The need to ensure minimum acceptable standards and quality in curricula of Engineering Colleges spread across the country and recent technological advances




НазваниеThe need to ensure minimum acceptable standards and quality in curricula of Engineering Colleges spread across the country and recent technological advances
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PREFACE

The need to ensure minimum acceptable standards and quality in curricula of Engineering Colleges spread across the country and recent technological advances have necessitated development of Model Curriculum for various disciplines of first degree course in Engineering by All India Council for Technical Education. The planning of engineering curricula is a complex exercise since it involves integration of not only the current educational needs of the profession but also the anticipated needs arising out of the fast changing national and international technological scene. To make the curricula both dynamic, to meet the evolving needs of the profession and flexible to adjust to unforeseen developments, the first step is to identify the core part of the curriculum which embodies scientific and engineering knowledge basic to the profession. To this core is added, in different proportions, the other ingredients of professional knowledge of both current and emerging technological processes and systems. With a proper balancing of the core, specialised and elective subjects and suitable integration of meaningful practical and field exercises and challenging project activity, the curriculum can, not only provide the students with relevant professional knowledge, but also develop in them the capacity to tackle unknown engineering problems and help them acquire sound. professional ethics and an awareness of their obligations to society.

In 1996 the AICTE initiated a program to upgrade the syllabi for undergraduate education in technical institutions in India. An exercise to develop detailed curricula which will serve as . a model for the institutions was taken up. The emergence, on the national scene, of several new engineering colleges added a sense of urgency to this effort. Since QIP Centres were already intimately involved with the curriculum development activities sponsored by AICTE, they were requested to undertake this important task.

I am glad that Model Curricula for various disciplines which are both dynamic and flexible and provide a proper balance in the teaching of basic sciences, social sciences and management, engineering sciences, technologies and their applications have been finalised. I am sure that this work will serve as a useful guide to the universities and institutions in framing their curricula.

I take this opportunity to express my deep appreciation for the valuable work done by the various members of the Expert Committees and the persons entrusted with the responsibility of co-ordinating the work in the respective disciplines.

Chairman

All India Council for Technical Education


INTRODUCTION

All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) has been entrusted with the responsibility of co-ordinated development of technical education system throughout the country. Uniform growth of technical education requires continuous up-gradation of Curricula for courses at all levels in Technical Education. This need is further accentuated by the emergence of a large number of self-financing institutions in technical education where faculty does not have sufficient expertise. In pursuance of clause 10(1) of AICTE Act and with an objective of bringing about uniformity in the curriculum of Engineering, AICTE has initiated a programme to come up with the syllabi for undergraduate education in technical institutions.

The broad strategies for framing the curricula included the study and analysis of the existing curricula followed in various institutions within the country and also the feedback received in various workshops involving faculty from different institutions. The draft Model Curriculum was discussed in a wide forum before coming up with the present version.

Based on the interaction and discussion with a number of experts the following recommendations were finalised.

The duration of a degree level course should be limited to 4 years/ 8 semesters of about 90 working days each.

  • A common first year syllabus with sufficient emphasis on Hum. & Science and Management subjects shall be adopted for all branches of engineering.

  • The contact hours per week should normally be kept at about 30 hours.

  • Weightage of 15-20% shall be given to non-professional (Basic Sciences and Humanities) subjects and about 10% to Management subjects.

  • Normally the curriculum should include a Major Project of minimum 8 credits in Final Year (2 credits in 7th semester and 6 credits in 8th semester). Emphasis should be given to industry sponsored projects.

  • Wherever possible the students in 3rd & 4th year should be involved in group discussions on topics of current trends in Engineering & Technology. (No credit)

  • There should be a continuous evaluation system. Various components of evaluation suggested are Teachers Assessment (TA), Class Tests (CT) also called minors in some of the institutions and End Semester Examination (ESE). To make the evaluation more objective, teachers assessment could be broken into various components like assignments, quizes, attendance, group discussions. Tutorials etc. Similarly marks of class Tests can be awarded by having at least two to three tests. These two components i.e. T A & CT put together would form the sessional components. End Semester Examination will have to be conducted by the Institute through concerned affiliating University, as per its regulations.

  • On the basis of total marks (TA +CT +ESE) in each subject obtained, a letter grade should be awarded where A = 10, B = 8, C = 6, D = 4, F = O. Normally top 5 - 10% should be awarded 'A' Grade and last 5-10% 'F' Grade.

In order to evaluate grade point average for a semester the same could be done using the following illustration:

__________________________________________________________

Subjects L T P Credit ={ L + ( T +P)/2}Grade Awarded

I 2 1 0 3 A

II 3 1 2 5 B

III 3 1 0 4 A

IV 3 1 0 4 B

V 0 0 3 2 C

Semester Grade Point Average = 3 A + 5 B + 4 A + 4 B + 2 C

3+5+4+4+2

= (30+40+40+32+ 12)/18 = 8.55

L : Lecture

T : Tutorial

P : Practical

  • In order to meet the demand of changing trends and emerging areas a student be given a choice to choose subjects offered as electives which consist of a professional elective (PE) of '12' Credits and an open elective (non departmental elective) of' 8' Credits.

  • Based on the recommendations a Model Curriculum has been framed. A model structure of the total courses to be undertaken by a student during his undergraduate program me :in Agriculture Engineering is shown in the subsequent tables. The institute may assign the course numbers depending upon the guidelines of the respective affiliating university.

This developmental exercise is underpinned by the philosophy that curriculum should transcend traditional instructional modes, embrace novel methods of teaching and enhance and embellish the learning process to produce quality engineers for the future. The success of the curriculum lies in its implementation. It is suggested that advantage be taken of modem technology by augmenting the role of a teacher with innovative audio-visual and digital teaching and learning aids. This curriculum is only a base line and institutions should aspire to develop over and above this. The development of this model curriculum has been possible only through the sustained and dedicated efforts of a large number of faculty members from various institutions. The AICTE expresses its gratitude to them for contributing their time and expertise in this important national task. Suggestions to improve the quality of contents of this curriculum will be highly appreciated.

(Prof. R.S. Nirjar)

Member Secretary

All India Council for

Technical Education


Course structure


BRANCH: Mechanical Engineering YEAR : I SEMESTER: I (Common to all branches)

Sl.

No.

Course

No.

SUBJECT

PERIODS

EVALUATION SCHEME

Credits

(THEORY)

L

T

P

SESSIONAL EXAM

ESE

SUB TOTAL




TA

CT

TOT




1




Language (professional Comm. in English

2

1

-

15

10

25

50

75

3

2.




Engineering Chemistry

2

1

-

15

10

25

50

75

3

3.




Engineering Physics I

3

1

-

30

20

50

100

150

4

4.




Mathematics I

3

1

-

30

20

50

100

150

4

5




Engineering Mechanics

3

1

-

30

20

50

100

150

4

6.




Basic Electrical Engineering

3

1

-

30

20

50

100

150

4



(PRACTICAL/DRAWING/DESIGN)


7.




Chemistry/Physics Lab.

(To be taken in alternate weeks)

-

-

3

25

-

25

25

50

2

8.




Engineering Mechanics/

Electrical Laboratory

-

-

3

25

-

25

25

50

2

9.




Engineering Graphic I

-

-

3

25

-

25

25

50

2

10.




Workshop Practice – I

-

-

3

25

-

25

25

50

2




GP-I

GENERAL PROFICIENCY
















50

-

50

2







Total

16

6

12













1000

32
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