Acknowledgement I am grateful to the Council of the Eugenics Society for the help they have given me, and for permitting me to see and to quote from the Society's Minute Books. Introduction




НазваниеAcknowledgement I am grateful to the Council of the Eugenics Society for the help they have given me, and for permitting me to see and to quote from the Society's Minute Books. Introduction
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Index



alcoholism 17, 19, 99

Aliens Act of 1905 40-1

anthropology 39

anthropometry 21,23

aristocracy 55—8, 85

Armstrong, Charles Wicksted 4, 85 Army recruiting statistics 22-4 Asquith, Henry Herbert 13, 44, 70, 72,107, 108


bachelors 90

Balfour, Arthur James 13, 21, 32, 40,

72, 107, 108

Banbury, Frederick George 111

Barr, James 3, 12, 34, 37, 70, 76,

102-3, 132

Bateson, William

his contribution to genetics 7

his views on eugenics 12

quarrels with Pearson 16

on national decline 33

on class 50-1, 53-4

on businessmen 59

on parliamentary politics 67, 69

on 'civic worth' 78 Bedford, Duke of 15

Belloc, Hilaire 57,110

Besant, Annie 101, 102

biologists 11-12, 113

Biometrics Laboratory 10, 47

biometry 7, 16-18


Birth-Rate Commission 26, 36, 101

Blunt, Wilfrid Scawen 108

Boer War 9, 20, 22, 32

Bond, Charles J. 134

Booth, Charles 21

Brabrook, Edward 63

Bradlaugh, Charles 101, 102

breeding experiments 74—5, 80-1, 85

British Empire, fall of 32-3, 35

British Medical Association 103

Burt, Cyril 12,52,115


Cambridge University Eugenics Society 13, 74, 93

Campbell, Harry 99

Campbell, Rev. R. J. 13

Campbell-Bannerman, Henry 44

Cantlie, James 24-5

Carr-Saunders, A. M. 37

Cattell, Raymond 30, 103

Chamberlain, Neville 13

Chappie, William Allan 92, 104, 111, 116

Charity Organization Society 64

Chesterton, G. K. 3,110

child rebates 72, 89-91

churches 13, 96-7, 103

Churchill, Winston 107,108,113

Civic Worth 76-89

class Ch. 5, 112-13

Clouston, Thomas Smith 12,31,99


141


Index


Coit, Stanton 122

compulsory military service 36-7

Conservative Party 67, 70-1

contraception 100-4

Crackanthorpe, Montague Hughes

as President of the E.E.S. 15-16

intervenes in controversy over alcoholism 17

on over-population 36

criticizes socialism 50

defends House of Lords 56

on 'civic worth' 76

on 'endowment of motherhood' 87

on marriage banns 97

favours birth control 101

comments on the issue of the feeble­minded 106, 107

biographical details 116

dissociates himself from Shaw 121

Crawley, A. E. 43-4

Crichton-Browne, James 12, 15

crime 31-2, 104-5

criminal anthropology 30-1

Cromer, Lord 56


Dachert, M. 120

Darbishire, A. D. 12

Darwin, Charles 4-5, 74, 120

Darwin, Francis 12, 17, 120

Darwin, Major Leonard

as President of the E.E.S. 12,16

on cranks 14

on need for single-mindedneis 14-15

on war 37

on social reform 47

on costs of degeneracy 49

on income as index of fitness 53

on the 'residuum' 54

on education 55

on marriage ideals 59

on eugenic marriages 75

on 'civic worth' 78

on eugenic communities 85—6

on income tax reform 89-91

on custodial care 95

on marriage certificates 100

and Feeble-Minded Persons (Con­trol) Bill 109

biographical details 116

mentioned 61

Davenport, Charles 18, 19

degeneracy 29-30

democracy 68—9

demography 115

De Vries, H. 7, 79

Dickinson, Goldsworthy Lowes 13, 79,87

differential birth-rate 25-8, 33, 45

divorce, Royal Commission on 11

Down, Langdon 138

Drysdale, C. V. 102,104,137

Dugdale, R. L. 30


Eder, Maurice 78, 128

Edgar, Professor John 90

education 47, 52, 54-5

Elderton, Ethel 69, 102

Ellis, Henry Havelock 13, 24, 30, 31, 86, 95, 96, 102, 136

endowment of motherhood 86-9

eugenic colonies 83—6 s

Eugenics Education Society its foundation 10-11

membership 11—15, 60

officers 15—16

quarrel with Eugenics Laboratory 16-19

inquiry into Poor Law issue 61—2

foundation of local branches 82—3

scheme of child rebates 89-91

attitude to sterilization 94 on marriage certificates 99—100 its work for the Mental Deficiency Act Ch. 9

