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2.5.1 There are at present a number of initiatives in place, or recently established, to promote development of the water sector in Africa, specifically dealing with the following: to bridge the infrastructure gap, to provide for sustainable water resources development and management, or to leverage financing for the sector. These initiatives include:
2.5.2 The Africa Water Task Force (AWTF): This was initiated in 2001 by leading figures in the sector to deepen the understanding of the significance of investment in water for sustainable growth and poverty reduction and to point out the broad development path for Africa water sector within the overall framework of the African Water Vision.
2.5.3 Africa Ministerial Council on Water (AMCOW): AMCOW is a continent-wide forum of ministers responsible for water, aimed at advocacy, consensus building and joint action on water issues. It has established an Executive Secretariat, and a Technical Advisory Committee (AMCOW TAC). AMCOW has sub-regional groupings representing Eastern, Western, Northern, Southern and Central Africa.
Linkage to NEPAD Initiatives in Other Sub-Sectors
2.5.4 Integrated water resources management would involve the conservation, utilization, and control of land, water and related resources within river basins. It is thus essential that strong linkages are established with water using and impacting sectors. Such areas comprise water use for agriculture, Water for energy, water for environment and water for other socio-economic activities. NEPAD STAP for transboundary water resources would establish linkages and synergies with other NEPAD initiatives in energy, agriculture and environment as herein described.
2.5.5 Water for Agriculture: NEPAD’s initiative for agriculture is entitled “Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP)” prepared with the assistance of FAO. The initiative proposes to tackle Africa’s agriculture, food security and trade balance through extending the area under sustainable land management and reliable water control systems, increasing food supply and reducing hunger (through increasing access to technology and enhanced productivity) and improving rural infrastructure and market access. These activities are to go hand in hand with improved policy, good governance and other enabling measures. NEPAD STAP for transboundary water resources would need to develop synergies with the CAADP in order to take into account the large and sustainable water needs of irrigated agriculture.
2.5.6 NEPAD Initiative in Energy Infrastructure: The objective of NEPAD’s Energy initiatives is to develop fully the energy resources of the continent through regional cooperation, in order to deliver affordable energy to the various economic and social sectors. This would enhance economic development and improve the standard of living of the continent’s population. Africa, with 13% of the world’s population, consumes only 3% of the world’s commercial energy although its share of the world commercial energy production is 7%. One of the important objectives of NEPAD’s regional integration efforts thus would be the increasing of African energy consumption per capita and the improving of energy efficiency. Cooperation in the development and management transboundary water resources would enhance the sustainable exploitation of the large hydropower resources of the continent for regional markets and beyond for export. Likewise, opportunities for energy development would promote cooperation in transboundary water resources management.
2.5.7 Environmental Initiative of NEPAD: The action plan for the NEPAD environment initiative was adopted by AMCEN environment ministers and AU in 2003. In order to respond to the priority activities for the action plan, the project entitled Capacity-building programme for the Development of Sub-Regional Environmental Action Plan for NEPAD has been prepared with the support of UNEP. The project outputs include: Preparation of five sub-regional Environmental Action Plans for UMA, ECOWAS, COMESA, ECCAS and SADC, Comprehensive overview of on-going bilateral and multilateral interventions and preparation of bankable projects, Four pilot projects on strengthening the capacities of African countries in implementing multilateral environmental agreements (Rio Conventions focusing on UNCBD, UNFCC and UNCCD), establishment of a Global African Capacity building Technical Support programme, and other related capacity building activities. Financial support is provided by GEF, AMCEN Trust Fund, Algeria, Belgium, Denmark, Libya and Norway.
2.5.8 The programme supports sustainable management of transboundary water resources through capacity enhancement of RECs and countries in implementing key environmental action plans related to biological diversity, climate change and desertification, which are important issues in the river basins.
2.5.9 Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Initiative (RWSSI): Conceived by the African Development Bank in 2003, and widely supported by other development partners in the sector, its goal is to accelerate access to sustainable water supply and sanitation to the rural population in Africa within the framework of the Africa Water Vision and the Millennium Development Goals.
2.5.10 African Water Facility (AWF): Housed at the AfDB, the AWF is launched to accelerate sector development through facilitation, capacity building and selected investments. It is aimed at supporting local initiatives (communities, municipality basin agencies) and would have flexible design and short reaction time.
