Illinois Novice Tournament 2001 – Round 6 Packet by Iowa State University




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Illinois Novice Tournament 2001 – Round 6

Packet by Iowa State University



Tossups


1. It tells of a man and a woman from different social classes, Florentino Ariza and Fermina Daza, who fall in love but are kept apart by fate. Instead, Fermina marries a European-educated doctor who falls in love with her during a medical visit, Dr. Juvenal Urbino. The two go through a tumultuous but happy marriage until his death fifty years later. At Juvenal’s wake, Florentino approaches Fermina, and after half a century of waiting, he wins her love. FTP, name this novel by Gabriel Garcia Marquez.


Answer: Love in the Time of Cholera


2. As of September 14th, 2001, the ISAF reported that thirty-seven of the forty worldwide occurrences have happened in the United States, a decrease in the total number from last year. While most experts attribute them to ‘mistaken identity’, pollution and environmental factors have been put forth to explain the twenty-eight incidents off the Florida coast. Frenzied media coverage of 8 and 10-year old victims Jessie Arbogust and David Peltier has accompanied, FTP, what events reminiscent of Jaws?


Answer: Shark attacks (or equivalent)


3. Born in 1898, he was educated at Nankai University and in Japan and France. Amidst leading uprisings in Shanghai and Nan-chang in 1927, he was elected to the Chinese Politburo. Although he lost party control to Mao during the Long March, he played a key role in the kidnapping of Chiang Kai-shek, which led to a united Kuomintang-Communist front during the Sino-Japanese War. FTP, name this man who in 1949 became the first Premier of Communist China.


Answer: Chou En-Lai or Zhou Enlai


4. This phenomenon propagates at speeds up to one hundred meters per second and involves potential swings of about 130 millivolts. It occurs when stimuli cause a slight change in surface charge, which triggers the opening of voltage-gated ion channels, thus further depolarizing the cell. Positive sodium ions flood the cell, temporarily reversing the electric polarization of the cell membrane until it is restored by the potassium ion pumping. FTP, this summarizes what method of nerve impulse transmission in neurons?


Answer: Action potential


5. On the left, Cupid calls for secrecy and silence by putting his finger to his lips. At the right of this painting, an elderly cleric pushes the title object, while a voyeuristic suitor hides in the bushes and gazes under the girl's skirts. The setting for this painting is described as "an enclosed yet open garden, where amorous games are played." FTP, name this 1766 painting by Jean-Honore (hon-nor-ray) Fragonard.


Answer: The Swing


6. This now-giant corporation has changed ownership many times since the 1920s when General George Squier founded it after recognizing the beneficial effect that a pleasant environment had on the productivity of his workers. Although this entity changed its focus away from music in the 80s and early 90s, in 1997 it returned to its roots under the direction of new CEO Bill Boyd. FTP, what is this staple of American kitsch culture whose name was derived from "music" and "kodak" and is almost synonymous with "elevator music"?


Answer: Muzak, Inc.


7. Born in New York City in 1783, he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1803. However, his interest in law waned and he began to write satiric essays and sketches, collected in Letters of Jonathan Oldstyle, Gent. From 1826 until 1829 he was a member of the staff of the U.S. legation in Madrid, which resulted in his History of Christopher Columbus and The Alhambra. However, his best known works are the Sketch Book and History of New York. FTP, name this author of “Rip Van Wrinkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”.


Answer: Washington Irving


8. His book immediately enters into a story about a creature with wheels, wings, and many faces – the cherubim. After he sees this vision, he is given a scroll to eat, which tasted like honey in his mouth. His early oracles pronounce God’s judgement on a sinful nation and the fall of Jerusalem to Nebuchadrezzar. FTP, name of this major prophet, whose visions are often paralleled in the book of Revelation.


Answer: Ezekiel


9. The last name's the same: One is the man who set a new record for campaign spending to earn a seat in as a representative in California. He would later leave his wife and his career in the House to pursue a new life as a homosexual. His wife has come into her own as author of books like How to Overthrow a Government. FTP, give the surname of this ex-Congressman or his ex-wife, a political analyst who teamed with Al Franken in 1996 to cover elections for Comedy Central.


