Command economy: In market economies the principal business­ decisions are taken by individuals, who freely exchange their ­goods or services. In the command




НазваниеCommand economy: In market economies the principal business­ decisions are taken by individuals, who freely exchange their ­goods or services. In the command
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COMMAND -

COMMAND ECONOMY: "In market economies the principal business­ decisions are taken by individuals, who freely exchange their ­goods or services. In the command economy, the state makes the ­fundamental business decisions." - George M. Taber, TIME,­ 21.4.80.


COMMAND ECONOMY: "A police state finds it cannot command the ­grain to grow." - John F. Kennedy, State of the Union Message, ­Jan. 14, 1963.


COMMAND ECONOMY:"At the basis of Soviet economics is what­ Michael Polanyi memorably called "Command Planning' - the ­authority of the parade ground continued in civilian life, but­ reinforced with sanctions rather more formidable than the ­glasshouse." - John Gonriet in K.W. Watkins, ed., In Defence of­ Freedom, 35.


COMMAND ECONOMY: "In einer dirigierten Wirtschaft leben nur die­ Dirigenten gut." - Petan. (In a command (controlled, or planned) ­economy only the commanders (controllers or planners) live well.)


COMMAND ECONOMY: "There is no comparison between goods produced ­by decree and those produced to supply wants registered in the ­market. Goods produced by decree are qualitatively inferior (*);­ they are orphans in the market place, seeking some kind-hearted ­soul who will adopt them..." - Clarence B. Carson, in THE FREEMAN, Aug. 77. (*) or excessively costly or rare. - J.Z.


COMMAND ECONOMY: "A market confronts a command economy: in the ­former what is produced is ultimately determined by what people ­with money to buy are prepared to buy; in the latter the crux is­ what people in a position to enforce their commands choose to­ command." - Anthony Flew, The Politics of Procrustes, 136.


COMMAND ECONOMY: "There are three known ways in which people can ­be brought to co-operate for their mutual benefit. First, they ­can be given orders - The COMMAND SYSTEM, which remains a­ command system even if those who give the orders are elected by ­the shop floor (1) or the commands are determined by majority vote. ­Secondly, they can do what is required out of mutual benevolence ­- UNENFORCED GOOD BEHAVIOUR. Thirdly, they can co-operate because ­it is in their private interest to provide others with what they ­require - THE MARKET SYSTEM." - Samuel Brittan, Participation­ without Politics, 15. - (1) Here one should distinguish e.g. elections among small autonomous work groups, of optimal size for a job from the unionist to syndicalist elections among many people in a large factory or even industry. - J.Z., 2.10.02.


COMMAND ECONOMY: "Take the cases of neighboring African ­countries that have similar peoples, natural resources and other­ conditions : free-enterprising Kenya has surged, whereas­ Tanzania's command economy has slumped; the Ivory Coast is­ capitalist and prosperous, while neighboring Guinea is socialist ­and impoverished." - George M. Taber, TIME, 21.4.80.


COMMAND ECONOMY: "With wage controls come price controls and the­ whole paraphernalia of the command system." - Hans Sennholz, ­Inflation or Gold Standard? p. 16.


COMMANDISM: "Commandism is wrong in any type of work." -­ Ascribed to Mao, in ANALOG, 11/76, p. 71. - So what was he doing in the top command position, for all too many years? - J.Z., 2.10.02.


COMMANDMENTS: "The 11th Commandment: Thou shalt not get away­ with it." - from film: Remo Unarmed & Dangerous, 1985, featuring­ Fred Ward.


COMMANDMENTS: "If Jehovah had been civilised, he would have left­ out the commandment about keeping the Sabbath, and in its place ­would have said: 'Thou shalt not enslave they fellow-men.'" -­ Robert Ingersoll, About the Holy Bible. - See: God, Sunday ­Observance Laws, Slavery.


COMMANDMENTS: "An American girl who spoke scoldingly of the Ten­ Commandments said: 'They don't tell you what you ought to do and ­only put ideas into your head.'" - Herbert Henry Asquith Earl of ­Oxford.


