Thiagarajar college (autonomous) madurai – 9




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UNIT III: TRANSDUCER PROPERTIES

Temperature measurements –definition of temperature –temperature transducers-thermal radiation temperature measurements-low temperature thermometry-optical measurements and the electromagnetic spectrum-linear position sensors-summary and conclusions.


UNIT IV: OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS

Spectroscopic instruments-visible and infra red spectroscopy-spectrometer design-refraction and diffraction –lenses and refractive optics-dispersive elements-spectrometer design-Lasers –Fibre optics.


UNIT V: RADIATION DETECTION,MEASUREMENT AND SAFETY

General principles of radiation detection –types of radiation detectors-radiation dose-occupational health and safety-chemical substances –radiation safety.

TEXT BOOK:

Measurement,Instrumentation and experiment design in physics and engineering,Sayer,M. &Mansingh,A. PHI,2005,ISBN:81-203-1269-4.


THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)


Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

EMP51(O)

Semester

: V

No. of hrs. allotted :

3

Paper

: Elective

No. of credits :

3


OPTICAL FIBRES AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Course Objectives

  • To discuss the role played by optical fibers in conquering distance and time.

  • To enable the students understand the various classification of optical fibres and the losses encountered while sending signals.

  • To elaborate to the students the various sources, detectors and the fibre optic sensors used.

UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL FIBRES

What are optical fibres? –Importance-Generation of telephone system and optical fibre-Propagation of light in different media-Propagation of light in an optical fibre-Basic structure and optical path of an optcal fibre-Acceptance angle and acceptance cone-Numerical aperture(NA)-Modes of propagation-Meridional and skew rays-Number of modes and cutoff parameters of fibres-Single mode propagation-Comparison of step and graded index fibres-Application of fibres.


UNIT II CLASSIFICATION OF OPTICAL FIBRES

Fibres-Classification of stepped index fibre-Stepped index monomode fibre-Disadvantages of monomode fibre-Graded index monomode fibre-Plastic fibres-Other latest developed types of fibres-Mechanism of refractive index variation-Fibre strength-Mechanical strength measurement of optical fibres.

UNIT III FIBRE LOSSES

Attenuation in optic fibres-Material or impurity losses-Rayleigh scattering losses-Absorption losses-Leaky modes-Bending losses-Radiation induced losses-Inherent defect losses-Inverse square law losses-Transmission losses-Temperature dependence of fibre losses-Core and cladding losses.

UNIT IV DISPERSION IN OPTICAL FIBRES

Electrical vs optical bandwidth-Bandwidth length product-Dispersion in an optical fibre-Intermodal dispersion-Mixing of modes-Material chromatic dispersion-Waveguide dispersion-Dispersion power penalty-Total dispersion delay-Maximum transmission rate-Dispersion shifted fibres

UNIT V OPTICAL FIBRE SOURCES, DETECTORS AND TYPES OF FIBRE OPTIC SENSORS

SOURCES

Introduction-LED-Laser-Light emitting transistor-Organic LEDs-Power efficiency-OLED: structure and operation-Quantum efficiency.

PHOTODETECTORS

Introduction-Characteristic of photo-detectors-Photoemissive photo-detectors-Photoconductive devices-Photo voltaic devices-PN junction photo-detector-Pin photodiode-Avalanche photo diode-Photo transistor-bit error rate(BER).

SENSORS

Introduction-Fibre optic sensors-Intensity modulated sensors-Liquid level type hybrid sensor-Diffraction grating sensors-Sensors using single mode fibre-Interferometric sensor-Polarisation problem in interferometric sensor using SMF-Medical applications of fibre sensors-Fibre optic gyroscopes-Vibrations and displacement measurement sensors-Rotary position sensor-Linear position measuring sensor-Liquid level sensor-Acceleration measuring sensor-Multiplexing and distributed sensing.


