Note to Specifier: Revise this specification section to suit project requirements. This specification section includes the use of mechanical deck fasteners and




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НазваниеNote to Specifier: Revise this specification section to suit project requirements. This specification section includes the use of mechanical deck fasteners and
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SECTION 05 31 23

STEEL ROOF DECKING


Note to Specifier: Revise this specification section to suit project requirements. This specification section includes the use of mechanical deck fasteners and arc spot puddle welds.


PART 1 - GENERAL


    1. SUMMARY




  1. Section Includes:

  1. The extent of steel roof deck shown on the Drawings including type of deck, layout and orientation.

  2. Welds and mechanical fastener types, sizes and patterns.




  1. Related Sections:

  1. Concrete: Section 03 1 00 (03100) Concrete Formwork

  2. Concrete: Section 03 31 0 (03310) Structural Concrete

  3. Concrete: Section 03 51 16 (03510) Gypsum Concrete Roof Decks

  4. Masonry: Section 04 22 00 (04220) Concrete Unit Masonry

  5. Metals: Section 05 12 00 (05120) Structural Steel

  6. Metals: Section 05 21 00 (05210) Steel Joists

  7. Thermal and Moisture Protection: Section 07 50 00 (07500) Membrane Roofing

  8. Thermal and Moisture Protection: Section 07 81 00 (07250) Applied Fireproofing

  9. Thermal and Moisture Protection: Section 07 60 00 (07600) Flashing and Sheet Metal

  10. Finishes: Section 09 90 00 (09900) Painting and Coating




    1. REFERENCES




  1. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM):

  1. ASTM A36 – Standard Specification for Structural Steel

  2. ASTM A572 – Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-Vanadium Structural Steel

  3. ASTM A653/A 653M – Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip Process

  4. ASTM B633 – Standard Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Zinc on Iron and Steel

  5. ASTM C423 – Standard Test Method for Sound Absorption and Sound Absorption Coefficients by the Reverberation Room Method




  1. American Institute of Steel and Iron (AISI):

  1. North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members




  1. American National Standard (ANSI)

  1. Safety Requirements for Powder-Actuated Fastening Systems (ANSI A10.3)




  1. American Welding Society (AWS):

  1. Structural Welding Code – Steel (D1.1)

  2. Structural Welding Code – Sheet Steel (D1.3)

  3. Standard Symbols for Welding, Brazing and Nondestructive Examination (A2.4)




  1. Department of the Army, Navy and the Air Force:

  1. Technical Manual – Seismic Design for Buildings (TM 5-809-10, NAVFAC P-355, AFM 88-3, Chapter 13)




  1. Factory Mutual (FM):

  1. Building Materials Approval Directory

  2. Standard Class No. 4450 – Class I Insulated Steel Roof Decks




  1. International Code Council Evaluation Service (ICC-ES):

  1. International Building Code (IBC)

  2. Acceptance Criteria for Steel Deck Roof and Floor Systems (AC43)

  3. Steel Deck Diaphragms Attached with Hilti X-EDNK22 THQ12, X-EDN19 THQ12 or X-ENP-19 L15 Power-Driven Fasteners and Hilti S-SLC 01 M HWH and S-SLC 02 M HWH Sidelap Connectors (ESR-2776)

  4. Bare Steel Deck and Concrete-Filled Steel Deck Diaphragms Attached with Hilti X-ENP-19 L15, X-EDN19 THQ12 or X-EDNK22 THQ12 Fasteners (ESR-2197)




  1. Steel Deck Institute (SDI):

  1. Diaphragm Design Manual – Design Manual for Composite Decks, Form Decks and Roof Decks, 3rd Edition and Appendix VI

  2. Manual of Construction with Steel Deck

  3. Standard Practice Details

  4. Deck Damage and Penetrations




  1. Steel Joist Institute (SJI):

  1. Standard Specification Load Tables and Weight Tables for Steel Joist and Joist Girders, 42nd Edition




  1. Underwriters Laboratories (UL):

  1. Roofing Materials and Systems Directory

  2. Fire Resistance Directory, Volume 1

  3. UL Standard 580 – Tests for Uplift Resistance of Roof Assemblies


1.03 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION


  1. Design Requirements: Provide adequate diaphragm shear strength, uplift resistance and stiffness for imposed load combinations.




  1. Performance Requirements: FM classified Class I-90 minimum for uplift resistance and UL fire classified.


1.04 SUBMITTALS


  1. General: Submittals shall be in accordance with Conditions of the Contract and Section 01 30 00 Submittal Procedures.


B. Shop Drawings Include:

  1. Deck layout and orientation, supporting steel framing and supports with dimensions and section details.

  2. Deck type and profile, dimensions, supports, projections, openings and reinforcement.

  3. Welds and mechanical fastener types, sizes and patterns.

  4. Sidelap connector types, sizes and patterns.

  5. Accessory details.




  1. Design Data Includes:

  1. Calculations in accordance with ICC-ES AC43 or SDI design method verifying allowable diaphragm shear strength and stiffness.