Answer: Huffington (Michael and Arianna)


10. The key to the battle was the large Numidian cavalry force under Masinissa that enabled the invader to employ tactics similar to those that were used against his nation fourteen years previously. Taking place at Naraggara, the victorious general had his troops arranged in columns to negate the enemy’s large train of elephants. The infantry battle was indecisive, and the battle was in doubt until the cavalry returned to attack the enemy in the rear. FTP name this 202 B.C. battle where Scipio Africanus defeated Hannibal, the climactic battle in the Second Punic War.


Answer: Zama


11. Germans would be unfamiliar with the American translation of one of this actor's most famous lines, as it was translated "I look into your eyes, little one." His attributed last words "I should never have switched from scotch to martinis." showed the toughness and cynicism he brought to roles like Fred C. Dobbs, Philip Marlowe, and cafe owner Rick Blaine. FTP, name this star of The African Queen and Casablanca.


Answer: Humphrey Bogart (the line was "here's looking at you, kid")


12. Among the molecules that demonstrate this property are adenine, guanine, toluene and ozone. Linus Pauling explained it through the concept of hybridization and quantum mechanics successfully predicted that it produces the lowest possible energy configuration. Used by Friedrich Kekule to coordinate the tetravalency of carbon with the ring structure of benzene, FTP, what is this property in which the normal state of a molecule is composed of a combination of several distinct structures?


Answer: Resonance


13. Cavaradossi hides the political prisoner Angelotti, but his actions bring him to the attention of Scarpia, the evil chief of police, who takes a fancy to Cavaradossi’s beloved. Scarpia brings them in for questioning, and while torturing Cavaradossi in the next room, the title character gives up the location of Angelotti. Tragedy quickly follows as the title character kills Scarpia, is tricked into thinking Cavaradossi is only going through a mock execution, and kills herself after her lover’s death. FTP, name this Puccini opera.


Answer: Tosca


14. Pampinea, Filomena, Fiametta, Pamfilo, Filostrato, and five other young noble persons go into the country to escape the plague. To pass the time they decide to elect a ruler for the day and tell stories about the theme that the ruler selects. Including stories about Tancred and the golden cup, Federigo and his falcon, and the patient Griselda, the work comprises one hundred tales. FTP name this 1351 work, the precursor of The Canterbury Tales and the modern short story, written by Giovanni Bocaccio.


Answer: The Decameron


15. It contained 190 foreign generals including two Americans and one Venezuelan. Some of its most prominent subordinate commanders were Marshals Oudinot, MacDonald and Ney, and it was engaged at Essling, Friedland and Jena. It reached its greatest numerical strength of one million before the disastrous Russian campaign, although only 400,000 took place in that invasion. FTP name this massive French military force finally destroyed at Waterloo, commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte.


Answer: Grande Armee (or Grand Army) (accept Napoleon’s army before mentioned, prompt on French army)


16. During his youth Heracles killed his father and all his brothers leaving him in charge of Pylos. He distinguished himself in wars with Elis and Arcadia as well as fighting with the Lapiths against the Centaurs. However, it is as an old man that he goes to Troy with his sons Antilochus and Thrasymedes, and is still older when he hosts Telemachus in the Odyessey. FTP name this Iliadic geriatric more renowned for his knowledge and good advice than his fighting skills.


Answer: Nestor


17. One of the first famous individuals to die of AIDS complications, this man passed away in 1984 from acute septicimia. He traced the development of Western sexual attitudes in History of Sexuality and applied structuralist theory to the human sciences in The Order of Things. FTP, name this Frenchman that examined the social exclusion of aberrant individuals in Discipline and Punish and Madness and Civilization.

Answer: Michel Foucault


18. Charles Townes, Aleksandr Prokhorov and Nicolay Basov shared the 1964 physics Nobel for developing devices that led to this invention. Materials used to make this device include chromium-doped corundum and yttrium iron garnet, although the first built by Theodore Maiman used ruby. The characteristic process relies on a condition called population inversion, where there are more excited electrons than unexcited electrons. Typically employing such mechanisms as dye fluorescence, gas-discharge, and optical pumping, FTP, name this device which produces coherent light.


Answer: Laser


19. This band’s guitarist was part of Dantalion’s Chariot, which had a minor 1967 psychedelic hit with “The Madman Running Through the Field.” Their drummer once quipped that their name was a grab at free worldwide publicity, as was their attempt to land a spot in a gum commercial by all bleaching their hair. Debuting in 1979 with Outlandos d’amour, this trio did not officially break up when they disbanded in 1984. FTP, name this band consisting of Andy Summers, Stewart Copeland, and Gordon Sumner, also known as Sting.


