Borrero, F. J. Colombian non-marine mollusks

НазваниеBorrero, F. J. Colombian non-marine mollusks
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Borrero, F.J. Colombian non-marine mollusks

List of Non-Marine Mollusca from Colombia

The taxonomic order follows…..

Within Genera and Subgenera, species have been arranged alphabetically

A total of XX species are recorded. Whenever available, the maximum number of different colletion records for each species are included, and these are organized by “Departamentos” (Colombian political divisions).

Colombia is a megadiverse country, the following table is given as comparison with other countries.

Reason for megadiversity (discuss and make specific to mollusks):

- Andes split (cordilleras), lots of Andean mountains, valleys, large rivers, lowlands

- 2 oceans

- bridge between Central and South America (Darién/Chocó biogeografico)

- convergence of Andean, Amazon, llanos and Caribbean provinces.

The fauna of San Andrés y Providencia is different from that of the continent. Obviously it can not be thought of as South American, but more like Caribbean, or Central American. Several families present in San Andrés are not present in South America (Cerionidae, Polygyridae, etc.).


Why this list is valuable.

1-Biodiversity assessment and changes thereof. Conservation.

2-Further guidelines on ecological units within country (snails are less mobile….good indicators).

3- Anyone wishing to work in a particular group will have an account of what is where.

4- assessing/foreseeing effects of dams and large habitat changes

5- parasitology

6- pearl cultivation

7- Selecting alternative species for heliciculture

8- environmental management guidelines

The interest is not only to record all species that have been collected in Colombia, but to examine/present the maximum extent of each species geographic distribution within the country. In this manner, information on local extinction may be ascertained, and weighed against records of habitat change.

This account is likely more complete for mainland Colombia, and less so for the Islands (San Andres & Providencia, Gorgona, etc.).

There have been the following significant periods of collecting in Colombia: Pilsbry, Bequaert, Medem, FLMNH/Thompson/hhSmith, B.Malkin (1968-71, mainly Bulimulidae)

Discuss diversity of families.

  1. Bulimulidae most diverse. Partly true, probably partly they are very noticeable, fashionable, and pretty. They are also exciting and people set out to find them. However, it is noteworthy that Bulimulidae s.s. is not particularly diverse in Colombia in terms of number of subgenera, as compared to other South American countries. Specifically, Perú and Ecuador are the most diverse (39 and 25 subgenera, respectively), and Colombia (12) appears similar to Venezuela (12) and Brazil (16) (Breure, 1974).

  2. Regarding degree of endemism of subgenera of Bulimulidae s.s., Colombia has no endemic subgenera, whereas Perú has 25(64% of total), Ecuador has 14 (56%), Venezuela has 2 (17%), and Brazil has 8 (50%) (see Table 1 in Breure, 1974).

There appears to be a geographic trend in degree of endemism of subgenera, where Costa Rica (4 subgenera), Panamá (3) and Colombia (12), all have no endemic subgenera, whereas beginning with Ecuador endemism increases, reaching a maximum in Perú, with the highest number of subgenera, and of endemism at this level (see Breure, 1974). This is almost certainly due to the South American origin of Bulimulidae, which migrated towards Central America, the West Indies and North America later in the Miocene or Pliocene (Breure, 1974).

  1. Clausiliidae- less diverse, perhaps partly artificial due to lesser conspicuossness.

[… “Dr. Paul Ehrmann has remarked of the genus Nenia that Ecuador and northern Peru are its distribution center; the group here reaches its distribution acme of differentiation, and is most numerous in species” (Pilsbry, 1919)]

  1. Families for which revisionary work or monographs are available.

Amazonas Antioquia Arauca Atlántico Bolívar Boyacá

Caldas Caquetá Casanare Cauca Cesar Chocó

Cordoba Cundinamarca Guanía Guaviare Huila La Guajira

Magdalena Meta Nariño Norte de Santander Putumayo

Quindío Risaralda San Andrés y Providencia Santander Sucre

Tolima Valle del CaucaVaupés Vichada

(After Cowie & Thiengo, 3003):

New Granada = present-day Colombia and Panama from 1830 to 1903

= only Colombia from 1903 on

Location of specimens:

ANSP – Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA

Basel ??

