Food stamp nutrition education program

НазваниеFood stamp nutrition education program
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Chart 1: Program Demographics/Food Stamp Households

Section B: Goals, Objectives, Strategies and Coordination

    1. Goals & Objectives for UC-FSNEP

The goal of the UC-Food Stamp Nutrition Education Program is to improve the likelihood that persons eligible for the Food Stamp Program (FSP) will make healthy food choices within a limited budget and choose active lifestyles consistent with the current Dietary Guidelines for Americans. FSNEP is intended to help households eligible for the FSP:

  • adopt healthy eating and active lifestyles that are consistent with the current Dietary Guidelines for Americans. (Dietary Quality)

  • enhance practices related to economic food shopping and preparation of nutritious foods. (Shopping Behavior/Food Resource Management)

  • have enough to eat without resorting to emergency food assistance and if not already participating in the FSP, be aware of its benefits and how to apply for them. (Food Security)

  • safely handle, prepare and store food. (Food Safety)

For each of the above stated goals, the following specific, measurable, appropriate, realistic and time specific objectives will be met:

By September 30, 2007 and measured by the California Food Behavior Checklist (FBC), the UC-FSNEP enrolled adult clients (Food Stamp Eligibles) will:

  1. Increase their fruit and vegetable intake by 20%

  2. Increase their fruit and vegetable variety by 20%

  3. Increase their calcium, folate, and iron intake by 5%

  4. Decrease their fat consumption by 25%

  5. Decrease their soda beverage consumption by 25%

  6. Decrease their consumption of non-nutritive foods (e.g. sugary desserts, high fat foods) by 3%

  7. Increase their low-fat cooking skills by 10%

  8. Decrease food-related illness in their homes by increasing the practice of thawing foods correctly by 25%

  9. Improve their economical shopping skills by using a grocery list by 20%

  10. Improve their economical shopping skills by reading labels, comparing prices and planning meals by 30%

  11. Improve their food management practices in a variety of skills by 50%

  12. Decrease the amount of money spent on food by making wise decisions by 10%

  13. Increase physical activity promotion in all FSNEP programs as measured by the final report narratives prepared by all program units

  14. Improve knowledge and safe eating practices for fish as measured by the Fish Evaluation Instrument.

These objectives will be measured by using the Food Behavior Checklist (FBC) developed to assess the diet, food-related skills and behavior practices of all individuals enrolled in the program. Of the 21 items in the FBC, 9 of them have been validated for fruit and vegetable consumption (Townsend, Kaiser, Allen, Joy, Murphy, Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 35:69-82, 2003). Other questions assess food safety needs, food shopping needs, and other diet practices related indirectly to fruit and vegetable consumption (eating at fast food restaurants, drinking soda, high fat food consumption, drinking low-fat milk).

By September 30th, 2007 and measured by Youth evaluation instruments, the UC-FSNEP enrolled Youths (Food Stamp Eligibles) will:

  • The overall goal is to promote a healthy lifestyle for Youth and their families as outlined in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Specific goals include:

  • Increase awareness of fruits, vegetables and other high-fiber, low-fat foods;

  • Increase awareness of food safety practices for children who prepare some of their own meals and snacks; and

  • Encourage daily physical activity.

    1. Nutrition Education Interventions

  1. Program Delivery – Direct Teaching and Supplementary Projects

UC-FSNEP has three program interventions using direct teaching: Adult FSNEP; Youth FSNEP and Supplementary Projects.

Under the direction of the FSNEP Principal Investigator, the county program components (Adult and Youth) will be implemented and managed by county Cooperative Extension Home Economists and Youth Advisors in each specific county location. They will work closely with the local county welfare departments and other local agencies. The Supplementary Projects are implemented and managed by the campus facility in each specified campus location.

(1) Adult Program Delivery

The Adult program will target adult members of Food Stamp households in order to improve self-sufficiency through a variety of nutrition education programs. Home Economists will hire, train and supervise paraprofessional field staff for the program year. The field staff person will deliver the nutrition education programs directly to Food Stamp recipients and applicants who will be recruited for the nutrition program at various sites, including county welfare offices, community centers, homeless shelters, and other appropriate locations. In some counties, program activities can be offered at the welfare department. Food Stamp clients are recruited by FSNEP staff. All enrolled participants are Food Stamp eligible clients. FSNE services are also provided to individuals who attend our classes and who are part of the group we are teaching. We have a waiver to allow us to provide nutrition education to these individuals. The Targeting Plan is presented on Chart 2A.

