Course content: Food, Ecology and Nutrition: Balanced diets, reliable food sources, clean drinking water, stable agricultural systems fed by predictable water flow, and plant pollinators all contribute to the stability and well-being of a populace’s nutritional health. Caloric intake alone is not a sufficient indicator of an individual’s or a society’s nutritional status. Healthy populations require healthy environments and sufficient nutrients to meet basic dietary needs. Ecosystems Health and Monitoring : Healthy ecosystems are important to life on Earth. They provide priceless services such as air purification, water filtration and food production, and they support a tremendous diversity of plant and animal species.
1. Watts, Michael .J. 1987. Conjunctures and Crisis: Food, Ecology and Population, and the Internationalization of Capital. Journal of Geography, v86 n6 p292-99 Nov-Dec 1987.
2. Ecology of Food and Nutrition Journal. ISSN: 1543-5237 (electronic) 0367-0244 (paper) . Publication Frequency: 6 issues per year . Subjects: Anthropology - Soc Sci; Food Chemistry; Publisher: Routledge.
Benchmarking: The Earth Institute, Columbia University.
Emergency MANAGEMENT System 3 sks
Course Objectives: Accidents and emergency situations have plagued man since the beginning of history and will undoubtedly occur during our conceivable future. Armed with knowledge and skills for managing such occurrences can lessen their impacts on society. This course presents the theories, principles, and approaches to emergency management. The philosophy of Comprehensive Emergency Management will be discussed with the four attendant steps which include mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. An analysis of past disasters will be presented along with their impacts on policy formation leading up to the current FEMA all-hazards approach. The role, duties, and importance of the Emergency Manager will be discussed throughout the semester. Finally, legal issues involving emergency management will be presented.
Course content: Introduction to Emergency Management; The Function and Evolution of Emergency Management; Organizing and Planning in Emergency Management; Governmental Roles in Emergency Management; Earthquakes and Volcanoes; Hurricanes and Floods; Tornadoes & Wildfires; Hazardous Materials Incidents; Disaster Mitigation and Hazard Management; Air Disasters; Oral Presentations; Planning, Training, and Exercising; Structural Failures; Oral Presentations; Managing Disaster Response Operations; Public Health Emergencies; Oral Presentations; All-Hazards Programs; Recovery from Disaster; Legal Aspects of Emergency Management.
Dosen: Dr. Agung Permana MS
1. Platt, R. H. (1999). Disasters and Democracy. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.
2. FEMA (1998). The Emergency Program Manager. Washington, D.C.: Government Publishing.
3. Waugh, William & Hy, Ronald. (1990). Handbook of Emer gency Management. Westport, CT: The Greenwood Press.
4. Kaplan, Laura G. (1996). Emergency and Disaster Planning Manual. New York: McGraw-Hill.
5. Henry W. Fischer, III-2 nd ed. (1998). Response to disaster; Fact versus Fiction and its perpetuation, The Sociology of Disaster.
Benchmarking: Arizona State University.
Environmental Labelling (EL). 3 sks
This course is aimed to provide students with the recent global trends and significance of environmental design and green manufacture in industry; ensure that students are aware of the regulatory requirements of European Union (EU), China, USA, Japan, and other regions on Green design and manufacture; provide students with a holistic approach to green design and manufacture, and to address issues such as: environmental impact; product design, use, and life; technology capabilities; and business benefits; enable students to contribute to society by reducing environmental impact throughout the complete product life cycle by better product design and use.
Course content: Environmental labeling programs and environmental certification schemes are two tools that have been used to promote environmental responsibility within industry. They are largely voluntary programs that provide consumers with environmental information. By enabling environmental criteria to be considered during purchasing decisions, labeling and certification programs help consumers to “vote through the marketplace” for more environmentally responsible products. Some proponents suggest that these voluntary systems may obviate the need for some environmental regulations. Indeed, many governments are considering restructuring their environmental regulation regimes around these voluntary programs. Environmental labeling: The ISO (International Organization for Standardization) has developed standards for the following three types of environmental labeling programs.