TEXT BOOK

Dr.Subir Kumar Sarkar: OPTICAL FIBRES AND FIBRE OPTIC COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS. S.CHAND &COMPANY LTD.(ISBN:81-219-1459-0)

BOOKS FOR REFERENCE:

  1. John Crisp: INTRODUCTION TO FIBRE OPTICS

II EDITION (ISBN: 07506-50303)

  1. Gerd Keiser: OPTICAL FIBRE COMMUNICATION

III edition-Mc Graw Hill Co. (ISBN: 07-232101-6)


THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)


Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

ESP51(E)

Semester

: V

No. of hrs. allotted :

2

Paper

: Skill Based Elective

No. of credits :

2


ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS – I


Course Objectives :

  1. To create awareness among students about the environment they live in and the physical principles involved.

  2. To describe the various forms of renewable energy and their uses.

  3. To interpret the factors that influence the earth’s atmosphere and discuss the effect on climate changes.


UNIT – I RENEWABLE ENERGY

Renewable sources : Hydroelectric power and potential energy – Wind power – Tides and tidal power – Energy in waves and wave power – Photovoltaics – Energy storage – Energy use in transport : Energy efficiency in different transport modes – Comparison of specific energy use – Electric vehicles – Energy in the biosphere – Photosynthesis – Trophic levels – Other biological energy sources – Biomass energy


UNIT – II EARTH’S ATMOSPHERE AND CLIMATE

The atmosphere – General circulation of the atmosphere – Weather disturbances – Clouds – Ocean currents – Microclimates – The ozone layer – Climate change : The Earth’s radiative balance, albedo and the ‘greenhouse effect’ – Greenhouse gases and greenhouse warming potentials – Greenhouse warming, feedbacks and climate impacts – Ice ages and colder climates? – Sea level – Climate modeling – Validation of models of climate change


TEXT BOOK

Smith, C. : Environmental Physics, Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, London & New York, 2001


BOOKS FOR REFERENCE

  1. Boeker, E. & van Grondelle, R. : Environmental Physics (2nd ed.), John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1999.

  2. Guyot, G.: Physics of the Environment and Climate, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1999.


THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)

Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

ESP51(M)

Semester

: V

No. of hrs. allotted :

2

Paper

: Skill Based Elective

No. of credits :

2


MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS


COURSE OBJECTIVES:


  • To discuss in detail the concept of div, curl and gradient.

  • To enable the students to understand the concept of eigen vectors and eigen values.

  • To enhance the mathematical skill of students by indulging them in problem solving.


UNIT – I VECTOR ANALYSIS AND CURVED COORDIANTES

Curvilinear Coordinates – Circular, Cylindrical and Spherical Polar Coordinate system – Gradient, Divergence and Curl in Cylindrical and Polar Coordinates.


UNIT – II SPECIAL MATRICES

Diagnol – Triangular – Symmetric and antisymmetric – Orthogonal – Hermitian, Skew Hermitian - Unitary Matrices. Eigen vectors and Eigen Values – Diagnoalisation of Matrices.


TEXT BOOK

Mathematical Physics (II ed.) Gupta, B.D : Vikas Publishing House, New Delhi, 1993.

THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)


Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :




Semester

: V

No. of hrs. allotted :

2

Paper

: Self-study

No. of credits :

2

VISUAL ASTRONOMY

Course Objectives :

  1. To popularise Astronomy as a healthy hobby among students of all disciplines

  2. To identify the summer and winter constellations and record preliminary data on the movement of stars and planets

  3. To appreciate the night sky and understand the celestial phenomena with the help of naked eye observations


UNIT – I INTRODUCTION TO THE SKY

Star names – Astronomical Catalogues – Understanding Magnitudes – Seeing colour in the sky – Dark adaptation – Averted versus direct vision – Finding your way around the Sky – Apparent sizes and distances – Astronomical distances – Time in astronomy- How dark is your sky ? – Part under the Stars.

UNIT – II CHOOSING THE RIGHT EQUIPMENT AND VIEWING THE NAKED EYE SKY

Naked eye, Binocular or a telescope? - Binoculars – Types of telescope – Trick the light fantastics – Telescope mounts – Eye Pieces - Filters – Other accessories – Atmospheric effects on sun light – Sunrise & Sunsets – Conjunctions –Constellations and Asterisms – Auroral lights – meteors and fire balls – Treats of the zodiacs – The Milky way.

UNIT – III EXPLORE THE WINTER, SPRING SKIES

Learn the winter Constellation – Discovers the jewels in Taurus – Survey the wonders in orion – View the gems in Gemini – learn the Spring Constellation – View the Marvels in Leo – Scan the delights in Ursa Major – Go galaxy – Hunting in Virgo.

