Dean & Professor Office: ed II, 5/104




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UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS FOR MEDICAL SCIENCES
COLLEGE OF NURSING



SYLLABUS


NUSC 5013: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY


Master of Nursing Science Degree Program



Dana Carthron, PhD(c), RN

Assistant Clinical Instructor
Office: COPH, 5224
Office Phone: (501) 686-6490


Pager: (501) 688-9505

Office Hours: By Appointment

E-mail: CarthronDanaL@uams.edu


Claudia P. Barone, EdD, RN, LNC, CPC, CCNS, APRN-BC

Dean & Professor

Office: ED II, 5/104


Office Phone: (501) 686-7997

Office Hours: By Appointment
E-mail: BaroneClaudiaP@uams.edu



SUMMER, 2008


© Copyright, UAMS College of Nursing. Reuse with written permission only.




UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS FOR MEDICAL SCIENCES

COLLEGE OF NURSING


NUSC 5013: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY


catalog DESCRIPTION:

Focuses on the process of scientific inquiry, including scientific, pragmatic, and ethical issues of conducting research. Emphasis is on understanding research methodology, statistical methods, and related concepts, and evaluating scientific integrity of nursing literature.  

COURSE CREDIT:

Three (3) semester hours

PRE-REQUISITES:

An undergraduate level statistics course or consent

CO-REQUISITES:

None

CLASS SCHEDULE:

This class meets at http://distance-ed.uams.edu asynchronously for ten weeks. The instructor reserves the right to hold face-to-face classes. Specific due dates and important dates are listed on the course calendar from the homepage. The students are expected to spend at least six hours per week for this three credit-hour online course throughout one semester. You will need to regularly access this online course, review course materials and discussions, write responses to discussion questions and e-mail messages, and complete course requirements.

COURSE OVERVIEW:

Research Methodology reflects the College of Nursing mission and philosophy and builds on baccalaureate nursing education. The course prepares nurses for careers in advanced nursing practice, teaching, research, and the pursuit of further graduate education. The scholarship of discovery is emphasized as students identify researchable problems, review and critique literature appropriate to identified problems, and consider ethical issues and methodological procedures associated with scientific investigation.


The course addresses communication, as students interpret, explain, and demonstrate an understanding of the findings in published nursing studies. Critical thinking is addressed as students explore and apply selected theoretical frameworks, research designs, sampling methods, measurement, and statistical strategies for selected research questions.

Students critique these components in published nursing studies, as well as explore and apply statistical methods appropriate for selected research design, and interpret statistical findings in research articles. Therapeutic nursing interventions will be achieved by discussing the influence of published nursing studies on students’ clinical practice.

Therapeutic nursing interventions are demonstrated by discussing evidence-based research findings and how these apply to students’ clinical practice.

Scholarship will be evidenced by writing a scholarly paper on a topic of their choice that includes a critique and summary of published nursing studies and the impact and application to their clinical practice.

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:

  1. Describe common qualitative and quantitative methodologies and the types of
    questions addressed by each.

  2. Examine the relationship between research, theory and practice.

  3. Describe the function and components of theoretical frameworks in research articles.

  4. Identify potential clinical question in the area of interest.

  5. Conduct a literature search of selected topics and analyze literature relevant to a clinical problem.

  6. Describe statistical methods appropriate for selected research designs.

  7. Interpret statistical findings in research articles.

  8. Discuss ethical issues surrounding the conduct of research studies.

  9. Critique published research articles for appropriateness of research designs, sampling methods, measurements, and procedures appropriate for selected research questions and hypotheses/objectives.

TEACHING METHODS:

Teaching methods include internet-based online discussions and demonstrations; assignments; term papers; quizzes; and examinations. Directed readings, self-study questions, and short exercises are intended to facilitate meeting course objectives.


EVALUATIONS: 

Students will be expected to evaluate the course and faculty at the end of the semester using standardized forms. Faculty will evaluate the course by completing the End of Course Report.