Davis M.L. and Masten S.J., Principles of Environmental Engineering and Science, McGraw-Hill, 2004.
Ulrich K.T. and Eppinger S.D., Product Design and Development, McGraw-Hill, 2003.
3. J. Rodrigo, Electrical and Electronic: Practical Design Guide, F. Castells University Rovira I Virgili, Tarragona, Spain, 2002.
4. H. Lewis and J. Gertsakis, Design + Environment: A Global Guide to Design Greener Goods, Greenleaf Publishing Ltd, 2001.
Environmental Management System (EMS)
Principle of Environmental Management System of ISO14001. Development and setting of environmental policy, environmental management system planning. EMS implementation and operating, EMS checking and correction, Management review, including management audit.
The objective of the course introduce students to the major environmental concepts and issues confronting managers working in corporations, businesses, government, industries, and non-profit groups; to be able to design environmental management strategies that reduce environmental impacts, optimize resource use, promote waste reduction and recycling, prevent pollution, and involve public stakeholders, leading to superior environmental and bottom-line performance. The course includes guest speakers, class exercises, role playing, and a student group project—EMS planning for our case study firm.
Pokok bahasan meliputi: Introduction and course overview. Policy background of EMS: UULH dan peraturan perundangan yang berlaku di Indonesia. Environmental management systems overview: ISO 14000 and other EMS frameworks; EMS elements. Management Practice & the Environment; Toward a Sustainable Society. Introduction to ISO 14001 & Other Environmental Management Systems. ISO 14001: Implementation and Operation. ISO 14000 Guidelines. EMS auditing, and certification. Environmental Aspects I: air pollution. Environmental Aspects II: surface water pollution. Environmental Aspects III: land use, groundwater and solid waste. Regulatory processes: Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, and EPA (AMDAL). Green Engineering I: life cycle issues. Management I: EMS impact on operations – quality, capacity, and supply-chain management. Management II: EMS impact on marketing and finance. Implementing EMS in practice. EMS and Occupational and Public Health & Safety. Putting the Pieces Together: EMS, strategic planning, management integration, and planned organization change.
1. Principles of Environmental Management; The Greening of Business; by Rogene A. Buchholz; Second Edition, Prentice Hall, 1998 (Required).
2. ISO 14001 Implementation Manual; by Gayle Woodside, Patrick Aurrichio, and Jeanne Yturri; McGraw Hill, 1998.
3. Ibbotson, Brett, and John-David Phyper, eds. 1996. Environmental Management in Canada. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited.
4. Welford, Richard. 1996. Environmental Strategy and Sustainable Development: The Corporate Challenge for the Twenty-First Century. New York: Routledge.
5. Juran, J.M, “Quality Control Handbook”, McGraw Hill, 1988
6. Menon, H.G., ” TQM in New Product Manufacturing”, McGraw Hills, 1992
7. Soin, S.S., “Total Quality Control Essentials”, McGraw Hill, 1992
8. King, B., “Better Designs in Half the Time”, GOAL/QPC, 1989
9. Phadke, M.S., “Quality Engineering Using Robust Design”, Prentice Hall, 19892.
11. ISO 14001 Environmental Management System.
Benchmarking: University of New Orleans; Environmental Management.
Environmental Performance Evaluation 3 sks
At the end of this course, students will be able to: describe the key steps in an EPE model explain the role of EPE in developing, maintaining and improving an EMS identify a range of performance indicators select suitable indicators to track environmental performance.
Course content: Environmental Management: Awareness to ISO 14001; Environmental Legislation; Performance Evaluation; Climate Change; EU Emissions Trading Scheme; WEEE & ROHS Directive Awareness; Environmental Review; Implementing ISO 14001; ISO 14001 Internal Auditor; ISO 14001 Lead Auditor; Auditor Conversion to ISO 14001; Changes To ISO 14001.