BMNH - British Museum Natural History, London

CAS- California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA

CM - Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, PA

CMC- Cincinnati Museum Center, Museum of Natural History, Cincinnati, OH

DMNH- Delaware Museum of Natural History, Wilmington, DE

Edinburgh - Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh (data in Solem, 1966)

FLMNH – Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, FL

FMC – Field Museum Natural History, Chicago, IL

FML – Fundación Miguel Lillo, Tucumán, Argentina

ICNB- Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Bogotá, Colombia

IRSN - Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles, Brussels

Jackson - Ralph Jackson Collection, Cambridge, Maryland (data in Solem, 1966)

MCZ - Malacology Collection, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

MLP - Museo de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina

MNHN - Muséum National d’Historie Naturelle, Paris

NMWZ – National Museum of Wales-Zoology

NRS - Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm

OSUM- Ohio State University Museum of Diversity, Columbus, OH

RMNH - Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden

SMF - Natur-Museum Senckenberg, Frankfurt am Main

UMNG-MT – Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, Santafé de Bogotá, Colombia

USNM – US National Museum Natural History- Smithsonian Inst., Washington D.C.

UVZ – Universidad del Valle-Cali, Colombia (Zoology)

ZMA, ZMA/K - Instituut voor Taxonomische Zoölogie (Zoölogisch Museum), Amsterdam

K (Kuiper)

ZMH - Zoologisches Museum der Universität Hamburg

ZMHB- Museum für Naturkunde der Humbold-Universität, Berlin

ZMUZ - Zoologisches Museum, Universität Zürich, Zürich (data in Solem, 1966)

Class Gastropoda

Subclass Prosobrachia

Order Archaeogastropoda

Family Ceresidae

Archecharax glaeserius Thompson, 1980

Valle del Cauca: [Holotype FLMNH 24355, Coll.:F.G.Thompson/1969, 3 km W Atoncelo, 1380 m (Thompson, 1980)]

Family Neritidae

Neritina latissima Broderip, 1833 [Nerita latissima Broderip]

[“Columbia” ANSP 37344]

Neritina spp. Caribbean

Theodoxus meleagris (Lamarck, 1822)

Magdalena?: [Don Diego River, 0.5 mi. above river mouth, DMNH 132237]

Theodoxus luteofasciatus

?: [Pacific] DATA ???

Family Helicinidae

Alcadia spectabilis (Poey, 1846)

Magdalena: [Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, 1800m, Coll.K.-J.Götting 1976-78 (Götting, 1978)]

Helicina appuni Martens, 1873

Magdalena: [(H. cf. appuni Martens): Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Ecoandes Transect Alto Buritaca, 1100m, Coll. T.van der Hammen et al./Aug.1977, RMNH, ICNB (Breure, 1977b)]

?Helicina bicincta Gloyne, 1872 [Colombia ?]

“Central America; upper Amazon region” (Simone, 2006) [thus Colombia?]

Helicina cacaguelita Pilsbry & Clapp, 1902

Magdalena: [Lectotype ANSP 83164, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Cacaguelito (=Cacaguelito), 1500 ft., forest ground under decaying leaves, Coll.:H.H.Smith/1898]

Helicina colombiae E.A.Smith, 1878

?: [San Sebastian, New Granada (Baker, 1923)]

Helicina colombiana Philippi, 1847 [RELATIONSHIP WITH Helicina colombiae E.A.Smith, 1878???]

Magdalena: [(H. cf. colombiana Philippi): Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Ecoandes Transect Alto Buritaca, 700-900m, Coll. T.van der Hammen et al./Aug.1977, RMNH, ICNB (Breure, 1977b)]

?: [“...from Colombia...” (Baker, 1923)]

Helicina (Helicina) concentrica Pfeiffer, 1848. [Breure, 1977b]

Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Colombia (Simone, 2006)

Valle del Cauca: (Restrepo et al., 1983): [Paso de la Bolsa, UVM 82-153/1] [Hacienda El Castillo, Jamundí, UVZ 089/2, 090/3, 091/2, 093/4, 094/18] [Vivero El Vínculo, Buga, UVZ 82-239/16] [Jardín Botánico Mata de Guadua UVZ 82-307/1] [La Paila, UVZ 103/9, 104/12, 105/10] [Hacienda Formosa, Ansermanuevo, UVZ 82-039/22, 82-218/1, 82-052/1]

Cundinamarca: [(H. c. pandiensis Wagner), Pandi (Baker, 1923]