COMMANDMENTS: "... the anecdote of the gypsy, who replied, upon ­being asked whether he had heard of the Ten Commandments: he had ­heard on the grapevine that they were going to be repealed and ­thus he would not have troubled about them." - Dr. Herbert­ Stegeman, DER TAGESSPIEGEL, 25.11.51.


COMMANDMENTS: "There are no commandments, because there is no­ commander anywhere." - Wilson/Shea, Illuminatus III, 137.


COMMANDMENTS: "Write your own commandments." - Alta, quoted in­ RED & BLACK, 4/73.


COMMANDMENTS: "Moses: The inventor of the ten most universally ­broken laws." - L. L. Levinson, Webster's Unafraid Dictionary. - I­ filmed George Hardy's "Society in Conflict". In it he attempts to ­offer an improved draft. Dagobert Runes offer a criticism in his­ "Handbook of Reason", p. 56. G. Szmak offered "The Ten­ Demandments of Economic Order." A Humanist criticism of the Ten­ Commandments can be found in THE AUSTRALIAN HUMANIST, No. 1, Dec. ­66, 6pp, by Beatrice Faust, under the heading: "Ethics vs.­ Morality." - Alas, I have no short alternative formulas to the ­10 Commandments on hand. They would, anyhow, fit better into an ­encyclopaedia of the best refutations. - J.Z., 7.6.94.


COMMANDS: "If there is a devil in human history, the devil is­ the principle of command. It alone, sustained by the ignorance ­and stupidity of the masses, without which is could not exist, is­ the source of all the catastrophes, all the crimes and all the ­infamies of history." - Bakunin, Dol. p. 257. - Compare:­ Obedience, Subordination, Statism.


COMMANDS: "The instinct to command ... is a ... savage ­instinct." - Bakunin, Protestation of the Alliance, 1871.


COMMANDS: "I'm so sick of people telling me what to do." - From ­film: The Hunter is for Killing, 2 Jan. 82, Channel 4.


COMMANDS: "There is one thing in the world more wicked than the ­desire to command, and that is the will to obey." - William­ Kindon Clifford. - See: Rulers, Evil.


COMMANDS: "The man of virtuous soul commands not nor obeys." - Josiah Warren, in his notebook, quoted by Reichert, Partisans of ­Freedom, 68.


COMMISSIONS: Don't abdicate your conscience, rights and­ responsibilities to any commission, committee or board. - J.Z., ­30.10.76.


COMMISSIONS: "... a commission's report does not and cannot ­reflect the strengths of its individual members." - Stigler, The ­Intellectual & the Market Place, 19.


COMMISSIONS: "I do not conclude that commissions would be ­excluded from the good society, ... Those commissions which buy­ time are often splendid social assets - they provide a cooling-­off period on public passions, a function the United States ­Senate no longer fulfils so efficiently. Those which ­propagandise - that is, most of the other commissions - are ­finding that competition, the life of trade, can become the death­ of influence. The commission reports are now so numerous as to ­have become unimportant. Yet they will undoubtedly persist, ­unless displaced by some more dramatic innovation such as the­ summit conference, until a fateful day. That day, the theory of­ probability tells us, must eventually come: TWO distinguished ­and impartial commissions will simultaneously issue conflicting ­reports. Then the secret will be out: bringing twenty men ­together for eighty hours yields a weak formulation of somebody's­ ideas." - Stigler, The Intellectucal and the Market Place, 22/23.


COMMISSIONS: "What we remember about these commissions is that­ they labored long and sensibly, that they produced elaborate ­recipes for reform, that the President and Congress acted­ favorably on their recommendations, and that the bureaucracies ­hastened to comply. What is forgotten is that six months later­ the results of these mighty and conscientious labors are ­imperceptible. Government does not cost less and work better. It ­costs more and works less well. Government is forever ­reorganising itself, like a restless sleeper, thinking always ­that a new position will be more comfortable than the last.­ Efficiency commissions simply compound the initial ­transgression." - Richard Cornuelle, Demanaging America, 62.


