Course Title: Teaching of Economics
Course Code: 137 Credits - 4
Time Allotted: 64 Hours
MM: 100 (External 75, Internal 25)
To familiarize the student-teachers with various strategies, methods, techniques and skills of teaching Economics at the senior secondary level.
To develop competence in use of appropriate strategy in relation to the content to be taught.
To inculcate spirit of experimentation for finding out effectiveness of alternative strategies of teaching.
To promote reflection on issues pertaining to teaching of Economics.
To develop competence in designing effective instructional strategies to teach Economics.
To develop ability to design, develop; and use various tools & techniques of evaluation.
To develop awareness about syllabus prescribed by different State Boards.
To develop awareness about recent advancements in teaching of Economics.
Unit- I: Introduction to teaching of Economics (10 hours)
Aims and objectives of teaching Economics at secondary and senior secondary school level. Instructional objectives of teaching Economics.
Integration of Economics with other school subjects – Commerce, Political Science, Geography, History, Mathematics & Sociology.
Comparative analysis of prescribed syllabus of CBSE & ICSE.
Unit- II: Instructional Methods & Skills (28 hours)
Methods of teaching Economics: - Lecture method, Discussion method, Debate method, Inquiry method, Problem solving method, Survey method, source method, project method, seminar(s) method. Assignment method (principles of giving assignments, types and techniques of framing assignments).
Recent advancements in teaching of Economics – Team teaching, Co-operative learning, Computers in teaching of Economics.
High Order Thinking Skills: Meaning, Activities to develop High Order Thinking Skills- Collaborative group activities, Problem-solving activities & Questioning for High level thinking.
Essential Qualities of a good economics teacher and role of economics teacher in teaching of current affairs.
Unit-III: Instructional Media & Co-curricular Activities (10 hours)
Instructional Media: Concept, Importance and types of instructional media and their use in teaching of economics.
Co-Curricular Activities: Type, role and significance of co-curricular activities in teaching of Economics.
Text Book: Criteria for evaluation of economics textbook.
Unit - IV: Lesson Planning & Evaluation (16 hours)
Lesson Planning: - Meaning, Need and preparation of lesson plan according to Herbertian Approach.
Evaluation: - Nature of educational evaluation, its need, role in education process. Types of Evaluation [Formative, Summative, Diagnostic].
Evaluation procedure for appraising learners’ performance. Planning & preparation of achievement test in Economics, Types of test items.
Open book examination, Evaluating project work, Question Bank, Remedial teaching,
Recent trends in evaluation – continuous and comprehensive evaluation (CCE).
Arora, P.N. (1985). Evaluation in Economics. New Delhi: NCERT.
Arora, P.N. And Shorie, J.P. (1986), Open Book Examination Question in Economics, New Delhi, NCERT.
Assistant Masters Association (1974), The Teaching of Secondary School Examinations, London Cambridge University Press.
Bawa M. S. (ed.) (1998), Source Book on Strategies of Teaching Social Sciences, IASE, Deptt. of Education, Delhi University.
Bawa, M. S. (ed.) (1995), Tendering of Economics: Contemporary Methods and Strategies for Secondary and Senior Secondary levels, IASE, Deptt. of Education, Delhi University.
Bawa, M. S. (ed.) (1996), Evaluation in Economics, IASE, Deptt. of Education, Delhi University.
Chakravorty, S. (1987), Teaching of Economics in India, Bombay, Himalaya Publishing.
Hicks, J.R. (1960), The Social Framework- An introduction to Economics, London: Oxford University Press.
Hodkinson, Steve, Whitehead and David J. (ed) (1986), Economics Education: Research and Development Issues, London, New York: Longman.
Kanwar, B.S. (1973), Teaching of Economics, Ludhiana; Prakash Brothers.
Khan, R.S., Teaching Economics (In Hindi), Kota Open University, BE-13.
Lee, N. (ed) (1975), Teaching Economics, London: Heinemann Educational Books, Prentice Hall.
NCERT (1974), Teaching Units in Economics for High and Higher secondary Stage, New Delhi.