mentioned 115


142


Index


Eugenics Laboratory 16-19,102

Eugenics Record Office, U.S.A. 18

Eugenics Records Office 10

Ewart, Robert 76


Fabian Society 65, 86-7, 101

family limitation 25-8, 50, 100-4

feeble-minded 34, 63, 71, Ch. 9

Feeble-Minded, Royal Commission on the Care and Control of 32, 63,

74, 106

feeble-mindedness 31-2, Ch. 9

First World War 37-8

Fisher, R. A. 74, 83


Galton, Francis

his definition of eugenics 1

coins word 'eugenics' 3

his relation with Charles Darwin 4

his attitude to the Oneida Com­munity 5

his biometrical investigations into heredity 7

gives Huxley Lecture of 1901 9, 20

endows Chair of Eugenics at London University 10

his meeting with Laski 13

his association with the E.E.S. 15

annoyed by Dr Slaughter 16

his involvement in the Mendelian/ Biometricians'dispute 17 embarrassed by behaviour of Dr Saleeby 19

on physical deterioration 21

on the differential birth-rate and the decline of nations 33

on National Efficiency 34

on Britain's Imperial mission 35

on the population question 36

on the class structure 52

on primogeniture 56

his theory about 'barren heiresses' 58,98


Index


praises the professional classes 59

wants the Poor Law Commission to receive 'hereditary' evidence

61

his studies of gifted families 74

his definition of 'civic worth' 75—8

his theory of 'civic worth' critic­ized 79-80

on genius 78

discountenances breeding experi­ments 75, 80

on'positive eugenics' 81

his plans for stimulating the fertility

of the 'fit' 82-4

on eugenic settlements 85

on eugenic certificates 86

on the social conventions concerning marriage 98

on the segregation of the habitual criminal 104

his views on Saleeby's Parenthood and Race Culture 122

on Saleeby's breach with the E.E.S. 122-3

mentioned 41, 44

Gates, Reginald Ruggles 127

genetic counselling 99,115

genetics 7-8, 100, 115

genius 76, 78

Gladstone, Herbert 107

Gladstone, William Ewart 69

Goring, Charles 31, 104

Gotto, Mrs A. C. 10, 65

Griffith, Ellis Jones 109


Haldane, J. B. S. 13, 44, 94-5, 100, 113

Haller.Mark 1,63,94,114,115

Haycraft, John Berry 22, 57, 67-8

Herbert, Dr Sidney 41, 87, 104, 127

Heron, David 18, 26, 27, 29

Hobhouse, L. T. 80, 81

Horsfall, T. C. 13

Huxley, T. H. 133


143


Index


immigration 39—41

imperialism 34-6

Income tax, Royal Commission on 89,90

inebriates 10-11, 111

Inge, Rev. William Ralph 13, 38, 68, 101,112,116-17

insanity 21-2, 93

intelligence tests 31-2, 43, 52-3,112

International Eugenics Conference 11,14,37,90,


Japanese 42—3 Jews 40-2

Joynson-Hicks, William 13


Keynes, John Maynard 13

Kidd, Benjamin 79


Labour Party 61,71,139

Lamarck, J. B. 6, 79

Lamarckianism 6, 46, 55

Laski, Harold 13-14, 127

Liberal Governments, social reforms of 64-6,89,113-14

Liberalism 69-71

Lidbetter, E. J. 52, 60, 62, 63, 64,114

Lindsay, J. A. 78-9, 87, 93, 94

Lloyd George, David 88, 89, 90, 113, 132

Loch, C. S. 64 Lock, R. M. 12

Lombroso, C. 30-1

Lords, House of 56-7

Loreburn, Lord 108

Lyttelton, Edward 13, 15, 130


Malthusian League 101, 103 marriage 58-9,96-100

marriage certificates 86

marriage law reforms 93, 96-7

Marshall, William 72, 89

Maurice, Frederick 22


Index


McDougall, William 12, 43, 52, 88

McKenna, Reginald 108,109,110-11

Medical Officers of health 48, 13 6

medical profession 12, 97, 99-100

Melville, Colonel 36-7

Mendel, Abb6 Gregor 7, 17

Mendelism 7-8, 17-18

Mental Deficiency Act of 1913 32,71, Ch. 9

miscegenation 43

Money, Chiozza 79

Moral Education League 10

Mott, F. W. 12,114

Moul, Margaret 40-1

Medge, George 29, 54

Miigge, M. A. 133


National Association for the After-Care of the Feeble-Minded 108-9

National Efficiency 2, 9, 20, 34

National Insurance Act of 1911 49, 65-6, 88

National Service League 2, 37

negroes 43—4

Newsholme, Arthur 20, 48, 102, 136

Nietzsche, Friedrich 74, 78, 79

Nordau, Max 29

Noyes, John Humphrey 5, 85


old age pensions 64—5

Oneida Community 5, 85

Outhwaite, R. L. Ill


patriotism 34,38-9

pauperism 22, 61-4

Pearson, Karl

develops Galton'sbiometrical studies 7

becomes first Professor of Eugenics at London University 10

his quarrel with the Mendelians 16-18

declines to join E.E.S. 17


144


Index


Pearson, Karl (cont.)

