Учебно-методическое пособие Практическая грамматика английского языка. Учебно-методическое пособие для студентов 1-2 курсов лингвистических специальностей Шевченко М. Ю




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ASSIGNMENTS FOR SELF-CONTROL


Choose the correct variant. Check your answers in the keys.

  1. Mumps ___ not too problematic if contracted in childhood, but can be dangerous in later life.

a) is b) are

  1. The ___ has just phoned to say she’s been delayed in traffic.

a) chair b) chairwoman

  1. For really good electric ____ , have a look in Martson’s.

a) pianos b) pianoes

  1. Corn circles are one of the strangest ____ of recent times.

a) phenomenons b) phenomena

  1. Parliament consists of 653 ____ , about two-thirds of whom belong to the Government.

a) MP’s b) MPs

  1. For this dish, you need to weight the ingredients carefully on the kitchen ___ .

a) scale b) scales

  1. The Asthma Helpline will be able to give you ___ .

a) advice b) an advice

  1. He was hit on the head by ___ and had to go to hospital.

a) stone b) a stone

  1. The supermarket is doing a lot of different ____ from the Far East at the moment.

a) fruit b) fruits

  1. The most exciting event for most British viewers in the Sydney Olympics ___ the rowing finals.

a) was b) were

  1. The Society’s President, against the wishes of the other founder members, ___ agreed to the sale.

a) has b) have

  1. Bread and butter ___ eaten with meals by most people in the North of England.

a) is b) are

  1. “The Three Kings” ___ a great success for George Clooney.

a) was b) were

  1. Have you thought about doing gymnastics? I think ____very good for you.

a) it’s b) they’re

  1. Recent events prove the saying that twenty-four ____ a long time in politics.

a) is b) are

  1. The Council’s team of social workers ____ to be commend for their actions.

a) is b) are

  1. The United nations ____ sending a special envoy to the conflict zone.

a) is b) are

  1. I’ll take you to the station if you give me ____ when you’re ready.

a) shout b) a shout

  1. The first ____ of the epidemic was in Zaire in the 1980s.

a) outbreak b) breakout

  1. The villa we’re borrowing belongs to ____ my parents.

a) sister’s-in-law b) sister’s-in-law’s c) sister-in-law’s


Section II. THE ARTICLE

Preparatory activities.

Review the following topics:

  1. Comment on the definition, classification, meaning, forms, pronunciation and use of articles.

  2. What other noun determiners do you know?

  3. Which functions of English articles can you name?

  4. Speak on the following cases of using articles:

  • the use of articles with class nouns;

  • the use of articles with collective nouns;

  • the use of articles with abstract nouns;

  • the use of articles with nouns of material;

  • the use of articles with class nouns modified by descriptive and particularizing attributes;

  • the use of articles with names of persons and geographical names;

  • the use of articles in set expressions and some syntactic relations.

  1. Comment on the ways of expressing the meaning of the English articles in Russian.

  2. Comment on the use of articles in general and generic sense.

  3. Revise all the peculiarities of the use of articles in English (with nouns denoting time of the day, seasons, meals, with nouns: school, college, bed, prison, town, country etc.).

  4. Comment on the use of articles modified by certain adjectives, pronouns and numerals (E.g.: few, most, same, wrong, number etc.).

  5. Name the cases where articles can be omitted.



EXERCISES


Exercise 1. Insert articles where necessary. (Articles with class-nouns.)