?: [“New Grenada”, Swift Collection, ANSP 14602]

Helicina cucutensis ( Pilsbry, 1939)

Norte de Santander: [Lectotype ANSP 168432, Cúcuta, 07°55’N-072°31’W, Coll.: Brother Nicéforo María (Pilsbry, 1939); Paralectotype ANSP 358659]

Helicina fasciata providentiae Pilsbry, 1930

San Andrés y Providencia: [Providencia Isld., Coll.: Pinchot Expedition, April 1929: Holotype ANSP 150717, Valley North of High Peak (12°21’N-081°20’W); Paratypes 150151, 150161, top of ridge N of High Peak; Paratype ANSP 150169, west slope below cleft of Split Hill] [Providencia Isld., Coll.: K.Emberton/1987: W slope of N half of Split Hill, ca. 100 ft. below base of main cliff (13°30’N-081°30’W), on cockspur acacia, ANSP A12126H; 50 ft. below short ridge between Twin Pinnacles of High Peak, on N side, ANSP 368422, ANSP A12127G]

Helicina heighwayana Dall, 1909

Chocó: [Holotype USNM 111074: “Near the Atrato River, in the Sierra Darién, Coll.: A.E. Heighway (Dall, 1909). Solem (1966) considers this location as part of modern Panamá] [Acandí: FLMNH 95289; Coll.: F.Keep, FLMNH 1600151]

Helicina (Helicina) microdina huberi (Breure, 1976)

Norte de Santander: [33 km S. Cúcuta, selva veranera, 750 m, Coll. Breure 2May/75, RMNH 55121 (Breure, 1976b)]

Helicina nemoralis ? ????

Magdalena: [Aracataca, Coll.Rehn & Hebard/1920, ANSP 46579]

Helicina ocanensis (A.J. Wagner, 1905)

Norte de Santander: [Ocaña (Baker, 1923)]

Helicina rawsoni Pfeiffer

San Andrés y Providencia: [San Andrés Isld., Airport, Coll.:D.G.Robinson/1982, FLMNH 49010] [Providencia Isld., conch farm, Coll.: D.Addison/1991, FLMNH 194097]

Helicina riparia Pfeiffer, 1854

Bolívar: [“Calaman”, New Granada (=Calamar) (“...from near Calamar, Colombia” in Baker, 1923), Swift Collection, ANSP 14612]

Antioquia: [Aracataca, Col.: Rehn and Hebard, 1920; ANSP 46579 (Baker, 1923)]

Helicina rhynchostoma Shuttleworth in Pfeiffer, 1865

Chocó: [”Near the Atrato River, in the Sierra Darién, Coll.: A.E. Heighway (Dall, 1909). Solem (1966) considers this location as part of modern Panamá]

?: [as H. r. rhynchostoma “Shuttleworth” Pfeiffer (1865), “Campanera” (Baker, 1923)]

Helicina sanctaemarthae Pilsbry & Clapp, 1902

Magdalena: [Lectotype ANSP 83165, Paralectotype ANSP 358660, Santa Marta Mountains at El Líbano, 6000 ft. (10°15 N- 074°14 W), on trees, specially palm leaves, Coll.:H.H. Smith/1898] [Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, 50 km SE Sta.Marta, just W of Río Buritaca along trail to Ciudad Perdida, 650 m elev., Coll.:D.K.Dorman/1989, FLMNH 137922; 550 m., near trail beside Río Buritaca,1989, FLMNH 137927]

Helicina (Helicina) sanctaemartae Breure, 1977 [(WHAT’S THE RELATIONSHIP OF THIS SPECIES AND H. sanctaemarthae Pilsbry & Clapp, 1902???)]

Magdalena: [Holotype ICNB, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, watershed between Río Frío and Quebrada del Páramo, 2900m, Coll.A.M.Cleef et al./Aug.1977; Idem, Filo Buritaca, 2300m (RMNH 55312/1) (Breure, 1977b)]

Helicina steindachneri Wagner, 1905

Valle del Cauca: [Cordillera Occidental, locations along the road Cali-Buenaventura (Restrepo & Breure, 1987)]

Antioquia?: [Frontino (Baker, 1923)]

Helicina sylvatica Orbigny, 1837

?: [mentioned by Haas (1948) in comparison to H. weyrauchi Haas, 1948 from Peru (Orbigny, 1837 in op.cit.]