Answer: The Police


20. Some of his prose works include The Friend, Lay Sermons, Essays on his Own Times, Aids for Reflection, and Biographia Literaria. He is better known for poems such as “Constancy to an Ideal Object”, “Fears in Solitude”, “The Aeolian Harp”, “Christobel”, and “Dejection: An Ode.” FTP name his Lake poet and collaborator with Wordsworth on Lyrical Ballads whose most reprinted poems are Kubla Khan and “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner.”


Answer: Samuel Taylor Coleridge.


21. Spurred on by a solar eclipse, on August 21, 1831, this religious fanatic escaped from Joseph Travis and was not captured until six weeks later, after which he was tried and hanged in Jerusalem. In the meantime, he led a mob in killing sixty whites before being captured by the Virginia militia. FTP, name this leader of the only successful American slave revolt.


Answer: Nat Turner [Moderator’s Note: The Jerusalem referred to is in Virginia.]


Bonuses


1. Give the Athenian leaders FTPE.


A. After two previous failed attempts this man became tyrant of Athens in 546 BC. He unified Attica under Athenian hegemony and reigned until his death in 527 BC, whereupon he was succeeded by his son Hippias.


Answer: Peisistratus


B. This man was the main instigator of the overthrow of the tyranny and the establishment of the democracy in 508 BC. He reformed citizenship classifications and introduced ostracism.


Answer: Cleisthenes


C. Peisistratus was related through his mother to this man, the Athenian archon of 594 BC who rewrote the penal code of Draco in order to make it more humane. It was his citizenship classification scheme that Cleisthenes revamped.


Answer: Solon


2. Identify the shape of the molecule according to the VSEPR model, FFPE.

A. Water



Answer: Bent


B. Ammonia


Answer: Trigonal pyramidal


C. Methane


Answer: Tetrahedral


D. Carbon Dioxide


Answer: Linear


E. Xenon Tetrafluoride


Answer: Square Planar


F. Phosphorous Pentaflouride


Answer: Trigonal bipyramidal


3. FTPE, identify the following plays by Americans.

A. This Tennessee Williams work features brothers Gooper and Brick Pollitt in conflict over inheriting their dying father’s property. The title character, Brick’s wife Maggie, feigns pregnancy.



Answer: Cat on a Hot Tin Roof


B. This play by Thorton Wilder is set in Grover’s Corners and features the Gibbs and Webb families. The wise Stage Manager is used to move the story and provide background.


Answer: Our Town


C. This work by Edward Albee features two married couples who have just met. George and Martha are a longtime married couple that constantly bicker with each other, to the amusement and dismay of Nick and Honey.


Answer: Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?


4. Answer these questions about short things in the Bible FTPE.


A. In Luke 19, he is the wee little tax collector who climbed a sycamore tree to see Jesus.


Answer: Zacchaeus


B. It's the shortest book in the Old Testament.


Answer: Obadiah


C. The two shortest books of the New Testament are letters written by this author who refers to himself as “the Presbyter.”


Answer: John (John II and John III)


5. Give the home states of these fictional characters FTPE.


A. Dorothy Gale


Answer: Kansas


B. Garfield the cat


Answer: Indiana


C. Dr. Will Kennicott


Answer: Minnesota


6. FTPE, identify the artist from works.

A. The Tribute Money, Holy Trinity fresco in Santa Maria Novella, Florence



Answer: Massacio (Tommaso di Giovanni di Guidi)


B. The Miracle of the Slave, St. Mark Freeing a Slave, St. George and the Dragon


Answer: Tintoretto (Jacopo Robusti)


C. Primavera, Madonna of the Pomegranate


Answer: Sandro Botticelli (Alessandro Fillopepi)


7. So you evolved rather gradually from an apelike ancestor? Not necessarily according to this theory, which states that species evolve from rapid changes in a small, relatively isolated population followed by long period of stability.


A. FTP, identify this evolutionary theory.


Answer: Punctuated Equilibria Theory or Punctuated Equilibrium Theory


B. The author of Ontogeny and Phylogeny and The Mismeasure of Man, he was the originator of the punctuated equilibria theory along with Niles Eldredge.