COMMISSIONS: "This still leaves many activities which, like the ­IRC and the Land Commission, can best be reformed by abolishing 'neddy' and all the 'little neddies', the industrial training ­boards (despite their Conservative paternity), the CONCORDE and ­the many other offsprings of technology mania, the remaining ­marketing boards, and even that Uncle Tom Cobleigh of state ­institutions, the Forestry Commission, could all be despatched­ without loss. The only gap created by their disappearance would ­be in the telephone directory." - Boyson, Goodbye to Nationalisation, 31.


COMMISSIONS: "Commissioners, when your stupid programs finally ­lead to bankruptcy and revolution, and some idiot puts a gun to­ you head, I will remember that you used force against me, and I­ will give you all the help you deserve." - JAG, 27. 3. 73. (In a­ discussion of the social insecurity system.)


COMMISSIONS: "The government does not even ask 'How come?' It­ goes on piling Commission on Commission, laws on laws." - Henry­ Meulen, THE INDIVIDUALIST, 8/76.


COMMITMENT: "In international relations, a statesman's solemn ­pledge that somebody else will do something." - L.A. Rollins, ­Lucifer's Lexicon.


COMMITTEES: "A committee is a life form with six or more legs ­and no brain." - Robert Heinlein, Time Enough for Love, 353. ­Also, in Notebooks of Lazarus Long.


COMMITTEES: "God so loved the world that he didn't sent a­ committee!" - T. E., in Reader's Digest, 8/76.


COMMITTEES: "A giraffe is a zebra created by a committee." - ­Source?


COMMITTEES: "A group of men who keep minutes and waste hours." -­ Anon. - Also ascribed to W.G. P.: "A committee is a body that ­keeps minutes and wastes hours."


COMMITTEES: "A committee is a group that keeps minutes and loses hours." - Milton Berle.


COMMITTEES: "A committee is a group of people who talk for hours ­to produce a result called minutes." - A. D., quoted in READER'S­ DIGEST, 5/76.


COMMITTEES: "... committee rule with its anonymity and evasion ­of personal responsibility." - Thomas Robertson, in Social ­Relations and Freedom, published by Modern Publishers, Indore, ­India, p. 6.


COMMITTEES: "Of all the man-made laws on the statute books, an ­inestimable number are examples of bad law. This was so in the ­past, and the future will be little different, for man is now and­ forever imperfect. Nor is it difficult to see how these ­imperfections are pyramided through the collective action ­involved in the making of laws. Men acting as individuals always ­behave more responsibly, sensibly, and in accord with conscience, ­than men acting in committee." - L. E. Read, Then Truth Will Out,­117.


COMMITTEES: "With full competition and freedom of trade,

Each dollar, as spent, votes what shall be made.

A thousand commissions,

Working daytime and night,

Could not guide production

So nearly aright." - Willford L. King.


COMMITTEES: "A committee is a cul-de-sac down which ideas are­ lured and then quietly strangled." - Sir Barnett Cocks.


COMMITTEES: "Committee: an avenue into which good ideas are­ lured and quietly strangled." - Anon., quoted in READER'S DIGEST,­ 10/82. - Parliaments do not even lure them - but rather deter ­them. - J.Z., 22.10.82. - A good suggestion box scheme can be much more productive of good ideas and projects than most parliaments are. See: Ideas Archive. - J.Z., 2.10.02.


COMMITTEES: "The committee is a dead end, into which ideas are ­drawn and then quietly throttled." - John A. Lincoln.


COMMITTEES: Parliaments are the worst committees of all. They ­gather the worst men: the most immoral, ignorant and prejudiced - ­and give them almost unlimited power over the lives, liberties­ and property of all others. - J.Z., 8.6.94.


COMMITTEES: "No great achievements of humanity ever came through­ government committees." - Milton Friedman.


COMMITTEES: Committees are irresponsible opinion makers. They ­neither profit nor lose from their decisions; they profit merely ­from serving time and giving any old opinion. - J.Z., 5.2.77.


COMMITTEES: "Statistics have proved that the surest way to get ­anything out of the public mind and never hear of it again is to­ have a Senate Committee appointed to look into it..." - Will ­Rogers. - See Boards, Commissions, Bureaucracy, Responsibility,­ Public Opinion, Cover-Ups.