UNIT – IV EXPLORE THE SUMMER AND SKIES

Learn the Summer Constellation – Spy the glittering clusters in Scorpius – Encounter the Milkyway in Saggitarius – Survey bright gas clouds in Cygnus - Learn the Autumn Constellation – Detect a kings fortune in Cebheus – Observe Milkyway riches in Cassiopeia - Spot a grand galaxy in Andromeda

UNIT – V RECORD THE SKY

Sketch the Sky – Photograph the Sky – The 88 Constellations – The 25 Brightest star.

TEXT BOOK

Talcott, R.: Teach yourself visually astronomy, Wiley Publishing, New Jersey, 2009.


BOOKS FOR REFERENCE

Bely, P.Y, Christian, C.& Roy, J. R. : A question and answer guide to astronomy, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2010.

Software aid: www.stellarium.org

THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)

Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

MP61

Semester

: VI

No. of hrs. allotted :

5

Paper

: Core

No. of credits :

4

MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY

Course Objectives :

  1. To provide an overview of the principles of rotation, vibration and symmetry of molecules.

  2. To expose the students to the principles of IR, FTIR, Raman, NMR, ESR and Laser spectroscopic methods

  3. To distinguish between the various spectroscopic techniques, their principles, applications advantages and disadvantages.

UNIT – I FUNDAMENTALS OF SPECTROSCOPY

Electromagnetic spectrum - Types of molecular energies – Different spectroscopic methods - Spectral line width – Absorption and emission of radiation – Einstein’s coefficients – Lasers – Molecular Symmetry: Symmetry operations – Symmetry elements.


UNIT – II ROTATION OF MOLECULES

Classification of molecules – Interaction of radiation with rotating molecule – Rotational spectra of rigid diatomic molecules - Isotope effect in rotational spectra – Intensity of rotational lines – Nonrigid rotator – Vibrational excitation effect – Linear polyatomic molecules – Symmetric top molecules – Asymmetric top molecules – information derived from rotational spectra.


UNIT – III INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY

Vibrational energy of diatomic molecule – Infrared selection rules- vibrating diatomic molecule – Diatomic vibrating rotator – Vibrations of polyatomic molecules- rotation vibration spectra of polyatomic molecules – IR spectrophotometer – Sample handling techniques – Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy – Applications.

UNIT – IV RAMAN SCATTERING AND NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE

Theory of Raman scattering – rotational Raman spectra – Vibrational Raman Spectra – Mutual exclusion principle - Raman spectrometer – sample handling techniques – Magnetic properties of nuclei – Resonance condition – NMR instrumentation – Additional experimentation techniques – Relaxation processes – Chemical Shift - NMR imaging.


UNIT – V ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE AND LASER SPECTROSCOPY

Principle of ESR – ESR Spectrometer - Nonlinear optical effects – frequency generation by nonlinear optical techniques – sources of Laser spectroscopy – Supersonic beams and jet cooling – Hyper Raman effect – Stimulated Raman scattering – Inverse Raman scattering – Coherent anti-stoke’s Raman scattering – Photoacoustic Raman scattering – Circular dichroism spectroscopy

TEXT BOOK

Aruldhas, G. : Molecular Spectroscopy, PHI Learning Private Limited, New Delhi, 2009.

BOOKS FOR REFERENCE

  1. Graybeal, J.D. : Molecular spectroscopy, Mc Graw-Hill, New York, 1988.

  2. Hollas, M: Modern spectroscopy, 4th ed., John Wiley, New York, 2004.

  3. Randhwa, H.S.: Modern Molecular spectroscopy, Macmillan, New Delhi, 2003.

  4. Straughn, R.P. and walker, S., Spectroscopy, Vols.I, II & III, Chapman and Hall, London,1976.

THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)

Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

MP62

Semester

: VI

No. of hrs. allotted :

5

Paper

: Core

No. of credits :

4



INDUSTRIAL PHYSICS AND INSTRUMENTATION


Course Objectives :

  1. To provide an understanding of the principles and characteristics of Diodes, ICs and FETs.

  2. To discuss the applications of the diodes, ICs and FETs as voltage regulators, amplifiers

  3. To understand the design and construction of inverters, converters and bridges and their applications


UNIT I: DIODES

Zener diode –Schottky diode-PIN diode –LED -7 segmnent display-Photo diode-Field Effect Transistor-Introduction –Junction Field Effect Transistor-Operation of JFET –Characteristics-Drain Characteristics –Transfer Characteristics –JFET parameters-MOSFETs-Depletion type MOSFET-working of a depletion type MOSFET- Drain Characteristics –Transfer Characteristics-Advantages.


