Thiagarajar college (autonomous) madurai – 9




НазваниеThiagarajar college (autonomous) madurai – 9
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UNIT I (15 Hours)

Thermal expansion – clinical thermometer – Thermostats – Use in Incubators – elementary idea of gas pressure – Blood pressure measuring apparatus – Physics of hearing – working of hearing aid – Effect of Infra & Ultra sound effect.


UNIT II (15 Hours)

Transducers – definition –Transducers for Bio medical applications – Biological transducers – Bio medical transducers.- Doppler effect & Ultrasonics – Doppler Ultra sonography – Scanning – working of CT Scan – working of Betatron – Its medical applications –X – Rays – (Production & properties) – Soft & Hard X – Rays in medical diagnostics – Physiological consequences of nuclear radiations – Radiation therapy – Radiation diagnostics – Nuclear cardiogram.


TEXT BOOK;

Bio medical Instrumentation and measurements, L. Cromwell, F.J.Weibell and E.A. Pfeiffe, Prentice-Hall India, New Delhi, 2002.


REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. How thinks work Vol. 1 & Vol. 2 : Harpens Collins Publ. India. A joint venture with The India Today Group, New Delhi (2002).


2. A text book of bio physics : R.N.Roy, Books and Allied (P) Ltd. (2001).


3. Bio medical Instrumentation : M.Arumugam


4. Optics : Brijlal & Subramaniam S. Chand & Co (2002).


5. Bio medical electronics & : Prof.S.K.Venkatraman Galgotia Pub. Instrumentation Pvt. Ltd, 2002.

THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)



Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

ESP11(P)

Semester

: I

No. of hrs. allotted :

2

Paper

: Skill Based Elective

No. of credits :

2


PRACTICAL ELECTRIC CIRCUITS - I


Course Objectives :


  • To explain to the students the steps involved in power transmission.

  • To discuss in detail the internal circuitry of various electrical instruments and the methods of troubleshooting.

  • To inculcate in the students a scientific temper and to make them realize the importance of electric power.


UNIT I (15 Hours)

Magnetic effect of electric current – (Qualitatively) – self-inductance & mutual inductance – Design of a coil – transformer – Design of a step down transformer for a required parameter constructing a power supply for radio and tape recorder –electrical measuring instruments – galvanometer – ammeter –voltmeter – wattmeter – multimeter – fault finding in electrical measuring instruments.


UNIT II (15 Hours)

Working of an accumulator – short circuit – (fuses) – switches – generators –(dynamo) – water pumps(piston, centrifugal and diaphragm pumps, refrigerators – air conditioners – microphones – tape recorders – loud speakers –incandescent and fluorescent lamps.


REFERENCE BOOKS:


  1. Electricity & Magnetism : Brijlal & Subramaniam, S. Chand & Co. (2002).

  2. Electrical technology : Theraja S. Chand & Co. (2002).

  3. How things Work Vol 1 & Vol 2: Harper Collins Publ. India a joint venture with The India Today Group, N. Delhi, (2002).



THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)

Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

ESP12(B)

Semester

: I

No. of hrs. allotted :

2

Paper

: Skill Based Elective

No. of credits :

2


BIOPHYSICS PRACTICALS - I

Course Objectives :

  1. To enable students understand the application of simple physical principles in biology.

  2. To expose students to the elementary principles of Biophysics through simple experiments.




  1. Preparation of standard buffers and determination of pH of a solution.

  2. Qualitative tests for a) Carbohydrates b) Proteins and amino acids c) Lipids.

  3. Verification of Beer-Lambert’s law.

  4. Estimation of amino acids by ninhydrine method.

  5. Effect of temperature on the viscosity of DNA using Ostwald’s viscometer.

  6. Determination of specific rotation of polarized light when passed through the glucose solution using polarimeter.

  7. Determination of velocity and absorption of ultrasound in biofluids using ultrasonic interferometer.

  8. Determine specific gravity or density of biochemicals

  9. Measurement of blood pressure (Demonstration and Interpretation)

  10. To determine the absorption spectrum of chlorophyll / cytochrome C solution by a colorimeter.

11. To determine the refractive index of different biofluids using a hollow prism.

12. To determine the relative sizes of nucleus and cytoplasm of squamous cells using a biological microscope.

THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)

Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

MP21

Semester

: II

No. of hrs. allotted :

5

Paper

: Core

No. of credits :

4

MECHANICS

Course Objectives :

  1. To discuss the laws of motion and the concept of central force

  2. To explain the principles of projectile motion and dynamics of rigid bodies.

  3. To interpret and understand oscillations of mechanical systems.


UNIT I: LAWS OF MOTION AND CENTRAL FORCE (10 Hours)

Newtons first law of motion-second law of motion-resistive force -constant force and resistive force -conservative force-motion in a plane –cylindrical polar coordinates-Spherical polar coordinates-Uniformly rotating frame of reference-Focault`s pendulum-Coriolis forces and motion relative to earth. Central force-central force motion confined to a single plane-angular momentum and energy.


UNIT II: SYSTEM OF PARTICLES (12 Hours)

Dynamics of a system of particles and concept of Rigid bodies-centre of mass coordinates –Centre of mass of a rigid body-motion of centre of mass and linear momentum-angular momentum and torque-angular momentum of a system and centre of mass –conservation of angular momentum-Collisions-Inelastic collision-coefficient of restitution-centre of mass system –rocket.