COMMITTEES: "By inflating the state's bureaucracies, governments ­have created a condition where commitment has been replaced by­ committees, where leadership is abandoned in favor of ­exhortation, and where no one is responsible for anything." - ­Kenneth McDonald, THE FREEMAN, Aug. 77, p. 506.


COMMITTEES: "If Moses had operated through committees, the­ Israelites never would have got across the Red Sea." - Gen. ­William Booth, Salvation Army founder. Quoted Edward Morello, ­N.Y. WORLD-TELEGRAM, 28 July 1965.


COMMITTEES: "A committee is a group of the unwilling, picked ­from the unfit, to do the unnecessary." - Richard Harkness, N.Y. ­HERALD TRIBUNE, 15 June 1960.


COMMITTEES: "Committee - a group of the unfit, appointed by the­ unwilling, to do the unnecessary." - Steven Harrol. Also ascribed ­to Carl C. Byers.


COMMITTEES: "I have heard a committee described as a group of ­the unwilling, appointed by the incompetent, to do the ­unnecessary." - MICROGRAPHICS AUSTRALASIA, 10/78, p.22.


COMMITTEE: "To get­ something done, a committee should consist of no more than three ­men, two of them absent." - Dr. Laurence J. Peter


COMMITTEES: "A study of the British example would suggest that ­the point of ineffectiveness in a cabinet is reached when the ­total membership exceeds 20 or perhaps 21. The Council of the ­Crown, the King's Council, the Privy Council had each passed the­ 20 mark when their decline began. The present British cabinet is­ just short of that number now, having recoiled from the abyss. we ­might be tempted to conclude from this that cabinets - or other ­committees - with a membership in excess of 21 are losing the ­reality of power and that those with a larger membership have ­already lost it. No such theory can be tenable, however, without ­statistical proof. Table II on the following page attempts to­ furnish part of it." - C. Northcote Parkinson, Parkinson's Law,­ 19.


COMMITTEES: "For in a cabinet of nine it will be found that­ policy is made by three, information supplied by two, and­ financial warning uttered by one. With the neutral chairman, that­ accounts for seven, the other two appearing at first glance to be ­merely ornamental. This allocation of duties was first noted in­ Britain about 1639, but there can be no doubt that the folly of ­including more than three able and talkative men in one committee­ had been discovered long before that. ..." - C. Northcote­ Parkinson, Parkinson's Law, 32.


COMMITTEES: "Committees are devices to keep individuals from­ going very wrong, not devices to reach truth where the policy­ issues are seriously controversial or the analytical or factual­ questions are complex. No commission has ever solved a hard­ problem in any intellectual sense: at its rare best, a­ commission has split or overawed the opposition." - Stigler, The­ Intellectual and the Market Place, 20.


COMMITTEES: "The ideal committee consists of two, four or six­ people who haven't time, and one person who likes to run things ­his own way." - K. N. H., quoted in READER'S DIGEST, 5/78.


COMMITTEES: "... Why is a committee rarely if ever right? Simply ­because its conclusions or resolutions are an amalgam, ­compromise, potpourri of the members' varying conceptions of what ­ought to be done. The final position is whatever a majority finds­ not too offensive; in few circumstances is it strictly in accord­ with what any single conscience dictates as right. A committee ­can rarely be right unless one endorses the naive notion that ­might makes right or, its equivalent, that whatever a majority­ endorses is right. - Third, in what respect do persons among the mill run of us resemble a committee and, thus, fail to stand for­ what is right? Most of our proclaimed positions are divorced from­ and are not dictated by highest conscience. Instead, they are ­determined by the circumstances which surround the person: ­pressures, popular opinions, clichés, fear of disapproval, desire­ for fame, wealth, power, and so on. As in the case of committee ­resolutions, proclaimed positions are, for the most part, no more ­than an amalgam, compromise, potpourri of environmental ­circumstances. TRUTH - WHAT'S RIGHT - IS NOT TO BE FOUND IN THIS!­ - Read, Who's Listening, 169.
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