Mayor of london




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EDUCATION


b) Education infrastructure need

3.137 This section focuses on the needs for Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). Requirements for primary and secondary education will be covered at a later stage.


3.138 GLA’s Data Management and Analysis Group’s Briefing on projected demand for places at Higher Education Institutions in London73 demonstrates that on current trends, total full-time undergraduate numbers are projected to increase by 67,313 (31%) between 2009-2010 and 2021-22. Total full-time post-graduate numbers are projected to increase by 97,910 (131%) over the same period.


3.139 Tables 6 and 7 show that on current trends, the rate of increase is projected to be higher among overseas students (particularly non-EU) than among domestic students. However, it is important to note that the Government proposals below will affect future demand for places from students and these are not factored into the above projections:


  • Change to tuition fees for domestic students and more specifically London

  • Immigration policy to address non-economic routes of migration into the UK (the introduction of higher English language requirements for incoming students, limitations to the amount of international students education providers can accept, standards that education providers need to meet before they can accept new international students and restricting applicants to study one course only)

The supply of student accommodation in London that meets the needs of students will also impact on the attractiveness of HEIs in London.


c) Education infrastructure provision

3.140 By far the largest concentration of higher education in the UK is in London. London counts 41 publicly funded Higher Education Institutions and a total of 427,785 students and 99,290 members of staff. Private institutions have no legal requirement to produce figures on their status. However it is estimated that 10% of students attend 488 private sector institutions in London (private providers and other higher education centres) amounting to 122,000 students.


3.141 At present HEIs are restricted in terms of their capacity to accommodate an increase of students in London by a student number control on undergraduate entrants that prevents institutions to over recruit and above which recruitment could lead to reductions in grant. There is some flexibility for institutions recruiting high achieving students but policy in this area is still emerging.


3.142 The future role of local educational authorities is presently unclear. Future provision for primary and secondary schools will have to be investigated further in the light of the emerging changes.


Table 6: Actual and projected demand for full-time undergraduate places at London HEIs




UK domiciled full-time under-graduates

Other EU’ domiciled full-time under-graduates

Non-EU’ domiciled full-time under-graduates

Total full-time

under-graduates


Actual (2009-10)

175260

15405

26680

217355

Projected (2021-22)

222212

15728

54148

284668

% increase

27

2

103

31

Source: Students in Higher Education Institutions 2009/10, Higher Education Statistics Agency


Table 7: Actual and projected demand for full-time postgraduate places at London HEIs




UK domiciled full-time post-graduates

Other EU’ domiciled full-time post-graduates

Non-EU’ domiciled full-time post-graduates

Total full-time post-graduates


Actual (2009-10)

30990

11355

32365

74725

Projected (2021-22)

51839

24065

78807

172632

% increase

67

112

143

131

Source: Students in Higher Education Institutions 2009/10, Higher Education Statistics Agency



d) Education infrastructure funding and delivery

3.143 Figure 15 gives an indication of the total income by source to higher education institutions in the London region in 2009-2010. Higher education in London is funded by Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE). HEFCE recurrent funding allocated to HEIs in London totalled £1,470 million in 2009-10. HEFCE is currently going through significant budget reduction and this has an impact on grant allocation to HEIs in London. National allocation for 2011-12 compared to 2010-11 allocation represents a 58.1 per cent reduction in cash terms in capital funding. The impact of the grant allocations affects universities and colleges differentially, though virtually all see cash reductions. From 2012-13, the reductions in HEFCE grant will be replaced by fees from students as successive cohorts paying up to £9,000 per year enter universities and colleges.


3.144 In respect of primary and secondary education, the Government will:


  • invest an extra £600 million to fund 100 additional Free Schools which are all-ability state-funded schools set up in response to parental demand by the end of this Parliament. This will include new specialist maths Free Schools for 16-18 year olds, supported by strong university maths departments and academics; and

  • invest an additional £600 million to support those local authorities with the greatest demographic pressures – the majority of which are in London. This funding is enough to deliver an additional 40,000 school places.


3.145 Planning obligations can be secured to ensure delivery of new facilities and services (see London Plan Policy 8.2). Further investigations will be carried out on funding opportunities associated to higher education and primary and secondary facilities.


[Figure 15: Income to higher education (HE) institutions]


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