  2. Weld and mechanical fastener performance data including ultimate tension and shear loads and flexibility factors.




    1. QUALITY ASSURANCE




  1. Manufacturer Qualifications:

  1. Steel Roof Deck Manufacturer: Member producer of SDI.

  2. Mechanical Fastener Manufacturer: Member producer of SDI and ISO 9001 accredited for manufacturing quality control.




  1. Pre-Installation Meeting:

  1. Installer shall demonstrate workmanship by conducting representative fastenings and welds at pre-installation meeting subject to guidance from mechanical fastener manufacturer and approval by the Structural Engineer of Record.




    1. DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING




  1. Steel Roof Deck:

  1. Do not rack, bend or mar steel roof deck sheets.

  2. Store steel roof deck sheets and accessories above ground and protected from free weathering with one end elevated.

  3. Cover and ventilate unpainted or uncoated steel roof deck sheets until final installation.

  4. Architecturally exposed steel roof deck sheets shall be appropriately packaged or protected to prevent damage during delivery, storage and handling.




  1. Welding Electrodes and Mechanical Fasteners

  1. Store welding electrodes, mechanical fasteners and powder-actuated cartridges in original packages in a cool, dry location until final installation.

  2. Comply with all project and national safety regulations regarding handling of welding equipment and powder-actuated fastening systems.




  1. Sidelap Connectors

  1. Store sidelap connectors in original packages in a cool, dry location until final installation.


PART 2 - PRODUCTS


    1. ACCEPTABLE MANUFACTURERS




  1. Steel Roof Deck

  1. Vulcraft

  2. Wheeling Corrugating Company

  3. Verco Manufacturing Company

  4. Other approved alternative




  1. Mechanical Fasteners

  1. Hilti, Inc.

2. Other approved alternative


  1. Sidelap Connectors

  1. Hilti, Inc.

  2. Elco Textron

  3. Other approved alternative




    1. MATERIALS

A. Steel Roof Deck:

  1. Galvanized steel: ASTM A653 – SS Designation, Grade 33 with minimum yield strength 33 ksi.

  2. Cold rolled steel:

  1. ASTM A 611 - Grade C with minimum yield 33 ksi.

  2. ASTM A 446 Grade A with zinc coating in accordance with ASTM A 525 G60.

3. Provide deck configurations as follows:

    1. Deck Type _________

  1. Gauge __________

  2. Depth _________ in.

  3. Width _________ in.

  4. Moment of Inertia I = _________ in4/ft.

  5. Section Modulus S = _________ in3/ft.

  6. For acoustical deck, vertical webs except at side joint shall be perforated to provide ____ Noise Reduction Coefficient (NRC). NRC of completed roof deck system shall be determined by tests in accordance with ASTM C423.


B. Welds and Mechanical Fasteners:

  1. Welds:

  1. Material: Electric shielded arc process using minimum E60XX electrodes in accordance with AWS D1.3 procedures

  2. Weld Quality: All welds uniform size and appearance and free of pinholes, porosity, undercutting or other defects

  3. Weld Size: Minimum 5/8 in. effective diameter

  4. Weld Washers: Use on steel roof deck thinner than 22 gauge

2. Mechanical Fasteners:

  1. Material: AISI 1070 modified

  2. Hardness: Minimum Rockwell Hardness C 54.5

  3. Strength: Minimum tensile strength 285 ksi; minimum shear strength 175 ksi

  4. Design and Manufacture: Knurled shank with forged ballistic point. Manufacturing process shall ensure steel ductility and prevent development of hydrogen embrittlement.

  5. Washers:

  1. For steel bar joist framing: Minimum 12 mm (0.472 in.) steel washers

  2. For structural steel framing: Minimum 15 mm (0.591 in.) steel washers

  1. Corrosion Resistance:

  1. For steel roof decks with waterproofing membrane: 5 micron zinc electroplated in accordance with ASTM B 633 SC1 Type III

  2. For exposed steel roof decks: Minimum AISI 304 stainless steel sealing caps with bonded neoprene washer shall be installed over each fastener

  1. Design Requirements:

  1. ICC-ES AC43 or SDI method for diaphragm shear strength and stiffness

  2. FM wind uplift resistance

  3. UL fire classification

  1. Approved Types

  1. For use with steel bar joist and light structural steel framing supports with top chord or flange thickness 1/8 in. to 3/8 in.:

  1. Hilti X-EDNK22 THQ12 (1/8 in. up to and including 1/4 in.)

  2. Hilti X-EDN19 THQ12 (3/16 in. up to and including 3/8 in.)

  3. Other approved alternative

  1. For use with structural steel framing supports with top flange thickness 1/4 in. or thicker:

  1. Hilti X-ENP-19 L15 (1/4 in. or thicker)

b) Other approved alternative


C. Sidelap Connectors

  1. Acceptable types of sidelap connectors:

  1. Top or side seam welds

1) 1-1/2 in. long fillet welds in accordance with AWS D1.3 procedures.

b. Mechanical sidelap connectors

  1. Drive mechanical sidelap connectors completely through adjacent lapped roof deck sheets to achieve positive engagement of adjacent sheets with a minimum of three thread penetration.

