All Work and No Play Make Jack a Dull Boy

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All Work and No Play Make Jack a Dull Boy

Research Paper Assignment

Emily Wheeler – English 1A

So far this semester, we’ve focused on the importance of play in many aspects of our lives: in education, to unlock creativity, in raising children, telling stories, or finding out the truth.  Trouble is, in the United States, we often seem not to value the importance of play as much as we should: we get less paid vacation than any other country in the world.  Our kids are scheduled down to the second, and have to start competing even to get into the “right” preschool, barely before they can talk.  And many of us just work too many hours, and possibly spend even more hours stressing out in a car to commute there.

This essay will take the overall format of an argument.  For specifics on writing this type of essay, refer to the section we’ve read in Between Worlds this week, “Writing to Persuade” (pp. 404-421).

Your first job with this assignment is to choose one of our readings from this semester—it’s probably best to choose the one you can most easily identify with--and pick a point--any point, out of it to argue for or against. Then, you will develop your topic around this point, and present an an argument of it that somehow includes some element of play or creativity. It's up to you how to incorporate it. 

For example, we read Anne Lamott's "The Rights of the Born" earlier this semester. This is an essay rife with the possibilities for argument, and not just regarding the obvious abortion question. For example, Lamott defines herself as a "feminist": do you think this is a positive or negative definition for today's woman? Why? How has the definition of "feminism" changed over the years that affects public perception? Is that public perception fair? Why or why not?

The purpose of this assignment is to learn the intricacies of conducting research and writing about it in an academic, properly documented way. This assignment is the culmination of all of the reading and writing skills we are working on this semester: you will need to flex your active, critical reading muscles, and further hone your writing skills. Your eight- to ten-page paper will fulfill a number of objectives:

1. Your topic will be appropriate (more on this in a moment).

2. Your paper will take the overall form of an argument, so you will need to select a topic that lends itself to this strategy.

3. Your clearly stated assertions will be supported by relevant points from your research.

4. You will use a minimum of five outside sources, which will be cited in a “Works Cited” list, per MLA style.  Sources will include at least one of each of the following:

oA book

oAn article from an academic journal

oAn article from a mass-market periodical (like Time, Newsweek, The Wall Street Journal, and such like)

oA website from a reputable government, educational, or non-profit organization

oOne non-print, non-web search, such as an interview, a CD-ROM, a video, or sound recording

oPlease note that Wikipedia is NOT an acceptable source for this project, and points will be deducted if you reference it in your paper.

5. Quotes and citations from your research will be properly documented, also according to MLA style.

6. Your paper will have a clear introduction, conclusion, thesis, and title.

7. Graphs, diagrams, pictures, or other visual items are encouraged where appropriate, but your paper must still contain at least eight to ten pages of written text.

8. There will be minimal spelling, grammar, and typographical errors.  The paper itself will also be formatted according to MLA convention.

9. Your individual voice will be apparent throughout.

As Anne Lamott advised us in “Short Assignments,” we will approach this work as a series of smaller “jobs.” First, you will hand in your topic selection, which is explained below. Next, you will prepare your first Progress Report, focusing on the steps taken during your preliminary research.(You will not be permitted to change your topic after this progress report.) You will then prepare a second Progress Report, which will detail your more intensive, “meaty” research, and will also include a preliminary outline for your paper. With the help of your Peer Editing group, you will then write both a first and second draft of your paper before, finally, handing in the finished product near the end of the semester. Individual assignments for these steps will be included in lessons closer to the due date of each.

