Essais sur le québec contemporain




НазваниеEssais sur le québec contemporain
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TABLE 1 (continued)
TOTAL AND FRENCH POPULATION OF THE PROVINCE OF QUEBEC,
BY COUNTIES AND ZONES, 1871 AND 1951




1871

1951




Total

French

French as a % of total

Total

French

French as a % of total

St. Maurice Valley

41,362

39,842

93,3

179,600

171,868

96.7

Champlain

21,492

20,858

97.1

85,745

82,592

96.3

Saint-Maurice

19,870

18,984

95.5

93,855

89,276

95.1

Quebec Metropolitan

104,137

78,277

75.2

296,515

279,528

94.3

Lévis

24,831

22,706

91.4

43,625

42,743

98.0

Quebec

79,306

55,571

70.1

252,890

236,785

93.6

Quebec Laurentides

50,265

47,168

93.8

93,101

90,953

97.7

Charlevoix East

15,611

15,270

97.8

28,259

27,784

98.3

Charlevoix West

Montmorency No. 1

12,085

11,602

96.0

21,389

21,031

98.3

Montmorency No. 2

Portneuf

22,569

20,296

89.9

43,453

42,138

97.0

South Shore (Que.)

106,679

99,161

93.0

189,112

186,481

98.6

Beauce

23,485

22,449

95.6

54,973

54,445

99.0

Bellechasae

17,697

17,542

99.5

25,332

25,193

99.5

Dorchester

17,779

14,996

84.3

33,313

32,435

97.4

L'Islet

13,517

13,375

98.9

22,996

22,532

98.0

Lotbinière

20,606

17,340

84.2

27,985

27,456

98.1

Montmagny

13,555

13,449

99.2

24,514

24,420

99.6

Saguenay

17,493

16,643

95.1

197,910

189,868

95.9

Chicoutimi

11,812

11,376

96.3

115,904

111,510

96.2

Lac Saint-Jean E.

5,681

5,267

92.7

31,128

29,086

93.4

Lac Saint-Jean W.

50,878

49,257

96.8

Lower St. Lawrence

71,163

68,804

96.7

209,624

206,863

98.7

Matane

10,022

9,076

90.6

30,243

29,751

98.4

Matapédia

33,939

33,532

98.8

Rimouski

17,396

16,S81

97.0

53,220

52,353

98.4

Témiscouata

22,491

21,809

97.0

28,175

27,832

98.8

Rivière du Loup

37,375

37,008

99.0

Kamouraska

21,254

21,038

99.0

26,672

26,387

98.9

Gaspé

34,652

22,501

64.9

103,651

85,699

82.7

Bonaventure

15,923

9,545

59.9

41,121

32,065

78.0

Gaspé E.

18,729

12,956

69.2

37,442

29,750

79.5

Gaspé W.

15,089

14,720

97.6

Madeleine Islands

9,999

9,164

91.6

Gulf

6,487

3,619

64.1

42,661,

38,005

77.4

Saguenay

5,487

3,519

64.1

42,664

33,005

77.4

Ottawa-Gatineau

54,125

24,806

45.8

142,659

110,303

77.3

Hull

23,057

11,454

49.7

57,318

50,690

88.4

Gatineau

35,264

24,685

70.0

Papineau

14,521

9,820

67.6

29,381

25,004

85.1

Pontiac

16,547

3,532

21.3

20,696

9,924

48.0

Abitibi







141,458

121,978

86.2

Abitibi







86,356

76,904

89.1

Témiscamingue







55,102

45,074

81.8

[p. 72]


sub-zone increased from 50.0 to 86.4 per cent French, while the agricultural sub-zone went from 79.6 to 92.2 per cent French.

The St. Maurice valley, almost entirely French from the beginning, dropped very slightly, but the counties of the Laurentians adjacent to Quebec City increased from 93.8 to 97.7 per cent. Metropolitan Quebec increased from 75.2 per cent French to 94.3 per cent, while Montreal hardly changed from its 64.6 per cent of 1871. The Saguenay and Lower St. Lawrence show very slight change, while the Gaspé area shows an increase from 64.9 to 82.7 per cent, a similar change to Saguenay County on the other side of the river.

Particularly striking is the increase in the counties of Quebec near Ottawa where the percentage French rose from 45.8 in 1871 to 77.3. This is similar to the change in the Ontario county of Russel from 50.4 to 81.9 in the same period.

Table 2 shows, for each zone of the province, the percentage French to the total population for each census from 1871 to 1951. There is a striking uniformity in the changes which have taken place over the 80-year period. For example, the industrial portion of the Eastern Townships represents the largest increase, and its per cent French, in every decade without exception, gains between 2.5 and 7 per cent. Oscillations are only to be found in the table where the net change has been very slight. The Montreal Plains industrial counties show an increase from 92.1 to 94.3 per cent over the 80 years and this includes four decades of increase and four of decrease.

Trends as uniform as these would seem to offer opportunities for prediction safer than those presented by most demographic data. It seems clear that if industrialization continues at a high rate, the number of French in urban areas will increase as a result of migration. Whether or not the present rate of industrial growth continues, the differential birth rate demonstrated by other students 1 will have the effect of increasing the proportion French in both industrial and farm areas of the province.

Sociologists see the spatial distribution of groups such as the French and English in Quebec as the unplanned result of individual movements in which people take up the location to which they

[p. 73]
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