 

Web-based evaluations are conducted to assist the faculty in improving their courses and their teaching strategies. Students have a professional responsibility and obligation to complete these evaluations. All students registered for a course in the College of Nursing each semester or summer session, as a part of the course requirements, must complete the course/faculty evaluation form to ensure ongoing quality improvement in the educational program.


As members of the student body enrolled in a professional program of study, all students are required to complete the course/faculty evaluations as a part of their preparation for their professional role. The College of Nursing Scholastic Non-Cognitive Performance Standards guides the student in an understanding of these expectations. Failure to complete the evaluation process will result in a review, based on these standards, of the students’ performance by administration.

CONFERENCE WITH INSTRUCTOR:

Conferences with the instructor are scheduled, as needed, at the discretion of students and faculty. Should a student desire a conference, the student may see the instructor on an appointment basis.

ATTENDANCE:

See the UAMS Graduate School Student Handbook for the policy on class attendance.

COURSE REQUIRMENTS:  

Exam 1 15%
Exam 2 15%
Weekly Discussion Participation 15%
Weekly Assignment/quiz 45%
Evidence-based answers to a clinical question 10%
TOTAL 100%

GRADING SCALE:

Grades will be awarded using the following scale:


A = 90% - 100%
B = 80% - 89.99 %
C = 75% - 79.99 %
D = 70% -74.99 %
F = below 70 %

REQUIRED TEXTS:

Gillis, A., & Jackson, W. (2002). Research for nurses-methods and interpretation. Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis.

Salkind, N. J. (2000) Statistics for people who (think they) hate statistics. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishing, Inc.

RECOMMENDED TEXTS:

Burns, N., & Grove, S. (2001). The practice of nursing research (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders Co.

Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2005). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins.

Polit, D. (1996). Data analysis & statistics for nursing research. Stanford, CT: Appleton & Lange.

for all scholarly works and papers, Students will be expected to follow the guidelines as listed IN:

American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC.

Guidelines for Exam 1 & Exam 2:

Students will take exam one and exam two online anytime during the exam weeks at home. Study guide for exam one will be listed on week four class content. Study guide for exam two will be listed on week nine class content. Please complete the exams on time. Tardiness will not be accepted unless you have permission given by the instructor.

Guidelines for Weekly discussion participation:

Please post your initial response to the discussion question that is listed at the end of class content before or on Wednesday. You also have the choice to respond to your classmates’ postings or to initiate a new discussion. After reviewing these postings, the instructor will post several discussion questions between Tuesday and Friday. Again, you have the choice to respond to your classmates’ postings or initiate a new discussion at this time.


Your postings will be graded by the following criteria:

  1. You need to post at least two times and be on time for each week. The first posting is due every Wednesday. The second posting is due every Saturday. Be professional and polite during the discussion (4 points).


  2. You need to include references in your postings and avoid duplication of comments. Postings without references and with duplication of comments may be deleted by the instructor. The instructor will grade weekly class participation on the quality of the posting, not just the quantity (6 points).


  3. You will have at least one chance to be the facilitator. For some weeks, we may have more than one facilitator. Each facilitator will need to introduce themselves on the first day of the week and interact with the group on a daily basis during this week. Each facilitator will need to submit your own summary to the discussion board before or on Sunday (5 points).

Guidelines for Weekly AssignmentS/quizZES:

Please complete weekly assignment and/or quiz on or before each Saturday. Scores will be assigned to each assignment/quiz. Tardiness will not be accepted unless you have permission from the instructor. If you miss the deadline of any assignment or quiz, you will need to provide a document that shows the reason preventing you from completing weekly assignment/quiz.

Guidelines for Evidence-based answers to a clinical question:

Choose an area of interest or identify a clinical problem (1 point).


  1. Conduct a literature search and find five quantitative research articles that will provide an answer to the clinical problem. Articles using meta-analysis or qualitative research method are not allowed for this assignment. Each non-research article or article using meta-analysis or qualitative research method will result in one point being taken off.


  2. You will need to submit the term paper on or before the last day of the tenth week (Saturday). Tardiness will result in two points being taken off.