1. Topic Selection due October 22 (25 points)

2. Progress Report #1 due October 29 (40 points)

3. Progress Report #2 due November 5 (50 points)

5. First Draft (min. 4 pages) due November 12 (60 points)

6. Peer Review – 1st Drafts due November 19 (25 points will be deducted if you do not complete these peer reviews on time)

7. Second Draft (complete) due November 26 (75 points)

8. Peer Review – 2nd Drafts due December 3 (40 points will be deducted if you do not complete these peer reviews on time)

9. Final Draft due December 10 (150 points)

TOTAL: 400 points

Research papers are written the same way as any other assignment: you will go through the phases of prewriting, drafting, rewriting, and editing, as always. However, research adds another dimension to writing that shorter essays don’t always possess. The step-by-step requirements of this assignment will lay the groundwork for a process you will likely be required to complete many more times during your academic career. Some elements that research adds to the writing process are

*Looking for and selecting books and articles (and even people to interview) that will help you fulfill the assignment, rather than having the teacher assign readings to you,

*Reading—lots of it (much of which you will not actually use in your paper), and lots of active note-taking on that reading,

*Organizing your notes in conjunction with your budding paper, and

*Integrating the words and ideas of other writers into your work, using proper documentation procedures to give credit where necessary and avoid plagiarism.

No doubt about it—research papers require a lot of time and hard work, but the finished product, with the right effort, can be something you are really proud of! Also, you are virtually guaranteed to learn something you never knew before—and it’s always a good feeling to discover unknown facts about your world. This kind of research has been known to lead students in academic or personal directions they never thought possible—all because they were able to discover something new through research.

So let’s get started!

Topic Selection Assignment

Due Date: October 22

Maximum Points: 25

The hardest part of any assignment is getting started, and sometimes this is even more difficult with longer papers. The techniques we’ve covered on prewriting aren’t just for your first draft—they also work amazingly well when it comes to deciding what you want to write about in the first place.

The biggest mistake people make when starting their research papers is selecting a topic that’s just too big for the paper’s britches. You’ll have to find a delicate balance between a topic that will yield enough information for at least eight pages, but won’t fill more than ten pages. No mean feat, this!

Start out by deciding which reading assignment has intrigued you most, and use the active reading techniques covered in Between Worlds to decide what the essay’s central points are. If you have more than one favorite essay, and just can’t decide, you can also use these techniques to make your decision. Then brainstorm, freewrite, and cluster until you’ve narrowed your subject down to a manageable topic that lends itself well to an academic argument. For example, “racial prejudice” is just too big—there are many books, each hundreds of pages long, written on that topic. Instead, think of specific facets related to racial prejudice that you might like to write an argument about, such as affirmative action, or American attitudes toward Islam, or any other related topic you can come up with.

Your Topic Selection should be one-half to one page in length. Describe what your topic is, why you feel strongly about it, what your central argument will be, and what you hope to learn by completing this paper. Also, detail the steps you completed to arrive at this particular topic, including which assigned essay inspired you.  Also, tell us how you think you’ll incorporate the idea of play into your essay.

Even though this is a short assignment, you should still take great care with your writing, ensuring that it is well organized, fully developed with vivid, specific details, and mechanically correct. It should be turned in to me as an attachment through the Assignments link, using .rtf format.

Grade Breakdown

Topic: 5 points

The topic must be clearly defined, and must fit the above-listed requirements of the assignment.

The "Why": 5 points

You must explain, specifically, why you were moved to explore this topic for your research project.

Problem: 5 points

You must briefly define the argument you wish to pursue in your research paper.

Knowledge: 5 points

You must briefly explain what you are hoping to learn about your topic during this project.

Steps: 3 points

You must briefly but specifically explain the steps you took to arrive at this topic, such as any of the prewriting strategies we discussed earlier in the semester, or any other methods you employed to discover your topic. Also explain which of our assigned readings led you to this particular topic, and what element of play you will focus on.

Mechanics: 2 points

The assignment should be free of grammatical and spelling errors, as well as instances of awkward wording or excess verbiage.

Total: 25 points

Instructions for Research Progress Report #1

Due October 29

This first progress report will focus on any preliminary research you have done now that you have chosen your topic. This progress report is worth 40 points, and will be evaluated on the basis of how much work you have completed so far on your research project, your adherence to the format of the progress report (see sample below), and (as usual) the grammar, style, and voice of your writing.

On your progress report, you must answer the following questions truthfully. Unless otherwise noted, each question should be answered with a brief paragraph (three to six sentences or so).

1. Briefly state your topic, its significance, and the central argument.

2. Have you spoken to the Reference Librarian, or received help from any other library employee (other than those who may have checked books out to you)? What did this person help you with?

