Understanding, Identifying and Implementing Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Industrial/Commercial Users – by Technology




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Energy Transformed: Sustainable Energy Solutions for Climate Change Mitigation


Module A

Understanding, Identifying and Implementing Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Industrial/Commercial Users – by Technology

This online textbook provides free access to a comprehensive education and training package that brings together the knowledge of how countries, specifically Australia, can achieve at least 60 percent cuts to greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. This resource has been developed in line with the activities of the CSIRO Energy Transformed Flagship research program, which is focused on research that will assist Australia to achieve this target. This training package provides industry, governments, business and households with the knowledge they need to realise at least 30 percent energy efficiency savings in the short term while providing a strong basis for further improvement. It also provides an updated overview of advances in low carbon technologies, renewable energy and sustainable transport to help achieve a sustainable energy future. While this education and training package has an Australian focus, it outlines sustainable energy strategies and provides links to numerous online reports which will assist climate change mitigation efforts globally.

Chapter 3: Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Industrial Users


Lecture 3.1: Opportunities for Improving the Efficiency of Motor Systems



© 2007 CSIRO and Griffith University

Copyright in this material (Work) is owned by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) and Griffith University. The Natural Edge Project and The Australian National University have been formally granted the right to use, reproduce, adapt, communicate, publish and modify the Project IP for the purposes of: (a) internal research and development; and (b) teaching, publication and other academic purposes.

A grant of licence ‘to the world’ has been formally agreed and the material can be accessed on-line as an open-source resource at www.naturaledgeproject.net/Sustainable_Energy_Solutions_Portfolio.aspx. Users of the material are permitted to use this Work in accordance with the Copyright Act 1968 (Commonwealth) [ref s40(1A) and (1B) of the Copyright Act]. In addition, further consent is provided to: reproduce the Work; communicate the Work to the public; and use the Work for lecturing, or teaching in, or in connection with an approved course of study or research by an enrolled external student of an educational institution. Use under this grant of licence is subject to the following terms: the user does not change any of the material or remove any part of any copyright notice; the user will not use the names or logos of CSIRO or Griffith University without prior written consent except to reproduce any copyright notice; the user acknowledge that information contained in the work is subject to the usual uncertainties of advanced scientific and technical research; that it may not be accurate, current or complete; that it should never be relied on as the basis for doing or failing to do something; and that in using the Work for any business or scientific purpose you agree to accept all risks and responsibility for losses, damages, costs and other consequences resulting directly or indirectly from so using. To the maximum extent permitted by law, CSIRO and Griffith University exclude all liability to any person arising directly or indirectly from using the Work or any other information from this website.

The work is to be attributed as: Smith, M., Hargroves, K., Stasinopoulos, P., Stephens, R., Desha, C., and Hargroves, S. (2007) Engineering Sustainable Solutions Program: Sustainable Energy Solutions Portfolio, The Natural Edge Project.

Acknowledgements

T
Graphics: Where original graphics have been enhanced for inclusion in the document this work has been carried out by Mrs Renee Stephens, Mr Peter Stasinopoulos and Mr Roger Dennis.

he Work was produced by The Natural Edge Project using funds provided by CSIRO and the National Framework for Energy Efficiency. The development of this publication has been supported by the contribution of non-staff related on-costs and administrative support by the Centre for Environment and Systems Research (CESR) at Griffith University, under the supervision of Professor Bofu Yu, and both the Fenner School of Environment and Society and Engineering Department at the Australian National University, under the supervision of Professor Stephen Dovers. The lead expert reviewers for the overall Work were: Adjunct Professor Alan Pears, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology; Geoff Andrews, Director, GenesisAuto; and Dr Mike Dennis, Australian National University.

Project Leader: Mr Karlson ‘Charlie’ Hargroves, TNEP Director

Principle Researcher: Mr Michael Smith, TNEP Research Director

TNEP Researchers: Mr Peter Stasinopoulos, Mrs Renee Stephens and Ms Cheryl Desha.

Copy Editor: Mrs Stacey Hargroves, TNEP Professional Editor

Peer Review

P
The Natural Edge Project (TNEP) is an independent non-profit Sustainability Think-Tank based in Australia. TNEP operates as a partnership for education, research and policy development on innovation for sustainable development. TNEP's mission is to contribute to, and succinctly communicate, leading research, case studies, tools, policies and strategies for achieving sustainable development across government, business and civil society. Driven by a team of early career Australians, the Project receives mentoring and support from a range of experts and leading organisations in Australia and internationally, through a generational exchange model.

rincipal reviewers for the overall work were Adjunct Professor Alan Pears – RMIT, Geoff Andrews – Director, Genesis Now Pty Ltd, Dr Mike Dennis – ANU, Engineering Department, Victoria Hart – Basset Engineering Consultants, Molly Olsen and Phillip Toyne - EcoFutures Pty Ltd, Glenn Platt – CSIRO, Energy Transformed Flagship, and Francis Barram – Bond University. The following persons provided peer review for specific lectures; Dr Barry Newell – Australian national University, Dr Chris Dunstan - Clean Energy Council, D van den Dool - Manager, Jamieson Foley Traffic & Transport Pty Ltd, Daniel Veryard - Sustainable Transport Expert, Dr David Lindley – Academic Principal, ACS Education, Frank Hubbard – International Hotels Group, Gavin Gilchrist – Director, BigSwitch Projects, Ian Dunlop - President, Australian Association for the Study of Peak Oil, Dr James McGregor – CSIRO, Energy Transformed Flagship, Jill Grant – Department of Industry Training and Resources, Commonwealth Government, Leonardo Ribon – RMIT Global Sustainability, Professor Mark Diesendorf – University of New South Wales, Melinda Watt - CRC for Sustainable Tourism, Dr Paul Compston - ANU AutoCRC, Dr Dominique Hes - University of Melbourne, Penny Prasad - Project Officer, UNEP Working Group for Cleaner Production, University of Queensland, Rob Gell – President, Greening Australia, Dr Tom Worthington -Director of the Professional Development Board, Australian Computer Society .

