Учебно-методическое пособие Практическая грамматика английского языка. Учебно-методическое пособие для студентов 1-2 курсов лингвистических специальностей Шевченко М. Ю




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ASSIGNMENTS FOR SELF-CONTROL


Choose the correct variant. Check your answers in the keys.

1. Jim hates speaking in public, he is _____ shy.


a) absolutely b) completely c) painfully

  1. The Wimbledon final was ____ exciting.

a) absolutely b) utterly c) terribly

  1. Your new bracelet’s beautiful. It looks _____ expensive.

a) very b) completely c) absolutely

  1. I think I’d better lie down. I feel ____ sick.

a) practically b) a little bit c) virtually

  1. Yes, Sir. You’re ____ correct. I’ll give you a refund.

a) quite b) very c) rather

  1. Since the accident Clive has been _____ paralysed.

a) totally b) absolutely c) very

  1. After a month with no rain the grass is ____ dead.

a) slightly b) almost c) somewhat

  1. I wasn’t expecting much but, surprisingly, the play was _____ good.

a) nearly b) absolutely c) quite

  1. You’re bound to be promoted; the boss thinks very ___ of you.

a) high b) highly

  1. The elephant trek took us ____ into the rainforest.

a) deep b) deeply

11. In our school ____ students have mobile phones.

a) fifty roughly b) roughly fifty

  1. As we descended the hill the car began to go ____ .

a) more fast b) faster

  1. I’ve had a lot of insomnia recently. _____ four hours.

a) I only slept yesterday b) Yesterday I only slept

  1. The train strike won’t affect her, she ____ by taxi.

a) arrives usually b) usually arrives

15. Liz isn’t our most punctual member of stuff, she ____ late for work.

a) is often b) often is

16. ____ , so I can pay the rent on Saturday.

  1. Weekly I get paid b) I get paid weekly

17. You’ll never get your money back, because the company isn’t ____ .

  1. trading any longer b) any longer trading

18. He slapped him ____ on the back.

  1. friendly b) in a friendly way

19. Does that flight do ____ or is there a stopover?

  1. direct b) directly

20. I get the feeling you haven’t ____ understood my point.

a) entirely b) really c) probably


Section VII. THE VERB

Preparatory activities.

Review the following topics:

  1. Give the definition of the Verb. Comment on its morphological and syntactic characteristics.

  2. Comment on the classification of the Verb according to lexical meaning.

  3. Which verbs are called transitive, mixed?

  4. What is the difference between notional and auxiliary, notional and link verbs?

  5. How many types of the predicate can be distinguished in English?

  6. State the morphological composition of the Verb. Which verbs are called composite?

  7. Characterise modal verbs in general.

  8. Which forms of the Verb are called non-finite? Name them and comment on their peculiarities.

  9. Name and define all the grammatical categories of the English Verb.



EXERCISES


Exercise 1. State the morphological composition of the verbs.

To worry, to precipitate, to retell, to do away, to whitewash, to whiten, to ascend, to apologise, to engage, to enfold, to give in, to decompose, to translate, to transport, to browbeat, to subscribe to subordinate, to run away, to underestimate, to backbite, to mislead, to forget, to succeed, to disobey, to take off, to overrun, to satisfy, to recede, to come in, to resign, to superintend, to descend, to blackmail, to put up, to unbind, to win, to counter-act, to go on, to forecast, to befriend, to go away, to lie, to predispose.


Exercise 2. Point out notional, auxiliary, modal, and link verbs.

She went into the drawing-room and lighted the fire; then, picking up the cushions one by one, that Mary had disposed so carefully, she threw them back onto the chairs and the couches. That made all the difference; the room came alive at once. As she was about to throw the last one she surprised herself by suddenly hugging it to her, passionately, passionately. But it did not put on the fire in her bosom.

Oh, on the contrary! The windows of the drawing-room opened onto a balcony over-looking the garden. At the far end, against the wall, there was a tall, slender pear tree in fullest, richest bloom; it stood perfect, as though becalmed against the jade-green sky. Bertha couldn't help feeling even from this distance, that it had not a single bud or a faded petal. Down below, in the garden beds the red and yellow tulips, heavy with flowers seemed to lean upon the dusk. A grey cat dragging its belly crept across the lawn and a black one, its shadow, trailed after. The sight of them, so intent and so quick, gave Bertha a curious shiver. Really – really – she had everything. She was young. Harry and she were as much in love as ever, and they got on together splendidly. She had an adorable baby. They didn't have to worry about money. They had this ab­solutely satisfactory house and garden.


Exercise 3. Point out all the verbs. State whether they are transitive or intransitive; terminative, non-terminative or verbs of double lexical character. Translate into Russian.

1. She had spoiled his life, wounded his pride to death, defrauded him of a son. 2. The door opened, and a thick heavy-looking young man entered. 3. The paddock was well filled with people and they were walking the horses around under the trees behind the grandstand 4. Fleur did not answer. She stood for a moment looking at him and her mother. 5. After turning the matter over and con­sulting with Irene, he wrote to his daughter, Mrs. Val Dartie. 6. The soldiers pushed the foreign workers into groups and led them off. 7. Hughson marched him up to a sort of large desk that was all glass and shining metal. 8. While she stood hesitating the door opened, and an old man came forth shading a candle with one hand. 9. Fleur looked at her watch and rose. 10. It was Fleur’s turn now. She spoke of dogs and the way people treated them. 11. The stream which worked the mill came bubbling down in a dozen rivulets. 12. He was waiting for us at the public house; and asked me how I found myself, like an old acquaintance. I did not feel, at first, that I knew him as well as he knew me, because he had never come to our house since the night I was born, and naturally he had the advantage of me.

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