Emerging reality in sub-saharan africa




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НазваниеEmerging reality in sub-saharan africa
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LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, AN

EMERGING REALITY IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

(CASE OF REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA)




MASTERS THESIS

SUBMITTED BY

EVANS FONSO AKAH

DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

AALBORG UNIVERSITY, DENMARK

DECEMBER 2008


TABLE OF CONTENTS





TABLE OF CONTENTS i

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iii

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS iv

DEDICATION v

ABSTRACT vi

CHAPTER 1 : INTRODUCTION AND PROBLEM FORMULATION 1

1.1: Introduction 1

1.2: Problem Formulation 4

CHAPTER 2 : METHODOLOGY 7

2.1: Research Design 7

2.1.1: Case Study Research Design 7

2.1.2: Explanatory, Clinical Case Study Design 7

2.1.3: The use of Theories in Case Study research Design 8

2.2: The Structure of this Project 9

2.2.1: Theoretical Consideration 11

2.3: Alternative Theory 12

2.4: The aim of the Thesis 12

2.5: Literature 14

2.6: Definition Terms 14

CHAPTER 3 : EMPIRICAL DATA 17

3.1: Background to LED in the Republic of South Africa (RSA) 17

3.2: Local Economic Development as an Emerging Reality in SA 18

3.2.1: Overview 18

3.2.2: Why LED? 20

3.3: Policy Consideration for LED in South Africa 20

3.4: Local Economic Development in South Africa 22

3.4.1: Developmental Local Government 22

3.4.2: The Role of Local Governments in Promoting LED in SA 22

3.4.3: Objectives of Developmental Local Government 23

3.4.3.1: Maximizing Social Development and Economic Growth 23

3.4.3.2: Integrating and coordinating 24

3.4.3.3: Democratizing Development, Empowering and Redistributing 24

3.4.3.4: Leading and Learning 25

3.4.4: Advantages of LED in SA 27

3.4.5: The Council Monographic Study (MS) and Strategic Plan (SP) 28

3.4.6: Council Monographic Studies (MS) 28

3.4.7: Council Strategic Plan (SP) 28

3.4.8: Participatory Economic Analysis 29

3.5: Community Driven LED Case Study in the Rural District of Hertzog 30

3.5.1: The Study Area 30

3.5.2: Hertzog Agricultural Cooperative (HACOP) Initiative 31

3.5.3: Flaws of HACOP 32

3.6: The Johannesburg LED Urban Case Study 32

3.6.1: The Economic Background of Johannesburg 33

3.6.2: LED Strategies for Johannesburg 33

3.6.3: The Outcome of the Project 34

3.6.4: Lessons Learned in the Programme 34

CHAPTER 4: THEORETICAL AND CONCEPTUAL CHAPTER 38

4.1: The Neo-Liberal Theory 38

4.1.1: Definition of Neo-liberalism and the Theory 38

4.1.2: The Washington Consensus 41

4.1.3: Criticism of the Neo-Liberal Theory 41

4.2: The Empowerment Theory 44

4.2.1: Empowerment as Participation 47

4.2.2: Empowerment as Capacity Building 47

4.2.3: Empowerment through Economic Improvement 48

4.2.4: Critique to the Empowerment Theory 49

4.3: Theory on Decentralization of Governance 51

4.3.1: The Argument for the Decentralization Theory 53

4.3.1.1: Efficiency Values 54

4.3.1.2: Governance Value 54

4.3.2: Critique of the Decentralization Theory 56

4.4: The Concept of Good Governance 57

4.4.1: Attributes of Good Governance 59

CHAPTER 5: ANALYSIS, CONCLUSION AND PERSPECTIVES 64

5.1: Analysis 64

5.2: Conclusion 73

5.3: Perspectives 75

Bibliography 76



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