  3. Please ONLY download the table from homepage/other to organize this assignment. This table is limited to one page and you are not allowed to change the margin of this page. Only font text “Arial” and size greater than 8 is allowed for this assignment. Your assignment will not be graded if you fail to do so.






  1. Specific instruction for each column on the table:



    • Authors and year: Please only list the first author and year of publication. (0.5 point).

    • Research design: Only choose from true experimental, quasi experimental, correlational or descriptive design. (1.5 points).

    • Sampling strategy and sample size: List specific sampling strategy, if applicable. (1.5 points).

    • Intervention: Please list the experimental group and control group(s), if there is no intervention, please highlight “not applicable”. (1.5 points).

    • Instrument: Please only list instrument (s) that measured the desired outcome and the reliability/validity. If the article does not mention reliability/validity, please state “not mentioned”. (1.5 points).

    • Results and statistical evidence: Please only show results and statistical evidence that answer your clinical question. The statistical evidence should include the statistical method (for example, independent t test) and results [for example, t(df)=4.8(301), p<.0001) (1.5 points).



  1. The conclusion should be 100 words or less (1 point).



  2. Please use APA format to list the references on the second page.



Weekly topics





CLASS



WEEK



TOPIC



1



Week 1



Introduction & Overview

Research Problems, Purpose, & Hypotheses



2



Week 2



Sources of Information & Research Frameworks



3



Week 3



Sampling

Research Design-Introduction; Descriptive Study & Related Statistics



4



Week 4



Measurement

Correlational Study & Related Statistics I



5



Week 5



EXAM 1

Correlational Study & Related Statistics II



6



Week 6



Correlational Study & Related Statistics III



7



Week 7



Quasi & True Experimental Study & Related Statistics



8



Week 8



Ethics & Research

Critiquing Published Nursing Studies



9



Week 9



Qualitative Research



10



Week 10



Term Paper Due

EXAM 2


WEEK 1A

INTRODUCTION & OVERVIEW


OBJECTIVES:

  1. Discuss general course expectations.

  2. Identify the research role and responsibilities of advanced practice nurses.

  3. Compare and contrast quantitative and qualitative approaches to research.

  4. Introduction to the quantitative research process.

ASSIGNED READING: 

Gillis A. & Jackson W. (2002). Chapter 1.

Larrabee, J. H., Bolden, L. V., & Knight, M. R. (1998). The lived experience of patient prudence in health care. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 28(4), 802-808.

Resnick, B., Palmer, M. H., Jenkins, L. S, & Spellbring, A. M. (2000). Path analysis of efficacy expectations and exercise behavior in older adults. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 31(6), 1309-1315.

WEEK 1B

RESEARCH PROBLEMS, PURPOSE, & HYPOTHESES


OBJECTIVES:

  1. Describe the process for clarifying and refining a research problem.

  2. Identify potential research problems in your area of interest.

  3. Describe the process of developing purpose and objectives.

  4. Describe the process of selecting questions.

  5. Describe the purpose, source, and types of hypotheses.

  6. Describe the process for developing and testing hypotheses.

ASSIGNED READING: 

Gillis A. & Jackson W. (2002).Gillis A. & Jackson W. (2002). Chapter 3.

Larrabee, J. H., Bolden, L. V., & Knight, M. R. (1998). The lived experience of patient prudence in health care. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 28(4), 802-808.

Resnick, B., Palmer, M. H., Jenkins, L. S, & Spellbring, A. M. (2000). Path analysis of efficacy expectations and exercise behavior in older adults. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 31(6),1309-1315.


WEEK 2

SOURCES OF INFORMATION & RESEARCH FRAMEWORK


OBJECTIVES:

  1. Conduct a comprehensive, computer-based search of relevant library databases for selected topics:

  • Identify databases commonly used in health related research.

  • Describe function and use of key terms.

  • Perform an on-line search of literature for a selected topic.

