Curriculum vitae




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CURRICULUM VITAE




Name: Allan M. Brandt


Office Address: Office of the Dean

Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

University Hall 3 North

Harvard University

Cambridge, MA 02138


(617) 496-1464 (617) 496-8623 (fax)

e-mail: brandt@fas.harvard.edu


Place of Birth: Washington, DC


Education:


1983 Ph.D. Columbia University (American History)

1978 M.Phil. Columbia University (American History)

1975 M.A. Columbia University (American History)

1974 B.A. Brandeis University (Magna cum laude, honors in history)


Internships:


1977 Hastings Center, Hastings-on-Hudson, New York


Academic Appointments:


2008- Dean, Graduate School of Arts and Science, Harvard University


2004-2008 Director, Harvard Medical School MD/PhD Program, Social Science Track


2000- 2006 Chair, Department of the History of Science, Harvard University


1996- 2003 Director, Division of Medical Ethics, Harvard Medical School


1992- Amalie Moses Kass Professor of the History of Medicine

Department of Social Medicine

Harvard Medical School

Director, Program in the History of Medicine


Professor of the History of Science

Department of the History of Science

Harvard University


1990-1992 Associate Professor

Department of Social Medicine and Department of History

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


1987-1990 Associate Professor of the History of Medicine and Science

Department of Social Medicine and Health Policy

Harvard Medical School

Department of the History of Science

Harvard University


    1. Assistant Professor of the History of Medicine and Science

Department of Social Medicine and Health Policy

Harvard Medical School

Department of the History of Science

Harvard University


1982 Instructor

Department of Social Medicine and Health Policy

Harvard Medical School

Department of the History of Science

Harvard University


1982 Instructor

Department of History

Smith College


1979-1982 Teaching Fellow in the Humanities

Faculty of Medicine

College of Physicians and Surgeons

Columbia University


1977-1982 Research Associate

Project on Value and Ethics in Health Care

College of Physicians and Surgeons

Columbia University


Fellowships and Awards:


2008 Finalist, Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction for The Cigarette Century


2008 Bancroft Prize (Columbia University) for the best book in American History for The Cigarette Century


2008 Albert J. Beveridge Prize (American Historical Association)

for The Cigarette Century


2007 Sybil Jacobs Award (American Legacy Foundation)

for The Cigarette Century


2007 Arthur J. Viseltear Prize (American Public Health Association)

for The Cigarette Century


2003-2007 Dr. William Cahan Distinguished Professor Award, FAMRI

1996-1999 Burroughs Wellcome Fund History of Medicine Award

1992-1995 Charles E. Culpeper Scholar in the Medical Humanities

1989-1990 President's Fellow, Harvard University

1985-1986 Visiting Scholar, Program in Science, Technology, and Society Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1985-1986 Rockefeller Foundation Fellow in the Humanities

1985 Los Angeles Times Book Critic Award (Finalist)

1985 Pulitzer Prize Nominee

1985 Fellow, American Council of Learned Societies (Declined)

1983 Clark Fund Grant, Harvard University

1978 Rockefeller Archives Grant-in-Aid

1977-1978 Mrs. Giles Whiting Foundation Fellow

1975-1979 President's Fellow, Columbia University


Professional Service:


1985-1987 Hastings Center Study Group on AIDS and Civil Liberties

National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine

1989-1992 Committee on Monitoring the Social Impact of AIDS

1993-1995 Committee on HIV and the Blood Supply


1989-1991 National Institute of Health, National Library of Medicine Study Section on History of Medicine

1990-1992 History of Science Society, Speakers Bureau

1990 World Health Organization (Pan American Health Organization), AIDS/HIV Program, Consultant

1993 Fellow, Hastings Center

1994 The Orphans Project, New York, Consultant

1993-1996 Sexually Transmitted Disease Roundtable


University Committees and Service


Faculty of Arts and Sciences

Health Policy Interfaculty Initiative

Special Concentrations

Library Committee, 1995-2000

Faculty Council (elected 1996-1999)