Answer: Stephen Jay Gould


C. If the punctuated equilibria theory is correct, then many species must have quickly evolved following this geological period, the end of which witness the greatest mass extinction this planet has ever witnessed.


Answer: Permian


8. Identify the following concerning stars FTPE.


A. In this type of binary star system, one star passes in front of the other, partially blocking the light as seen from Earth. An example of this is the star Algol.


Answer: Eclipsing binary (eclipsing pair)


B. This type of star has a period of variation that is proportional to its luminosity.


Answer: Cepheid variable Star


C. For five points each, what are the hottest and coolest letter classifications for stars?


Answer: O (hottest) and M (coolest)


9. Identify these works by Japanese authors from clues for 10, 5 if you need the author.


A. (For 10) This is the first book in a four part series, focusing on the friendship of Kiyoaki Matsugae and Shigekuni Honda, and the death of Kiyoaki at the age of twenty.


(For 5) Mishima Yukio


Answer: Spring Snow or Haru no yuki


B. (For 10) This work involves Kikuji who develops a physical relationship with Ota, one of the former lovers of his father, and then Fumiko, Ota’s daughter.


(For 5 pts) Kawabata Yasunari


Answer: The Thousand Cranes or Sembazuru


C. (For 10) This work involves a father’s attempt to cope when his son is born with a severe brain defect as he first contemplates murdering his son before finally accepting him.


(For 5) Oe Kenzaburo


Answer: A Personal Matter or Kojinteki-na taiken


10. FTPE, name the Elvis Presley song from lyrics.


A. The sad sack was a sittin' on a block of stone/ way over in the corner weepin' all alone.


Answer: “Jailhouse Rock


B. I'm caught in a trap/ I can't walk out / because I love you too much, baby


Answer: “Suspicious Minds


C. Ooh, ooh, ooh, / I feel my temperature rising / Help me, I'm flaming / I must be a hundred and nine


Answer: “(Hunka Hunka) Burning Love


11. On August 12th 2000 the Kursk, a Russian submarine, sank as a result of two explosions, killing all 118 on board. In October of 2001, it was raised and brought to dry dock. FTPE, answer these questions related to the Kursk.


A. The Kursk was raised by twenty-six steel cables and a barge called Giant 4 from under 355 feet of water in what sea near Roslyakovo?


Answer: Barents Sea


B. Only part of the sub has spent fourteen months on the bottom of the Barents Sea. What part of the Kursk, considered too fragile to bring up with the rest of the vessel, is due to be lifted next year even though it probably holds most of the information needed to figure out why the explosions occurred.


Answer: Bow or Torpedo bay


C. The strongest theories as to the cause of the explosions involve a colorless, odorless, unstable liquid used to propel its torpedos. What is this fuel?


Answer: Hydrogen peroxide or HTP or H2O2


12. Name these Secretaries-General of the United Nations, FTPE.


A. This Norwegian statesman was the first Secretary-General of the United Nations, a post he held from 1946 until 1953.


Answer: Trygve Halvdan Lie


B. This Burmese statesman was the third Secretary General, from 1962 until 1972. Prior to that he was minister of broadcasting, secretary to the Prime Minster, and permanent UN representative in Burma.


Answer: U Thant


C. This Austrian diplomat was ambassador to Canada and Austrian foreign minister. From 1972 until 1986 he served as Secretary General of the UN. He was later president of Austria.


Answer: Kurt Waldheim


13. Identify these terms from developmental biology FTPE.


A. This is a protease-containing vesicle at the tip of the sperm that helps cut through the jelly layer in sea urchins and the zona pellucida in mammals.


Answer: Acrosome


B. This early embryonic structure, a hollow sphere of cells, undergoes invagination to become a gastrula.


Answer: Blastula


C. This is the process of rapid division that occurs following fertilization that does not involve an increase in cell size.


Answer: Cleavage


14. FTSNP, answer the following about our nation's flag.


A. (For 10) On what day does the US observe Flag Day, in honor of the birth of the United States flag?


Answer: June 14


B. (For 5 each) How many stars and how many stripes were provided for in a Congressional Act passed on January 13, 1794, which was effective after May 1795?


Answer: 15 and 15


C. (For 10) What name, given to the US Flag, originated from Captain Stephen Driver's exclamation at the sight of the ornate flag presented to him? This name stuck with his flag through the civil war and is now a nickname for any US flag.


