A comparison of american slaves and english agricultural workers, 1750-1875




НазваниеA comparison of american slaves and english agricultural workers, 1750-1875
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Peculiar Institution, pp. 130-32.

8 618Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll, pp. 588-93; Blassingame, Slave Community, pp. 214-21; Elkins, Slavery, pp. 136-37.

9 619Kolchin, Unfree Labor, pp. 51, 53, 57, 234-35, 237; Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll, pp. 590-91; Blassingame, Slave Community, pp. 214-15; Fogel and Engerman, Time on the Cross, pp. 21, 23; Stampp, Peculiar Institution, pp. 30-31.

0 620Blassingame, Slave Community, pp. 214-15; Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll, pp. 214-15; Fogel and Engerman, Time on the Cross, pp. 26, 28, 242; Elkins, Slavery, pp. 136-37; Kolchin, Slavery, pp. 236, 253-54, 343-52, 363-65.

1 621Herbert Aptheker, American Negro Slave Revolts, Columbia University Studies in the Social Sciences, no. 501 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1943); Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll, pp. 587-88, 596-97. Tulloch noted that while Aptheker wrote in terms of 250 slave revolts in the South, "most of them, it turned out, document[ed] White fears and rumours rather than actual physical outbreaks of rebellion." "But the Cat Himself Knows," 57-58.

2 622My emphasis, Olmsted, Cotton Kingdom, 1:42. See also Marion D.deB. Kilson, "Towards Freedom: An Analysis of Slave Revolts in the United States," Phylon 25 (summer 1964):187; Chesnut, Diary from Dixie, p. 456.

3 623Richard C. Wade, "The Vesey Plot: A Reconsideration," Journal of Southern History 30 (May 1964):150.

4 624Elkins, Slavery, pp. 218-22; Stampp, "Rebels and Sambos," 369-70.

5 625Edwin A. Miles, "The Mississippi Slave Insurrection Scare of 1835," Journal of Negro History 42 (Jan. 1957):49-56.

6 626Christopher Morris, "An Event in Community Organization: The Mississippi Slave Insurrection Scare of 1835," Journal of Social History 22 (fall 1988):93-111.

7 627Hobsbawm and Rude, Captain Swing, pp. 198, 200, 215-217; For more on these panics, and the overkills and continual suspicions of the whites, see Blassingame, Slave Community, pp. 230-38; Stampp, Peculiar Institution, pp. 136-39; Franklin, From Slavery to Freedom, p. 218; Donnie D. Bellamy, "Slavery in Microcosm: Onslow County, North Carolina," Journal of Negro History 62 (Oct. 1977):346-47; Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll, pp. 595-97.

8 628Kolchin, Unfree Labor, pp. 59-61, 98-102, 132-35, 156, 235-39, 289, 348-49.

9 629Fogel and Engerman, Time on the Cross, 2:210; Kolchin, Unfree Labor, pp. 242-43.

0 630Paquette, "Social History Update," 682-684; King, "Marxism and the Slave South," 127, discussing Genovese. He notes the escaped slaves in some maroon colonies "sanctioned forms of dependency including slavery," which demonstrates they were not rebelling against the idea of slavery in itself necessarily by choosing to run away to join these groups to begin with.

1 631"Not all people have survived enslavement; hence her [the slave woman's] survival-oriented [which included domestic labor such as cooking, sewing, washing, raising children, and cleaning house] activities were themselves a form of resistance." Wright, "Reflections on the Black Woman's Role," 86-87.

2 632Dale Edward Williams, "Morals, markets and the English crowd in 1766," Past and Present, no. 104 (August 1984), pp. 69-70, as noted in Harrison, Crowds and History, p. 13.

3 633Somerville, Whistler, pp. 141, 404; Arch, Joseph Arch, pp. 150-52, 158-59, 162; Hudson, Shepherd's Life, pp. 212-13.

4 634Somerville, Whistler, pp. 38-39, 272-79; Hudson, Shepherd's Life, pp. 79-80, 84-90. See also Emsley, "Crime in 19th-Century Britain," 44; Robert Long's diary as found in Agar, Befordshire Farm Worker, p. 111; Hammond and Hammond, Village Labourer, pp. 186, 191; Cobbett, Rural Rides, pp. 159-60, 435-36.

5 635cited by Hammond and Hammond, Village Labourer, p. 187; Arch, Joseph Arch, pp. 159-161; cf. Bawcombe's attitude in Hudson, Shepherd's Life, p. 81 and Cobbett, Rural Rides, pp. 438-440.

6 636Arch, Joseph Arch, p. 155; Hudson, Shepherd's Life, pp. 80, 94.

7 637Cobbett, Rural Rides, pp. 160, 440-41; Hammond and Hammond, Village Laborer, pp. 188, 190; Hudson, Shepherd's Life, p. 54.

8 638Arch, Joseph Arch, pp. 163-64. Comparing this attitude to Frederick Douglass' on "taking" is especially instructive. However ironic for the line Arch drew here, around Kirdford in Sussex after the New Poor Law went into operation, all of the "fowls" of one farmer and most of his neighbor had been stolen, and pilfering generally had increased. Committee on New Poor Law, BPP, 1837, second report, p. 10.

9 639Committee on Allotments, BPP, 1843, p. 2; Jeffries, Hodge, 2:88; Hudson, Shepherd's Life, pp. 221-22, 224-27; Arch, Joseph Arch, p. 14; Somerville,
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