2) Material: ASTM A 510 Grade 1022

3) Hardness: Minimum Vickers Surface Hardness of 450 HV0.3

  1. Design and Manufacture: Hex washer head undercut with reverse serrations; self-piercing or stitch point at center

  2. Design Requirements:

  1. ICC-ES AC43 or SDI method for diaphragm shear strength and stiffness

  2. FM wind uplift resistance

  1. Approved Types

  1. Hilti S-SLC01 M HWH Sidelap Connector

  2. Hilti S-SLC02 M HWH Sidelap Connector

  3. Hilti S-MD 10-16 x 3/4 HWH #3 Stainless Steel Screw

d) Other approved alternative

c. Button punches

  1. Button punches shall be deep and positively engage the male and female side edges of adjacent interlocking deck sheets in accordance with steel deck manufacturer recommendations




    1. ACCESSORIES


Note to Specifier: Insert paragraph A if design uses welds on steel deck thinner than 22 ga.

  1. Weld Washers: Flat washers with thickness between 0.05 and 0.08 in. with a minimum pre-punched hole of 3/8 in. diameter.




    1. FINISHES




  1. Prime Painted Finish: Acrylic primer applied to thoroughly cleaned and etched steel. Rust inhibitive primer roller applied and oven cured to thickness 4 micron nominal each side.




  1. Galvanized Finish: Zinc coated in accordance with ASTM A 525 G60 with factory prime paint coat.


PART 3 - EXECUTION


3.01 INSTALLERS


A. Qualifications:

  1. All steel roof deck welders AWS certified for welding of sheet steel.

  2. All mechanical fastener installers certified or licensed by the fastener and tool system manufacturer on the project site in accordance with ANSI A10.3 requirements. Certification or licensing includes all training necessary for proper tool operation, fastener selection, maintenance and troubleshooting.


B. Compliance:

  1. Comply with all manufacturer catalog and carton installation instructions, product data and technical bulletins.


3.02 PREPARATION


  1. Examination: Examine condition of supporting steel framing. Confirm location and elevation of supporting steel framing with the Drawings.




  1. Layout: Place steel roof deck sheets as shown on the Drawings ensuring bearing on supporting steel framing. Sheets shall be true and straight with horizontal deviations less than 1/4 in. in 100 feet. Minimum endlaps 2 in.




  1. Marking: Mark steel roof deck at the centerline of supporting steel members to prevent weld burn through or mechanical fastener punch through. Use a chalk line or indelible marker.




  1. Test Fastenings:

  1. Welds: Perform project specific test welds prior to final installationper AWS D1.3. Test welds are considered examples of representative work.

  2. Mechanical fasteners: Gauge powder-actuated tool systems to the base material steel type, steel deck type and thickness prior to final installation. Confirm appropriate power regulation and powder-actuated cartridge type prior to final installation.




    1. INSTALLATION




  1. Install steel roof deck and accessories in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions and as shown on the Drawings.




  1. Secure steel roof deck to supporting steel framing with welds or mechanical fasteners. Install welds or mechanical fasteners at the spacing and pattern as shown on the Drawings.


C. Secure steel roof deck sidelap connectors at the spacing and pattern as shown on the Drawings.


    1. REPAIR / RESTORATION




  1. Welds: Repair all portions of the steel roof deck coating damaged due to weld heat with compatible paint type or zinc rich compound. Repair all burn through marks in accordance with SDI Deck Damage and Penetrations.




  1. Mechanical Fasteners: Replace or supplement under-driven and over driven fasteners with adjacent, properly installed fasteners.




    1. FIELD QUALITY CONTROL


A. Welds: Examination and qualification of puddle and fillet welds shall be in accordance with AWS D1.3 criteria. Ensure steel roof deck is clamped to the supporting steel framing.


B. Mechanical Fasteners: Examine fastener placement location and washer condition. Ensure steel roof deck is clamped to the supporting steel framing.


    1. SAFETY




  1. Do not use steel roof deck sheets for storage or working platform until permanently fastened to supporting steel framing.




  1. Do not exceed construction load carrying capacity of steel roof deck sheets for type and span defined in SDI Construction Load Tables.


C. Cordon off the Controlled Decking Zone (CDZ) area and all areas below steel roof deck sheets being fastened during installation.


END OF SECTION

STEEL ROOF DECKING 053123 -

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