UNIT II: INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND REGULATORS

Integrated circuit-advantages of IC`s –limitations of IC`s –Scale of Integration –Classification of IC`s –Monolithic IC`s –Thick and thin film IC`s-comparision among different IC`s –Linear IC`s –Non linear IC`s –IC terminology-Fabrication of monolithic IC`s –Fabrication : IC components – Bipolar transistors- FET`s –JFET`s –Diodes-Resistors-Capacitors. Voltage Regulators-various types-Uses of Zener diode as regulator-Disadvantages –Uses of transistor as voltage regulators-short circuit protection-Three pin IC regulators-adjustable voltage regulator.


UNIT III: FET AMPLIFIERS

Introduction-biasing the FET and JFET-Gate Bias-Self Bias-Setting a Q-point –Setting a Q-point using DC load line-Voltage divider bias-Source Bias-Current source bias- Biasing: Enhancement type MOSFET`s –Depletion type MOSFET`s-Small signal: FET models- Low frequency FET models-high frequency FET model-FET amplifier-Common source Amplifier-analysis-effect of A.C. load on amplifier parameters-Effect of external source on voltage gain- common drain amplifier-analysis-common gate amplifier –analysis.


UNIT IV: CONVERTERS AND INVERTERS

Inverters – Introduction – working principle – Choppers – DC Chopper – Single thyristor chopper – Dual Converers – Single Phase converter – Three Phase converter – Cyclo converters – Introduction and types of cyclo converters – Photo electric devices – Introduction – LDR – LED – photovoltaic cells – Photo conductive celle – Transducers – Introduction – classification – Transducers in instrumentation and control systems – selection of transducers – Types of transducers.


UNIT V: BRIDGES

Wheatstone bridge – Kelvin bridge –AC bridges-Maxwell-Hay –Scherring bridges-Unbalance conditions-Wein bridge-AC Voltmeters using rectifiers-True RMS responding voltmeter-Electronic multimeter.

Textbook

  1. R.S.SEDHA, A Textbook on Applied Electronics, S.Chand & Co.,

[ Unit I, P 195 – 215, 248 – 266, Unit II P 285 – 300, 327 – 345, Unit III p 538 - 563]

  1. S.K.Bhattacharya& S.Chatterjee, Industrial Electronics and Control, Tata-McGraw Hill, Ltd.[Unit IV, P 216 – 218, 234 – 239, 245 – 248, 250 – 252, 416 – 422, 425 – 427, 438 – 445]

  2. Helfrick & Cooper, Modern Electronic Instrumentation and Measuring Techniques, Prentice Hall of India,[Unit V, P 101 – 111, 114 – 127, 135 – 145]


THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)


Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

MP63

Semester

: VI

No. of hrs. allotted :

5

Paper

: Core

No. of credits :

4


DIGITAL PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS


Course Objective :

  1. To impart to the students the basic principles, theory and working of fundamental digital circuits which form the basis of modern communication systems.

  2. To explain to the students the necessity behind digitalization and the revolutionary breakthroughs associate with it.

  3. To throw light on the impacts of the digital analogs of discrete components on space and time.


UNIT I DIGITAL PRINCIPLES & DIGITAL LOGIC (13 HRS)

Definition of Digital Signals – Digital Wave forms – Digital Logic – Moving & Storing – Digital Information – Digital operation- Digital Components – Digital ICs – Digital IC signal levels - Binary – Basic Gates – Boolean Algebra – Gates with bubbles – Positive & Negative Logic.


UNIT II COMBINATIONAL LOGIC CIRCUIT & DATA PROCESSING CIRCUIT (13 HRS)

Boolean Laws – Sum Of Products – Truth Table to Karnaugh Map - Karnaugh Map Simplification – Product Of Sum – Multiplexer – Decoder – Encoder – XOR Gates – Parity Generator – ROM - PAL – PLA – Trouble Shooting.


UNIT III FLIP FLOPS, CLOCKS & TIMERS (10 HRS)

RS Flip Flop – Edge Triggered RS, D, JK Flip Flops – Flip Flop Timing – JK Master Slave – Switch Contact Bouncing Circuit – Clock Wave forms – TTL Clock – Schmidt Trigger – Circuits using 555 timer – Pulse forming Circuits.