2.5.11 NEPAD - Infrastructure Project Preparation Facility (NEPAD-IPPF): This facility is housed at the AfDB and is established to assist African countries, Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and related institutions to prepare high quality and viable regional infrastructure projects and programs, develop consensus and broker partnerships for their implementation. The sectors covered are ICT, transport, energy, water and sanitation.
Multilateral and Bilateral Initiatives
2.5.12 World Bank: Currently supporting multi-sectoral development initiatives in Nile, Niger, Senegal, and Lake Chad Basins in partnership with other multilateral agencies. The World Bank is a major partner in the Nile Basin Initiative where the African Development Bank is also taking part. The World Bank’s support involves IWRM policy reforms, institutional development and multi-purpose development.
2.5.13 European Union Water Initiative (EUWI): Launched at the WSSD in Johannesburg in September 2002, the EUWI has support programs organized by region. For Africa, the EUWI supports two programmes: Water Supply and Sanitation in Africa (led by Denmark) and IWRM and Transboundary Waters in Africa (led by France). The objectives of the initiative include the reinforcement of political commitment towards action and innovation oriented partnership, promotion of improved governance, capacity building and awareness, improved water management, strengthening co-operation through promoting river basin approaches in national and transboundary waters, and identification of additional financial resources.
2.5.14 The EUWI would be operating in the following river basins: Orange, Limpopo, Zambezi, Okavango, and Incomati in Southern Africa, Blue Nile or Lake Victoriain Eastern Africa, Senegal, Niger and Volta in Western Africa, lake Chad in Central Africa. NEPAD Short Term Action Plan would work closely with the EUWI to coordinate activities.
2.5.15 G8 Africa Water Action: As part of G8 Africa Action Plan, Canada has committed US$ 50 million to support fresh water resources initiatives in Africa.
2.5.16 German Sponsored Shared Rivers : The German initiative promotes competencies at basin level, and knowledge management of baseline information . The African Water Facility would implement the programme.
Medium to Long Term Strategic Framework
2.5.17 NEPAD Medium to Long-Term Strategic Framework (MLTSF): The NEPAD infrastructure programme has two components, the Short Term Action Plan (STAP) covering the period 2002 – 2007, and the Medium to Long Term Action Plan covering a longer time frame of 20 years. Following the review of STAP in April 2003, decision was made to shift away from the concept of long-term action plan to adoption of a strategic framework that would guide the implementation and further development of the NEPAD infrastructure programme.
2.5.18 The objectives of the MLTSF are: (i) to provide a framework to guide the continuous and consistent development of infrastructure on the continent based on coherent strategic goals, and to define and institutea monitoring framework to track gaps and progress.
2.5.19 The Terms of Reference for the MLTSF has been agreed in consultation with the RECs and the study is expected to commence in 2004. The study would be carried out over a period of 18 months and would have a number of outputs comprising of strategic framework for: monitoring the implementation of the STAP, re-focusing the STAP on flagship/priority projects and take steps to accelerate implementation, preparing subsequent projects on the basis of coherent set of strategic goals and related flagship programs, forging partnerships and promoting NEPAD infrastructure program, and assessing the support needed by the RECs for the implementation and update of the STAP. The initial phases of the MLTSF would provide a smooth transition from STAP to a long-term infrastructure programme for NEPAD.
2.5.20 There are also a number of initiatives or cooperative programmes financed from bilateral and multilateral sources aimed at different target areas and regions in the water sector in Africa; for example, the Netherlands Government Water Partnership Programme. NEPAD infrastructure programme would develop partnerships with these and other initiatives.
|Short Term Programmes||Plan of studies for the 3rd term|
|Plan of studies for the 1st term||Guardian (UK); Governments must stop short-term outlook, warns un development head|
|Draft National Feral Camel Action Plan Executive summary||Part of Term codes: 1 = Full semester; B1 Block 1; B2 Block 2; int = Intersession; irr = Intrasession Short|
|1ac – Plan Text Plan: The United States federal government should modernize its system of locks and dams. 1ac – Inherency||Long-term goals|
|Long-term goals||Sources: un-term/un-interpreters|