Revised and Resubmitted to Journal of Climate November 2005 Abstract

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This review benefitted from useful discussions with many of our colleagues. In particular, we are grateful to Benjamin Kirtman and Syukuro Manabe for their insightful discussions and comments that helped improve the manuscript considerably. We also thank an anonymous reviewer for his/her constructive comments and suggestions. This work is supported by NOAA and NSF through research grants: NA16GP2020, NA16GP1572 and ATM-0337846.


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