UNIT IV REGISTERS & COUNTERS (12 HRS)

Types of Registers – SISO – SIPO – PISO – PIPO – Ring Counter – Various types of Counters - Asynchronous, Synchronous, Decade, Presettable, & Shift Counters – MOD 10 shift counter – Digital Clock.


UNIT V ARITHMETIC CIRCUITS, D/A & A/D CONVERSION (12 HRS)

Binary Addition – Subtraction – Unsigned Binary Numbers – 2’s compliment – Arithmetic building block – Adder – Subtractor – Binary Multiplication & Division – Variables Resistor Networks – Binary Ladder – DAC – ADC – AD technique – Dual Slope – AD Accuracy & Resolution.


TEXT BOOK :

Donald P. Leech and Albert Paul Malvino, Digital Principles and Applications (5th Ed.), Malvino, Tata-McGraw-Hill.

[Unit I : Pages: 2 – 43, 46 – 92 ; Unit II: Pages: 94 – 130, 132 – 180, Unit III: Pages: 282 – 310, 252 – 279 ; Unit IV: Pages 312 – 339, 342 – 395 ; Unit V: Pages 182 – 215, 398 – 440]


BOOKS FOR REFERENCE

  1. Experiments in Digital Principles by Donald P. Leach, III Edition, Tata McGraw Hill.

  2. Digital Fundamentals by Flyod, Universal Books Stall, New Delhi.

THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)

Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

EMP61(A)

Semester

: VI

No. of hrs. allotted :

3

Paper

: Elective

No. of credits :

4


APPLIED ELECTRONICS

Course Objectives:

  1. To enhance the application skills of the students by providing working knowledge of various electrical instruments.

  2. To provide an introduction to the basic concepts of microprocessors.

  3. To give first hand knowledge about the various electrical appliances used at home and hence to develop their scientific attitude.


UNIT I

Testing of instruments Galvanometer – Conversion of galvanometer into an ammeter, voltmeter and ohmmeter – Multimeter – CRO – Construction and Basic operation – CRO for measurements – Display and analysis – VTVM .

UNIT II

Electrical switches Switches – Fuses – Circuit breaker – Electromagnetic Relay – Principle and operation of SCR, UJT, DIAC, TRIAC – SCR as control devices

UNIT III

electrical appliances Electric fans – Refrigerators – Air conditioner – Washing machine – Tape recorder – General principles and working

UNIT IV

Television Fascimile – Transmission – Receiption – Television – T.V. Channels –Interlaced Scanning (Simple idea only) – broadcasting – Interlaced scanning – VSB Transmission of T.V.signal –Image Orthicon – Vidicon – T.V. Transmission – Monochrome T.V. Receiver – Principle of Colour T.V. – PAL Colour receiver – Picture Tube

UNIT V

Microprocessor and microcomputer LSI chip – CPU – Instruction register – Decoders – ALU control and timing circuits – Address bus, Data bus and control bus – Basic idea of operating systems – An example – special purpose of microcomputers – (Block diagram)


REFERENCE BOOKS:

For Unit I

  1. Electronic Instrumentation & Measurement Techniques, Wiliam David Cooper – Prentice Hall of India.

  2. Principles of Electronics, V.K. Mehta, S. Chand & Co.

For Unit II

  1. Applied Electronics, Sedha , S. Chand & Co.

  2. Industrial Electronics, G.K. Mithal

For Unit III

  1. How Things Work Vol I & Vol II.

For Unit IV

  1. Principles of Communication Engineering, Anokh Singh, S. Chand & Co.

For Unit V

  1. Fundamentals of Computer, V. Rajaraman Prentice Hall of India.

THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)

Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

EMP61 (N)

Semester

: VI

No. of hrs. allotted :

3

Paper

: Elective

No. of credits :

4

INTRODUCTION TO NANO SCIENCE

Course Objectives :

  1. To enable the student understand the postulates and concepts of nanophysics with clarity.

  2. To help the students understand the principles, fabrication and design of Carbon Nano-Tubes and their application.


UNIT I: BASICS OF QUANTUM CONFINEMENT

Nano and nature - out technologies and the world we live – nano – the beginning. - General properties and growth of hetro structures, band engineering, dopped hetro structurtes, wires and dots, optical confinement, effective mass approximation, effective mass theory in hetro structures.


