Welcome to Democratisation and Europeanisation in Central and Eastern Europe




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University of Edinburgh





School of Social and Political Science


Democratisation and Europeanisation

in Central and Eastern Europe


PLIT10086


Course Guide


Semester 2, 2011-2012


Teaching Team


Convenor:

Dr. Valentyna Romanova

2.13, Chrystal Macmillan Building

Email: V.Romanova@ed.ac.uk


Teaching team:


Dr. Colin Fleming 

2.13, Chrystal Macmillan Building

Email: v1cflemi@staffmail.ed.ac.uk


Evgeniya Plotnikova 

3.11, Chrystal Macmillan Building

Email: E.Plotnikova@sms.ed.ac.uk


Course secretary:


Susan Orr

1.11 Chrystal Macmillan Building
Tel: +44 (0)131 650 4253

Email: susan.orr@ed.ac.uk


Welcome to Democratisation and Europeanisation in Central and Eastern Europe


Democratisation and Europeanisation in Central and Eastern Europe (DECEE) welcomes students who are interested in investigating democratisation and Europeanisation inside and outside the European Union since 1989 till nowadays.  The course investigates the following question: What is the correlation between state- and nation building in CEE and European integration? What is the interplay between post-communist legacies and the trajectories of democratisation in CEE? What are the differences between the EU enlargement and neighbourhood policies? The course is convened by Dr. Valentyna Romanova. Meetings regarding any course-related queries can be arranged by email.


Course aims and Objectives


Aims: The course’s main aims are to provide students with a critical understanding of:

  • main theoretical debates on democratisation and Europeanization in CEE;

  • the leading concepts of the EU enlargement and neighbourhood policies;

  • domestic state architectures and territorial organisation of CEE states;

  • international relations of CEE states.



Objectives: By the end of the course, it is expected that students will be able to demonstrate knowledge of:

  • the essence of post-communist legacies in CEE;

  • the key challenges to democratisation in CEE inside and outside the EU;

  • the interplay between state building and European integration in CEE;

  • the role of the EU in state-wide and sub-state democratisation processes in CEE.


Learning Outcomes:

By the end of the course, students would:

  • deepen their understanding of democratisation in the diverse and fast-changing region of CEE;

  • critically apply theories and concepts from political science and international relations while analysing democratisation in CEE inside and outside the EU;

  • engage with the leading academic debates on the interplay between post-communist legacies and democratisation;

  • sharpen their skills of developing and presenting their arguments individually and in team.



Class times

This course is taught through one 50 minute lecture and one 50 minute tutorial per week. Lectures are held on Wednesday at 10:00 - 10:50 in Seminar Room 2, Chrystal Macmillan Building. Tutorials are held on Wednesday at 11:10 – 12:00 in Room 9.01, David Hume Tower; on Friday at 10:00 – 10:50 in Room 2.04, Appleton Tower; on Friday at 11:10 – 12:00 in Room 2.04, Appleton Tower.

Please note: tutorials start on week 2.

You are required to sign up for one of the tutorial session via WebCT.


Course Assessment


Students are expected to attend all tutorials.

The course has three components of assessment:

  1. an individual presentation (10%),

  2. an essay of 2500 words (40%),

  3. an exam (50%).


Essays will normally be returned within three working weeks of their deadlines with both comments and a mark. The mark for coursework is provisional, since coursework may also be seen by the External Examiners and the mark may sometimes be amended. Students will also receive generalised feedback on their exam performance.


Individual presentations


Each tutorial suggests two core readings, as well as further readings. Students should read both core readings and at least one further reading from the list. Each tutorial two students will be asked to make an individual presentation of a particular core reading. Individual presentations will be followed by discussions. There will be no advance notice for particular students to prepare particular presentations. Please, come prepared for each tutorial. Individual presentations should be oral. They should last for about 10 minutes.


Essays


Here are 5 pre-assigned research questions for students’ essays:

  1. To what extent do post-communist legacies affect democratisation in CEE?

  2. How does European integration stimulate democratisation in CEE inside and outside the EU?

  3. To what extent does regionalism affect state- and nation-building in CEE?

  4. To what degree has European integration affected territorial reforms in CEE?

  5. What factors affect the formation of party systems in CEE inside and outside the EU?

  6. Students are strongly advised to use a comparative method in their essays and to choose cases from both inside and outside the EU.



Guidance on Essay Submission and Essay submission deadline


Essays must be submitted as a hard copy AND electronically by 4pm on 26 April 2012.