Historical Studies Core Subcommittee

Global Health Committee


Harvard Medical School

Conflict of Interest, 1993-97

Rare Books and Archives

Joint Library Committee, 1993-98

Subcommittee of Professors (Senior Appointments), 1992-95

Faculty Administration Committee, 2004-

Promotions and Review Board, Vice Chair, 1998-


Harvard School of Public Health

Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program

Core Faculty

Visiting Committee


Harvard Program in Ethics and Health

Core Faculty


Memberships:


American Historical Association

Organization of American Historians

American Association for the History of Medicine (Council Member, elected 1990-1992)

History of Science Society

American Society for Bioethics and Humanities

Massachusetts Historical Society, (elected 1994)

Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, (elected 1997)

American Academy of Arts and Sciences (elected 2001)


Major Research Interests:


Social history of American medicine, science, and public health

Ethics and values in health care

History of human subject research

American social and political history


Current Projects:


Tobacco Policy in Historical Perspective

Patient-Doctor relationships in historical context

Historical aspects of the HIV epidemic

BIBLIOGRAPHY



Books:


No Magic Bullet: A Social History of Venereal Disease in the United States Since 1880, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1985; enlarged paperback ed., 1987).


Morality and Health: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Allan M. Brandt and Paul Rozin, eds. (New York and London: Routledge, 1997).


Staying Together, Living Apart: The AIDS Epidemic and New Perspectives on Group Living for Youth and Families, Carol Levine, Allan M. Brandt, and James K. Whittaker. (New York: The Orphan Project, 1998).


Bioethics and Beyond. Daedalus. Fall 1999. (Co-edited with Arthur Kleinman and Renee Fox).


Editor, with Larry R. Churchill, of the “Studies in Social Medicine” book series, University of North Carolina Press, 1994-present.


The Cigarette Century: The Rise, Fall, and Deadly Persistence of the Product that Defined America, (New York: Basic Books, 2007).


Articles:


Brandt, AM. "Polio, Politics, Publicity, and Duplicity," International Journal of Health Services 8 (May 1978), pp. 257-70. Reprinted in Connecticut Medicine 43 (September 1979), pp. 581-90.


Brandt, AM. "Racism and Research: The Case of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study," Hastings Center Report 8 (December 1978), pp. 21-29. Reprinted in Judith Walzer Leavitt and Ronald Numbers eds., Sickness and Health in America (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, second ed., 1985), pp. 331-46.


Brandt, AM. Contributor, Notable American Women, Supplement I, Barbara Sicherman ed., (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1980).


Brandt, AM. Contributor, Dictionary of American Biography, Supplement VII, John A. Garraty ed., (New York: Scribner's, 1982).


Brandt, AM. "Infernal Medicine," The New Republic 186 (January 27, 1982), pp. 36-38.


Brandt, AM. "The Ways and Means of American Medicine," Hastings Center Report, 13 (June 1983), pp. 41- 43.


Brandt, AM. "Medical Nemesis?" Reviews in American History, 13 (March 1985), pp. 90-93.


Brandt, AM. "AIDS: What is to be Done?" Harper's, 271 (October 1985), pp. 39-54.


Brandt, AM. "Historical Analogies to the AIDS Epidemic," in Michael Witt, ed., AIDS and Patient Management: Legal, Ethical and Social Issues, (Owings Mill, MD: National Health Publications, 1986), pp. 159-64.


Brandt, AM. "AIDS: From Social History to Social Policy," Law, Medicine and Health Care, 14 (December 1986), pp. 231-42. Reprinted in AIDS: The Burden of History, Fee and Fox, eds., (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988).


Brandt, AM. "AIDS in Historical Perspective," AIDS and the Law (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1987), pp. 27-43. Reprinted in AIDS: Ethics and Public Policy, D. VanDeVeer, ed., (New York: Wadsworth, 1987).


Cleary, P., Barry, M., Mayer, K., Brandt, A., Gostin, L., Fineberg, H. "Compulsory Premarital Screening for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Technical and Public Health Considerations," Journal of the American Medical Association, 258 (October 2, 1987), pp. 1757-1762.


Brandt, AM. "The Syphilis Epidemic and Its Relation to AIDS," Science, 239 (January 22, 1988), pp. 375-80.