3. What electronic media have you used at the library (online catalog, Internet search engine, etc.)? What useful information did you find there? What made it useful? What not-so-useful information did you find? What made it not so useful?

4. List at least four books, articles, or websites that you have examined and evaluated. List them in proper MLA bibliographic form (see Between Worlds, starting on p. 544). After each entry, write one or two sentences as to why each item will be useful to you or not useful to you.

5. Have you learned anything new about your topic? If so, what? If you haven't learned anything new yet, have you found support for your prior knowledge of your subject? Where did you discover that support?

6. How do you feel about the progress you've made? Is your project going well, or not so well? Why?

7. What has prevented you from devoting as much time to your research paper as you'd like?

8. Write a brief summary of any prewriting you have done, and of the notes you've taken, including how many notecards or pages of notes you've completed.

Please write your progress report according to the form shown below. Please use the same headings.

Simon Student/English 1A/Wheeler/October 29, 2010

Research Paper: Progress Report #1 (SAMPLE)


F. Scott Fitzgerald's tragic, turbulent life led to an oeuvre of brilliant autobiographical novels, which ultimately made him the one of the most influential American novelists of the 20th century. I will argue that, even though his personal problems eventually destroyed his career, he could never have been as great an artist as he was without these tragic issues coloring his life.

Library Help

Last Wednesday, I asked the reference librarian where I might start my search for information about Fitzgerald. She showed me the Dictionary of American Biography, which had a short, encyclopedia-like description of the author. She also told me where the library keeps its literary biographies, and I found dozens of books about Fitzgerald there.

Electronic Media

Even before I spoke to the reference librarian, I looked up Fitzgerald in the online catalog, which pointed me to the same area as the literary biographies she had shown me. The online catalog also showed me where Fitzgerald's novels and plays are located. After that, I played around with the MLA bibliography on CD-ROM. I had to wait for a while, but I found five journal articles that I want to take a look at.

Evaluated Sources

Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Crack-Up. New York: Directions, 1951.

This book is a collection of Fitzgerald's letters and journals. It's fun to read, and I think it will provide me with great insight into how the author's mind worked.

Hemingway, Ernest. A Moveable Feast . London: Triad, 1964.

This is a novel Hemingway wrote about his time in Paris with Fitzgerald and other American expatriate artists. It seems fascinating, but it's not factual enough for my purpose.

Ruland, Richard, and Malcolm Bradbury. From Puritanism to Postmodernism: A History of American Literature. New York: Viking, 1991.

This book contains a lot of information about Fitzgerald's books, but not much about his life. I don't think I'll be able to use it; besides, it's written in such a way that it's hard for me to understand.

New Knowledge

In my research so far, I've learned several things about Fitzgerald that I didn't know before. First, I learned that he went to Hollywood during the Depression to earn his living as a screenwriter because he was having financial problems. I also learned that his wife, Zelda, suffered from severe mental illness and had to be committed to an insane asylum. I already knew that he was an alcoholic; however, some of his writings in The Crack- Up show how deeply this illness affected his mental and physical health.

Overall Evaluation

I feel like I'm doing pretty well so far. I still have four books that I want to look at from my last visit to the library. It's difficult getting used to taking notes on those little cards, so I keep using my notebook; however, I can already see how that might cause problems later on when I need to look back through my notes. I'm going to try to transfer all of my notes to cards over the weekend.


There are two things that have prevented me from making progress: my homework and my social life. I'm taking four classes besides this one, and sometimes it's hard to budget my time to fit everything in. Also, last Saturday, I had planned to spend two or three hours working on my project, but my best friend called and said we should take advantage of the sun and go to the beach. How could I say no? I took one of my books along, but I didn't get much reading done.

Prewriting and Notes

I have done several freewriting and brainstorming sessions to narrow my topic down further so that it really has a focus and purpose instead of just being a summary of historical events. My notes so far are mostly details about Fitzgerald's life: his childhood, college years, and tumultuous marriage to Zelda. I have not yet delved into his writing career, except to find out what books he wrote and when they were written. I have completed 14 notecards so far: four with MLA bibliographic information, and 10 with actual notes and summaries.