Enquires should be directed to:

Mr Karlson ‘Charlie’ Hargroves

Co-Founder and Director

The Natural Edge Project

www.naturaledgeproject.net/Contact.aspx


The International Energy Agency forecasts that if policies remain unchanged, world energy demand is set to increase by over 50 percent between now and 2030.1 In Australia, CSIRO has projected that demand for electricity will double by 2020.2 At the same time, The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has warned since 1988 that nations need to stabilise their concentrations of CO2 equivalent emissions, requiring significant reductions in the order of 60 percent or more by 20503. This portfolio has been developed in line with the activities of the CSIRO Energy Transformed Flagship research program; ‘the goal of Energy Transformed is to facilitate the development and implementation of stationary and transport technologies so as to halve greenhouse gas emissions, double the efficiency of the nation’s new energy generation, supply and end use, and to position Australia for a future hydrogen economy’.4 There is now unprecedented global interest in energy efficiency and low carbon technology approaches to achieve rapid reductions to greenhouse gas emissions while providing better energy services to meet industry and society’s needs. More and more companies and governments around the world are seeing the need to play their part in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and are now committing to progressive targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This portfolio, The Sustainable Energy Solutions Portfolio, provides a base capacity-building training program that is supported by various findings from a number of leading publications and reports to prepare engineers/designers/technicians/facilities managers/architects etc. to assist industry and society rapidly mitigate climate change.


The Portfolio is developed in three modules;

Module A: Understanding, Identifying and Implementing Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Industrial/Commercial Users – By Technology

Chapter 1: Climate Change Mitigation in Australia’s Energy Sector

Lecture 1.1: Achieving a 60 percent Reduction in Greenhouse Gas Emissions by 2050

Lecture 1.2: Carbon Down, Profits Up – Multiple Benefits for Australia of Energy Efficiency

Lecture 1.3: Integrated Approaches to Energy Efficiency and Low Carbon Technologies

Lecture 1.4: A Whole Systems Approach to Energy Efficiency in New and Existing Systems

Chapter 2: Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Commercial Users

Lecture 2.1: The Importance and Benefits of a Front-Loaded Design Process

Lecture 2.2: Opportunities for Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings

Lecture 2.3: Opportunities for Improving the Efficiency of HVAC Systems

Chapter 3: Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Industrial Users

Lecture 3.1: Opportunities for Improving the Efficiency of Motor Systems

Lecture 3.2: Opportunities for Improving the Efficiency of Boiler and Steam Distribution Systems

Lecture 3.3: Energy Efficiency Improvements available through Co-Generation

Module B: Understanding, Identifying and Implementing Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Industrial/Commercial Users – By Sector

Chapter 4: Responding to Increasing Demand for Electricity

Lecture 4.1: What Factors are Causing Rising Peak and Base Load Electricity Demand in Australia?

Lecture 4.2: Demand Management Approaches to Reduce Rising ‘Peak Load’ Electricity Demand

Lecture 4.3: Demand Management Approaches to Reduce Rising ‘Base Load’ Electricity Demand

Lecture 4.4: Making Energy Efficiency Opportunities a Win-Win for Customers and the Utility: Decoupling Energy Utility Profits from Electricity Sales

Chapter 5: Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Large Energy Using Industry Sectors

Lecture 5.1: Opportunities for Energy Efficiency in the Aluminium, Steel and Cement Sectors

Lecture 5.2: Opportunities for Energy Efficiency in Manufacturing Industries

Lecture 5.3: Opportunities for Energy Efficiency in the IT Industry and Services Sector

Chapter 6: Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Light Industry/Commercial Sectors

Lecture 6.1: Opportunities for Energy Efficiency in the Tourism and Hospitality Sectors

Lecture 6.2: Opportunities for Energy Efficiency in the Food Processing and Retail Sector

Lecture 6.3: Opportunities for Energy Efficiency in the Fast Food Industry


Module C: Integrated Approaches to Energy Efficiency and Low Emissions Electricity, Transport and Distributed Energy

Chapter 7: Integrated Approaches to Energy Efficiency and Low Emissions Electricity

Lecture 7.1: Opportunities and Technologies to Produce Low Emission Electricity from Fossil Fuels

Lecture 7.2: Can Renewable Energy Supply Peak Electricity Demand?

Lecture 7.3: Can Renewable Energy Supply Base Electricity Demand?

Lecture 7.4: Hidden Benefits of Distributed Generation to Supply Base Electricity Demand

Chapter 8: Integrated Approaches to Energy Efficiency and Transport

Lecture 8.1: Designing a Sustainable Transport Future

Lecture 8.2: Integrated Approaches to Energy Efficiency and Alternative Transport Fuels – Passenger Vehicles

Lecture 8.3: Integrated Approaches to Energy Efficiency and Alternative Transport Fuels - Trucking

Chapter 9: Integrated Approaches to Energy Efficiency and Distributed Energy

Lecture 9.1: Residential Building Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Opportunities: Towards a Climate-Neutral Home

Lecture 9.2: Commercial Building Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Opportunities: Towards Climate-Neutral Commercial Buildings

Lecture 9.3: Beyond Energy Efficiency and Distributed Energy: Options to Offset Emissions


Energy Efficiency Opportunities for

Industrial Users
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