Essais sur le québec contemporain




НазваниеEssais sur le québec contemporain
страница5/32
Дата06.10.2012
Размер1.88 Mb.
ТипДокументы
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   32

CHAPTER II




RECENT INDUSTRIAL GROWTH



O.J. Firestone


Retour à la table des matières

The foregoing analysis as well as many chapters or comments in this book refer to the striking industrial expansion of Quebec, particularly during and after World War II. This expansion involved the development of existing industries and the establishment of scores of others, many of which were connected with the national defence program, such as the aircraft industry. Both primary and secondary industries have shown unprecedented progress. Forest and mining production, reinforced by the use of electric power, still constitute the basis of the province's economy. The exploitation of the Ungava iron ore deposits, only in its early stage, is expected to reach an awe-inspiring magnitude. The Quebec part of the St. Lawrence is already referred to as a future Canadian Ruhr. Along with the primary industries, Quebec has also developed the processing and finishing of imported raw materials (cotton, iron, steel) and has increased an important export trade in timber, pulp and paper, aluminum and other non-ferrous metals 1.

A complete and detailed story of this growth must await the availability of all the pertinent data. With a view to providing the reader with at least the main leading threads, the following pages present a certain number of tables which bring out the salient features of the economic structure of the province. The original information of which these tables are based was compiled by the Department of Trade and Commerce in Ottawa and has been obligingly communicated by Dr. O. J. Firestone. It covers the period 1939-1950 and, in most cases, compares the development of the province with that of Canada as a whole.

[p. 46]


TABLE 1
RATE OF PROGRESS IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES,
QUEBEC, 1939-1950



Expansion in employment from 1939 to 1950 about equalled expansion in the preceding century :

1839: 30,000 persons employed

1939: 238,000 persons employed – increase of 208,000 over 1839

1950: 444,000 persons employed – increase of 206,000 over 1939

Other highlights of the growth from 1939 to 1950:




Unit

1950

Times figures

for 1939

(approximate)

Establishments

number

12,000



Employees

number

444,000

2

Production (gross value)

$'000,000

4,300

4

Production (gross value adjusted for

price changes)


$’000,000

2,000

2

Investment (capital expenditures)

$’000,000

155

6

Investment (capital expenditures

adjusted for price changes)


$’000,000

73

3

Investment per employee

$

349

3

Investment per employee (adjusted

for price changes)

$

164



[p. 47]


TABLE 2
EFFECTS OF PROGRESS IN MANUFACTURING
INDUSTRIES, QUEBEC, 1939-1950



I. Increase in leisure

1939: 48 hours, average working week for wage-earner

1950: 43 hours, average working week for wage-earner

II. Increase in earnings

1939: 37ȼ, average hourly earning ; $18, average weekly earning

1950: 93ȼ, average hourly earning ; $40, average weekly earning

In percentage money terms 1950 :

hourly earning is 151% above 1939

weekly earning is 125% above 1939

In percentage real terms 1950 :

hourly earning is 54% above 1939

weekly earning is 38% above 1939

III. Increase in productivity

1950 : value of average hourly production of worker : $4.30

1950 : value (in real terms) of average hourly production of worker : 14%

above 1939

IV. Increase in income per capita : as a result of

1) rapid expansion in manufacturing industries

2) similar expansion in secondary industries

3) buoyant domestic and foreign markets

1950 : personal income per capita is $843

1950 : personal income per capita is 154% above 1939

1950 : personal income per capita in real terms is 55% above

1939

[p. 48]

TABLE 3
COMPARATIVE DISTRIBUTION OF EMPLOYMENT IN QUEBEC,
1939-1950

Out of every 10 persons

looking for work

in





1939

1950






Almost no one

…Could not find any work



2

…Were able to find work on farms

6

8

…Found jobs in cities, towns and villages

Of these :







2

2

…Were employed in commercial, finance and

service occupations

1

1

…Was active in community service or was

holding a government job

The remaining :







3

5

…Were employed in industry

Of whom :







1

1

…Was working in primary industries, viz. mining, wood operations, etc.

2

4

…Were active in manufacturing, electric power

and other utility undertakings


[p. 49]


TABLE 4
RATE OF INDUSTRIAL CHANGE, CANADA AND QUEBEC,
1939-1950
(in percentage)




Change from 1939 to 1950 a




Quebec

Canada

Employment in manufacturing industries

+ 87

+ 85

Employment in utilities

+ 80

+ 64

Employment in primary industries (agriculture excluded)

+ 20

+ 31

Employment in agriculture

– 18

– 22

Total civilian employment

+ 27

+ 24

Value of output of manufacturing industries

+ 312

+302

Volume of output of manufacturing industries

+ 92

+ 88

New investment in manufacturing, in value terms

+ 474

+ 430

New investment in manufacturing, in volume terms

+ 181

+ 154

Electric energy produced (1950 : 27.5 bill. kWh.)