Brandt, AM. "AIDS in Historical Perspective: Four Lessons from the History of Sexually Transmitted Disease," American Journal of Public Health, 78 (April 1988), pp. 367-71. Reprinted The Nation's Health 3rd ed., in Lee and Estes, eds., (Boston: Jones and Bartlett, 1990). Also reprinted in William G. Rothstein (ed.). Readings in American Health Care. (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1995).


Brandt, AM. “AIDS: The Approaching Epidemic," Journal of Social Work and Human Sexuality, 6 (1988), pp. 151-54.

Brandt, AM. "Exploring the Dangerous Trades," Reviews in American History, (March 17, 1989), pp. 101-107.


Brandt, AM. "Sexually Transmitted Disease: Shadow on the Land Revisited," Annals of Internal Medicine, 112 (April 1990), pp. 481-83.


Brandt, AM., Cleary, PD., Gostin, LO., "Routine Hospital Testing for HIV: Health Policy Considerations," in AIDS and the Health Care System, Larry O. Gostin, ed., (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990), pp. 125-42.


Gostin, LO., Cleary, PD., Mayer, KH., Brandt, AM., Chittenden, EH., "Screening Immigrants and International Travelers for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus," New England Journal of Medicine, 322 (June 14, 1990), pp. 1743-46.


Brandt, AM. "The Cigarette, Risk, and American Culture," Daedalus, 119 (Fall 1990), pp. 155-76. Reprinted in Risk, Edward J. Burger, Jr. ed., (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1990). Also reprinted in Readings in American Health Care, William G. Rothstein ed., (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1995).


Gostin, LO., Brandt, AM., Cleary, PD. "Tobacco Liability and Public Health Policy," Journal of the American Medical Association, 266 (December 11, 1991), pp. 3178-82.


Brandt, AM. "AIDS," Cambridge History and Geography of Human Disease Project, Kenneth F. Kiple ed., (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991).


Brandt, AM. "Emerging Themes in the History of Medicine," Milbank Quarterly, 69 (November 2, 1991), pp. 199-214.


Brandt, AM. "The Rise and Fall of the Cigarette: A Brief History of the Anti-Smoking Movement in the U.S.," in Advancing Health in Developing Countries: The Role of Social Research, Lincoln Chen, Arthur Kleinman, and Norma Ware eds., (Westport, CT: Auburn House, 1992).


Brandt, AM. Contributor, The Social Impact of AIDS in the United States, Albert R. Jonsen and Jeff Stryker eds., (Washington: National Academy Press, 1993).


Gostin, LO., Brandt AM. "Criteria for Evaluating a Ban on the Advertisement of Cigarettes: Balancing Public Health Benefits with Constitutional Burdens," Journal of the American Medical Association, 269 (February 17, 1993), pp. 904-909.


Brandt, AM. "Sexually Transmitted Diseases," Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine, Vol. I, W. F. Bynum and Roy Porter, eds. (New York: Routledge, 1993) pp. 562-584.


Gostin, LO., Lazzarini, Z., Alexander, D., Brandt, AM., Mayer, KH., and Silverman, DC., "HIV Testing, Counseling, and Prophylaxis After Sexual Assault," Journal of the American Medical Association, 271 (May 11, 1994) pp. 1436-1444.


Brandt, AM. "AIDS: From Public History to Public Policy," in AIDS and the Public Debate, Caroline Hannaway, Victoria Harden, and John Parascandola eds., (Washington DC: IOS Press, 1995), pp. 124-131.


Brandt, AM. Contributor, HIV and the Blood Supply: An Analysis of Crisis Decision Making, (Washington DC: National Academy of Science Press, 1995).


Brandt, AM. "World Trends in Smoking," in The State of Humanity, Julian L. Simon, ed., (Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1995), pp. 106-113.


Brandt, AM. Contributor, Encyclopedia of the United States Congress, (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995), Donald C. Bacon, Roger H. Davidson and Morton Keller eds., pp.1964-66.

Brandt, AM. "Recruiting Women Smokers: the Engineering of Consent," Journal of the American Medical Women's Association, 51 (January/April 1996), pp. 63-66.


Arno, PS., Brandt, AM., Gostin, LO., Morgan, J., "Tobacco Industry Strategies to Oppose Federal Regulation," Journal of the American Medical Association, 275 (April 24, 1996), pp. 1258-1262.


