Grm 3221 The Chinese University of Hong Kong hydrology and water resources department of Geography and




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GRM 3221 The Chinese University of Hong Kong HYDROLOGY AND WATER RESOURCES Department of Geography and

Resource Management (2/F, WFY Blg)

Second Term, 2008-2009


Lecturer: Prof. CHEN Yongqin, David 陳永勤 (Rm224A, 2609-6539, ydavidchen@cuhk.edu.hk)

Tutor: Mr. WANG Kai (Rm219, 2609-6233, chesswangkai@cuhk.edu.hk)


Lecture Time and Location: Monday 10:30-12:15, ELB 206

_________________________________________________________________________________


COURSE OBJECTIVES


As a multidisciplinary science, hydrology deals with the occurrence, distribution, circulation, and properties of water that pervades, links, and drives various components and processes of the natural environment. The objectives of this course are to offer students a broad exposure to the basic principles, laws, and techniques of hydrologic science and engineering and to help students understand the water aspect of many environmental and resource management issues, such as water pollution, aquatic habitat degradation, and urban flooding. Students are also encouraged to integrate hydrology with other physical geography and environmental courses such as climatology, geomorphology, and landscape ecology to develop a comprehensive understanding of the water environment. In addition to classroom lectures, practicals dealing with hydrologic and climatic analysis techniques and local visits of flood prevention facilities and urban water supply system will help students gain technical skills and personal experiences in the utilization and management of water resources.


EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES


Through a variety of teaching and learning activities, students will be expected to achieve the outcomes of understanding the concepts, basic principles, and applications on the following topics in the studies of hydrology and water resources.


  1. hydrologic cycle and the role of water in the physical and environmental systems

  2. characteristics, processes, and estimation of major components of hydrologic cycle

  3. interaction of various hydrologic components and its influence on water availability

  4. water resources in China and the world



COURSE CONTENTS


Introduction to hydrologic science

Hydrologic cycle and water resources

Properties of water as a physical substance

Hydrologic quantities and units

Professional associations and scientific journals for hydrologists


Precipitation and interception

Formation and types of precipitation

Measurement of precipitation

Point and areal precipitation

Double mass and frequency analysis

The components of interception

Influence of vegetation properties on interception


Soil moisture and infiltration

Hydraulic properties of soils

Soil-water relationships

Soil moisture release curve

Measurement and calculation of infiltration

Evaporation and transpiration

Processes of evaporation and transpiration

Estimating evaporation

Potential and actual evapotranspiration

Thornthwaite climatic water budget

Monthly water budget bookkeeping technique


Runoff generation and streamflow

Runoff components and generation

Streamflow measurement and calculation

Stage-discharge rating curve

Hydrograph components and analysis

SCS Runoff Curve Number technique

Rational method for peak flow estimation of urban watersheds


Groundwater storage and flow

Groundwater system and its interaction with surface water

Characterization of groundwater flow

Wells and groundwater protection

Water Resources Management

Water as a resource and water use

Hydrologic impacts of land use

Integrated watershed management

Water resources in China

World water resources


READING ASSIGNMENTS


Selected pages/chapters from the following books (* reserved in the Chung Chi Library) and other sources will be assigned for readings. All reading materials will be reserved in the Reference Room 220 of the GRM Department in the Wong Foo Yuan Building.


  1. Davie, T., 2003. Fundamentals of Hydrology. Routledge, London, England. (GB661.D38 2003)*




  1. Dunne, T., and L.B. Leopold, 1978. Water in Environmental Planning. W.H. Freeman and Company, New York, NY. (UL: TD160.D85)*




  1. Viessman, W., Jr., and G.L. Lewis, 2003. Introduction to Hydrology, 5th Edition. Harper Collins College Publishers, New York, NY. (UL: GB661.2.V44 2003)*




  1. Ward, A.D., and W.J. Elliot, 2004. Environmental Hydrology, 2nd Edition. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, Florida. (UL: GB665 W28 2004)*




  1. Speidel, D.H., L.C. Ruedisili, and A.F. Agnew (Eds.), 1988. Perspectives on Water –

Uses and Abuses. Oxford University Press, New York. (UL: TD345 S67 1988)


6. Brooks, K.N., P.F. Ffolliott, H.M. Gregersen, and L.F. DeBano, 1997. Hydrology and The

Management of Watersheds (2nd Edition). Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. (TC409 H93 1997)


COURSE ASSESSMENT


1. Homework exercises (due 1 week after the lecture) 10% (5×2 pts)

2. Practicals 30% (5×6 pts)

3. Mid-term exam (March 2) 20% (MC, fill-in-blank, short questions)

4. Final exam 40% (MC, fill-in-blank , short questions)

Practical Sessions



Prac I: Use of Excel to develop unit conversion table and unit comparison graph

Prac II: Sources of hydrologic data and developing hydrograph and hyetograph

Prac III: Evaporation and climatic factors

Prac IV: Climatic water budgets for Hong Kong and Beijing

Prac V: Precipitation excess for a design storm on a small watershed


Field Trip and Visit



Unless permission due to special reasons is given by the instructor, all students are required to participate in the following two trips to be scheduled for March 2009.


  1. Visit to San Tin Flood Prevention Information Centre and other flood control facilities of the Drainage Services Department in Yuen Long




  1. Visit to Ma On Shan Water Treatment Works



Important Notice


Your attention is drawn to the University policy and regulations on honesty in academic work, and to the disciplinary guidelines and procedures applicable to breaches of such policy and regulations, as contained in the website http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/policy/ academichonesty/. Your assignment must be original except for source material explicitly acknowledged, and the same or related material has not been previously submitted for another course. You must follow the University policy and regulations to maintain academic honesty for achieving the teaching and learning objectives of this course.






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