied Science of Exercise and Techniques

Unit

1. Range of motion

2. Stretching

3. Resisted exercise

4. Principles of aerobic exercise

5. Exercise for balance and posture

6. Aquatic exercises

7. Training with functional devices

Part III Evidenced Based Clinical Applications of Exercise and Techniques

 

Recommended books

1. Therapeutic Exercise: Treatment Planning for Progression by Francis E. Huber,

Christly. Wells (W.B. Saunders Company, 2006)

2. Therapeutic Exercise: Foundations and Techniques by Carolyn Kisner and

Lynn Allen Colby (W.B. Saunders Company, 2007)

3. Therapeutic Exercise, Moving Towards Function by Carrie M. Hall and Lori Thein

Brody (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2004)

Module III Electrotherapy

Part I Foundational Concepts in Electrotherapy

Unit

1. Bioscience of therapeutic electrical currents

  • Basic physics

  • Basic principles of electricity

  • Types of current

  • Classification of therapeutic electrical currents

  • Parameters of therapeutic electrical currents

 

2. Bioscience of therapeutic thermal modalities

  • Thermal physics

  • Bio physics

  • Basic principles of thermal agents

  • Classification of thermal agents

  • Parameters of thermal agents


3. Physiology

  • Electrical properties of tissues

  • Skin

  • Tissue repair and healing

  • Sensory and motor nerves

  • Pain

  • Circulatory system and edema



4. Physiological response to electrical stimuli

5. Physiological response to thermal stimuli

6. Clinical effects of electrical and thermal modalities

  • Soft tissue

  • Joints

  • Neuronal activity

  • Muscle performance

  • Visceral tissues

  • Abnormal tissues (Hematomas and malignant tumors)

7. Current concepts in electrotherapy

 

Part II. Thermal Modalities

Unit

1. Shortwave diathermy

2. Microwave diathermy

3. Infrared radiation

4. Ultrasound

5. Cryotherapy


Part III. Photo Chemical Agents

Unit

1. Laser

2. Ultra violet radiation


Part IV. Electrical Stimulation Modalities

Unit

1. Faradic current

2. Galvanic current

3. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation

4. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

5. Interferential therapy

6. Functional electrical stimulation

7. High voltage pulsed galvanic stimulation

8. Didynamic currents

9. Russian currents

10. Micro current therapy

11. Low intensity alternating current

12. Rebox

13. Ionotoporosis

Part V. Mechanical Modalities

Unit

1. Traction

2. Compression

3. Hydrotherapy

Part VI. Recent Advances in Electrotherapy

Unit

1. Shock wave therapy

2. Combination therapy

3. Long wave diathermy

4. Magneto therapy

Part VII. Evidence Based Clinical Application of Electrotherapeutics

Unit

1. Pain

2. Muscle strengthening and prevention of atrophy

3. Muscle spasm

4. Central nervous system lesions

5. Peripheral nervous system lesions

6. Edema and peripheral vascular dysfunctions

7. Wound healing

8. Pelvic floor dysfunctions

9. Obesity

Recommended Books

1. Integrating physical agents in rehabilitation by Bernadette Hecox and John Sanko,

2nd edition (Pearson prentice hall 2006)

2. Physicals agents in rehabilitation: from research to practical by Michell H.

Cameron, 2nd edition (Saunders and Elsevier, 2003)

3. Therapeutic Modalities for Allied Health Professionals by William E. Prentice and

Frank Underwood (McGraw-Hill, 1998)  

Module IV Electrophysiology

Part I Foundational Concept

Unit

1. Historical perspective

2. Terminology

  • Electro diagnosis

  • Electro neuromyography (ENMG)

3. Effectiveness of electrical stimuli

Part II Basic Physiology of Nerve and Muscles

Unit

1. Membrane physiology

2. Muscle physiology

3. Nerve physiology

4. Physiological variables affecting electrophysiological tests

Part III Instrumentation

Unit

1. Components of electro diagnostic apparatus

2. Technical variables

Part IV Principles of Electro Physiological Techniques

Unit

1. Traditional methods

  • Faradic galvanic test

  • Strength duration test

  • Chronaxie test

  • Rheobase test

  • Reaction of regeneration test

  • Nerve excitability test


2. Recent Methods

Principles of NCS and EMG


Part V Evidence Based Application of Electrophysiological studies in Physiotherapy

Unit

1. Kinesiological electromyography

2. EMG biofeedback

3. Application of traditional and contemporary techniques in Physiotherapy

4. Common parameters used in Physiotherapy research

Recommended books

1. Electromyography in clinical practice by Michael J. Aminoff, 3rd edition (Churchill

Livingstone)