Brandt, AM., Friedenfelds, L. “Research Ethics after World War II: The Insular Culture of Biomedicine,” Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 6 (1996), pp. 239-243.


Gostin, LO., Arno, PS., Brandt, AM. "FDA Regulation of Tobacco Advertising and Youth Smoking," Journal of the American Medical Association, 277 (February 5, 1997), pp. 410-418.


Brandt, AM., Richmond, JB. “Settling Short on Tobacco; Let the Trials Begin,” Journal of the American Medical Association, 278 (September 24, 1997), p.1028.


Brandt, AM. "‘Just Say No’: Risk, Behavior, and Disease in Twentieth Century America," in Science Authority and Twentieth Century America, Ronald G. Walters, ed., (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997), pp. 82-98.


Brandt, AM. "Behavior, Disease, and Health in the Twentieth-Century United States: The Moral Valence of Individual Risk," Morality and Health: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Allan M. Brandt and Paul Rozin eds. (New York: Routledge, 1997), pp. 53-77.


Brandt, AM. "Of Beds and Benches: Building the Modern American Hospital," in Peter Galison and Emily Thompson, eds., The Architecture of Science (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998).


Brandt, AM. “Blow Some My Way: Passive Smoking, Risk and American Culture,” in Ashes to Ashes: The History of Smoking and Health, Steven Lock, Lois Reynolds and E.M. Tansey, eds., (Amsterdam – Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, 1998), pp. 164-191.


Jones, DS., Brandt, AM. “Tobacco Epidemiology and the Challenge of Multiple Etiologies,” Journal of the American Medical Association, 279 (March 25, 1998), p. 969.


Mandl, KD., Kohane, IS., Brandt, AM. “Electronic Patient-Physician Communication: Problems and Promise,” Annals of Internal Medicine, 129 (September 1998), pp. 495-500.


Brandt, AM., Friedenfelds, L. “Context and Community: Assessing the Ethics of Industry-funded Research” in Beyond Regulations: Ethics in Human Subjects Research, Nancy M. P. King, Gail E. Henderson and Jane Stein eds., (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999) 128-34.


Brandt, AM., Jones DS. “Historical Perspectives on Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Challenges for Prevention and Control,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Third Edition, edited by King K. Holmes, et al., (New York: McGraw-Hill Health Professions Division, 1999), pp. 15-21.


Brandt, AM., Gardner, M. “The Golden Age of Medicine,” in Medicine in the Twentieth Century, Roger Cooter and John Pickstone eds., (Netherlands: Harwood Academic Publishing, 2000), pp. 21-37.


Jones, DS., Brandt, AM. “AIDS, Historical,” Encyclopedia of Microbiology, Vol.1, Second Edition (New York: Academic Press, 2000), pp. 104-115.


Brandt, AM. “Bioethics: Then and Now”, Lahey Clinic Medical Ethics Newsletter, Spring 2000.


Brandt, AM., Gardner, M. “Antagonism and Accommodation: Interpreting the Relationship Between Public Health and Medicine in the United States During the 20th Century,” American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 90, No. 5 (May 2000) pp. 707-715.


Belkin, GS., Brandt, AM. “Bioethics: Using Its Historical and Social Context,” International Anesthesiology Clinics, Vol. 39, No. 3 (Summer 2001) pp. 1-11.


Bayer, R., Gostin, LO., Javitt, GH., and Brandt, AM. “Tobacco Advertising in the United States: A Proposal for a Constitutionally Acceptable Form of Regulation,” Journal of the American Medical Association, 287, (June 12, 2002), pp. 2990-2995.


Brandt, AM. “Difference and Diffusion: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on the Rise of Anti-Tobacco Policies,” in Unfiltered: Conflicts over Tobacco Policy and Health, Eric A. Feldman and Ronald Bayer, eds. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004).


Brandt, AM. “From Analysis to Advocacy: Crossing Boundaries as a Historian of Health Policy,” in Locating Medical History: the Stories and Their Meanings, Frank Huisman and John Harley Warner, eds. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004).


Brandt, AM. “From Nicotine to Nicotrol: Addiction, Cigarettes and American Culture,” in Altering American Consciousness: Essays on the History of Alcohol and Drug Use in the United States, Sarah W. Tracy and Caroline J. Acker, eds. (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2004).