Oliver, J. M. (1977), The principles of Teaching Economics within the curriculum, London Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Sachs, I, (ed.) (1971), Main trends in Economics Project and Role Playing Economics, London, Macmillan.
Siddiqi, M.H. (1998) Teaching of Economics: New Delhi; Ashish Publishing House.
Srivastava, H.S. (1976), Unit Tests in Economics, New Delhi, NCERT.
Tyagi, S.D. (1973), Teaching of Economics (In Hindi), Agra: Vinod Pustak Bhandar.
Whitehead, D. J. (ed.) (1974), Curriculum Development in Economics, London, Heinemann Education Books.
Course Title: Teaching of Geography
Course Code: 139 Credits - 4
Time Allotted: 64 Hours
MM: 100 (External 75, Internal 25)
Unit-I (10 hours)
NATURE AND SCOPE OF MODERN GEOGRAPHY
(i) Geography as a study of spatial differentiation
(ii) Geography as a study of spatial relationship
(iii) Geography as a study of spatial organization
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF TEACHING GEOGRAPHY IN SCHOOLS
(i) Type of objectives
(ii) Writing specific objectives of geography teaching in behavioral terms.
Unit-II (24 hours)
LEARNER CENTRED AND ACTIVITY BASED APPROACH
(i) Conceptual learning in Geography
- Spatial conceptualization – use of cognitive/mental maps
- Perception and geography learning
(ii) Approaches in Geography teaching
– Expository approach, Story telling and regional method
– Discovery approach
– Problem solving approach
– Project method
(iii) Individualized instruction
(i) Preparation of lesson plans
(ii) Preparation of unit plans
(iii) Maintaining harmony of the classroom, individual difference, group and individual learning.
(iv) Teaching aids and designing a geography laboratory
CO-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES IN GEOGRAPHY
(ii) Bulletin board
(iii) Geography club
(iv) Geography exhibition
(v) Use of community resources
Unit-III (18 hours)
PEDAGOGICAL ANALYSIS OF GEOGRAPHY
(i) Pedagogical analysis of a few units from enrichment content
(ii) Identification and classification of concepts from the above mentioned unit
(iii) Development of map reading skills
CURRICULUM PLANNING IN GEOGRAPHY
(i) Criteria used in the formulation of geography curriculum
(ii) Guidelines for course construction
(iii) Geography text book and its evaluation
Unit - IV: EVALUATION (12 hours)
(i) Comprehensive and continuous evaluation
(ii) Developments of different types of test items.
(iii) Diagnostic testing and remedial measurement
(iv) Preparation of one diagnostic test.
(v) Preparation of achievement test, and analysis and interpretation of test data.
(vi) Remedial Teaching.
Arrora K. K. (1976), The Teaching of Geography, Jalandhar: Prakash Brothers.
Broadman, David (1985), New Directions in Geography Education, London: philadelphia, Fehur Press.
Chorely R. J. (1970), Frontiers in Geography Teaching, London: Mathews and Co. Ltd.
Dhanija Neelam (1993), Multimedia Approaches in Teaching Social Studies, New Delhi: Harmen Publishing House.
Graves N. G. (1982), New Source Book for Geography Teaching, London: Longman the UNESCO press.
Hall David (1976), Geography and Geography Teacher, London: Unwin Eduation Books.
Huckle J. (1983), Geographical Education Reflection and Acion, London: Oxford University Press.
Leong, Goh Chey (1976), Certificate of Human and Physical Geography, Singapur: Oxford University Press.
Morrey D.C. (1972), Basic Geography, London: Hien Manns Edu. Book Ltd.
Mohd. Z.U. Alvi (1984), Tadrees Jugrafia, Taraqqui Urdu Board
UNESCO, New Source Book for Teaching of Geography.
Verma J.P. (1960), Bhugol Adhyhan, Agra: Vinod Pustak Mandir.
Verma O. P. (1984), Geography Teaching, N. D: Sterling Publication Pub. Ltd.
Walford Rex (1981), Signposts for Geography Teaching, London: Longman.