Nepad short-term action plan (stap)




НазваниеNepad short-term action plan (stap)
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Дата04.12.2012
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1. INTRODUCTION



1.1.1 The objective of the report is to describe a short-term strategic framework and action plan for facilitating cooperative development and management of selected transboundary river basins in Africa under the NEPAD Initiative. The report describes the context of NEPAD’s involvement in transboundary water resources, the existing situation in the selected basins, key issues and challenges, elements of the short-term strategy and action plan for meeting the challenges. The report would serve in defining the role of NEPAD in the management and development of shared water resources, Regional Economic Communities and River Basin Organizations for implementing the action plan, donors and other stakeholders in forging partnerships and support for enhancing cooperative development and management of shared water resources.


1.1.2 The transboundary water resources strategic framework and action plan forms part of the on-going NEPAD Short Term Action Plan (STAP) for Infrastructure under the Water and Sanitation Component and may be cited as STAP TWR. Based on the analysis of the current status and opportunities for enhancing cooperation in selected river and lake basins in Africa, the STAP TWR aims at promoting strengthened cooperation, or facilitating new forms of cooperation where none exist. This objective is expected to be achieved through implementing catalytic activities or supporting key activities advance further cooperative endeavor.


1.1.3 Water is central to life sustenance, poverty alleviation and sustainable growth and development. Clean water is needed to maintain health and satisfy domestic as well as industrial needs. Agriculture, on which the majority of Africa’s population is dependant upon, requires timely, and sufficient water. Hydropower is the source of energy for many, and water sustains fishery, navigation, wetland ecosystem, and tourism in a number of countries. In spite of the recognition of the central role of water, the current situation in Africa shows that development of the sector has lagged behind. Currently only some 40% of the rural population have access to clean water, while even more are without access to safe sanitation, with consequential harmful impacts on their health. Agriculture is vulnerable to rainfall variabilities with only some 4 to 5% of the productive land is irrigated in sub-Saharan Africa (compared to 38 % in Asia1).


1.14 While meeting increasing demands pose challenges, the problem is exacerbated by the degradation of the quantity and quality of water resources. Very high rainfall variability and droughts contribute to reduced flows in rivers. Deforestation and poor land cover (partly caused by poverty and related unsustainable coping systems) reduce dry season flows, and cause the decline of ground water tables. Africa has yet to develop its water infrastructure so that water does not become a limiting factor to achieve food security, energy for its industries and safeguard against the climate extremities. Studies have shown that Africa would face water crises if progress is not made in the integrated management and development of water resources.


1.1.5 There are about 60 large transboundary river/lake basins in Africa, which together constitute some 80 % of the continents fresh water resources. A number of the rivers are shared by as many as 10 countries, supporting life, economy and the environment along their courses. As the demand for water increases, this interdependence of countries on the water could be perceived as a source of conflict or a potential for collaboration that could provide benefits to all the riparians. Cooperation between countries is thus central to the effective and sustainable management and development of transboundary water resources. Developing and maintaining effective cooperation between many countries is a major challenge requiring time, knowledge, will, resources, and engaging all stakeholders including the highest political bodies. The promotion of such cooperation is in line with NEPAD’s programme for regional integration.


1.1.6 Chapter 2 of the report provides background to NEPAD’s Short Term Action Plan for Infrastructure, context for expanding the STAP in transboundary water resources, linkages with other NEPAD initiatives including agriculture, energy, environment and recent initiatives.


1.17 Chapter 3 provides a summary of the existing situation in seven river/lake basins describing their physical and socio-economic characteristics, the level of cooperative activities, key stakeholders and development partners, key challenges and opportunities to strengthen further cooperation. Situation assessment for each river basin is presented in Annex 1.


1.18 Chapter 4 outlines key milestones and indicative roadmap of the cooperation process in the management and development of shared water resources. A strategic framework is proposed for the short term (to 2007) together with activities that would be implemented under five themes: facilitating political will and action, facilitating resource mobilization, fostering partnerships, developing strategic frameworks and facilitating capacity building. The activities are described in projThe work plan and budget requirements are described in Chapter 5 while the approach to monitoring and evaluation is outlined in Chapter 6. Programme management is presented in Chapter 7. The report concludes with a way forward in Chapter 8.


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