UNIT II: GENERAL METHODS OF PREPARATIONS

Self Assembled Minelayers: Introduction – monolayer on gold – growth process- phase transitions - patterning monolayer - mixed monolayer - SAMS and applications. Semiconductors Quantum Dots: Introduction – synthesis of quantum dots – electronic structure of nano crystals – quantum dots-core relation of properties with size - uses.


UNIT III: GENERAL CHARACTERIZATION

Experimental methods: Investigating and manipulating materials in nanoscales – introduction - electron microscopes - scanning probe microscopes - optical microscopes for nano science and technology – other kinds of microscopes – XRD - associated techniques.


UNIT VI: NANO SENSORS

Introductions - nano sensors - order from chaos - nano scale organization for sensors – characterization – perception - nano sensors based on optical properties - nano sensors based on quantum size effects - electrochemical sensors- sensors based on physical properties - nano biosensors - smart dust.


UNIT V: CARBON NANOTUBES

Introduction - synthesis and purification – filling of nano tubes – mechanism of growth - electronic structure – transport properties – mechanical properties – physical properties – applications – nano tubes of other materials.


TEXT BOOKS:

  1. Huozhong Gao, Nanostructures & Nanomaterials, Imperial College Press (2004).

Unit I – Chapter 7.

  1. Pradeep, T. NANO: The essentials – Undeerstanding Nanoscience and nano technology, Tata McGraw-Hill Pubhilisng Company Ltd. New Delhi (2007).

Unit I – Chapter 1.

Unit II – Chaper 5 &7.

Unit III – Chapetr 2.

Unit VI – Chapter 12.

Unit V – Chapter 4.

THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 11 batch onwards)

Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

ESP61 (Q)

Semester

: VI

No. of hrs. allotted :

2

Paper

: Skill-Based Elective

No. of credits :

2


QUANTUM MECHANICS


COURSE OBJECTIVES:

  1. To understand Basic concepts in Quantum Mechanics.

  2. To throw light on the formulation of Schrödinger equation.

  3. To have a glimpse of various matrices in quantum mechanics.


UNIT – I FOUNDATIONS OF QUANTUM MECHANICS

The Physical basis of Quantum Mechanics Experimental background – Inadequacy of classical physics-Summary of prinicpal experiments and inferences. Bohr – Sommerfield quantization rules – practical difficulti s and conceptual difficulties-uncertainty principle. Wave packets in space and time – wave formalism. TheSchrodinger wave equation: Development of the wave equation – Interpretation of wave equation – Energy Eigen functions – one dimensional square well potential – Linear Harmonic oscillator.


UNIT-II MATRIX FORMULATION

Matrix Formulation of Quantum Mechanics – Matrix algebra – types of matrices – Hermitian and unitary matrices – Hilbert space – Dirac’s bra and Ket notation. Physical meaning of matrix elements.


TEXT BOOKS:

  1. Quantum Mechanics - Satyaprakash & Swati Satya :

  2. Quantum Mechanics, Kedar Nath Ram Nath & Co, 2006.

THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)


Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

ESP61(E)

Semester

: VI

No. of hrs. allotted :

2

Paper

: Skill-Based Elective

No. of credits :

2


ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS – II


COURSE OBJECTIVES:

  1. To discuss the effects on human health due to radiation and the principles involved in measuring and controlling noise.

  2. To elaborate on the biological impacts of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation

  3. To understand the potential and magnitude of nuclear energy and the risks involved in commissioning and decommissioning nuclear facilities.


UNIT – I RADIATION EFFECTS, SOUND AND NOISE

Transmission lines and human health – Entropy and the environment – Biological effects of non-ionising radiation – Remote sensing : Radiometry in remote sensing – Image interpretation and ground truthing – Noise and nuisance – Human perception of sound and noise – Noise levels – Noise measurement – Controlling noise – Noise contours.


UNIT – II RADIAOCTIVITY AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS

Biological impacts of ionizing radiation – Radiation doses and dose limits – Envorinmental pathways of radioisotopes – Risk analysis – Energy released by nuclear fission – Critical mass – Types of fission reactor – Control of nuclear reactors – Fast-breeder reactors – Nuclear safety and nuclear incidents – The nuclear fuel cycle and reprocessing – Radioactive discharges – Decommissioning of nuclear facilities – Nuclear waste – Fusion reactions : Energy in a fusion reaction.