1. Not ____ word was spoken in ____ parlour. 2. ____ room itself was filling up, so was ____ staircase. 3. I think that ____ man's life is worth saving, whoever it belongs to. 4. Though ____ earth was cold and wet, ____ sky was clear and ____ , sun rose bright and beautiful. 5. He made them provide not one car, but half ____ dozen. 6. ____ compass was inven­ted in ancient China. 7. Not ____ word was spoken, not____ sound was made. 8. ____ sky outside ____ window was already dark, ____ secretaries had gone home, all was quiet. 9. Ed­ward remained ____ week at ____ cottage. 10. I tell you, he's as brave as ____ man can reasonably be. 11. After that they would meet, perhaps, two or three times ____ year. 12. Diane looked up at ____ house and suddenly saw ____ face in ____ window of ____ dining-room. 13. You know I never cared for____ drama. 14. "It is not ____ large house," I said. "We don't want ____ large house." 15. He looks older than he is, as ____ dark men often do. 16. Roger looked at him and, without ____ word, took out his wallet and gave him ____ ten-shilling note. 17. As ____ man sows, so shall he reap. 18. This morn­ing ____ tobacconist was at his door. 19. It was Sunday afternoon, and ____ sun, which had teen shining now for several hours, was beginning to warm ____ earth. 20. I have ____ long story to tell you. Come and sit down on ____ sofa and let us have ____ comfortable chat. 21. ____ arm in ____ arm, they walked toward home. 22. It was ____ cottage built like ____ mansion, having ____ central hall with ____ , wooden gallery running round it, and ____ rooms no bigger than ____ closets. 23. And what ____ beautiful moth there is over there on ____ wall. 24. She had ____ key of her own. 25. He was ____ short, plump man with ____ very white face and ____ very white hands. It was rumoured in London that he powdered them like ____ woman. 26. ____ old couldn't help ____ young. 27. To him she would always be ____ loveliest woman in ____ world. 28. ____ strongest have their hours of depression. 29. Her aunt, in ____ straw hat so broad that it covered her to ____ very edges of her shoulders, was standing below with two gardeners behind her. 30. I am afraid I addressed ___ wrong person.. 31. They must have had very fair notions of ____ artistic and ____ beautiful. 32. ____ rich think they can buy anything. 33. ____ room has three doors; one on ____ same side as ____ fireplace, near ____ corner, leading to ____ best bedroom. 34. My thousand ____ year is not merely ____ matter of dirty banknotes and jaundiced guineas but, it may be, health to ____ drooping, strength to ____ weak, consolation to ____ sad. 35. Thank you, Stephen: I knew you would give me ____ right advice. 36. Sometimes visitors rang ____ wrong bell. 37. My family came from hereabouts some generations back. I just wanted to have ____ look at ____ place, and ask you ____ question or two. 38. ____ woman will only be the equal of ____ man when she earns her living in ____ same way that he does. 39. He arri­ved half ____ hour before dinner time, and went up to ____ school­ room a ____ top of ____ house, to see ____ children. 40. You will see him ____ steady character yet. I am sure of it. There is something in ____very expression of his face that tells me so. 41. Far away in ____ little street there is ____ poor house. One of ____ windows is open and through it I can see ____ woman seated at ____ table. She is ____ seamstress. 42. ____ man who entered was short and broad. He had black hair, and was wearing ____ grey flannel trousers with ____ red woollen shirt, open at ____ neck, whose collar he carried outside ____ lapels of his dark tweed jacket. 43. Believe me, when ____ woman really makes up her mind to marry ____man nothing on God's earth can save him. 44. I stopped still uncertain of myself and whether I was saying ____ right thing. 45. Then it was night and he was awake, standing in ____ street, looking up at ____ dark windows of ____ place where he lived, ____ front door was locked and there was no one in ____ house. 46. I believe I can tell ____ very moment I began to love him. 47. We are told that ____ heart of ____ man is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked. 48. "I must do it," said Adam; "it's ____ right thing." 49. Mr. Boythorn lived in ____ pretty house with ____ lawn, in front, ____ bright flower garden at ____ side and ____ kitchen-garden in ____ rear, enclosed with ____ wall. ____ house was real old house. 50. ____ bartender was ____ pale little man in ____ vest and apron, with ____ pale, hairy arms and ____ long, nervous nose. 51. ____ face to ____ face, he was as warm and easy-natured as he had ever been. 52. I had not yet learnt how contradictory is human nature; I did not know how much pose there is in ____ sincere, how much baseness in ____ noble, or how much goodness in ____ reprobate. 53. During ____ country house parties one day is very like another. ____ men put on ____ same kind of variegated tie, eat ____ same breakfast, tap ____ same barometer, smoke ____ same pipes and kill ____ same birds. 54. Almost at ____ very moment when she had returned Aileen had appeared. 55. ____ old man quitted ____ house secretly at ____ same hour as before. 56. We are told that ____ wicked shall be punished. 57. ____ arm in ____ arm we walked on, sometimes stumbling over ____ hump of earth or catching our feet in ____ rabbit-holes. 58. Clare was ____ most vivid member of ____ family. She had dark fine shingled hair and ____ pale expressive face, of which ____ lips were slightly brightened. ____ eyes were brown, with ____ straight and eager glance, ____ brow low and very white. Her expression was old for ____ girl of twenty, being calm and yet adventurous. 59. When I was ____ child my mother used to make ____ cakes and send me out with them as ____ presents to ____ neighbours. And ____ neighbours would give us ____ presents too, and not only at Christmas time. 60. I wrote to ____ Managing Editor that this was ____ wrong moment to change their correspondent.


Exercise 2. Translate into English.