Grade Breakdown

Progress: 15 points

Your report should specifically explain the progress you've made in each of the sections listed above. You will be graded here on how much progress you've made, and whether you've completed each of the steps listed in the assignment.

Bibliography: 15 points

Your progress report must contain an annotated bibliography with at least three sources that you've evaluated; the bibliography must be in correct MLA format according to the guidelines in Between Worlds, starting on page 544.

Mechanics: 5 points

Your report should be free of grammar and spelling errors, as well as awkward wording or excess verbiage. The format must also match that in the sample report, above.

Style: 5 points

Your writing should show some panache, even with this very formalized assignment; let us hear your voice! Don't simply fill in the blanks.

Total: 40 points

Research Progress Report #2

Due November 5

This progress report focuses on the intense, meaty part of your research, which should be nearly complete by the time you hand this assignment in. This Progress Report is worth 50 points, and will be evaluated on the basis of how much research you have completed, your adherence to the following format, and the style and mechanics of your writing.

This progress report follows the same format as the first one, but with different headings. Answer the following questions honestly with a brief paragraph (three to four sentences or so), unless otherwise noted. Use the underlined words as your headings.

1. Topic: Briefly state your topic and your working thesis.

2. Exploration: Have you been to any other libraries (besides the one at Cabrillo), or have you used any resources outside the library (like the Internet, interviews, etc.)? If so, what? Was it helpful? What information did you gain from these sources?

3. Bibliography: In proper MLA format (see pages 544-554 in your text), list at least two sources that you have decided to use in your paper. Under each source, write at least three sentences describing why you have chosen this source. Be specific in your description: don't just write that you like it or that it is very useful. Tell us what is useful about the source, or why you like it.

4. Pros and Cons: What has been the most beneficial aspect of this project? What has been the most difficult?

6. Progress: Where are you in your research or writing, as opposed to where you would like to be? Are you as far along as you would like, or are you running behind?

7. Outline: Create a working outline, a sort of roadmap for the remainder of your research and drafting.  What this means is that you will not be required to stick to it, word for word, when it comes time to draft your paper.  What it will help with, however, is focusing the deep research you will need to complete in the weeks leading up to the drafting process.  Use formal sentence-outline structure and parallel structure, as shown below. When using sub-points, be sure to include at least two (in other words, no A without B, no 1 without 2, etc.)


Grade Breakdown

Progress: 15 points

Your report should specifically explain the progress you've made in each of the sections listed above. You will be graded here on how much progress you've made, and whether you've completed each of the steps listed in the assignment.

Bibliography: 15 points

Your progress report must contain an annotated bibliography with at least two sources that you've chosen to use in your essay; the bibliography must be in correct MLA format according to the guidelines in Between Worlds, starting on page 544.

Outline: 15 points

Your outline should show logical thought and organization, and give a good idea of the direction your paper will take. It must also adhere to the formal sentence outline structure, shown in the example below.

Mechanics: 5 points

Your report should be free of grammar and spelling errors, as well as awkward wording or excess verbiage. The format must also adhere to the format used in the first Progress Report, but using the headings detailed above.

Total: 50 points

Sample Outline

The Biography of F. Scott Fitzgerald

Working Thesis: The difficult childhood and misspent adulthood of author F. Scott Fitzgerald were fodder for his important American novels, which continue to influence the study of literature today.

I. F. Scott Fitzgerald is one of the most influential American novelists.

A. His works continue to be studied in high schools and universities.

B. His poetic style is imitated by current novelists.

II. His childhood and college years were a mix of struggle and privilege, and influenced his later work.

A. He was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1896.

1. His mother had inherited a small fortune and the family had social status.

2. His father was not successful, and thus spent the fortune.

3. His aunt made it possible for Fitzgerald to get a good education.

B. He went to a preparatory school on the east coast, and then to Princeton University.

III. His illustrious writing career began at age 23, and continued until his death in 1940.

A. He wrote five novels.

1. This Side of Paradise was based on his time at Princeton.

2. The Great Gatsby continues to be his best-known and most-read work.

3. His other novels are lesser known, but still important.

B. He wrote approximately 160 short stories, a play, and numerous essays and articles, many of which are standard fare in modern literary study.