1. ISO/TC207/SC4/JWG. ISO 14031: 1999(E) - Environmental Performance Evaluation – Guidelines. Canadian Standards Association.
2. ISO/TC207/SC4/JWG. ISO/TR 14032: 1999 - Examples of Environmental Performance Evaluation (EPE). Canadian Standards Association.
3. Kuhre, W. Lee. ISO 14031- Environmental Performance Evaluation (EPE): Practical Tools for Conducting an Environmental Performance Evaluation. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddler River, NJ. 1998.
4. ISO 14031: Environmental Performance Evaluation . By David Putnam, P.Eng., CEA, Altech Environmental Consulting Ltd.
Benchmarking: SGS United Kingdom Ltd. Training Services
FREEPOST SCE7430. Camberley. Surrey, GU15 3BR
Epidemiologi Lingkungan 3 sks
Tujuan mata kuliah ini: to give students an understanding of the main themes in environmental epidemiology, with particular emphasis on methods of investigation, including those of time-series and spatial analysis. It covers pollution of the air, water and land, of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, and the investigation of disease clusters. Emphasis is given to critical interpretation of scientific evidence relating to potential environmental hazards to health.
Pokok bahasan: the uses of epidemiology and appreciate the issues to be considered before undertaking an epidemiological study; the use of measures of disease frequency (prevalence and incidence), measures of effect (e.g. rate/risk ratios and rate/risk differences) and measures of public health impact (e.g. population attributable risk fraction); The principles and relative merits of different study designs and be aware of the main analytic methods available; The uses, strengths and limitations of routine data sources in both developed and developing countries; The concepts and implications of sampling error, bias and confounding in epidemiological studies and be aware of the strategies available to deal with them; The concepts of misclassification and validity of disease and exposure measurements, and appreciate the principles and practice of disease screening; The issues that need to be considered when judging whether there is a causal link between exposure and disease; The critical evaluation of the results and interpretations of published epidemiological studies; choice of study design appropriate to address particular epidemiological questions.
2. Boice JD. Chapter 15: Ionizing Radiation. In Schottenfeld D, Fraumeni JF Jr (eds.). Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention. Third Edition. Oxford University Press. New York, New York, 2006.
3. Consonni D, Pestori AC, Zochetti C, et al. Mortality in a population exposed todioxin after the Seveso, Italy accident in 1976: 25 years of follow-up. Am J Epidemiol 2008;167:847-58.
4. Friessen MC, Davies HW, Teschke K, et al. Impact of the specificity of the exposure metric on exposure-response relationships. Occup Environ Med 2007; 18:88-94
5. Kopecky KJ, Stepanenko V, Rivkind N, et al.Childhood Thyroid Cancer, radiation Dose from Chernobyl, and Dose Uncertainites in Bryansk Oblast, Russia: A Population-Based Case-Control Study. Rad Res 2006;166:367-374.
6. MacKenzie WR, Hoxie NJ, Proctor ME, et al. A massive outbreak in Milwaukee of Cryptosporidium infection transmitted through the public water supply. N Engl J Med 1994;331:161-7.
7. McCauley L, Anger WK, Keifer M, et al. Studying health outcomes in farmworker populations exposed to pesticides. Environ Health Perspect 2006;114:953-60.
8. Meejer JD, Rossano MG, Protas B, et al. Cadmium, lead, and other metals in relation to semen quality: human evidence for molybdenum as a male reproductive toxicant. Environ Health Perspect 2008;116:1473-9.
9. Merrill RM. Environmental Epidemiology: Principles and Methods. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2008, pp 3-35
10. Miller KA, Siscovick DS, Sheppard L, et al. Long-term exposure to air pollution and incidence of cardiovascular events in women. N Engl J Med 2007;356:447-58.
11. Villanueva CM, Kantor KP, Grimalt JO, et al. Bladder cancer and exposure to water disinfection by-products through ingestion, bathing, showering, & swimming in pools. Am J Epidemiol 2007;165:148-56.
