Approved Anatomies of Empire: Race, Evolution and Scientific Networks in the Twentieth Century




НазваниеApproved Anatomies of Empire: Race, Evolution and Scientific Networks in the Twentieth Century
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Summary of Discovery Projects Proposals for Funding to Commence in 2009


New South Wales


The University of Sydney


DP0985845 Prof WH Anderson; Dr RL Jones


Approved Anatomies of Empire: Race, Evolution and Scientific Networks in the Twentieth Century

Project Title British World

2009 : $ 120,000

2010 : $ 110,000

2011 : $ 90,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES

APD Dr RL Jones

Administering Organisation The University of Sydney


Project Summary

Our research demonstrates how Australian scientists, Australian field experiences, and Australian materials were

central to comparative anatomy, evolutionary theory and race science in the twentieth century. This study uncovers

for the first time the powerful imperial network of racial biologists and physical anthropologists whose influential

studies of human nature and racial classification derived from Australian work. These ideas about what it means to

be human, hitherto unexamined historically, continue to underpin our contemporary assumptions about ethnic

difference, Aboriginal status, multiculturalism, and national identity.


DP0988402 Prof SW Armfield; Dr MP Kirkpatrick; Dr W Lin


Approved Investigation and optimisation of displacement ventilation and cooling systems

Project Title

2009 : $ 75,000

2010 : $ 75,000

2011 : $ 75,000

2012 : $ 75,000

Primary RFCD 2918 INTERDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING


Administering Organisation The University of Sydney


Project Summary

An accurate optimisation design tool for cooling and ventilation will be of considerable benefit to the Australian

building/construction industry, and will lead to a reduction in energy consumption, thereby reducing both consumer

costs and Australia's total greenhouse gas output, as well as providing Australian industry with a competitive

advantage. Turbulence modelling for stratified fluids is one of the grand challenge areas of science, and graduate

students and postdoctoral researchers trained in this area will be well placed to make a significant contribution to

the new technologies needed to address the major environmental problems currently being faced.


DP0989020 Prof GW Barton; Dr X Fan


Approved Numerically Robust Extruder Die Design for Fabricating High Quality Preforms for

Project Title Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibres

2009 : $ 145,000

2010 : $ 125,000

2011 : $ 135,000

Primary RFCD 2804 COMPUTATION THEORY AND MATHEMATICS


Administering Organisation The University of Sydney


Project Summary

Microstructural polymer optical fibres (mPOFs) were pioneered in Australia, are now comparable in performance

(but much more versatile) than conventional polymer fibre, and are a highly attractive commercial option. Potential

industrial applications envisage cost effective preform fabrication as a key issue, with extrusion as the favoured

route. This interdisciplinary project benefits Australia by (i) extending and exploiting our research advantages in

advanced photonics and computational rheology, (ii) providing the 'missing link' for large scale mPOF production

and positioning us to reap the economic benefits of this innovative technology, and (iii) providing computational

techniques for rheological modelling that are applicable in diverse Australian industry sectors.


DP0984518 A/Prof AC Bashford; Dr J McAdam; Dr SS Amrith


Approved Immigration Restriction and the Racial State, c. 1880 to the present

Project Title

2009 : $ 95,000

2010 : $ 120,000

2011 : $ 78,000

2012 : $ 50,000

Primary RFCD 4301 HISTORICAL STUDIES


Administering Organisation The University of Sydney


Project Summary

Legislating the specific criteria by which people are refused entry into sovereign territory has posed critical

problems for policy and law from the late nineteenth century to the present day. By analysing the long history of

medico legal border control in the Asia Pacific region, the project will uncover previously forgotten legal and policy

links and will analyse a history of mutual influence between Australia and neighbouring nations. This will

productively assist a policy environment (both national and international) primed for ever more intense border

control.


DP0984232 Prof RC Baxter


Approved How IGFBP 3 improves cancer cell responsiveness to DNA damaging therapies

Project Title

2009 : $ 160,000

2010 : $ 160,000

2011 : $ 160,000

Primary RFCD 2701 BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY


Administering Organisation The University of Sydney


Project Summary

A protein called IGFBP 3 can modulate the way cancer cells respond to treatments such as radiotherapy and

certain chemotherapy drugs. These therapies, which act by damaging cells' DNA, play an important role in the

treatment of many cancers, but their effectiveness is limited by the ability of cells to oppose the treatment by

repairing damaged DNA. This project aims to discover how IGFBP 3 acts to change cancer cells' response to

treatment, using breast cancer cells growing in culture as a model system. This work has the potential to lead to

improvements in the treatment of cancer patients by increasing our understanding of what happens when cancer

cells are exposed to radio  or chemotherapy.


DP0984731 A/Prof M Beekman; Dr MR Myerscough


Approved House hunting honey bees: speed accuracy trade offs in collective decision making

Project Title

2009 : $ 114,000

2010 : $ 108,000

2011 : $ 108,000

Primary RFCD 2707 ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION


Administering Organisation The University of Sydney


Project Summary

This project will uncover the mechanisms that underlie the trade off between speed and accuracy in collective

decision making. We will study two species of honey bee that differ in the relative importance of speed and

accuracy when deciding on a new home. Natural selection has shaped the decision making process differently in

the two species, one favouring speed, the other accuracy. We will use the natural wisdom evolved by the bees to

design new mathematical models of collective decision making. These can be applied to create efficient

decision making tools that will be useful for any large organization.