Submitting the hard copy


You must deposit two hard copies of your essay in the Politics and IR Honours Essay Box, located in the wall outside room 1.11, Chrystal Macmillan Building. When doing so, students must complete a Politics IR Honours coversheet (available outside room 1.11), indicating their examination number and lecturer’s name, and signing a plagiarism form.


Guidelines to note

  • Submit two hard copies of the essay.

  • Put only your Exam number on each copy of the essay.

  • Complete ONE Essay Front Coversheet and be sure you complete the Plagiarism Statement at the bottom of it.

  • Staple the first copy of the essay to the front cover sheet and paperclip the
    second to both of them.

  • Post the completed essays into the Politics essay box situated outside room 1.11, Chrystal Macmillan Building.


NOTE: All students should pay particular attention when completing the Plagiarism segment of the Essay Front Coversheet. If it is not completed correctly, coursework will not be marked until the student returns to the office to complete/correct the section.


Electronic Submission


In addition to the two hard copies, you must, by the same deadline, submit an electronic version via WebCT. If you experience technical difficulties in uploading your submission please contact the Information Services helpdesk (IS.Helpline@ed.ac.uk ) with details of the problem. You will not be penalised for lateness if you were unable to submit the electronic version for technical reasons. However, you may be asked for the call reference number or other evidence that you contacted the Information Services helpdesk before the deadline.


The instructions:

  • Before submitting your essay, please ensure that you SAVE YOUR ESSAY WITH A FILE NAME THAT INCLUDES YOUR EXAM NUMBER. To ensure anonymity, do not include your name anywhere on the essay.

  • Do not submit your bibliography separately from the essay. Our internal checks make sure the bibliography will not count as ‘plagiarised’ material.

  • Failure to follow these instructions will cause delays in getting your work marked and returned to you.


File format


Files must be in Word (.doc), rich text (.rtf), text (.txt) or PDF format. Microsoft Publisher, Open Office and Microsoft Works files will not be accepted.


Penalties for late or over-long submission


  • Five marks per working day (i.e. excluding weekends) for up to 5 days;

  • Coursework handed in more than 5 days late will receive a zero

  • Over-long essays will be penalised by deducting two points for every 50 words over the word count

  • If there are factors beyond your control which make it essential for you to submit work after the deadline you must fill in a ‘Lateness Penalty Waiver’ (LPW) form, copies of which can be found outside room 1.11, CMB, stating the reason for the request. You should submit requests as soon as possible, preferably before the deadline in question. But you should always submit an LPW form when work is late, even if you are unable to submit the form until after the missed deadline. Please refer to the Honours handbook that sets out the rules for late submission of assessed work.


PLEASE NOTE that failure to submit an electronic version along with the hard copy of your coursework will be treated as failure to submit, and subject to the same lateness penalties set out above.


Important:

The Honours Handbook contains crucial guidance on submission procedures for course work within the School, practices on Deadlines, Extensions and Penalties, guidelines on writing assessed essays and avoiding plagiarism.


Students with Learning Difficulties


Advice, guidance and a range of support materials is available to students with learning difficulties (such as dyslexia).  These students should contact - in advance of coursework deadlines - the Disability Office for further information:  See the Disability Office's website: http://www.disability-office.ed.ac.uk/


WebCT


WebCT will be used in this course. Lecture slides will be uploaded after the lecture. Links for some seminar readings will also be available via WebCT.


Course Programme


Week 1.

Lecture: General introduction to the course and a lecture on post-communist legacies and the trajectories of democratisation in CEE

NO TUTORIALS


Week 2.

Lecture: Domestic state architectures in CEE

Tutorial: Political regimes in CEE


Week 3.

Lecture: State- and nation-building in CEE

Tutorial: The role of regionalism in state- and nation-building in CEE


Week 4.

Lecture: Territorial reforms in new EU member states

Tutorial: Territorial reforms in Eastern Europe outside the EU

Week 5.

Lecture: The formation of party systems in CEE

Tutorial: ‘Parties of power’ and oppositional parties in CEE


Week 6.

Innovative Learning Week


Week 7.

Lecture: National and regional elections in CEE

Tutorial: Electoral rules and democratisation in CEE


Week 8.

Lecture: Civil society and social partnership in CEE

Tutorial: Political culture in CEE


Weeks 9.

Master-class: The Wars of Former Yugoslavia (1991-1995): Causes, Conduct, and Consequences


Week 10.

Lecture: EU enlargement and democratisation

Tutorial: The European Neighborhood Policies, the Eastern Partnership


Week 11.