Benchmarking: WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY
Department of Environmental Health
ETIKA Lingkungan 3 sks
The major objectives are to (1) gain an understanding of the field of moral philosophy as it appertains to environmental ethics; (2) gain an understanding of the context of environmental, personal and professional ethics ; (3) become familiar with the use of ethical theory in environmental analysis; (4) To understand the major applications of ethics to environmental ; (5) be introduced to some of the major alternatives in ethical theory in environmental policy; (6) be able to incorporate environmental ethics into professional judgments in environmental decision.
Course content: Introduction to ethical theory: A general discussion of the major fields of moral theory. The distinction between personal, professional and public ethics will be discussed. The modern and post-modern paradigm of scientific reductionism will be examined.
A review of general philosophical ethics: A discussion of how ethics in general relates to environmental policy analysis. A discussion of homocentric, biocentric and ecocentric theory to environmental policy.
Applications of ethics to environmental policy: Discussion of how to apply ethical theory to environmental issues. An historical review of ethics in environmental policy. Animal rights, ecofeminism, deep ecology, and social ecology. The application of moral theory to ecology and ecology to moral theory. Ecology and ethics in environmental policy. Can there be a monist theory of environmental ethics?
A discussion of the land ethic: A general discussion of the application of ethical theory to environmental policy. Environmental activism and the role of personal ethics in environmental policy.
Armstrong and Botzler (editors). 1993. Environmental Ethics: Divergence and Convergence. McGraw-Hill.
Donald VanDeVeer and Christine Pierce (editors) 1994. The Environmental ethics and Policy Book: Philosophy, Ecology, Economics. Wadsworth Publishing.
Pojman (editor). 1994. Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application. Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Bormann and Kellert (editors) Ecology, Economics, Ethics: The Broken Circle. Yale.
Engel and Engel (editors) Ethics of Environment and Development: Global Challenge and International Response. Arizona.
Ferre and Hartel (editors) Ethics and Environmental Policy: Theory Meets Practice. Georgia.
Gruen and Jamieson (editors) Reflecting on Nature: Readings in Environmental Philosophy. Oxford.
Pojman (editor) Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application. Jones and Bartlett.
Elliot (editor)1995. Environmental Ethics. Oxford University Press.
Soule and Lease (editors) 1995. Reinventing Nature?: Responses to postmodern deconstruction. Island Press.
Benchmarking: University of Colorado
Evaluasi Kebijakan Lingkungan 3 sks
Environmental Policy Analysis
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to: Articulate the role and responsibilities of the policy scientist/ analyst in advancing knowledge and practice in environmental and natural resource decision-making. Differentiate among methods used to synthesize knowledge, forecast results, analyze programs, and evaluate outcomes of environmental and natural resource policies. Critically analyze various natural resource and environmental policy analyses. Identify and carry out key aspects of a policy analysis study including preparation and presentation of an analysis of a natural resource or environmental policy or program.
Course content: Introduction to Policy Analysis: Process & Participants ; Political Environment for Policy Analysis ; Role of the Policy Analyst; Analysis Overview ; Define the Problem Construct Policy Alternatives; Data Collection Overview ; Focus Groups and Nominal Group Design; Interviews, Observations and Other Methods ; Mail Surveys and the Delphi technique; Benefit Transfer ; Ecosystem Valuation ; Evaluation Criteria; Sampling and Data Quality ; Data Analysis; Comparing alternatives ; Presenting Analysis Results; Policy Analysis Presentations; Policy Analysis Presentations.
1. Cohen, Steven (2006) Understanding Environmental Policy. New York: Columbia University Press.
2. Drysek, John S. (1997) The Politics of the Earth: Environmental Discourses. (New York: Oxford University Press).
3. Durant, Robert, Daniel Fiorino, and Rosemary O’Leary (eds) (2004) Environmental Governance Reconsidered: Challenges, Choices, and Opportunities. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
4. Field, Barry C. (2007) Environmental Policy: an Introduction. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press.