+ 80

+ 79

Electric energy consumed

+ 82

+ 85

Per capita production of electric power produced (1950 : 7,069 kWh.)

+ 50

+ 50

Per capita electric energy consumed (1950 : 5,564 kWh.)

+ 51

+ 54

Hours worked in manufacturing industries per week(1950 : 43.3)

– 10

– 11

Wage rates in manufacturing industries per hour in real terms

+ 54

+ 49

Weekly earnings in manufacturing industries in real terms

+ 38

+ 32

Personal income per capita in real terms

+ 55

+ 54

a + indicates increase ; – indicates decrease.

[p. 50]


TABLE 5
VALUE AND PER CENT INCREASE IN VALUE OF OUTPUT
OVER 1939, MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIAL GROUPS,
QUEBEC AND CANADA, 1950




INDUSTRIES

Value of output

1950

Per cent increase

1939-1950

Quebec

Canada

Quebec

Canada

$'000,000

$'000,000

%

%

Food and beverage

745

3,067

271

250

Tobacco

125

181

205

159

Leather

86

188

153

132

Primary textile

400

718

312

292

Clothing

405

693

237

201

Wood products

241

1,010

502

437

Pulp and paper

534

1,179

338

337

Printing and publishing

90

355

221

196

Iron and steel

323

1,513

382

371

Transportation equipment

263

1,223

673

418

Non-ferrous metal products

366

1,084

259

231

Electrical apparatus and supplies

164

694

720

680

Rubber

73

375

421

436

Non-metallic minerals

82

277

332

333

Petroleum and coal

177

614

312

326

Chemical products

189

631

263

285

Miscellaneous

43

177

258

321

[p. 51]


TABLE 6
VOLUME AND PER CENT OF CANADIAN PRODUCTION,
BASIC COMMODITIES AND SERVICES, QUEBEC, 1950




PRODUCTS

Unit

Total output

Per cent of Canadian production










%

Of which Quebec was the sole producer:










Aluminum Ingots

ton

394,756

100

Titanium Ore

ton

100,500

100

Molybdenite

pound

103,508

100

Iron Oxide

ton

11,522

100

Of which Quebec was the leading

producer :










Newsprint

ton

2,750,000

57

Asbestos

ton

866,950

99

Sulphur

ton

144,778

49

Feldspar

ton

26,921

84

Mica

ton

1,053

61

Tellurium

pound

32,000

65

Selenium

pound

173,000

49

Cement

barrel

6,926,468

41

Electrical energy

M. kWh.

27,475,570

54

For which Quebec was the second largest

producer in Canada a :










Sawn lumber

M. bd. ft.

1,043,000

16

Gold

ounce

1,097,593

25

Silver

ounce

4,388,173

20

Copper

ton

72,826

28

Lead

ton

7,616

5

Zinc

ton

85,121

30

Lime

ton

391,887

34

Sand and gravel

ton

20,564,308

31

a Exceeded either by Ontario or British Columbia.
[p. 52] TABLE 7
VOLUME AND PER CENT OF CANADIAN PRODUCTION, LEADING MANUFACTURED ARTICLES, QUEBEC, 1949




Unit

Volume of production

Per cent of Canadian production







000

%

Commodities of which Quebec was the leading producer in Canada










Women's factory dresses

number

11,668

87

“ ” Blouses

number

4,730

76

“ Full-fashioned Nylon Stockings

doz. prs.

1,919

68

“ Factory Skirts

number

968

52

“ “ Suits

number

515

51

“ Bathing Suits

number

130

57

“ Seamless Nylon Stockings

doz. prs.

125

71

“ Fur Coats, Jackets, Boleros, etc.

number

97

71

“ Factory Beachwear Articles

number

54

83

“ Fur-lined Coats, Jackets, etc.

number

5

59

Men's Factory Shirts – fine and sport

number

5,876

49

“ “ Shirts –work

number

2,154

51

“ “ Trousers and Slacks

prs.

1,699

55

“ ” Suits

number

1,270

74

“ “ Coats of all kinds except fur

number

1,245

54

“ “ Jackets

number

240

60

Children's Factory Dresses

number

2,692

86

“ “ Coats of all kinds

number

1,361

73

“ Trousers and Slacks

number

1,296

56

“ “ Blouses

number

1,244

78

“ “ Shirts – fine and sport

number

751

56

“ “ Suits

number

494

87

“ “ Skirts

number

372

70

“ “ Shirts – work

number

262

52

“ “ Bathing Suits

number

227

90

Men's and Boy's Factory Neckties

number

6,708

69

“ “ “Handkerchiefs

number

241

75

Women's Leather and Fabric Boots, Shoes and Slippers


prs.


