Asbe association for Small Business & Entrepreneurship




НазваниеAsbe association for Small Business & Entrepreneurship
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The survey instrument was carefully developed, pretested, and translated into Spanish. The questionnaire was organized into the following sections: (1) information sources used; (2) types of needed assistance; (3) evaluation of center; and (4) networking information and (5) business and personal demographics.



From the 200 total individuals enrolled in the center, 74 were selected to participate, representing a 38% response rate.


Demographics of Respondents


The majority of businesses were concentrated primarily in retail, services, and wholesale. The majority of respondents, 87%, had less than 10 years experience, and 38% had less than 5 years. See. By the same token, the majority, 87%, had been in business less than 10 years as shown in Table 1. A large majority of the respondents, 88%, had less than 10 employees, and 73% had gross annual incomes less than $25,000.

TABLE 1

Business Characteristics of Respondents
Number of Years Experience in Business


No.


%

Less than 5

26

38%

5-10

27

39%

More than 10

Total

16

23%

69

100%

Number of Employees

No.

%

1-10

57

88%

11-15

6

9%

26-50

Total

2

3%

65

100%

Gross Annual Income







Less than $10,000

$10,000-$24,999

$25,000-$49,000

More than $50,000

Total

21

28

13

5

31%

42%

19%

8%

67

100%

Type of Businessa

No.

% of 74

Retail

32

43%

Services

31

42%

Wholesale

24

32%

Construction

3

4%

Transportation, communication

4

5%

Manufacturing

3

4%

Agriculture

2

3%

Finance, Insurance, real estate

1

1%

aSeveral mentioned more than one business.


The typical participant was married with Spanish language being the first language spoken in the house. A little over half of the respondents, 57%, were women. The average number of years the respondents had been in East Texas was 10 years, and the average gross family income was $33,846. Also, a wide majority, 84%, had a high school degree (See Table 2).

TABLE 2

Personal Demographics of Respondents
Marital Status


No.


%










Single

18

26%

Married

Total

52

74%

70

100%

Gender







Male

30

43%

Female

40

57%

Total

70

100%

Language spoken in the House







Spanish

66

93%

English

5

7%

Total

71

100%

Family Income







Under $20,000

16

22%

$20,000-$39,000

25

34%

$40,000-$59,999

26

36%

$60,000 and over

Total

6

8%

73

100%

Years in East Texas







Less than 5

7

10%

5-10

24

33%

11-15

15

21%

16-20

10

14%

More than 20

Total (Median=10)

17

23%

73

100%

Education Level







Less than 12th grade

10

14%

High School

45

61%

GED

5

7%

Vocational

14

19%

Some college

1

1%

College degree

1

1%







Total

74

100%

Experience with Another Company







Yes

28

39%

No

Total

43

61%

71

100%

Age







Less than 35

27

39%

36-45

31

44%

46-65

Total

31

17%

70

100%


Results of Study


Need for Hispanic Center


The majority of owners, 70%, enrolled in the Hispanic Center because they saw an announcement in the local newspaper. Also, 20% stated they enrolled based on a recommendation; 15% stated they knew someone at the University; and 20% stated they heard about the center through the Chamber of Commerce.


Sources of Information


Table 3 shows entrepreneurs seldom seek assistance from outside sources with the exception of a Hispanic Business Center. However 27% indicated they had used the Hispanic Chamber of Commerce. Only 10% had used the Small Business Administration, and 10%, community college.


TABLE 3

Sources Where Hispanic Entrepreneurs Have Received Assistance

Source

No

%

Hispanic Business Center

74

100%

Hispanic Chamber of Commerce

20

27%

Chamber of Commerce

19

26%

Private consultant

11

15%

Small Business Administration

7

10%

Community college

7

10%

College or university

4

5%

Small Business Development Center

3

1%

Suppliers

1

0%

Other

9

12%
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