Helicina superstructa Wagner, 1905

Antioquia?: [Frontino (Baker, 1923)]

Helicina (Helicina) unizonata Haas, 1966

Putumayo: [Holotype FMC 114098, Región of Nueva Granada, Upper Río Putumayo, downstream from Puerto Asís, 76°27’W-0°24N, Coll.:J.M.Idrobo, July 1957]

Helicina sp.1

San Andrés y Providencia: [Providencia Isld, in hills near center, Coll.: C.R.Gilbert et al./1971, FLMNH 217529]

Helicina sp.2

Magdalena: [Coll.: H.H.Smith, El Líbano, near Santa Marta, FLMNH 95352]

Helicina sp.3

Magdalena: [Cacaguelita near Santa Marta, 2000 ft, Coll.: H.H.Smith/1899, FLMNH 95356]

Helicina sp.4

Cesar: [Chiriguana, Coll.: Rosenberg, FLMNH 237584]

Lucidella lirata (Pfeiffer, 1847) [? Colombia. Distribution includes Panama and Venezuela (Martens, 1890-1901 in Pérez & López, 2003)]

Order Mesogastropoda

Family Cyclophoridae

Systematic arrangement follows Bartsch & Morrison (1942).

Subfamily Amphicyclotinae

Buckleyia bifasciata Mousson

Antioquia: [Jericó, Coll. H.Damel (=Hno. Daniel), USNM 414156]

Filocyclus delphinulus (Mousson) (? Colombia)

?: [“The shells described by Mousson were collected by Gustav Wallis in northen South America. He collected in parts of Colombia, Ecuador, and the Amazon region...” (Bartsch & Morrison, 1942)]

Calaperostoma hidalgoi (Crosse)

?: [“New Grenada (Colombia)”, Coll.Cuming, USNM 316134]

Calaperostoma leai Bartsch & Morrison, 1942

Nariño: [“Jumaco” (=Tumaco), western Colombia, Coll.Cuming, USNM 525747]

Calaperostoma cumingi (Sowerby)

Nariño: [Island of Tumaco, USNM 307420]

Calaperostoma sp.

Cauca (??): [“Pereiza” (???), FLMNH 165437]

Calacyclotus atratensis, Bartsch & Morrison, 1942

Chocó: [Type USNM 206291, “Mountains near the mouth of the Atrato River in Colombia”, Coll. A.E.Heighway]

Calacyclotus olssoni (Pilsbry, 1926)

Chocó: [Acandí, boundary between Panamá and Colombia, Coll.A.E.Heighway, USNM 341767]

Subfamily Aperostominae

Aperostoma (Incidostoma) incomptum (Sowerby)

?: [Type USNM 515940, no locality data, from the J.B.Henderson collection (Bartsch & Morrison, 1942)] [(Neocyclotus incomptus Sowerby), “Colombia”, CMC C11066, C11067]

Aperostoma (Incidostoma) kobelti Bartsch & Morrison, 1942

Cundinamarca: [“Lake of Tedropalo, between Bojac (=Boyacá) and Tene(?)”, USNM 37582]

Aperostoma (Incidostoma) nirafe Bartsch & Morrison, 1942

Norte de Santander: [Type USNM 380795, “dense jungle, 13 km S of Puerta Santos, Coll.R.H.Palmer]

Aperostoma (Incidostoma) pergrandis (Kobelt)

?: [“New Granada (Colombia)”. It is possible that this is taxon is actually based on an inmature sspecimen of Aperostoma (Incidostoma) malleatum Bartsch & Morrison, 1942 (Bartsch & Morrison, 1942)]

Incidostoma sp.1

Valle del Cauca: [Atuncelo, 9 km. N Dagua, 2800 ft., Coll.: F.G.Thompson/1969, FLMNH 252309; 3 km.W Atuncelo, 4500 ft., FLMNH 258060]

Incidostoma sp.2

Cundinamarca: [Bogotá, FLMNH 164711]

?: [Manipos, FLMNH 164710]

Aperostoma (Austrocyclotus) limellum Bartsch & Morrison, 1942

Magdalena: [Type USNM 515906, Rio Cesar Valley, Coll. O.Haught]

Aperostoma (Austrocyclotus) peilei (Gude, 1912)

