A comparison of american slaves and english agricultural workers, 1750-1875




НазваниеA comparison of american slaves and english agricultural workers, 1750-1875
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Cotton Kingdom, 1:105 for similar declarations.

8 578See the discussion in Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll, pp. 609-12; Kemble, Journal, p. 283.

9 579Kemble, Journal, pp. 53, 55, 135, 139, 309; Allmendinger, "Acting and Slavery," 510-13.

0 580Kemble, Journal, pp. 163-64; Olmsted, Cotton Kingdom, 1:47. While he noted how one black man strongly protested against three whites who shoved and hit him out into the middle of the street, this defiance was exceptional.

1 581Olmsted, Cotton Kingdom, 1:260-61; Ball, Slavery in the United States, p. 58.

2 582The best overview of this controversy is: Ann J. Lane, ed., The Debate Over Slavery: Stanley Elkins and His Critics (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1971). A blistering critique of Elkins, although its target is often only clear to those familiar with this controversy, is in Blassingame, Slave Community. A excellent and reasonably brief critique of the Elkins thesis is: Kenneth M. Stampp, "Rebels and Sambos: The Search for the Negro's Personality in Slavery," Journal of Southern History 37 (Aug. 1971):367-92. Hugh Tulloch notes that the Elkins thesis was "daring, cogently argued and satisfying complete, but had the single disadvantage of being wrong, and every study thereafter has contributed to the slow accumulation of counter-evidence and implicit rebuttal." "But the Cat Himself Knows: Slavery in the Ante-Bellum South--A Historiographical Survey," History Today 30 (May 1980):58.

3 583Fogel and Engerman, Time on the Cross, 1:232; Scott, Domination, pp. 83-85.

4 584

Davis, "Reflections on the Black Woman's Role," 85; Elkins, Slavery, p. 133, n. 106; Farmer's Register 5 (May 1837):32, as cited in Stamp, "Rebels and Sambos," 391; Mary Agnes Lewis, "Notes: Slavery and Personality: A Further Comment," American Quarterly 21 (spring 1967):118; Blassingame, Slave Community, pp. 223-26; William W. Nichols, "Slave Narratives: Dismissed Evidence in the Writing of Southern History," Phylon 32 (winter 1971):404-9. For someone insightfully drawing attention to the similarities to Genovese's and Elkins's theses, see Richard H. King, "Review Essay: Marxism and the Slave South," American Quarterly 29 (spring 1977):126.

5 585Botkin, Lay My Burden Down, pp. 6, 25-26, 46, 49; Douglass, Narrative, p. 33; Davis, Plantation Life, p. 211; Stampp, Peculiar Institution, pp. 124-27.

6 586Davis, Plantation Life, pp. 75, 106, 192, 239, 346, 359, 406, 409, 410.

7 587Lichtenstein, "'That Predisposition to Theft,'' 424-32; Olmsted, Cotton Kingdom, 2:196; Drew, Refugee, p. 157.

8 588Drew, Refugee, pp. 187, 359.

9 589Davis, Plantation Life, p. 32; Lichtenstein, "'That Predisposition to Theft'," pp. 422-23; Olmsted, Cotton Kingdom, 2:37, 177, 195-96; Chesnut, Diary from Dixie, p. 348.

0 590Olmsted, Cotton Kingdom, 1:106. For an example of a slave feeling perfectly justified in successfully hoodwinking his owner's into giving him his unpaid wages before running away, and Jacobs' somewhat reluctant endorsement, see Incidents, p. 198; Kemble, Journal, p. 277.

1 591Olmsted, Cotton Kingdom, 2:219; Lichtenstein, "'That Disposition to Theft,'" 413-439; Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll, pp. 608-9; In "The Old Allegiance," summarized by Laurence Shore, "The Poverty of Tragedy in Historical Writing on Southern Slavery," South Atlantic Quarterly 85 (spring 1986):152; Robert L. Paquette, "Social History Update: Slave Resistance and Social History," Journal of Social History 24 (spring 1991):684.

2 592Olmsted, Cotton Kingdom, 1:118-121, 149, 153, 238; 2:198-200, 380-81; Davis, Plantation Life, pp. 90, 123, 132, 148, 157, 214, 231, 244, 311, 329; see also Botkin, Lay My Burden Down, p. 72; Kemble, Journal, p. 50.

3 593Olmsted, Cotton Kingdom, 1:208; Davis, Plantation Life, pp. 135, 160, 219, 232, 244. For further documentation, see the prior section dealing with slaveholders' control strategies (pp. 231-35).

4 594Olmsted, Cotton Kingdom, 1:99-100; Blassingame, Slave Community, pp. 277, 280, 282; Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll, p. 305.

5 595Bassett, Plantation Overseer, pp. 52-66. See also Botkin, Lay My Burden Down, p. 195; Kolchin, Unfree Labor, pp. 276-77, 295; Genovese, Roll, Jordan, Roll, pp. 16-21, 357-58, 381-82.

6 596Armstrong, Old Massa's People, pp. 152-53; Olmsted, Cotton Kingdom, 1:71.

7 597Botkin, Lay My Burden Down, p. 165; Armstrong, Old Massa's People, pp. 126, 173-74; Davis, "Changing Places," 657, 672-75; Stampp, Peculiar Institution, pp. 95-96; Davis, Plantation Life, p. 381.

8 598Bassett, Plantation Overseer, pp. 57-61; Gavin diary as cited in Stampp,
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