5. Lutter, Randall and Jason Shogren (eds) (2004) Painting the White House Green. Washington, DC: Resources for the Future Press.
Benchmarking: School of Planning, College of Design, Architecture, Art, and Planning; University of Cincinnati
Farming System Management 3 sks
Course content: Farming Systems - Components - need for farming systems approach - cropping systems - Importance of cropping systems - objectives and scope in the tropics with special reference to Indian conditions - principles - definition of terms - multiple, relay, inter, mixing and multistoreyed cropping - Population and geometry of planting of associated crops - competitive and complementary effects. Other components - dairy - poultry - rabbits – piggery - sheep and goat - sericulture - agriculture - horticulture - agroforestry - fisheries - value based products - mushroom culture - biogas production.
Factors influencing choice and size of enterprises in an integrated farming system - merits of integrated farming systems - organic recycling - research allocation to different enterprises - evaluation - research methodology for station and onfarm trials - inter disciplinary approach in farming system research - economics of farming system - role of farming system management in sustainable agriculture.
Indices for biological and economic evaluation of cropping system - preparation of cropping system under different resources - methodology for on - farm research- review of cropping system experiments in India and Tamil Nadu - components of farming system and their contribution. - planning Cropping system to suit resource availability for selected intensive cropping system. Collection of data on resource availability-allocation and use efficiency - analysis of risks involved and opportunity available – piggery - sheep and goat - rabbits - dairy - sericulture - fisheries. - Suggestion for development and alternate farming systems.
Francies, C.A. (1986). Multiple Cropping System Mac. Millan – New York.
Palaniappan. SP (1985). Cropping Systems in the Tropics – Principles and management. Willey Eastersn Limited. New Delhi.
Ruthenberg. H. (1980). Farming Systems in the tropics. Oxford Clarendon Press.
Shaner, W.W., P.G. Philip and W.R. Schmehll. 1982. Farming systems research and development. A. guideline for development countries. Westview Press. Boelder Colorodo.
Zandstra, H. E.Price, J. Lisinger and R.S. Morris, 1981. Methodology for on-farm cropping systems. Research, IRRI. Los Banos – Philippines.
Benchmarking : Tamil Nadu Agriculture University
GIS for Environmental Applications 3 sks
The applications of GIS for environment managements are endless and varied in environmental spheres and specific environmental issues. GIS for environment assists the use of location-based data with management tools in the decision making processes that together can form an environmental management strategy.
The specific objectives of the course include: (1) Introduce principles and steps of spatial modeling with GIS.; (2) Provide students with a series of practical exercises to develop technical proficiency in spatial modeling and database development for environmental applications using GIS; (3) Understand the utilities and limitations of GIS in environmental management decision-making; (4) Have the ability to discuss the application of GIS techniques to real-world environmental issues; (5) Develop skills in using GIS software tools for advance analysis and modeling techniques; (6) Introduce graphical modeling and customization possibilities to solve custom tasks in GIS.
Course content: The principles and elements of Global Positioning systems (GPS) ; Identification of the errors associated with GPS systems ; The concepts and functioning of Differential Global Positioning Systems (DGPS) ; The concept of spatial variability ; The scope of precision farming and the know the precision farming cycle; The potential benefits of Precision Agriculture ; Real-time field mapping and grid soil sampling ; Variable rate nutrient and other agri-chemical digital application maps; Monitor and map yield data and post processing of the yield maps ; Work with precision farming software (i.e.) SGIS suite of software (Farm GPS, Grid Sampler, Farm Lab, SGIS, and Farm HMS).
GIS Modeling Theory, Classifying Models, Modeling Process . Air Pollution Modeling with GIS: Modeling source factors, atmosphere factors and environmental factors, statistical and dynamic models. Modeling of Environment Spatial Databases: Spatial database modeling process, geodatabase model schemas samples.
1. Andy Mitchell. The ESRI Guide to GIS Analysis, vol.1: Geographic Patterns and Relationships, ESRI Press, Redlands, CA, 1999.