Answer: Old Glory


15. In a chapter of Shelley’s Frankenstein the monster relates to Frankenstein that he has found and read three major works of European literature. FTPE give the works from the monster’s description, or for five if you need the author.


A. (For 10) He says of this work that the title character was “a more divine being than I had ever beheld or imagined.” He also learned from the title character’s “imaginations, despondency and gloom.”


(For 5) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe


Answer: The Sorrows of (Young) Werther or Die Leiden des jungen Werthers


B. (For 10) The monster says that this author “elevated me above the wretched sphere of my own reflections to admire and love the heroes of past ages,” and goes on to mention that he “was led to admire peaceable lawgivers, Numa, Solon, and Lycurgus, in preference to Romulus and Theseus.”


(For 5) Plutarch


Answer: Parallel Lives of Noble Greeks and Romans


C. (For 10) He says of this work: “Many times I considered Satan as the fitter emblem of my condition; for often, like him, when I viewed the bliss of my protectors, the bitter gall of envy rose within me.”


(For 5) John Milton


Answer: Paradise Lost


16. Identify the Igor Stravinsky work from descriptions, FTPE.


A. It is Stravinksy’s only full-length opera with libretto by W.H. Auden and Chester Kallman.


Answer: The Rake’s Progress


B. This ballet was inspired by a vision that came to Stravinsky involving tribal elders who watch a young girl dance herself to death as a sacrifice to a fertility god.


Answer: The Rite of Spring or Le Sacre du printemps


C. Commissioned in 1927 for a festival of contemporary music at the Library of Congress, this work is played by an orchestra that is composed only of strings.


Answer: Apollon Musagete


17. Identify these leaders of the early 20th century FTPE.


A. This Finn led his country’s army during WWII, attaining the title Marshal. In 1944 he became Finland’s President and successfully steered her away from the Axis.


Answer: Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim


B. A hero at the Dardanelles in 1915, this man became the leader of the Turkish national liberation struggle and in 1923 he became Turkey’s first president.


Answer: Kemal Ataturk or Mustafa Kemal Pasa


C. This humanist rebuilt the French socialist party after its split in 1920. He become premier in 1936 as the head of the Popular Front, but his government did not last long due to external situations and opposition from French business leaders.


Answer: Leon Blum


18. Identify the following about the career of Cary Grant, 5-10-15.


A. Author Ian Fleming is said to have modeled this character after Cary Grant. FFP, name this character that debuted in the 1953 novel Casino Royale.


Answer: James Bond


B. During the second World War, Grant twice donated his salary for a starring vehicle to the war effort. FTP, name either movie.


Answer: The Philadelphia Story or Arsenic and Old Lace


(15pts): Stanley Kubrick approached Cary Grant about acting in this 1962 film, but after Grant would reject it, James Mason would be cast as the double-named narrator. F15P, name the film.


Answer: Lolita


19. Name the following physical laws, FTPE.


A. If bodies A and B are each in thermal equilibrium with a third body, then A and B are in thermal equilibrium with each other.


Answer: Zeroth law of thermodynamics


B. For any set of electron subshells at the same energy, the ground-state electron configuration is obtained by placing the electrons in different orbitals with parallel spins.


Answer: Hund’s Rule


C. The enthalpy change of reaction for a series of chemical reactions is the sum of the enthalpy changes for each constituent reaction.


Answer: Hess’s Law


20. Given a figure from Norse mythology tell who slew him at Ragnarok, 5-5-10-10.


A. Odin


Answer: Fenrir or Fenris wolf


B. Jormungander, the Midgaard Serpent


Answer: Thor.

C. Fenrir



Answer: Vidar.


D. Garm


Answer: Tyr


21. Give the following about international politics FTPE


A. This party, which evolved from Charles de Gaulle’s Fifth Republic party, currently holds the French presidency through Jacques Chirac.


Answer: Rally for the Republic or RPR (accept French equivalent)


B. In 1999 Italian Romano Prodi became the president of this organization that continues to play a vital role in international politics.


Answer: European Union (accept European Commission, as it is technically correct, but chastise the captain for being pretentious)


C. In the wake of the Fujimori scandal, this man became the prime minister of Peru.


Answer: Javier Perez de Cuellar


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