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B.SC ZOOLOGY

DURATION OF COURSE : 3 YEARS

ELIGIBILITY : +2 OR EQUIVALENT

COURSE CODE : 183


FIRST YEAR

Sl. No.

Papers

Max. Marks

Exam Hrs.

1.

Tamil

100

3

2.

English

100

3

3.

Invertabrata

100

3

4.

Botany

100

3

5.

Practical 1: Invatabrata

100

3

6.

Practical 2 : Botany

100

3


SECOND YEAR

Sl. No.

Papers

Max. Marks

Exam Hrs.

1.

Tamil

100

3

2.

English

100

3

3.

Chordata

100

3

4.

Allied Microbiology

100

3

5.

Practical 3 : Chordata

100

3

6.

Practical 4 : Allied Microbiology

100

3


THIRD YEAR

Sl. No.

Papers

Max. Marks

Exam Hrs.

1.

Embryology

100

3

2.

Ecology, Animal Physiology

100

3

3.

Genetics

100

3

4.

Evolution

100

3

5.

Embryology & Ecology

100

3

6.

Practical 5 : Ecology, Genetics & Evolution









SYLLABUS

FIRST YEAR


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ENGLISH PAPER – I

Detailed Text

PROSE

  1. In Prison – Jawaharlal Nehru

  2. What is Science? – George Orwell

  3. On Marriages – Nirad Chaudari

  4. The Luncheon – N. Somerset Maugham

  5. The Mourners – V. S. Naipaul

  6. The Plane Crash – Juliane Koepcke

  7. Better Late – R.K. Narayan

POETRY

  1. Polonius’ Advice t his Son – William Shakespeare

  2. Every Town a Home Town - Kaniyan Purkunran

  3. The Village Schoolmaster – Oliver Goldsmith

  4. The Solitary Reaper – William Wordsworth

  5. On his Blindness – John Milton

  6. The Tyger – William Blake

Non-Detailed

Text : THE GIFTS AND OTHER STORIES abridged and simplified by Anthony Toyne – Oxford University Press, 1997.

The following stories

  1. The Gifts – O. Henry

  2. The Two Friends – Guy de Maupassant

  3. The Bear Hunt – Leo Tolstoy

  4. The Goblins and the Grave Digger – Charles Dickens

  5. The Nightingale and the Rose – Oscar Wilde

GRAMMER

  1. Articles and Prepositions

  2. Infinitives and Gerunds

  3. Five basic sentence patterns (SV SVC, SVO, SVOO, SVOC(A))

  4. Arranging the component parts so as to form a sentence

  5. Language work at the end of all lessons

  6. Language work at the end of all lessons

  7. Question Tag, Active and Passive Voice

  8. Degrees of Comparison


COMPOSITION

  1. Letter Writing (Formal and Informal)

  2. Developing the hints

  3. Comprehension

  4. Writing Telegram

  5. Completion of a passage

  6. Precis Writing


Paper 3

INVERTAEBRATA

Unit – I ARTHROPODA

Penaeus and Cockroach,

Peripatus and limulus: Structure and affinities.

Unit – II

Larval forms in crustacea and parasitic crustacean, Prawn cluture, Insect mouth parts and their modifications, social life and economic importance of Insects, Arthropod Vectors of Human Welfare.


Unit – III MOLLUSCA:

Pila, Freshwater Mussel and sepia.


Unit – IV

Food modification and Respiratory organs in Mollusca, Torsion in Gastropoda, Economic importance of Mollusca.

Unit – V ECHINNODERMATA

Starfish, Sea cucumber, Sea Urchin and Sea lilly. Water Vascular system, Echinoderm larvae and their significance.


References:

  1. Robert D Barnes, 1987 invertebrate Zoology, Saunders College Publication.

  2. Barrington E.J.W, 1981, Invertebrate Structure and Function, ELBS Edition.

  3. R.L Kotpal 1996 Modern text book of Zoology Invertebrates, Rastogi Publication.

  4. Ekambranatha Ayyar 1993, Manual of Zoology Vol.1 S.Vishwanathan Pvt.Ltd.,=



Paper – 4

ALLIED I BOTANY

UNIT – I Introduction:

  1. Broad classification of plants – cellular organization, outline classification and economic importance of bacteria, virus, algae and fungi.

  2. Study of, structure, life cycle and economic importance of the following :

    1. Algae – Nostoc, Chlamydomonas, Oedogonium, Chara, Ectocarpus.

    2. Fungi – Albugo, Yeast, Polyporus, Puccinia, Alternaria.

    3. Bryophytes – Marchantia, Anthoceras.

    4. Pteridephytes – Selaginella, Equisetum.

    5. Gymnosperms – Pinus.

UNIT – II 1. Anatomy

Tissues – Maristems - permanent tissues – tissue system – Primary structure of Dicot stem, Dicot root, monocot stem and monocot root – Secondary structure of Dicot stem and root – Anomalous Secondary growth – Structure of dicot leaf.

  1. Cytology and Embryology :

    1. Structure of cell – cell organelles – Nucleic acids – cell inclusions – cell divisions – types and stages.

    2. Structure and development of anther, male gametophyte, ovule and female gametophyte – Fertilization – Development and structure of dicot embryo.