2. Burgh P.A. 1986. Principles of geographical Information System for Land Resources Assessment, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
3. Burrough P A 2000 P A McDonnell . 2000. Principles of Geographical Information systems, London: Oxford University Press
4. Haywood.L, Comelius.S and S. Carver. 1988. A Introduction to Geographical Information Systems, Addison Wiley Longmont, New York.
5. Juliana Maantay and John Zeigler. 2006. GIS for the Urban Environment. ESRI Press, Redlands, CA, 2006
Benchmarking: CENTRE FOR ENVIRONMENT, UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO
GLOBAL WARMING 3 sks
There have been few environmental issues that have polarized a nation as much as Global Warming. From those who predict that the Earth will eventually get so hot that it will self-incinerate to those who believe that the entire notion of a warming planet is something manufactured by political operatives anxious to please their constituents, Global Warming is an issue that has been and will continue to be hotly contested in both public and private arenas.
This course presents the science behind the forecast of global warming to enable the student to evaluate the likelihood and potential severity of anthropogenic climate change in the coming centuries. An overview of the physics of the greenhouse effect including comparisons with Venus and Mars; overview of the carbon cycle in its role as a global thermostat; predictions and reliability of climate model forecasts of the greenhouse world; an examination of the records of recent and past climates.
Course content: "What is the Greenhouse Effect". The nature of light as an energy carrier through vacuum, and with the nature of gases, pressure, and the structure of theatmosphere. How light interacts with matter, which explains why only certain wavelengths are absorbed and also, parenthetically, the "ultraviolet catastrophe" paradox which led to the development of quantum mechanics. How blocking outgoing infrared light by CO2 can make the earth hotter.
"Fossil Fuel and the Carbon Cycle", and how the greenhouse effect theory and CO2 cycling fit into geologists' theories about the long-term climates of Earth, Venus, and Mars. Where the energy stored in fossil fuels comes from, and something about relative warming potential of different forms of energy. "Clearly for planetary good housekeepng we should watch where we put our carbon" (Weiner, The Next One Hundred Years). "The Forecast". The mechanics of how climate models work, the sources of uncertainty in climate forecasting, and discuss records of recent and past climates, including records of abrupt climate change in recent climate of the past.
Spesific discussion topics: Introduction to Global Warming; Understanding Climatology; The Greenhouse Effect; Where is all the Hot Air Coming From?; The Effects of Global Warming - Part 1 ; The Effects of Global Warming - Part II ; The Scientific Support for Global Warming ; The Argument Against Global Warming; Our Response Thus Far; Doing our Part.
Anderson, J. W. 2001. How the Kyoto Protocol developed: a brief history. in M. A. Toman, editor. Climate Change Economics and Policy. Resources for the Future, Washington, DC.
Ashmore, M. R. 2005. Assessing the future global impacts of ozone on vegetation. Plant, Cell and Environment 28:949-964.
Chameides, W. L., P. S. Kasibhatla, J. Yienger, and H. Levy, II. 1994. Growth of continental-scale metro-agro-plexes, regional ozone pollution and world food production. Science 264:74-77.
Kolstad, C. D., and M. A. Toman. 2001. The economics of climate policy. in M. A. Toman, editor. Climate Change Economics and Policy. Resources for the Future, Washington, DC.
Mack, R. N., D. Simberloff, W. M. Lonsdale, H. Evans, M. Clout, and F. I. Bazzaz. 2000. Biotic invasions: Causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control. Ecological Applications 10:689-710.
Millenium Assessment. 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Synthesis. Island Press, Washington, DC.
Polasky, S., C. Costello, and A. Solow. 2005. The economics of biodiversity. in J. Vincent and K.-G. Maler, editors. The Handbook of Environmental Economics. Elsevier, North Holland.
Socolow, R., R. Hotinkski, J. B. Greenblatt, and S. Pacala. 2004. Solving the climate problem: technologies available to curb CO2 emissions. Environment 46:8-19.