2. Clinical neurophysiology by UK Misra and Kalita, 2nd edition (Churchill Livingstone)

3. Electro diagnosis in diseases of nerve and muscle: Principles and practice by Jun

Kimura (Oxford university press)

4. The ABC of EMG: A practical introduction to Kinesiological electromyography

by Peter Conrad (Noroxon Inc. USA 2005)

5. Integrating physical agents in rehabilitation by Bernadette Hecox and John Sanko,2nd edition (Pearson prentice hall 2006)


 


SECOND YEAR

SPECIALTY PAPER I

PHYSIOTHERAPY ASSESSMENT

This paper consists of 2 Modules:

I. Anatomy and Physiology

II. Physiotherapy Diagnosis

 

Module I Anatomy and Physiology

 

Module II Physiotherapy Assessment

(Note: Part I to IX is common for all the Specialty Subjects )


I. Introduction to Physiotherapy Assessment


Purpose and need for Physiotherapy assessment

Historical perspective

Physiotherapy verses medical model of practice

Various categories for movement dysfunction

Preferred practice patterns in Physiotherapy.

Musculoskeletal

Neuromuscular

Cardiovascular/pulmonary

Integumentary

Today’s health care model

 

II. Influence of Psychological Factors on Réhabilitation


Psychological adaptation

Personality and coping styles

Common defense reactions to disability

Anxiety

Acute stress disorder and post traumatic stress disorder

Depression

Substance abuse

Agitation and violence

Hypersexuality

Psychosocial wellness

Wellness in rehabilitation

Integrating psychosocial factors into rehabilitation

Suggestions for rehabilitative interventions


III. Influence of Values on Patient Care; Foundation for Physiotherapy assessment


Process of assessment

Values and valuing

Code of ethics

The values of patient as a factor in care

The influence of the values on the primary goal of patient care

Value – Laden situation in rehabilitation


IV. Examination of Functional Status and Activity Level


A conceptual framework

Examination of function

Response formats

Interpreting test results

Selected instruments assessing physical function

Multidimensional functional assessment instruments


V. Examination of Environment


Purpose

Examination strategies

Patient – Home environment relationship: Overview of access, usability and safety

Adaptive equipment

Assistive technology

Examination of the workplace

Community access

Documentation

Funding for environmental modifications

Legislation

 

VI. Guideline for Physiotherapy Documentation


Introduction

Documenting the examination

Documenting the evaluation

Documenting the plan of care

Application of documentation skills


VII. Disablement and Enablement Concepts for Physiotherapy Research and

Practice

  • Traditional model

  • Consequences of disease model

  • NAGI model

  • International Classification of Impairments Disability and Handicap

Model (ICIDH – 1)

  • National C enter for Medical Rehabilitation Research Model 1 &2

(NCMRR)

  • Components of Health

  • International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health

(ICF / ICIDH - 2)


VIII. ICF Coding


History and development of the ICF

The ICF and the WHO family of international classifications

Components of the ICF

ICF coding

Benefits of Using ICF


IX. Evidence Based Practice


Principles of evidence-based Physiotherapy practice

Elements of evidence

Appraising the evidence

Evidence in practice

  

Note: Part X will differ for each individual Specialties


X. Assessment procedures related to the elective conditions

Recommended Books

1. American physical therapy association: Guide to physical therapy practice, 2nd edition 2001.

2. Physical rehabilitation (4& 5th edition) by Susan B O Sullivan and Thomas J Schmitz.

(Jaypee publication)

3. International Classification of Functioning, disability and health: Short version. (IT’S Publication)

4. Professionalism in physical therapy: History, Practice and Development by Laura

Lee Swisher and Catherine G.Page, (Elsevier publication 2005)

5. Effective Documentation for Physical Therapy Professionals, by Eric Shamus and Debra (McGraw Hill company2004)

6. Physical therapy Documentation: From examination to outcome by Mia Erickson,

Ralph Utzman (Slack incorporated 2008)

7. Writing SOAP Notes with Patient / Client management Formats by Ginge Kettenbach, Ph. D., PT, 3rd Edition, 2004 ,F.A. DAVIS COMPANY. Philadelphia

8. Practical Evidence-Based Physiotherapy Rob Herbert, Gro Jamtvedt, Judy Mead,

Kare Birger Hagen Elsevier Butter worth Heinemann; Oxford UK (2005)

9. Guide to Evidence-Based Physical Therapy Practice by Dianne V. Jewell, PT, PhD,

Virginia Commonwealth University, Virginia

10. Concern Specialty books for physical therapy assessment and outcome measures


 

Specialty I Physiotherapy in Orthopedics

Module I Anatomy, Physiology and Clinical conditions

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8

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