TEXT BOOK

Smith, C. : Environmental Physics, Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, London & New York, 2001


BOOKS FOR REFERENCE

  1. Boeker, E. & van Grondelle, R. : Environmental Physics (2nd ed.), John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1999.

  2. Guyot, G.: Physics of the Environment and Climate, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1999.



THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)


Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

MPL21

Semester

: I & II

No. of hrs. allotted :

2

Paper

: Practical

No. of credits :

3




  1. “E” – Uniform bending

  2. “E” – Cantilever Oscillations

  3. “E” – Depression of Cantilever

  4. “G” – Static torsion – scale and Telescope

  5. Torsion Pendulum

  6. Compound Pendulum

  7. Viscosity – Burette, capillary tube

  8. Surface tension – Quincke’s drop

  9. Surface tension and interfacial surface tension

  10. Volume resonator

  11. Melde’s string

  12. Lee’s disc

  13. Specific heat by cooling

  14. Spectrometer – Dispersive power of a prism

  15. M and BH – Field along the axis of a coil

  16. Current and voltage sensitiveness – MG

  17. Thermo emf – Potentiometer

  18. Potentiometer – Temperature coefficient of resistance

  19. Calibration of Ammeter- Potentiometer

  20. High range voltmeter calibration – Potentiometer

  21. Carey-Foster Bridge BG – charge sensitiveness



THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)


Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

MPL41

Semester

: III & IV

No. of hrs. allotted :

2

Paper

: Practical

No. of credits :

3




  1. Determination of Capacity (absolutely)

  2. Comparison of capacities – BG

  3. Comparison of mutual inductances

  4. Absolute determination of mutual inductance

  5. LCR circuit – series resonance

  6. LCR circuit – parallel resonance

  7. Bridge rectifier

  8. Comparison of resistance – BG

  9. Logic gates – NAND, NOR, NOT using diodes and transistor

  10. Newton’s rings

  11. Grating normal incidence N &  for Hg spectrum

  12. Grating – wavelength by minimum deviation method

  13. Grating dispersive power

  14. Narrow angle prism

  15. Sonameter – frequency of AC mains

  16. i-d curve

  17. Low pass, High pass, Band Pass RC filters

THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)


Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

MPL61

Semester

: V & VI

No. of hrs. allotted :

4

Paper

: Practical

No. of credits :

3


NON-ELECTRONICS


  1. i-i’ curve

  2. Resolving power of Telescope

  3. Air wedge

  4. Biprism (using spectrometer)

  5. Polarimeter

  6. Cauchy’s constant

  7. Hartmann’s constant

  8. Conversion of galvanometer into voltmeter and milliammeter

  9. e.m.f. of a thermocouple

  10. Owen’s bridge

  11. Anderson bridge

  12. Maxwell bridge

  13. Schering’s bridge

  14. Desauty’s bridge

  15. Grating II order spectrum

  16. High resistance by leakage

  17. e.c.e. of Copper



THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)

Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

MPL62

Semester

: V & VI

No. of hrs. allotted :

2

Paper

: Practical

No. of credits :

3















ELECTRONICS




  1. Transistor Characteristics (CE mode)

  2. Transistor Characteristics (CB mode)

  3. FET Characteristics

  4. OP-Amp Characteristics

  5. Single Stage Amplifier

  6. Hartley Oscillator

  7. Colpitts Oscillator

  8. Voltage Doubler

  9. Dual Power supply

  10. Bridge rectifier with filters

  11. Astable multivibrator (using transistor)

  12. Monostable multivibrator (using 555)

  13. Astable multivibrator (using 555)

  14. Gates (using ICs)

  15. Half Adder & full Adder (Construction using IC’s)

  16. Zener Characteristics

  17. Zener voltage regulator

  18. NAND as Universal gate


THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)


Course

: B.Sc. Chemistry / Mathematics

Code :

AP11/AOP1

Semester

: I / III

No. of hrs. allotted :

4

Paper

: Allied

No. of credits :

4

PHYSICS – I

Course Objective :

To explain the basic concepts of physics in mechanics, properties of matter and optics
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