UNIT – III : 1. MORPHOLOGY

    1. Root – types, modifications and functions.

    2. Stem – functions, modifications.

    3. Leaf – Phyllotaxy, simple and compound leaves – modifications of leaves.

    4. Flowers – parts, functions, inflorescence, racemose, cymose and special types.

    5. Fruit – simple, aggregate, multiple fruits – fleshy, dry fruits – dry dehiscent and indehiscent fruits, dispersal of seeds and fruits.


2.TAXONAMY OF ANGIOSPERMS:

Outline classification of Linneaus and Bentham and Hooker – study of characters and economic importance of the following families:

    1. Annonaceae.

    2. Leguminosae.

    3. Cucurbitaceae.

    4. Asteraceae.

    5. Apocyanaceae

    6. Solanaceae

    7. Lamiaceae

    8. Euphorbiaceae.

    9. Liliaceae.

    10. Archidaceae.


UNIT – IV Plant physiology

  1. Biological significance of water – osmosis, absorption of water – transpiration – types, significance, Ascent sap.

  2. Micro and macro nutrients – deficiency symptoms.

  3. Photosynthesis – Light and dark reactions – Respiration – glycolysis , krebs cycle, ETS. Nitrogen cycle – Biological nitrogen fixation. Protein synthesis – plant hormones – auxins, cytokinins, Abscicic acids.. Plant movements.


UNIT – V Plant ecology, genetics and evolution :

  1. Ecological factors – biotic, abiotic and climatic factors – Ecosystem – Concept – pond is an ecosystem – Classification of water based on water relationship – hydrophyte, mesophyte and xerophyte – vegetational types of Tamil Nadu.

  2. Mendelism – mono – dihybrid cross – multiple alleles – linkages and crossing over.

  3. Evidences of organic evolution – Theories of Lamarck, Darwin and Devries.

Reference:

  1. College Botany, Henry Holt & Co, Fuller, H.J. & Tippo. O.

  2. General Botany Vol. I & Vol.II, Gangully, A.K. The New book Stall Calcutta.

  3. Ancillary Botany, Rao, K.N. Krishnamoorthy, K.V. & Row G.S. Viswanathan Private Ltd., Madras.



Practical – INVERTABRATA

  1. Studies of Museum Specimens and Slides relevant to the types studied in theory.

  2. Dissection of:-

    1. Earthworm : Nervous system

    2. Cockroach : Digestive, Nervous and Reproductive Systems.

    3. Pila : Digestive system

  3. Mounting of:

  1. Body and Penial Setae in Earthworm

  2. Mouth Parts of:

    1. Mosquito

    2. Cockroach

    3. Honey Bee

  3. Salivaryglands of Cockroach

  4. Appendage of prawn

  5. Redula of Pila

  1. SPOTTERS

The student must be through with the following mounted slides and specimens. As this is the minimum number of specimens to be studied these should be procedure well in advance and kept ready for practical examination.

List of mounted Slides and Specimens

a. Classify Giving Reasons:

Entamoeba, Polystomella, Paramoecium, Sycon, Spongilla, Physalia, Tubipora, Gogonia, Chaetopterus, Arenicola, Leech, Aplysia, Chiton, Doris, Loligo, Nautilus, Holothuria, Sealily, Starfish.

b. Drawn Labelled Sketches:

Obelia Colony, Oblia-modusa, Ephyralarva. Sea Anemone T.S., Liver fluker T.S., Taenia T.S., Matured Proglottid. Ascaris-male and female T.S., Leech T.S., Neris Parapodium, Nereis T.S., Mouth Parts of female Anophe’es, Bipinnaria, Earthworm – T.S.

c. Comment on Biological Significance:

Entamoeba, sponge gemmule, Physalia, Heteronereis, Chaetopterus, Sacculina, Peripatus, Limulus, Nautilus, Bipinnaria larva.

d. Relate Structure and Function

Spicules (sponges), Taenia-Scolex, Nereis-Parapodium, Antenule of Prawn, Pila-radula, Sepia-arm, Pedicellaria.

e. Comment on Respiration Arrnngement:

Chaetopterus, Ascaris, Prawn, Limulus, Chiton, Seaurchin, Holothurian, Starfish.

  1. Record

The record must include a brief report of a filed study, Un-dertaken by the student during the course of the year.

References:

  1. Banerjee V.A Textbook of Invertebrate Practical Zoology – Bharati Bhavan Patna.

  2. Dr.Rastogi V.B A Manual of Invertebrate Practical Zoology, Kedarnath Ramanath, Meerut.


Practical – 2

ALLIED BOTANY PRACTICALS ;

  1. To make suitable micro preparations – for algae, fungi, bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Angiosperms and Gymmosperms given in the syllabus.

  2. To make preparation for microscopial observation for anatomical specimens.

  3. Observation of anther and ovule - structure and developments.

  4. To describe technical terms of plants, belonging to the families prescribed and their identification.

  5. Dissection of flower and construction of floral formula and floral diagram.

  6. To describe simple experiment set up in plant physiology part of the syllabus.



SECOND YEAR


Paper – 5

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