Swanson, T. 1997. The Biodiversity Convention: a meeting of the minds? in Global Action for Biodiversity. Earthscan.
Vitousek, P. M. 1994. Beyond global warming: ecology and global change. Ecology 75:1861-1876.
Benchmarking: UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO.
HUKUM LINGKUNGAN 3 sks
The objective of this course is to motivate student to question history and authority, expand student view of race, gender, class and the environmental to a global scale and perspective. Since the linking of social and environmental justice movement is relatively young this course will be an exciting opportunity to work as a group to clarify and promote the issues surrounding the environmental justice movement.
Mata kuliah ini juga dirancang untuk memahami perkembangan kebijakan dan hukum penyelenggaraan pengelolaan SDA & lingkungan hidup dalam rangka pembangunan berkelanjutan yang berwawasan lingkungan pada norma hukum dengan memperhatikan tingkat kesadaran masyarakat dan perkembangan lingkungan global serta perangkat hukum internasional yang berkaitan dengan SDA & lingkungan hidup. Menelaah tentang peraturan perundangan yang bersangkutan, yang tumbuh dan berkembang sesuai dengan masalah-masalah lingkungan yang aktual untuk memperoleh cara pengaturan dan implementasinya yang tepat serta menjawab tantangan-tantangan pada era otonomi daerah dan era globalisasi.
1. Bowen, William. 2002. “An Analytical Review of Environmental Justice Research: What do we really know?” Environmental Management 29 (1): 3-15.
2. Brechen S., P. Wilshuen, C. Fortwangler, P. West. 2003. “The Road Less Traveled: Towards Nature Protection with Social Justice.” In Contested Nature: Promoting International Biodiversity with Social Justice in the Twenty-firth Century. S. Brechen, P. Wilshuen, C. Fortwangler, P. West, eds, pp 251-270. Albany: State University of New York Press.
3. Brechen, P. Wilshuen, C. Fortwangler, P. West, eds. 2003. Contested Nature: Promoting International Biodiversity with Social Justice in the Twenty-first Century. Albany: State University of New York Press.
4. Fortwangler, C. 2003 “Incorporating Social Justice and Human Rights into Protected Area Policies”. In Contested Nature: Promoting International Biodiversity with Social Justice in the Twenty-firth Century. S. Brechen, P. Wilshuen, C. Fortwangler, P. West, eds, pp 25-40. Albany: State University of New York Press.
5. Keck, M. 1995. ‘Social Equity and Environmental Politics in Brazil: Lessons from the Rubber Tappers of Acre” Comparative Politics 27 (4): 409-424.
6. Pellow, David. 2000. “Environmental Inequality Formation,” American Behavioral Scientist 43(4): 581-601.
7. Peluso, Nancy Lee, 2000. "Coercing Conservation?: The Politics of State Resource Control" Global Environmental Change 3:2 (June):199-218.
8. Szasz, Andres and Michael Meusser. 2000. “Unintended, Inexorable: The Production of Environmental Inequalities in Santa Clara County, California,” American Behavioral Scientist 43(4): 602-632.
9. Talyor, Doreceta. 2000. “The Rise of the Environmental Justice Paradigm: Injustice Framing and the Social Construction of Environmental Discourses,” American Behavioral Scientist 43(4): 508-566.
10. Taylor, Dorceta. 2000. Advances in Environmental Justice: Research, Theory, and Methodology. American Behavioral Scientist 43(4): 602-632
Benchmarking: Tropical Resources Institute. Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. YALE UNIVERSITY.
KEMISKINAN DAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP 3 sks
Poverty and Environmental Problems
Sustainable Development 1: Growth and the Environment. The Simple Economics of Easter Island: A Ricardo-Malthus Model of Renewable Resource Use ; Positive Model of Growth and Pollution Control. Structural Change and Sustainable Development. Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability.
Sustainable Development 2: Poverty and the Environment. Where Development Can or Cannot Go: The Role of Poverty-Environment Linkages, Managing Environmental Wealth for Poverty Reduction. Poverty and Environmental Partnership.