DP0987239 Prof BJ Bennett; Prof TR Carney


Approved Legal and Ethical Preparedness for Pandemic Influenza

Project Title

2009 : $ 120,000

2010 : $ 150,000

2011 : $ 160,000

Primary RFCD 3901 LAW


Administering Organisation The University of Sydney


Project Summary

Over 40 million people in the world died in the 1918 Influenza pandemic. Any repetition could have devastating

social and economic costs for Australia and the Region. Community confidence in quarantine or other restrictions

in the medical management of pandemics depends on balancing protection of public health against the rights of

citizens to go about their work and daily lives. By studying the adequacy of existing human pandemic influenza

planning in Australia and the Asian region, this project will contribute to law reform and policy development needed

to command community confidence in the ethical and public policy balances embodied in national pandemic plans,

and the laws and practices which support them.


DP0988751 Prof J Bland Hawthorn; Prof KC Freeman; Dr SC Keller; Prof M Asplund


Approved Galactic Archaeology: a Challenge for the Cold Dark Matter Paradigm

Project Title

2009 : $ 170,000

2010 : $ 170,000

2011 : $ 170,000

Primary RFCD 2401 ASTRONOMICAL SCIENCES


Administering Organisation The University of Sydney


Project Summary

Our proposal capitalizes on Australia's technological leadership in carrying out wide field surveys, and on

Australia's intellectual leadership in stellar astronomy and galactic archaeology. HERMES is the new

Anglo Australian Telescope instrument that will keep Australians competitive in a field that is set to explode in the

coming decade. HERMES will provide a revolutionary dataset that has a stunning synergy with the European

Space Agency's billion dollar GAIA mission and with SkyMapper, the other Australian optical facility soon to come

on line. Our proposal aims to leverage the Australian investment in HERMES and SkyMapper and in the existing

Australian facility AAOmega to derive the maximum amount of science from this investment, both by us and other

HERMES/SkyMapper users.


DP0986224 Prof A Bundy; Dame GA Naughton; Dr PJ Tranter; Dr SR Wyver; Prof LA Baur; Prof WE Schiller;

Prof A Bauman

Approved Popping the Bubblewrap, Unleashing the Power of Play

Project Title

2009 : $ 175,923

2010 : $ 102,000

2011 : $ 121,000

Primary RFCD 3212 PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES


Administering Organisation The University of Sydney


Project Summary

The long term costs of childhood obesity, bullying and poor mental health are staggering. Despite the investment of

billions of dollars for prevention and intervention, the statistics continue to worsen. We offer a simple, sustainable,

cost effective programme of prevention aimed at important national priorities within health and research. We

expect to demonstrate a significant effect on children's activity levels, coping and social skills through strategies

that are replicable in every school playground in the nation and to contribute to policy regarding play, health, and

education.


DP0986372 A/Prof DA Carter; Dr J Slapeta


Approved Chromera velia   a new organism for understanding malaria and related parasitic diseases

Project Title

2009 : $ 110,000

2010 : $ 90,000

2011 : $ 90,000

Primary RFCD 3204 MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY


Administering Organisation The University of Sydney


Project Summary

Malaria and related parasitic diseases cause millions of deaths annually. Chromera velia is a recently discovered

organism that was isolated from Australian corals and is the closest known relative to these parasites. Chromera is

able to photosynthesis and live in the absence of a host, making it an excellent organism for developing

antimalarial drugs. In this project we will determine key features of Chromera ecology, morphology, genetics and

biochemistry. The resulting data will allow us to exploit Chromera as a model for developing anti parasitic drugs

and for understanding parasite evolution.


DP0986770 Prof JS Castles


Approved Social transformation and international migration in the 21st century

Project Title

2009 : $ 88,000

2010 : $ 90,000

2011 : $ 90,000

2012 : $ 90,000

2013 : $ 90,000

Primary RFCD 3701 SOCIOLOGY


Administering Organisation The University of Sydney


Project Summary

Understanding the factors that shape international migration is crucial for Australia, because planned immigration

remains a cornerstone of policy, yet traditional assumptions on the predominance of permanent settlement and the

geographical controllability of movement are losing their validity. This project will help create the social scientific

tools for new approaches to understanding migration and diversity at the global, regional and national levels. It will

help Australian governments and civil society address new challenges in this field. It will also contribute to

developing a highly trained workforce for fundamental research on migration and social transformation.


DP0986608 Dr DA Chaikin; A/Prof JC Sharman


Approved The Nexus between Corruption and Money Laundering: Typologies and Policy Responses

Project Title

2009 : $ 100,000

2010 : $ 50,000

2011 : $ 50,000

Primary RFCD 3602 POLICY AND ADMINISTRATION


Administering Organisation The University of Sydney


Project Summary

Australia has sought to take a major role in fighting corruption and money laundering, an aspiration that requires a

thorough knowledge of each problem as well as the links between them. Corruption has contributed to political

instability, state failure and economic underdevelopment in our region. The fight against international money

laundering is a central part of safeguarding Australia from transnational crime. Our findings on the links between

corruption and money laundering, and our suite of typologies, will assist Australian federal and state governments

as well as businesses, to prevent and combat both types of crime.


DP0985367 Prof H Chan


Approved Development of a novel process for the formation of particles with controlled surface

Project Title architecture for respiratory drug delivery

2009 : $ 140,000

2010 : $ 110,000

2011 : $ 110,000

Primary RFCD 2906 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


Administering Organisation The University of Sydney


Project Summary

A successful conclusion of this project will enhance substantially the competitiveness of Australia's research in

functional nanomaterials and advanced biomaterials. The Australian pharmaceutical industry will gain through the

ability to develop proprietary pharmaceutical formulations targeted towards taking advantage of the novel process.

Patients of asthma, lung infection and other serious health problems will benefit from an improved delivery of

therapeutic dose at a much reduced cost. The technology is environmentally friendly as powder aerosol delivery

does not require any harmful organic solvent to operate.

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