1. Приходил почтальон? 2. Это был высокий белый дом; он был окружен большим садом. 3. Дом построен два года назад. 4. Мое любимое дерево — дуб. 5. Возле дома рос старый дуб. 6. Мы опоздали на поезд, и нам пришлось долго ждать на вокзале. 7. Попугай может подражать человеческой речи. 8. Мы вошли в маленькую комнату, в которой стоял стол, несколько стульев и кресло. 9. Я надеюсь, что завтра вы дадите мне ответ. 10. Те­лескоп нужен астрономам, а микроскоп — биологам. 11. Серебря­ная луна светила на небе. 12. Скрипка — струнный инструмент, флейта — духовой. 13. Шекспир и Сервантес умерли в одном и том же году. 14. Мы получили телеграмму в самый день нашего отъезда. 15. Вы мне дали не тот адрес. 16. Некоторые из гостей ушли рано. 17. Они живут на одной улице. 18. Он постучался не в ту дверь.


Exercise 3. Insert articles where necessary. (Articles with nouns modified by attributes in post-position.)

1. ____ man of whom I speak is ____ low pantomime actor. 2. Excuse me now, I have to see ____ man who's in trouble. 3.____ people familiar with these moors often miss their road on such evenings. 4. He listened attentively to a great many stories she told him about ____ amiable and handsome daugh­ter of hers, who was married to ____ amiable and handsome man and lived in the country. 5. I always think there's something rather cold and cheerless about ____ house that, lacks ____ woman's touch. 6. He stood up and looked at ____ house where he had been born, grown up, and played, as if asking for ____ an­swer. 7. Her throat aches because of ____ tears locked in it. 8. I am persuaded that this will be ____ shock of which he will feel ____ effects all his life. 9. There were half ____ dozen pocket robberies ____ day in ____ trams of Brussels. 10. There we were in ____ country none of us knew anything about, amongst Indians and ____ people that were only half civilised. 11. At last they reached ____ door at which ____ servant knocked cautiously. 12. We passed ____ set of chambers where I had worked as ____ young man. 13. It is in ____ hour of trial that ____ man finds his true profession. 14. We dropped into ____ very pleasant nook under ____ great elm tree, to ____ spreading roots of which we fastened ____ boat. 15. It chanced that when this lonely young lady was about nineteen, she, being ____ fearless horsewoman, was riding, with only ____ young lad in one of ____ woods near her uncle's house and, in trotting along, her horse stumbled over ____ root of ____ felled tree. She slipped to ____ ground, not seriously hurt, and was assisted home by ____ gentleman who came in view at ____ moment of her mishap. It turned out that this gentleman was on ____ visit at ____ house of ____ neighbouring land­ owner. 16. He was staring at ____ waves like ____ man cor­nered by ____ strange animal. 17. You don't know ____ man you are married to. 18. He spoke with a very slow, dis­tinct voice and always looked over ____ shoulder of ____ person to whom he was talking. 19. There had been at ____ dining table ____ middle-aged man with ____ dark eye and ____ sunburnt face, who had attracted Martin's attention. 20. And he had tea sitting on ____ edge of ____ chair that did not look too firm, all gilt and spindly. 21. They walked ____ mile or more along ____ handsome street which ____ colonel said was called Broadway. Turning, at length, into one of ____ numerous streets which branched from this main thoroughfare, they stopped before ____ rather mean-looking house. 22. Colonel Mordaunt does not look like ____ man who would do ____ mean or dishonourable thing. 23. She is ____ elderly matron who has worked hard and got nothing by it. 24. He was, in fact, ____younger edition of his father. 25. As Dick took up his pipe, ____ man who had passed into ____ smoking car with him put down his newspaper and looked at him. For ____ moment Dick was puzzled. It was ____ face he knew, but he could not put ____ name to it. Where had he seen ____ man? 26. During ____ twenty minutes Michael took to read ____ poem, there was not ____ sound, except from the sheets being turned. 27. Rosa then noticed with surprise that she was in ____ room in which ____ party had been held.


Exercise 4. Translate into English.

1. Сегодня я, наконец, достал книгу, которую я уже давно хочу прочесть. 2. Вот человек, с которым вы хотите поговорить. 3. Я не люблю людей, которые ко всем придира­ются. 4. Я знаю девушку, которая удивительно хорошо декла­мирует стихи. Вчера она прочла стихотворение, которое мне очень понравилось. 5. Улицы, по которым он проходил, были узкие и грязные. 6. Старик постучал в дверь небольшого домика, окна которого были ярко освещены. 7. Когда Ольга вернулась домой, она увидела, что ее сестра разговаривает с человеком, которого она никогда прежде не видела. 8. Я нашла гостиницу, где мы жили несколько лет назад. 9. Письмо, ко­торое она получила утром, расстроило ее. 10. Утром она получила письмо, которое ее расстроило. 11. Молодая девушка долго думала об удивительном открытии, которое она сделала. 12. На дороге они увидели большой камень, которого там раньше не было. 13. Я знаю адрес человека, которому вы хотите написать. 14. Дверь открыла женщина; в ней он сразу узнал оригинал портрета, который ему показал его приятель. 15. Она поехала в город, где жила ее дочь.


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