UNIT III DYNAMICS OF RIGID BODIES I (15 Hours)

Rigid bodies-rotational kinetic energy, moment of inertia and its physical significance-angular acceleration-angular momentum-law of conservation of angular momentum-torque-torque as a cross product of F & r –analogy between translatory motion and rotatory motion –work done by a torque.theorem of perpendicular axes-theorem of parallel axes.


UNIT IV: DYNAMICS OF RIGID BODIES II (15 Hours)

Theorem of perpendicular axes-theorem of parallel axes-Moment of inertia of thin uniform bar- Moment of inertia of a rectangular lamina- Moment of inertia of a uniform circular disc- Moment of inertia of an annular disc- Moment of inertia of a hollow cylinder - Moment of inertia of a solid sphere- Moment of inertia of a spherical shell- Moment of inertia of a solid cone-Routh`s rule-Kinetic energy of a body rolling on a horizontal plane-acceleration of a body rolling down an inclined plane.


UNIT V: OSCILLATIONS (8 Hours)

Linear harmonic oscillator-energy of a simple harmonic oscillator –simple harmonic oscillations of a loaded spring-Helmholtz resonator-Oscillations of two masses connected by a spring-Damped harmonic oscillators-energy of a damped harmonic oscillator-Forced oscillations.


TEXT BOOK :

BRIJLAL,N.SUBRAHMANYAM,J IVAN SESHAN, Mechanics and Electrodynamics , S.Chand & Company ltd-2005 (ISBN:81-219-2591-6)]


REFERENCE BOOK:

Elements of Properties of Matter-D.S .Mathur[S.Chand & Company ltd-2005 (ISBN:81-219-0815-9)]

THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)

Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

MP22

Semester

: II

No. of hrs. allotted :

5

Paper

: Core

No. of credits :

4


OPTICS


Course Objectives :

  • To provide a broad overview of the elementary concepts of optics.

  • To discuss in detail the three crucial phenomena in Optics viz. Interference, Diffraction and Polarization and their occurrence in day to day life.


UNIT I LIGHT AND LENS (14 HRS)

Introduction to light -Fermat‘s Principle of Least time-Rectilinear propagation of light-Laws of Reflection-Laws of Refraction- Total internal reflection- Lenses-terminology-conjugate points –planes and distances-image tracing-location of the image-sign convention-thin lens-lens equation-lens maker`s equation-power-equivalent focal length of two thin lenses.

UNIT II DISPERSION (14 HRS)

Dispersion by a prism-Refraction through a prism-Angular dispersion-Dispersive power-Angular and chromatic dispersions-Achromatic combination of prisms-Deviation without dispersion-dispersion without deviation-Direct vision spectroscope.

UNIT III INTERFERENCE (16HRS)

Coherence – Conditions for interference – Techniques of obtaining interference - Fresnel Biprism – Achromatic fringes – Interferometry – Thin film – Plane parallel film – Interference due to transmitted light – Haidinger fringes – Variable thickness (Wedge-shaped) film – Newton’s rings- Michelson’s interferometer

UNIT IV DIFFRACTION (15 HRS)

Huygen’s – Fresnel theory - Zone plate – Distinction between interference and diffraction – fresnel, Fraunhoffer types of diffraction – Diffraction at a circular aperture– diffraction pattern due to a straight edge-Fraunhoffer diffraction at a single slit, circular aperture – Plane diffraction grating

UNIT V POLARIZATION (16 HRS)

Polarized light – Production of linearly polarized light – Polarizer and analyzer – Anisotropic crystals – Calcite crystal – Huygens’ explanation of double refraction – Phase difference between e-ray and o-ray – Superposition of waves linearly at right angles – Types of polarized light – Effect of polarizer on transmission of polarized light – Retarders or wave plates – Production of elliptically and circularly polarized light – analysis of polarized light – Optical activity – Specific rotation – Laurent’s half-shaded polarimeter.


TEXT BOOK:

N. SUBRAHMANYAM, BRIJLAL & M.N. AVADHANULU ; A Text Book Of Optics , S.CHAND,2006(ISBN:81-219-2611-4)


REFERENCE BOOK:

F.A. JENKINS, H.E. WHITE, Fundamentals Of Optics (4TH EDITION) MCGRAW- HILL BOOK COMPANY,1981(ISBN:0-07-032330-5)


THIAGARAJAR COLLEGE – AUTONOMOUS, MADURAI – 625 009

(Re Accredited With ‘A’ Grade by NAAC)

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS

(From 2011 – 14 batch onwards)

Course

: B.Sc. Physics

Code :

ESP21(M)

Semester

: II

No. of hrs. allotted :

2

Paper

: Skill Based Elective

No. of credits :

2


MEDICAL PHYSICS-II

Course Objectives :

  • To discuss in detail the working of various medical instruments and to provide practical knowledge regarding the same.

  • To create an awareness in the students about the banes and boons of nuclear radiation.

  • To help students appreciate the beneficial uses of radiation.


UNIT I (15 HRS)

Types of lenses – Focal length – Combination of lenses – Power (Diopter) of a lens Defects in eye – Intraocular pressure measurement – Glaucoma – Correction of defects using lenses – Sensing & Tracing of electric pulses – EEG & ECG – NMR – magnetic resonance imaging – MRI scanning Instrument – Working of heart and lung machine – Artificial kidney .


UNIT II (15 HRS)

Effect of UV, visible & IR radiations on human body – IR lamp & IR therapy – Biological effect of radiation – Radiation damage in embryo and fetus during pregnancy – demerits of different diagnostic and theraptic methods of nuclear medicine during pregnancy – Radiation hazards in man – radiation hazards in atmosphere and space.

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