offended by Dr Saleeby's utter­ances 19

on the differential birth-rate 26-7

on degeneracy 29

on effect of birth-rate on national for­tunes 33, 34

on the 'imperial' implications of a high birth-rate 35-6

on war 36

the importance of his Social Dar­winism sometimes overrated 38

on eugenics and anthropology 39

on Jewish immigration 40-1

on negro inferiority 43

his defence of imperialism 44

on education 47

mocks at Newsholme's use of statistics 48

on need to control sympathy 48-9

on class differentiation 51

on primogeniture and the House of Lords 56-7

hopes to give evidence to Royal Commission on Poor Law 61

on the 'unemployable' 63

attacks old age pension legisla­tion 65

attacks democracy 68—9

attacks liberalism 69

on the need for 'science' in poli­tics 69-70

claims eugenics is neutral 72

on breeding experiments 75

on lack of correlation between the physical and psychical

characters in man 77

advocates child allowances for public employees 88

welcomes child rebates 89

on the spread of contraceptive knowledge 101

biographical details 117


Index


mentioned 80, 128

Peel,DrJ. 103

peerage 55-8

People's Budget 49, 89

Physical Deterioration, Inter-Depart­mental Committee on 23—4

plutocracy 57—8

politicians 13, Ch. 6, 114-15

Poor Law, Royal Commission on 61, 64, 71, 106

professional classes 59—60

psychology 12, 52-3

Punnett, Professor R. C. 12, 13


racialism 39-44 Rea, Walter 13, 109

Rentoul, Robert Reid 29, 93, 97

Rex, Professor John 112

Roman Catholics 13, 113, 139

Rosebery, Lord 15, 35

Rowntree, Seebohm 21


Salaman, Dr Redcliffe 42

Saleeby, Caleb Williams

his hopes for eugenics 1, 67

takes up the inebriates question 10-11,18-19

his work for the E.E.S. 15, 18-19

attacks biometrical methods 16-17

quarrels with the E.E.S. 19

on class 27

on socialism and marriage 58

on the National Insurance Act 65

on party politics 70

on eugenics and Parliament 71

coins phrases, 'positive' and 'nega­tive eugenics' 73

emphasizes 'negative eugenics' 81—2

attacks endowment of motherhood 88-9

on sterilization 95

on need to 'purify' marriage 98—9

biographical details 117


145


Index


Schiller, F. C. S.

influenced by Plato's Republic, 3-4

on national advantages of adopting eugenics 34

on education 54

on aristocracy 58

on professional middle classes 59

on the political parties 70-1

his pragmatic approach to eugen­ics 80

on marriage certificates 96

on marriage 99

biographical details 117

school meals service 24

school medical inspection 21

Schuster, Edgar 9-10, 17, 48

segregation 104

Sharp, Dr Harry 94

Shaw, George Bernard 3, 14, 58, 74, 79,92,98,99, 113

Simon-Binet tests 32

Simpson, Sir J. Y. 102

Slaughter, Dr J. W. 10, 15,16, 86, 87, 92,96, 117

social mobility 54—5

social problem group 62

social reform 24, 64-6, 113-14

social surveys 21

socialists 112—13

Sociological Society 9, 88

sociologists 12

Spencer, Herbert 6

Sprigge, S. Squire 97

sterilization 93—6

Stewart, Gershom 109

Stock, C. S. 93

Stopes, Marie 102, 137

Superman 45, 74, 75, 78

Syphilis, Royal Commission on 11


taxation 49-50

Thomson, Professor J. A. 12, 128

Tocher, J. F. 55, 82


Index


trade unions 60, 113 *

Tredgold, A. F. 12, 27, 30, 32, 68, 97, 106, 107, 117

tuberculosis 29, 42, 65

Tweedie, Mrs Alec 96


'Unemployables' 61-4

United States of America 1-2, 39, 44, 93-5, 114

urban degeneration 24—5

Urwick, E. J. 80


Wallace, Alfred Russel 58

war 36-8

Warden, Colonel 37

Webb, Beatrice and Sidney 15, 25, 45, 61, 64, 74-5, 87, 89

Wedgwood, Josiah 107,110, 111

Weismann, August 6, 46

Wells, H. G. 3, 30, 81

Whetham, William Cecil Dampier and Catherine foundation of Cambridge Eugenics Society 13

on effects of differential birthrate 25-6, 27-8

on progressive deterioration and degeneracy 29

on patriotism and eugenics 34

on immigration 40

deny anti-Semitic prejudices 41

on biological consequences of social

mobility 54

on peerage 55—8

views on unemployment 61

on old age pensions 64—5

praise of House of Lords 69

on 'civic worth' 76

on a eugenic aristocracy 84-5

their conservative social views 85

on endowment of motherhood 87, 118

on marriage 97

biographical details


146


Index


White, Arnold

a precursor of eugenics movement 4

proposes that Duke of Bedford be­come President of E.E.S. 15

on growing incidence of cancer 22

on Boer War and recruiting statis­tics 22

identifies eugenics with National Efficiency 34

on universal military service 37

takes part in anti-aliens agitation 40

his attitude towards Jews 41

his racialism 43


Index


attacks democracy 68

on 'sterilization of the unfit' 93

on need for stricter marriage laws 96

favours birth control 101-2

favours preventive detention 104

biographical details 118

on degenerate families 125

Wood Committee on mental defici­ency 62

Woodhull-Martin, Victoria 5—6

working classes 60—1

Yearsley, Dr P. M. 93


147
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