The Laws of Change: I ching and the Philosophy of Life




НазваниеThe Laws of Change: I ching and the Philosophy of Life
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Philosophy East and West
Volume 53, Number 3, July 2003


Lewis, Mark Edward, 1954-

  • Custom and Human Nature in Early China
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subjects:

    • Philosophical anthropology -- China.

    • Xunzi, 340-245 B.C. Xunzi.

    • Mencius. Mengzi.

    • Lü shi chun qiu.

    • Jia, Yi, 200-168 B.C.

Abstract:

Here it is demonstrated how, in the early ru philosophical discussions of human nature and the pivotal role of education, the concept of "custom" came to play a crucial role. This concept became the standard rubric for all defective education or upbringing. Custom was defective because it was partial, tied to the character of place, and dominated by the attraction of material objects. This contrasted with the "classicist" education of the ru that was all-encompassing, grounded in the refined culture of the Zhou literary and musical heritage, and detached from the desire for material goods.

Scarpari, Maurizio.

  • The Debate on Human Nature in Early Confucian Literature
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subjects:

    • Philosophical anthropology -- China.

    • Confucius. Lunyü.

    • Mencius. Mengzi.

    • Xunzi, 340-245 B.C. Xunzi.

Abstract:

The doctrines on human nature and moral development maintained in ancient China by Gaozi, Mencius, and Xunzi, respectively, have been interpreted mostly as a contradiction within the Confucian school. It is argued here that they represent distinct, yet possible and congruous, modes of interpreting and re-elaborating Confucius' teachings, two opposing yet largely complementary currents that have developed within the Confucian school.

Chandler, Marthe A.

Abstract:

The conversations between Meno and Socrates and between Mencius and King Xuan are philosophical dramas whose "plots" are intellectual arguments. Although both texts present historical characters at particular times in their lives, the texts were written some years after the events they describe by disciples of Socrates and Mencius. The authors had a number of motives: they wanted to represent what the characters thought and said, to explain the philosophical theories underlying the dramatic plots, and to justify the failure of their mentors to teach something very important. Meno did not learn how to live a good life. Xuan did not become a sage king. It is argued here that while both dramas end in failure, Socrates leaves the conversation confidently optimistic about the future. The conversation between Mencius and Xuan, on the other hand, has deeply tragic overtones.

Shankman, Steven, 1947-
Durrant, Stephen W., 1944-

  • Response to David Glidden's Review of The Siren and the Sage
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    Subjects:

    • Glidden, David. Siren and the sage: knowledge and wisdom in ancient Greece and China (review)

    • Shankman, Steven, 1947- Siren and the sage: knowledge and wisdom in ancient Greece and China.

    • Durrant, Stephen W., 1944-

    • Greek literature -- History and criticism.

Van Norden, Bryan W. (Bryan William)

  • Boston Confucianism: Portable Tradition in the Late-Modern World (review)
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    Subjects:

    • Neville, Robert C. Boston Confucianism: portable tradition in the late-modern world.

    • Confucianism.

Neville, Robert C.

  • Response to Bryan W. Van Norden's Review of Boston Confucianism
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subjects:

    • Van Norden, Bryan W. (Bryan William) Boston Confucianism: portable tradition in the late-modern world (review)

    • Neville, Robert C. Boston Confucianism: portable tradition in the late-modern world.

    • Confucianism.

Van Norden, Bryan W. (Bryan William)

  • Reply to Robert Neville
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subjects:

    • Neville, Robert C. Response to Bryan W. Van Norden's review of Boston Confucianism

Lee, Li-Hsiang.

  • Moral Measures: An Introduction to Ethics West and East (review)
    [Access article in PDF]
    Subjects:

    • Tiles, J. E. Moral measures: an introduction to ethics West and East.

    • Ethics.
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