Antioquia: [Type (in British Museum), Alejandría, 50 miles from Medellín, 5600 ft, Coll.: T.P.Sharman (Gude, 1912; Bartsch & Morrison, 1942)]

Aperostoma (Neocyclotus) corpulentum (E.A.Smith, 1878)

Magdalena: [San Andrés, Rio Frío Basin, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, 1200 mt., Coll. H.Pittier, USNM 192951] [Santa Marta Mountains at El Líbano, 6500 ft elevation, under decaying laves in forest]

?: [“Colombia”, FLMNH 243781]

Aperostoma (Neocyclotus) dysoni Fischer & Crosse, 1886 (?Colombia: Bartsch & Morrison, 1942 cite 13 subspecies of A.(N.) dysoni, none present or reported from Colombia)

?: [cited from Colombia by Martens, 1890-1901( Perez & López, 1993)]

Aperostoma (Neocyclotus) sanctamarthae Pilsbry & Clapp, 1902

Magdalena: [Type CM 62.15065, “Las Nubes Estate, Santa Marta Mountains”, 4000 ft., Coll.: Mr.&Mrs.H.H.Smith, 1898 (Pilsbry & Clapp,1902; Clapp, 1920; Bartsch & Morrison, 1942)]

Aperostoma (Neocyclotus) smithi Pilsbry & Clapp, 1902

Magdalena: [Lectotype ANSP 83166, Santa Marta Mountains at El Líbano, 6500 ft., 04° 55’N-075° 02’W, Coll.:H.H.Smith/1898. Under decaying leaves in forest (Pilsbry & Clapp,1902]

Aperostoma (Neocyclotus) wetmorei Bartsch & Morrison, 1942

Magdalena: [Type USNM 536033, Tierra Nueva, Sierra Negros, Coll.A.Wetmore & M.R.Carriker, Jr.] [San Lorenzo, collado between the radio-telegraph stations, approx. 2600m, Coll. Coll.K.-J.Götting 1976-78 (Götting, 1978)]

Neocyclotus sp.

Magdalena(?)/La Guajira(?): [Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Coll.:D.K.Dorman/1973, FLMNH 22263]

Aperostoma (Aperostoma) bogotense (Pfeiffer)

Cundinamarca: [Bogotá, USNM 316133] [Neocyclotus bogotense (Pfeiffer, 1855), Bogotá, FLMNH 129965]

?: [(Aperostoma bogatensis Pfeiffer), “New Grenada”, ANSP 12950]

Aperostoma (Aperostoma) caucaense (Da Costa, 1901) (Bartsch & Morrison, 1942 state: “...looks as if its peculiarities were due to an injury” [thus may not be a true species])

Cauca: [“Province of Cauca” (Da Costa, 1901, in Bartsch & Morrison, 1942)]

Aperostoma (Aperostoma) cingulatum (Sowerby, 1843)

Cauca?: [“Cauca”: USNM 307422; FLMNH 243780]

Antioquia: [Jerico: USNM 414158; USNM 424727, Coll.H.Daniel]

Cundinamarca: [Bogotá, FLMNH 129966] [Neocyclotus cf. cingulatus, El Totumo, 3.5 km NE Tocaima, Coll.Correal & van der Hammen, 1992, fossil specimens (Correal & van der Hammen, 2003)]

Chocó(?)/Risaralda(?): [“Pereira Cauca”(????), FLMNH 129967]

Huila: [Neiva, FLMNH 129968]

?: [“Colombia”, USNM 307419] [“South America”, USNM 307457]

Aperostoma (Aperostoma) columbiense (Da Costa)

Cundinamarca: [Near Bogotá (Baker, 1923)]

?: [“New Grenada (Colombia)”, Coll.Sowerby and Fulton, USNM 307432]

Aperostoma (Aperostoma) confusum (Sykes)

Chocó: [Acandí, border between Colombia and Panamá, Coll.A.E.Heighway, USNM 341766]

Antioquia: [“...occurs elsewhere at Antioquia, Colombia (Pilsbry, 1926)]

Aperostoma (Aperostoma) cumingi Bartsch & Morrison, 1942

?: [Type USNM 307416, “Colombia”, Coll.Cuming]

Aperostoma (Aperostoma) dunkeri (Pfeiffer, 1856)

Valle del Cauca: [Rio Paila Valley, 1800mt, Coll.H.Pittier, USNM 251170]

[“Colombia”, FLMNH 243784]

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