Humans & Sustainability : Living Sustainably ; Population Growth , Economics, Poverty & Globalization ; Resources , Pollution , Environmental & Resource Problems , Cultural Changes & Sustainability , Are We Living Sustainably? , Economy & the Environment , Economics & Environmental Quality , Poverty & Environmental Quality , Environmental Sustainable Economies .
Environmental Issues: Environmental degradation - deforestation - urbanization - population explosion and other environmental hazards - depleting natural resources and relationship between poverty and environmental degradation and vice versa - competition, man's thoughtless exploitation of natural resources - Hiroshima and Nagasaki - Bhopal tragedy - Gulf war - oil pollution. Principles of Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Monitoring and Auditing. Environmental ethics and laws - Earth summits - Role of Governmental & Non-Governmental agencies for environmental monitoring.
1. Bodley, John H. 2008. Anthropology and Contemporary Human Problems (5thedition). Altamira Press: Lanham, MD.
2. Gardner, G. T. & Stern, P. C. (2002). Environmental problems and human behavior, 2nd ed. Boston: Pearson Custom Publishing. 371 pp. ISBN: 0536686335 .
3. Hannen, Nora and Wilk, R.(editors), 2006. The Environment in Anthropology: A Reader in Ecology, Culture, and Sustainable Living. New York University Press: New York, NY.
4. López, R. (1998). “Where Development Can or Cannot Go: The Role of Poverty-Environment Linkages,” in B. Pleskovic and J. Stiglitz, eds., Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics 1997, The World Bank, Washington, D.C.
5. Myers, Norman and Kent, Jennifer.2005. The New Atlas of Planet Management. University of California Press: Berkeley, CA.
6. Pearce, David (2005). Managing Environmental Wealth for Poverty Reduction. Poverty and Environmental Partnership, MDG7 Initiative, UNDP, New York.
Benchmarking: THE UNITED NATION UNIVERSITY
Kesehatan Lingkungan 3 sks
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to: Define the major sources and types of environmental agents; Discuss the transport and fate of these agents in the environment; Identify the carriers or vectors that promote the transfer of these agents from the environment to the human; Describe how these agents interact with biological systems, and the mechanisms by which they exert adverse health effects; Explain and use models for prediction of the magnitude of adverse effects in biological systems; Identify and define the steps in the risk-assessment and risk-management processes; Describe the steps in the regulatory processÃ‘in terms of risk assessment and risk managementÃ‘and identify current legislation and regulation regarding environmental issues; Identify significant gaps in the current knowledge base concerning the health effects of environmental agents and identify areas of uncertainty in the risk-assessment process.
Course Topics :
Human impact on the environment ; Environment-human interaction ; Environmental impact on humans ; Exposure, dose, response ; Environmental toxicology ; Environmental carcinogenesis ; Risk assessment and management ; Indoor and outdoor air pollution ; Environmental health economics and policy ; Occupational health ; Food- and water-borne disease ; Municipal, industrial, and hazardous waste ; Environmental justice and policy ; Risk communication.
Blumenthal, D. S., and Ruttenber, A. J. (1995). Introduction to environmental health. Second Edition. New York: Springer.
Lippmann, M. (Ed.). (1992). Environmental toxicants: Human exposures and their health effects. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Moeller, D. W. (1997). Environmental health (Revised ed.). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Moore, G. S. (1999). Living with the earth: Concepts in environmental health science. Boca Raton: Lewis Publishers.
Nadakavukaren, A. (2000). Our global environment: A health perspective (5th ed.) Prospect Heights: Waveland Press, Inc.
Philp, R. B. (1995). Environmental hazards and human health. Boca Raton: Lewis Publishers.
Yassi, A., Kjellstrom, T., de Kok, T., Guidotti, T. L. (2001). Basic environmental health. New York: Oxford University Press.
Benchmarking: Johns Hopkins University
Konservasi SUMBERDAYA ALAM 3 sks