  1. Examine strategies for evaluating the completeness of a literature search for a selected topic.

  2. Explain the purpose of the framework of a study.

  3. Describe the elements of a framework (concept and relational statement).

  4. Identify the framework of a published study.

  5. Discuss the relationship of concepts and variables in research.

  6. Examine the relationship between theory and research.

  7. Critique a study framework.

ASSIGNED READING:

Gillis A. & Jackson W. (2002).Gillis A. & Jackson W. (2002). Chapters 1 & 2. 

Larrabee, J. H., Bolden, L. V., & Knight, M. R. (1998). The lived experience of patient prudence in health care. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 28(4), 802-808. 

Resnick, B., Palmer, M. H., Jenkins, L. S, & Spellbring, A. M. (2000). Path analysis of efficacy expectations and exercise behavior in older adults. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 31(6), 1309-1315.


WEEK 3A

SAMPLING


OBJECTIVES:


  1. Describe sampling theory.

  2. Describe sampling methods.

  3. Examine elements that influence the decision on sample size.

  4. Critique the sampling method in a published research study.

  5. Understand related statistical concepts-Power analysis and its purpose.

ASSIGNED READING:

Gillis, A., & Jackson, W. (2002). Chapters 9 & 15.

Larrabee, J. H., Bolden, L. V., & Knight, M. R. (1998). The lived experience of patient prudence in health care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 28(4), 802-808.

Resnick, B., Palmer, M. H., Jenkins, L. S., & Spellbring, A. M. (2000). Path analysis of efficacy expectations and exercise behavior in older adults. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 31(6), 1309-1315.  


WEEK 3B

RESEARCH DESIGN-INTRODUCTION; DESCRIPTIVE STUDY
& RELATED STATISTICS


OBJECTIVES:

  1. Identify the purpose of the research design.

  2. Identify the major types of research design: descriptive, correlational, quasi- experimental, and experimental study designs.

  3. Explain the relationships between the research objectives and the study design.

  4. Discuss the following concepts relevant to design: causality, probability, bias, control,
    and manipulation.

  5. Identify and critique the design of a published study.

  6. Identify major research question for descriptive study.

  7. Understand related statistical concepts-frequency, central tendency, and variability.

ASSIGNED READING:

Gillis A. & Jackson W. (2002) Chapters 5 & 11.

Resnick, B., Palmer, M. H., Jenkins, L. S, & Spellbring, A. M. (2000). Path analysis of efficacy expectations and exercise behavior in older adults. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 31(6), 1309-1315.

Salkind, N. J. (2000). Chapters 1, 2, 3 & 4.


WEEK 4A

MEASUREMENT


OBJECTIVES:

  1. Discuss measurement theory and the relevant concepts.

  2. Examine the types of measurement error.

  3. Compare and contrast the four levels of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio) and provide an example of each.

  4. Discuss the following concepts relevant to measurement: reliability and validity.

  5. Examine the common measurement approaches used in nursing research: physiologic measures, observations, interviews, questionnaires, and scales.

  6. Critique the measurement section in a research article.

  7. Understand related statistical concepts-Variable, Cronbach’s alpha, factor analysis.

 ASSIGNED READING:

Gillis A. & Jackson W. (2002) Chapters 13, 14, & 18.

Resnick, B., Palmer, M. H., Jenkins, L. S, & Spellbring, A. M. (2000). Path analysis of efficacy expectations and exercise behavior in older adults. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 31(6), 1309-1315.

Salkind, N. J. (2000). Chapters 16 & 17.


WEEK 4B

CORRELATIONAL STUDY & RELATED STATISTICS I


OBJECTIVES:

  1. Identify major research questions for correlational study.

  2. Understand the hypothesis testing.

  3. Identify research questions that will be answered by t-test and one-way ANOVA.

  4. Interpret the findings of t-test and one-way ANOVA.

  5. Understand related statistical concepts- p value.

ASSIGNED READING:

Gillis A. & Jackson W. (2002) Chapters 5 & 12.