When Food Stamp recipients are enrolled in FSNEP, demographic data will be collected on the FSNEP Family Record Form (name, address, phone number, ethnicity, gender, family size). All enrolled clients will be evaluated using the FSNEP Food Behavior Checklist (FBC). Results from county programs are used to measure program impact. Statewide results are also computed and reported in the Final Report. Trained paraprofessional staff will recruit and teach Food Stamp families using a variety of program delivery approaches including: group instruction, videotapes, shopping tours, discussions, hands-on activities, cooking demonstrations and other nutrition education methods.

Each FSNEP NEA (0.5 FTE) will recruit and teach a minimum of 100-200 Food Stamp Eligibles. At least 25% of enrolled participants will be evaluated by one of the following instruments: Food Behavior Checklist, 24-hour Food Recall and/or Pre/Post tests.

(2) Youth Program Delivery

The Youth FSNEP Program will continue targeting schools with “free and reduced school lunch programs” at or above a 50% eligibility level. The Targeting Plan is presented on Chart 2B.

Each participating county will target children in Food Stamp households that currently are not targeted by EFNEP. County Extension staff will recruit and train teachers and other volunteers to deliver the nutrition education experience (6 to 10 hours) in school and community after-school settings. Teachers from target schools will be recruited by FSNEP Youth Assistants and will be trained to deliver the FSNEP program. The overall mission of this project will be to provide practical and reliable information to youthful beneficiaries of Food Stamps in the areas of nutrition, food safety, and literacy (reading basics and nutrition education). An evaluation of the FSNEP Youth program will continue under the leadership of Dr. Sheri Zidenberg-Cherr and Dr. Karrie Heneman.

Youth FSNEP programs will continue to use the train-the-trainer method (Extender) using school teachers (elementary, middle and high schools), preschools, after school care staff and other extenders that work directly with eligible children. A new middle-school curriculum, Eat Fit (M. Townsend, 2001), will be evaluated using a number of nutrition impact indicators that are currently being developed in a number of Youth FSNEP middle schools by Specialist Townsend.

A new curriculum for K-3rd grades called Reading Across My Pyramid is currently being used by Youth counties. Using books and learning to read as its main focus, this curriculum offers 10 lessons for teaching on a variety of nutrition topics. A new curriculum for pre-school called Grow Glow Go will be used in FFY 07. All staff will be trained at the Statewide Conference in August 2006.

Each FSNEP youth assistant (0.5 FTE) will train at least 40 teachers annually who will deliver the program in targeted schools. A minimum of 700 children will complete the nutrition education experience. Evaluation will be implemented by FSNEP staff. Teacher workshop enrollment records will be maintained by Home Economists or Youth Advisors. Teacher training in target schools will be implemented by Youth staff with assistance of Home Economists or Youth Development Advisors. Implementation of FSNEP experience: Teachers will deliver FSNEP program to students. Youth staff will maintain communication with volunteer teachers by telephone, letters and personal visits. Youth staff will collect enrollment information and evaluations following completion of the program. Youth Assistant will send evaluation to UC Davis for analysis. Teacher evaluation of ERIB or other curriculum will be administered by Youth staff.

(3) Supplementary Program Delivery

Another strategy to improve the UC-FSNEP’s delivery, impact and effectiveness is the implementation of Supplementary Projects. These projects focus on prevention of chronic disease or postpone the onset of disease by establishing more active lifestyles and healthier eating habits). Fifteen percent of the total FSNEP delivery budget is devoted to improving delivery and effectiveness of our program for Food Stamp eligible audiences. Supplementary projects have met the following criteria: (1) objectives are realistic, benefit target audience and are attainable in the current 12-month funding cycle; (2) projects can demonstrate a direct benefit to food stamp clients and are designed to improve the nutritional status, diet quality, or skills, knowledge or attitudes about food and nutrition; (3) projects include collaboration between FSNEP and county/campus academics; and (4) projects have met all USDA/UC policies as outlined in the FSNEP Guidance 07. Chart 1B presents all the approved projects for FFY 07.

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