Lecture: Russian foreign policy and democratisation in CEE

Tutorial: ‘Colour revolutions’: between East and West

Key Texts


Outhwaite W. (2009), Europe Beyond East and West. In: Rumford C, ed. Handbook of European Studies. London: Sage.


Vachudova, A., Hooghe, L. (2009), “Postcommunist politics in a magnetic field: How transition and EU accession structure party competition on European integration”, Comparative European Politics, 7: 179–212.


Pop-Eleches, G. (2007), “Historical Legacies and Post-Communist Regime Change”, The Journal of Politics, 69: 4, pp. 908–926.


Vachudova, M. (2005), Europe undivided: democracy, leverage and integration after communism, Oxford: Oxford University Press.


GrzymaŁa-Busse, A. (2002), Redeeming the Communist Past: The Regeneration of Communist Parties in East Central Europe. Cambridge University Press.


Linz, J. (1993), “State building and nation building”, European Review, 1: 355-369.


Birch, S. (2003), Electoral Systems and Political Transformation in Post-Communist Europe, New York : Palgrave Macmillan.


Bochsler, D. (2010), Territory and Electoral Rules in Post-Communist Democracies. Palgrave Macmillan.


Pridham, G. (2005), Designing democracy: EU enlargement and regime change in post-communist Europe. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.


Hughes, J., Sasse, G & Gordon, C. (2004), Europeanization and Regionalization in the EU's. Enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe. The Myth of Conditionality. Palgrave Macmillan.


Haughton, T. (2007), “When Does the EU Make a Difference? Conditionality and the Accession Process in Central and Eastern Europe”, Political Studies Review, 5: 233–246.


The journals Europe-Asia Studies and Journal of Democracy regularly carry material relevant to the course. Other useful journals include: British Journal of Political Science, Political Studies, Journal of Politics, Post-Soviet Affairs, Slavic Review, Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics.


Week 1: 18 January 2012


Lecture: General introduction to the course and a lecture on post-communist legacies and the trajectories of democratisation in CEE


This lecture will provide an overview of course learning outcomes and administration. The lecture will clarify the leading theoretical and conceptual frames for analysing Europeanization in CEE. It will investigate the impact of post-communist legacies on democratisation in the region, as well as the correlation between similar post-communist legacies and different trajectories of democratisation.


No tutorials this week


Core-Reading:


Pop-Eleches, G. (2007), ‘Historical Legacies and Post-Communist Regime Change’, The Journal of Politics, 69 (4): 908–926.


Buller, J. and A. Gamble (2002), ‘Conceptualising Europeanisation’, Public Policy and Administration, 17 (4).


Further Reading


Kopecky, P. and C. Mudde (2000), What has Eastern Europe taught us about the democratisation literature (and vice versa)? European Journal of Political Research, 37: 517–539.


Rustow, D. (1970) Transition to Democracy: Toward a Dynamic Model, Comparative Politics, 2(3): 337-363.


Linz, J. and A. Stepan (1996) Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.


O’Donnell, G. and P. Schmitter (1986) Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.


Schedler, A. (1998) ‘How should we study democratic consolidation?’, Democratization, 5(4): 1-19.


Carothers, T. (2002) ‘The end of the transition paradigm’, Journal of Democracy, 13(1).


Gans-Morse, J. (2004) ‘Searching for Transitologists: Contemporary Theories of Post-Communist Transitions and the Myth of a Dominant Paradigm’ Post-Soviet Affairs 20(4): 320-349.


Welsh, H. (1994) Political Transition Processes in Central and Eastern Europe, Comparative Politics, 26(4): 379-394.


Arpad, S. and A. Horvath (1991) ‘Political Instructors and the Decline of Communism in Hungary: Apparatus, Nomenclatura and the Issue of Legacy’, British Journal of Political Science, 21(4); 469-488.


King, C. (2000) ‘Post-Postcommunism: Transition, Comparison and the End of “Eastern Europe”’, World Politics, 53: 143-172.


Cameron, D. (2007) ‘Post-Communist Democracy: The Impact of the European Union’, Post Soviet Affairs, 23 (3): 185-217.


Roberts, A. (2006) What kind of democracy is emerging in Eastern Europe? Post-Soviet Affairs, 22(1): 37-64.


Ágh, A. (1993) The `Comparative Revolution' and the Transition in Central and Southern Europe, Journal of Theoretical Politics, 5(2): 231-252.

King, C. (2000) Post-Postcommunism: Transition, Comparison, and the End of "Eastern Europe", World Politics, 53(1)

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