Resnick, B., Palmer, M. H., Jenkins, L. S, & Spellbring, A. M. (2000). Path analysis of efficacy expectations and exercise behavior in older adults. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 31(6), 1309-1315.

Salkind, N. J. (2000). Chapters 6-11.


WEEK 5

CORRELATIONAL STUDY & RELATED STATISTICS II


OBJECTIVES: 

  1. Identify research questions that will be answered by correlation and chi-square.

  2. Interpret the findings of correlation and chi-square

ASSIGNED READING:

Gillis A. & Jackson W. (2002) Chapters 5 & 12

Resnick, B., Palmer, M. H., Jenkins, L. S, & Spellbring, A. M. (2000). Path analysis of efficacy expectations and exercise behavior in older adults. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 31(6), 1309-1315.

Salkind, N. J. (2000). Chapters 5, 13, & 15.


WEEK 6

CORRELATIONAL STUDY & RELATED STATISTICS III


OBJECTIVES: 

  1. Identify research questions that will be answered by simple linear regression.

  2. Interpret the findings of simple linear regression.

  3. Understand related statistical concepts-variance, dependent variable, independent variable, and confounding variable.

ASSIGNED READING:

Gillis A. & Jackson W. (2002) Chapters 5, 17, & 18

Resnick, B., Palmer, M. H., Jenkins, L. S, & Spellbring, A. M. (2000). Path analysis of efficacy expectations and exercise behavior in older adults. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 31(6).

Salkind, N. J. (2000). Chapters 14 & 17.


WEEK 7

QUASI & TRUE EXPERIMENTAL STUDY & RELATED STATISTICS


OBJECTIVES:

  1. Identify major research questions for Quasi and true experimental study.

  2. Identify research questions that will be answered by repeated measure ANOVA, MANOVA, and ANCOVA.

  3. Understand example of repeated measure ANOVA, MANOVA, and ANCOVA in a published research studies.

ASSIGNED READING:

Gillis A. & Jackson W. (2002) Chapters 4 & 18

Salkind, N. J. (2000). Chapters 11, 12, & 17.


WEEK 8

QUALITATIVE RESEARCH


OBJECTIVES:

  1. Differentiate between qualitative and quantitative research methods.

  2. Describe qualitative data collection and analysis techniques.

  3. Identify steps for critiquing qualitative research.

  4. Discuss data analysis issues.

ASSIGNED READING: 

Gillis A. & Jackson W. (2002) Chapters 6 & 7.

Larrabee, J. H., Bolden, L. V., & Knight, M. R. (1998). The lived experience of patient prudence in health care. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 28(4), 802-808. 

Wimpenny P. (2000). Interviewing in phenomenology and grounded theory. Is there a difference? Journal of Advanced Nursing, 31(6), 1485-1492.


WEEK 9A

ETHICS & RESEARCH



 OBJECTIVES:

  1. Examine the ethical and legal principles that guide the conduct of research.

  2. Identify the review and monitoring activities/responsibilities of:

  • federal agencies

  • institutions sponsoring research

  • staff employed by institutions in which research is conducted

  • investigators

ASSIGNED READING:

Gillis A. & Jackson W. (2002) Chapter 10.

Guidelines for research involving human subjects at the NIH.


WEEK 9B

CRITIQUING PUBLISHED NURSING STUDIES


OBJECTIVES:

  1. Describe the basic guidelines that direct the conduct of a research critique.

  2. Describe the critical thinking phases used in the quantitative research critique process: comprehension, comparison, analysis, and evaluation.

  3. Identify a study’s conclusions, implications for practice and recommendations for further research.

ASSIGNED READING: 

Gillis A. & Jackson W. (2002) Chapters 19, 20 & 21

Resnick, B., Palmer, M. H., Jenkins, L. S, & Spellbring, A. M. (2000). Path analysis of efficacy expectations and exercise behavior in older adults. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 31(6), 1309-1315.


WEEK 10


FINAL EXAM


TERM PAPER DUE


DC/lhs
Revised: 5/27/08
P: SU08-5013 syl-Carthron.rtf

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