Brandt, AM. “Engineering Consumer Confidence in the Twentieth Century,” in Smoke: A Global History of Smoking, Sander L. Gilman and Xhou Zun, eds. (London: Reaktion Books, 2004).


Gardner, MN., and Brandt, AM. “‘The Doctors’ Choice Is America’s Choice”: The Physician in US Cigarette Advertisements, 1930-1953,” American Journal of Public Health 96, no. 2 (February 2006), pp. 222-32.


Brandt, AM. “The First Surgeon General’s Report,” in A Safer and Healthier America: Public Health Achievements in the 20th Century, John W. Ward and Christian Warren, eds. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).


Book Reviews:


Williams, The Horror of Life, (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1980), Journal of the History of Medicine, (1982), pp. 464-465.


Wohl, Endangered Lives: Public Health in Victorian Britain, (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1983), New England Journal of Medicine, 309 (June 16, 1983), p. 1465.


Hopkins, Princes and Peasants: Smallpox in History, (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1983), New England Journal of Medicine 310 (June 21, 1984).


Numbers (ed.), Compulsory Health Insurance: The Continuing Debate, (Westport, CT/London: Greenwood Press, 1982), ISIS, 75:2:277 (1984), pp. 434-5.


Van Heyningen and Seal, Cholera: The American Scientific Experience, 1947-1980, (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1983), Journal of the History of Biology, 17(3), (Fall 1984), pp. 438-439.

Crissy and Parish, The Dermatology and Syphilogy of the Nineteenth Century, (New York: Praeger, 1981), Journal of the History of Medicine, 40 (January 1985).


Grob, Mental Illness and American Society, 1875-1940, (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1983), Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 16 (2), (Autumn 1985), pp. 357-358.


Leavitt, The Healthiest City: Milwaukee and the Politics of Health Reform, (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1982), Reviews in American History, 13, (March 1985), pp. 649-650.


Rosner, A Once Charitable Enterprise: Hospitals and Health Care in Brooklyn and New York, 1885-1915, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1982), Reviews in American History, 13, (March 1985), 90-93. Soc. Sci. Med., 20, No. 6, (1985), pp. 649-650.


Sicherman, Alice Hamilton, (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1984), Journal of the History of Behavioral Sciences (1985).


Groce, Everyone Here Spoke Sign Language: Hereditary Deafness on Martha's Vineyard, (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1985) New England Journal of Medicine, 315 (4), (July 24, 1986), pp. 267.


Infante, G. Cabrera, Holy Smoke, (New York: Harper and Row, 1986), Philadelphia Inquirer, May 11, 1986.


Harden, Opiate Addiction, Morality, and Medicine: From Moral Illness to Pathological Disease, (New York: St. Martin's, 1988), Bulletin of the History of Medicine 63 (1989), pp. 672-3.


Gussow, Leprosy, Racism, and Public Health, (Boulder CO: Westview, 1989) Science 246, 3 November (1989), p. 679.


National Academy of Sciences, Mobilizing Against AIDS, (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986) ISIS, 80 (1989) pp. 84-86.


Rosenberg, The Cholera Years: The United States in 1832, 1849, and 1866, (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2nd ed., 1962, 1987). ISIS 80 (1989), pp. 329-30.


Smith, Patenting the Sun, (New York: Wm. Morrow, 1990) Los Angeles Times, July 15, 1990.


Crosby, America's Forgotten Epidemic, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990) Times Literary Supplement, October 26, 1990.


Solinger, Wake Up Little Susie: Single Pregnancy and Race before Roe v. Wade, (New York: Routledge, 1992) American Historical Review, February 1993.


Daniels, Seeking Fair Treatment: From the AIDS Epidemic to National Health Care Reform, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995) New England Journal of Medicine, October 12, 1995.


Kessler, A Question of Intent: A Great American Battle with a Deadly Industry, (New York: Public Affairs, 2001) Health Affairs, October 2001.


Jackson, Allergy: The History of a Modern Malady (London: Reaktion Books, 2006) Lancet, 368, August 26-September 1, 2006, pp. 723-24.



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