11,395


66

Children's Leather and Fabric Boots, Shoes and Slippers


prs.


5,582


53

Men's Leather and Fabric Boots, Shoes and Slippers

prs.

4,915

59

Cigarettes

number

15,697,156

92

Cigars

number

188,636

91

Smoking Tobacco

lbs.

24,240

93

Chewing Tobacco

lbs.

1,951

96

Musical Instruments

$

3,351

53

Commodities of which Quebec was the second largest producer in Canada :










Women's Factory Coats of all kinds except fur

number

896

38

“ “ Slacks

prs.

359

31

“ “ Jackets

number

75

42

Men's Factory Work Pants and Overalls

number

1,854

26

Boys' Factory Overalls

number

188

24

Electrical Apparatus and Supplies

$

117,519

24

Radio Receiving Sets

number

219

28

[p. 53]


TABLE 8
NEW MANUFACTURING FIRMS ESTABLISHED a
IN QUEBEC AND CANADA, 1946-1950




Quebec

1946-1950

Canada

1946-1950

Quebec as

per cent of Canadian

total










%

Number of Companies :










Foreign

52

187

26.4

Domestic

397

827

48.0




________________

________________

_______________

Total

449

1,024

43.8

Current Employment










Foreign Companies

3,791

16,692

22.7

Domestic Companies

11,492

24,545

46.8




________________

________________

_______________

Total

15,283

41,237

37.1

Value of 1949 Production (approximately, in millions



100



300



34

a Employing 10 persons or more.
[p. 54]



TABLE 9
INDEX OF INDUSTRIAL EXPANSION IN CANADA,
BY PROVINCES, 1952 (1946 = 100.0)




PROVINCES

Popu-lation

Civilian employ-ment

MANUFACTURING

Value of mineral production

Installed

Hydro-Electric capacity

Number of establish-ments

Number of employees

Gross value of production

Invest-ments a







Newfoundland

114.0

106.1 b





303.3

108. 0 b

300.0

111.4 b

Prince Edward Island

109.6

86.4





218.2

150.0



88.5

Nova Scotia

106.7

105.6

121.4

110.0

180.4

135.4

182.9

121.8

New Brunswick

109.6

92.0

120.0

113.0

195.3

153.4

220.0

100.0

Quebec

115.0

113.5

113.0

119.9

209.7

105.1

295.7

122.4

Ontario

116.2

115.3

115.8

124.1

229.7

200.3

250.0

142.1

Manitoba

109.8

92.1

114.3

113.2

174.7

116,7

187.5

146.8

Saskatchewan

101.2

88.2



91.7

164,7

228.9

233.3

123.1

Alberta

120.8

105.3

146.2

126.1

198.4

723.4

316.7

223.7

British Columbia

119.4

113.6

155.6

128.0

222.2

177.0

266.2

166.7

Canada

117.3

111.1

122.1

122.9

218.7

175.9

267.8

137.9

Compiled by Maurice Lamontagne, from Progress and Impact of Canadian Industrial Development, by Provinces, 1939-1952, Department of Trade and Commerce, Ottawa, 1952.

a 1947 = 100.0

b 1950 = 100.0

[p. 55]


1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   32

Похожие:

Essais sur le québec contemporain iconEssais sur le québec contemporain

Essais sur le québec contemporain iconLe comparatisme contemporain en science politique

Essais sur le québec contemporain iconVeille media
«comment la Turquie qui effectue un blocus sur l’Arménie depuis 17 ans peut-elle appeler Israël à cesser son blocus sur Gaza ?» Le...
Essais sur le québec contemporain iconUniversité du Québec à Rimouski

Essais sur le québec contemporain iconLaboratoire méditerranéen de Préhistoire (Europe – Afrique)
«Usages et Pratiques de l’environnement» (29 mars 2011), à celle de Paris sur «Histoire des modes de régulation environnementale»...
Essais sur le québec contemporain iconLe goût du Québec. L’après référendum 1995

Essais sur le québec contemporain iconProfesseure de science politiques, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi

Essais sur le québec contemporain iconColloques, conférences, séminaires
«Lettre permanente» sur le site (afec-en-ligne org) pour de plus amples détails sur cette Lettre. Le site est alimenté aussi par...
Essais sur le québec contemporain icon3e Conférence internationale sur le vieillissement

Essais sur le québec contemporain iconLivre jaune sur la société du plutonium

Разместите кнопку на своём сайте:
Библиотека


База данных защищена авторским правом ©lib.znate.ru 2014
обратиться к администрации
Библиотека
Главная страница