C. He spent the last tragic years of his life trying to make money as a Hollywood screenwriter.

1. He had to commit his wife, Zelda, to an insane asylum.

2. He was suffering from alcoholism.

3. He was sober and rediscovering his talent when he died of a heart attack.

IV. His tragic end could not have predicted the high regard in which his works are held today.

Research Paper Assignment: First Draft

Due November 12

By now, most of your research should be complete, and you should have a working thesis and some idea of your main points.  No doubt about it: it is time to start writing!


Your first draft should be a minimum of four pages in length, and will be worth 60 points.  Once I receive your first draft, I will assign you to a peer editing group and distribute your draft to the members of your group, along with the peer editing worksheet.  Completed peer editing worksheets for each member of your group will be due by 11:59 p.m. Friday, November 19.  Failure to complete the worksheets on time will result in 25 points being deducted from your grade.


This is, after all, a first draft, so grading will not be concerned with how perfect your writing is.  Assessment will be based on the following:


  1. Completeness.  The draft should be at least four pages long.

  2. Title.  Your paper should have a working title, even if you end up changing it before the final draft.

  3. Working thesis.  The draft should display a clear focus that is appropriate to the nature of the original assignment, and preview the direction the rest of the paper will take.

  4. Support.  At least one of your main points should be fairly well-developed and supported with concrete evidence.

  5. Research.  The draft should incorporate at least four instances of quotation or paraphrase from your outside sources as support for your main point(s), and should cite the information in correct MLA style.



Grade Breakdown

Completeness: 10 points

The draft must be four full pages long.

Title: 5 points

The draft must have a working title.

Thesis: 10 points

The draft must have a working thesis that states the essay's main argument.

Development: 20 points

At least one of the essay's main points must be completely developed, close to what will appear in the final draft. The other points should be at least presented and summarized.

Citations: 15 points

The draft must contain at least four instances of parenthetical citations, after either direct quotations or paraphrase from your research. The citations must be in correct MLA format according to the guidelines starting on page 540 of Between Worlds

Total Points: 60

Research Paper: Second Draft

Due Friday, November 26

Now that you’ve completed your first draft, it’s time to write . . . your second draft! With an assignment as long and complex as this one, it helps to write in stages. That’s why we will have a second round of peer editing. Once again, I will distribute your drafts to the members of your peer editing group. Your completed peer editing forms are due by December 3. Failure to complete this step in a timely manner will result in 40 points being deducted from your grade.

Your second draft should be complete; in other words, it should be the full eight to ten pages in length, and should include your Works Cited page. Getting this far at this stage should simplify completion of your final draft.

As with the first draft, your grade will not be determined by the perfection of your grammar and style—that’s what final drafts are for. However, this draft, worth 75 points, will be based on the following:

• Completeness. The draft should be the full eight to ten pages in length, and should include your Works Cited page (which is not included in the eight- to ten-page written requirement—your paper must be a minimum of eight pages long, plus the Works Cited page).

• Development of first draft. The title, thesis, and main point presented in the first draft should be refined and further developed based on the first peer editing session (you are not required to take all of your peers’ advice; however, the second draft should show some improvement on the first). Your additional points and support should also be drafted at this stage.

• Research. All of your chosen quotes, paraphrases, and summaries should be incorporated into the draft, including proper MLA citations. Additionally, each of these items should employ the “sandwich” technique discussed in your textbook.

• Works Cited. Your Works Cited list should be included, in proper MLA format.

Grade Breakdown

Completeness: 15 points

The draft must be at least eight to ten pages long, not including the Works Cited list.

Development: 20 points

The draft must show substantial development from the first draft; the fully developed main point from the first draft, should be in its final form, and the other main points should be very close to complete. The essay should also contain a clear introduction and conclusion, and the thesis should be fully developed.

Use of Quotations: 20 points

The essay should contain all of the quotations and paraphrases you have chosen to support your argument, and each should be documented correctly, with parenthetical citations in proper MLA format according to the guidelines in Between Worlds starting on page 540.

Works Cited: 20 points

The draft should contain a Works Cited list, in nearly-perfect MLA format according the the guidelines starting on page 544 of Between Worlds.

Total Points: 75

Research Paper: Final Draft

Due December 10

You’re almost there; you’ve nearly done it! The only thing left to do is to polish the second draft to a state of shining perfection.

Remember the written requirement is eight to ten pages; the Works Cited list and any diagrams, photographs, or other visual information you have chosen to include are in addition to the eight to ten written pages.

This final draft is worth 150 points.

An “A” paper will have an intriguing title and a clear, complete thesis that accurately previews the argument. The paper will be succinctly organized, and each clearly asserted point will be adequately supported with concrete, specific examples from the author’s research with no logical fallacies. Direct quotations will adequately employ the “sandwich” method, and these quotations, along with any paraphrases or summaries from the author’s research, will be properly documented with parenthetical citations in perfect MLA style. The Works Cited list will contain at least five sources, and will also be constructed using correct MLA style. The language used in the paper will be lively and interesting, with a conscious effort to teach and persuade its audience, and to keep it interesting. The grammar, spelling, and usage will be nearly perfect.

A “B” paper follows the same requirements as the “A” paper, but may be slightly less organized, with points that are slightly less well-supported. The thesis will still be clear. Direct quotations may use the “sandwich” method less completely. MLA style for parenthetical citations and the Works Cited list is still used properly, and the Works Cited list still shows a minimum of five sources. The language may be less lively and interesting, but grammar, spelling, and usage are still close to perfection.

A “C” paper may have an unclear or less well-developed thesis. It may also be poorly organized, and its points may be less clearly stated and not as well-supported as the “A” or “B” paper. The “sandwich” method may be used incompletely, and MLA style may contain errors. There may be fewer than five sources cited. The language may be flat, using clichés, non-specific words, and repetitive statements. There may be several instances of grammar, spelling, and/or usage errors.

A “D” paper has an unclear thesis, or may be missing it altogether. It is poorly organized, and its points are not well- supported by specific examples from the author’s research. The “sandwich” method has not been employed on more than one occasion. MLA style is riddled with errors, and language use is flat and uninteresting. Grammar, spelling, and usage errors are numerous and noticeable.

An “F” paper resembles the “D” paper, but is even less specific and well developed, with numerous and distracting grammar, usage and spelling errors. Any incidence of plagiarism will also result in an “F.”

Grade Breakdown

Thesis: 25 points

The thesis must clearly and concisely state the argument and its main supporting points. After reading the thesis, the reader should have a clear idea of what the writer is trying to convince him/her of.

Organization: 25 points

The paper must be logically organized, with one point following in a clear, reasonable, easy-to-follow sequence from another. There must be smooth transitions between each paragraph and each idea.

Logic: 25 points

Each point of the paper must advance the argument put forth in the thesis, and must also be fully relevant to that thesis. There must be no logical fallacies.

Use of Detail: 25 points

The introduction must grab the reader's attention in a vivid, eye-catching manner. Each of the paper's main points must be supported by detailed, relevant evidence from the author's research, and may also contain supporting details from the author's own experience or observations (as long as these items are relevant, and are also backed up by facts from the author's research). The paper must also close with a thought-provoking conclusion that ties the essay up neatly, but does not introduce any new facts or ideas.

MLA Documentation: 25 points

Each direct quotation and paraphrase from the author's research will be documented with an accurate parenthetical citation in MLA format, based on the guidelines in Between Worlds starting on page 540. At the end of the paper, there will be a Works Cited list, also formatted correctly according to the MLA style guidelines starting on page 544 of our textbook.

Mechanics: 25 points

There will be no spelling or grammar errors, and minimal instances of awkward wording or excess verbiage.

Total Points: 150


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All Work and No Play Make Jack a Dull Boy icon1. Jack and Kelly (ex. 1, p. 8 Sb)

All Work and No Play Make Jack a Dull Boy iconThree fragments from the play

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